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Questions tagged [haar-measure]

Everything the deals with properties and definitions of Haar measure, as well as related fields when the question relies heavily on the notion of haar measure - group harmonic analysis, group ergodic theory etc.

12
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1answer
355 views

Are Hausdorff measures on the real line Haar measures for some locally compact topology?

For $0\leq d\leq 1$, let $\lambda_d$ be the $d$-dimensional Hausdorff measure on $\mathbb{R}$. Note that it is translation-invariant. Does there exist a locally compact topology $\mathscr{T}_d$ on $\...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Does the pushforward of the Haar measure of a semisimple compact Lie group along a character determine the character?

Let $G$ be a connected compact semisimple Lie group. Let $V$ be a faithful representation of $G$, with character $\chi \colon G \to \mathbb{C}$. Let $\mu_G$ be the normalized left Haar measure. (So $\...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Invariant integration on principal bundles

Let $G$ be a sufficiently nice topological or Lie group (e.g. compact), and let $H$ be a closed subgroup. This data determines a principal $H$ bundle $G \rightarrow G/H$ defined by the projection $g \...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

Do we have $K \cap P = (K \cap M)(K \cap N)$?

Let $G$ be a connected, reductive group over a $p$-adic field $k$, let $P$ be a parabolic subgroup with Levi $M$ and radical $N$. Let $K$ be a maximal open compact subgroup of $G$ in good position ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Volume of a double class of a parahoric subgroup

Let $F$ be a non-archimedean local field with residue field $F_q$. Let $G$ be the group of $F$-rational points of a connected reductive group defined and split over $F$. Fix a maximal split torus $T$ ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Definition of Haar integral in Bushnell and Henniart

In Bushnell and Henniart's The Local Langland's Conjecture for GL(2) they define a right Haar integral on a locally profinite group $G$ as being a non-zero linear functional $$ I: C^{\infty}_{c}(G) \...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Measure on group invariant under group action on metric space

This is a question very similar to I recently asked on mathexchange, but different enough to get its own entry in MO. The setting is still the same. I consider the metric space $\mathbb{R}$ and the ...
6
votes
0answers
63 views

Are invertible measures strictly dense?

Let $L_1(\mathbb T)$ be considered as a closed ideal of $M(\mathbb T)$, the Banach algebra of measures on the circle. Then $M(\mathbb T)$ can be identified with the multiplier algebra of $L_1(\mathbb ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Convergence of some object depending on functions with compact support

Let $G$ be a locally compact group with unimodular Haar measure $\mu$. We consider the Hilbert space $\mathscr{H}:= L_{\mu}^2(G)$ together with the unitary representation $\pi : G \to U(\mathscr{H})$ ...
5
votes
1answer
269 views

Haar measure on $\mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z}) \backslash \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{R}) / \mathrm{SO}_3(\mathbb{R})$

The bi-invariant Haar measure on the quotient $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z}) \backslash \mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{R}) / \mathrm{SO}_2(\mathbb{R})$ represents the moduli space of rank two real lattices modulo ...
2
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0answers
84 views

Is this concrete set generically Haar-null?

This question is related to this problem on MO