# Questions tagged [hadamard-product]

The hadamard-product tag has no usage guidance.

47
questions

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### Full rank of Hadamard product matrix

Let $\circ$ be the Hadamard product and consider two matrices $C \in\{0,1\}^{N \times n}$ and $W\in \mathbb{R}^{N\times n}$:
$$
C:=\left[\begin{array}{cccc}
c_1^1 & c_2^1 & \cdots & c_n^1 \...

0
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0
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15
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### Eigenvalues of Composition of Hadamard Operations of Low Rank Matrices

I am interested in the eigenvalues of $$ee^T \oslash (aa^T - a^{\odot2}(a^{\odot2})^T )^{\odot \frac{1}{2}},$$ where $a \in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $e$ is the vector with all entries equal to one.
Can we ...

6
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0
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181
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### Partial fraction expansions of meromorphic functions

Sorry if this question (inspired by the recent flurry of activity around a "new" formula for $\pi$) is too naive.
Imitating what one does with Hadamard products, one can try to do the same ...

1
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0
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35
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### Rank of Hadamard product of column-wise polynomial evaluations and row-wise exponential evaluations

Consider the Hadamard product $A \odot B$ between two special matrices $A,B \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times m}$. The columns of $A$ are evaluations of polynomials, while the rows of $B$ are evaluations of ...

7
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1
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181
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### Hadamard product decomposition with lower rank matrices

Given integers $k$ and $l$ and a matrix $A$ of rank $kl$, can we always find a matrix $B$ of rank $k$ and a matrix $C$ of rank $l$, such that $A$ is the Hadamard product of $B$ and $C$, namely $A=B \...

2
votes

1
answer

141
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### Hadamard product of linear recurrences with umbral calculus

Let $R$ be a ring, $d_0, d_1, d_2, \dots \in R$ and $e_0, e_1, e_2, \dots \in R$ be linear recurrence sequences, such that
$d_m = a_1 d_{m-1} + a_2 d_{m-2} + \dots + a_k d_{m-k}$ for $m \geq k$,
$e_m ...

7
votes

2
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### If I multiply the coefficients of a trace-class operator with bounded complex numbers is it still trace class?

Suppose that $T \in TC(l^2( \mathbb{Z}))$ is trace class.
Consider its kernel $ T(i,j) = \langle e_i, T e_j \rangle $ where $ \{e_i\}_{i \in \mathbb{Z}}$ is an ONB for $l^2( \mathbb{Z})$. Now, ...

2
votes

2
answers

233
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### When is $(I - X)^{-\top} \circ X = 0$?

I am currently looking at the following expression $(I - X)^{-\top} \circ X = 0$, where $\circ$ is the Hadamard product, $\top$ is the transpose, $I$ is the identity, and $X$ is non-negative and ...

2
votes

1
answer

353
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### Singular value of Hadamard product

Let $A$ be an $n \times n$ random symmetric matrix with $E(A_{i j}) = 0$, $Var(A_{i j}) = 1/n$ for any $i,j$. $B$ is an $n \times n$ symmetric matrix with $B_{ii} = 0$.
I need to find a upper bound of ...

3
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1
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711
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### The rank of the Hadamard product

For matrices $D\in C^{d×p}$ and $E\in C^{d×p}$ with $d>p$, if $D$ is a full column matrix, for what condition that $D \odot E$ is also a full column matrix where $\odot$ denotes the Hadamard ...

1
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1
answer

480
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### Deriving the functional equation for $\zeta(s)$ from summing the powers of the zeros required to count the integers

When counting the number of integers $n(x)$ below a certain non-integer number $x$, the following series could be used:
$$n(x) = x-\frac12 + \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \left(\frac{e^{x \mu_n}} {\mu_n}+\frac{...

4
votes

1
answer

168
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### A Hadamard product representation for Keiper's $\tau$-function?

In this paper J.B. Keiper defined the following function:
$$\tau_k = \sum_{j=1}^k (-1)^j\,{k-1 \choose j-1} \sigma_{j+1} \qquad k \ge 1, k \in \mathbb{N} \tag{1}$$
where $\displaystyle\sigma_r = \sum_{...

21
votes

1
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### Hadamard factorization of L-functions

I have already asked this question here in a different form, but really need an answer.
Let $L(s)$ be a "standard" $L$-function, say with Euler product, functional equation, etc...
(Selberg ...

3
votes

0
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138
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### An elementary proof of Davies' inequality

In the paper Lipschitz continuity of functions of operators in the Schatten classes, Davies proved the following matrix inequality.
Let $a_i,b_i>0$ for $1\leq i\leq n$ and $A$ be an $n\times n$ ...

1
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0
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116
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### Full-rank Hadamard product given a certain structure

Let us assume that we have a full-rank randomly chosen $k\times (m\cdot l)$ matrix, $\boldsymbol{H}$, with
$l \leq k \leq (m\cdot l)$ and no specific structure (e.g., a realization of an IID complex ...

2
votes

0
answers

282
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### Eigenvector of Hadamard matrix functions

Let $X\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ with SVD $X=UDV^T$. Are there known results regarding the eigenvectors of $Y=X^{\odot g}$? I am mainly interested in simple functions such as $g(z)=z^2$, i.e. $Y_{ij}=...

1
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0
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### Hadamard-like product on infinitely differentiable functions

Has the following operation $*$ on formal power series $f,g$ been studied before?
$$[X^n](f*g) = n! \cdot [X^n]f \cdot [X^n]g$$
where $n$ is a nonnegative integer? This is the typical Hadamard ...

2
votes

1
answer

264
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### Properties of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a particular random matrix

Let $\mathbf{A}$ be a given $n \times m$ matrix with positive entries, and $\mathbf{B}_{n\times m}$ be a random i.i.d complex Gaussian matrix with unit variance. Assume that $\mathbf{C}$ is the ...

2
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0
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308
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### Sum of inverses of zeros of $L$-functions

Let $L(s)=\sum_{n\ge1}a(n)/n^s$ be a "standard" $L$-function, say converging
for $\Re(s)>k$, having an analytic continuation with no poles to an entire
function of order $1$ with functional ...

11
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1
answer

602
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### Solving $AXB + X\odot C = D$

I need to solve the following equation for $X$ with $d$-by-$d$ matrices $A,B,C,D$ and Hadamard product $\odot$
$$AXB + X\odot C = D$$
Vectorizing all terms gives a solution with $O(d^6)$ complexity, ...

2
votes

1
answer

137
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### Matrix completion problem with determinant condition?

Given two $\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ matrices $L$ and $M$ and an integer $m$ is there a polynomial in $n$ algorithm to find a $\{-1,0,+1\}$ matrix $T$ such that $$\mathsf{det}(L+T\odot M)=m$$ where $\odot$ ...

3
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3
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### Zeros of the Hadamard product of holomorphic functions

Let $A(z) = \sum_{n=0}^{+\infty}a_n z^n$ and $B(z) = \sum_{n=0}^{+\infty}b_n z^n$ be two formal power series with complex coefficients. The Hadamard product of $A$ and $B$ is the formal power series $...

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0
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135
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### Preserving the strictly total positivity of special bases by using radial basis functions

Let $\left[\alpha,\beta\right]$ be a non-empty interval and consider an $\left(n+1\right)$-dimensional subspace $\mathbb{S}_{n}$ of $C^n\left(\left[\alpha,\beta\right]\right)$ such that $\mathbb{S}_{n}...

2
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1
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140
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### Convergence of sequence of images of Schur multipliers

Let $\eta$ be a continuous bounded function on $(0, \infty)^{2}$ so that $\eta(0,0)=1$. Let $A$ be a bounded operator on $\ell^{2}(\mathbb{Z}_{\geq 0})=\ell^{2}$ (by bounded operator I will always ...

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0
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### References for the theory of Hadamard functions and compositions of random vectors

Recently, I fell in love with the pointwise/elementwise/componentwise/Hadamard/Schur functions and compositions of random vectors such as Hadamard squares and products of random vectors. Here is one ...

2
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0
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146
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### Non singularity of a generalised Vandermonde matrix through Hadamard product

I'm currently trying to prove the following.
Consider $k_1,\dots,k_N$ complex numbers not lying on the real and imaginary axes. Then consider
\begin{equation}
W_N(x)= \text{Wronskian}\big(\cosh(k_1x),...

2
votes

1
answer

384
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### On the notion of Hadamard rank of matrix

Given a matrix $M\in\Bbb F_2^{n\times n}$, define its Hadamard rank $h(M)$ to be the minimum number of rank $\leq2$ matrices in $\Bbb F_2^{n\times n}$ with Hadamard product (that is, the entry-wise ...

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0
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114
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### On the complexity of writing down matrices

Consider families of $0/1$ matrices in $\Bbb B$ where $1+1=1$:
$\mathcal M_{1,n,c}$ contains $2^n\times 2^n$ matrices that can be written as Hadamard product of $t=O(2^{(\log n)^c})$ matrices $$(J_n-...

3
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0
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### Rank of Hadamard product with random matrices

I do research in statistics and am not sure whether the following is considered research level or not in mathematics. If it isn't, I'm happy because that means the answer is probably known and I can ...

2
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2
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### Behavior of matrix rank under thresholding of its elements

Let $A$ be a $n \times n$ real matrix of, say, rank $r$. Consider the matrix $$\max \{0,A\}$$ whereby each negative element of $A$ is set to $0$ and the non-negative elements are left unchanged. Is ...

2
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0
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### Eigendecomposition of the Hadamard product of a rank one symmetric matrix and a positive definite symmetric matrix

Is it possible to say anything about the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a matrix
$X = Y \circ xx^T$
where $Y$ is a positive definite symmetric matrix with known eigen-decomposition
$Y=U\Lambda U^T$...

19
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4
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709
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### The rank of a perturbed triangular matrix

$\DeclareMathOperator{\rk}{rk}$
The question below is implicit in this MO post, but I believe it deserves to be asked explicitly, particularly now that I have some more numerical evidence.
Suppose ...

13
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### Pointwise (Hadamard) matrix product and the rank

$\DeclareMathOperator{\rk}{rk}$
Suppose that $A$ is a square matrix of order $n$. If, for any polynomials $P$ and $Q$ with $\deg P+\deg Q\le 2$, we have
$$ P(A)\circ Q(A^t) = P(1)Q(1)\, I_n \tag{$\...

2
votes

1
answer

709
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### Maximum eigenvalue of Hadamard power of a positive semidefinite matrix

Let $K$ be a covariance matrix. It is positive semidefinite, its diagonal elements are all 1, and its off-diagonals are between -1 and 1. Let $K.^2$ be its element-wise power (Hadamard power). Can we ...

1
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1
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244
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### infinitely many non-trivial zeros for $L(s,\chi)$ using Hadamard product for $\xi(s,\chi)$

Here is the definition of $\xi(s,\chi)$:
$\xi(s,\chi)= \left(\frac{s(s-1)}{2} \right)^{1_{\chi=1}} (q/\pi)^{\frac{s+a}{2}} \Gamma \left( \frac{s+a}{2} \right) L(s,\chi)$
Here is the definition of ...

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3
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### Integral of the entrywise square of the exponential of a matrix

Note: I posted my question on math.stackexchange but got no answer. That is why I am asking it here.
Let $A$ be a $n\times n$ square matrix such that the real part of all eigenvalues are negative. ...

0
votes

1
answer

141
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### sub-space restricted minimum eigenvalue of Hadamard product of two PSD matrices

Let $\mathbf{A},\mathbf{B}\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be two positive semidefinite matrices. Also let $\mathbf{A}\circ \mathbf{B}$ denote the Hadamard product of $\mathbf{A}$ and $\mathbf{B}$. A ...

2
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0
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### Matrix equation and Hadamard product

I have a matrix equation involving square real matrices of the form:
$$X(X^{T} \odot A) + (X \odot A)X^{T} = B$$
where $\odot$ denotes the Hadamard product. How can I determine a solution for X?
Any ...

3
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2
answers

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### Matrix equation with Hadamard product and its own inverse involved

I know there is an almost exactly same question here but I have further specifications. So my problem is as follows:
$$
\Omega^{-1}=\dfrac{1}{n}\left(\Omega\odot \mathbf{W}+\mathbf{X}'\mathbf{X}+\...

2
votes

1
answer

383
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### eigenvalues of a generalization of Hadamard product matrix

I have a Laplacian matrix ($L$), which is positive semi-definit. Then I have this matrix
$$\Delta=\begin{bmatrix} \delta_{11} & \ldots & \delta_{1n} \\
\vdots & \ddots & \vdots \\
\...

3
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1
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### Billera Tree Space

I am studying the tree space of Billera and I do not really understand why it is an Hadamard Space. I have already read L. Billera, S. Holmes, K. Vogtmann, Geometry of the space of phylogenetic trees, ...

2
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1
answer

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### Hadamard Product and Eigendecomposition

I just found this related question in here Q1.
Given a positive definite matrix $\mathbf{A}$, consider its eigendecomposition $(\mathbf{A}\mathbf{V} = \mathbf{V}\mathbf{D})$. Consider an arbitrary ...

4
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1
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### A Hadamard product of the zeros of the Riemann integral. Does it put any constraints on where the $\rho$'s can reside in the critical strip?

I have deleted a previous, now obsolete question on the same topic.
Take the well-known Riemann integral:
$$\displaystyle \pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\,\Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s) =\int_1^{\...

3
votes

1
answer

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### How to solve a matrix equation with both inverses and a hadamard product?

I have a matrix equation of the form:
$$
A^{-1} = B + A \circ C
$$
where $\circ$ denotes the Hadamard product (i.e., $(A\circ C)_{ij} = A_{ij}B_{ij}$). How can I determine if a solution for $A$ ...

8
votes

1
answer

600
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### Inequalities for Hadamard products of complex symmetric matrices

Consider a complex symmetric matrix $$ C= C_R + i C_I $$ with $C_R,C_I \in \text{Mat}_{n\times n}(\mathbb R)$ symmetric, and assume that the eigenvalues of $C_R$ are all strictly positive. Then, $C$ ...

5
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2
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### Hadamard product and inertia

One of Schur's famous results says that if $A,B$ are positive semidefinite matrices, then the Hadamard (i.e. entrywise) product $A \circ B$ is also positive semidefinite. It's also true if "semi" is ...

5
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2
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### Generalizations of Oppenheim's inequality

The well-known Oppenheim inequality says that for two positive definite matrices $A,B$ it holds that $\det(A \circ B) \geq (\prod{a_{ii}})\det(B)$.
There has been a lot of beautiful work done ...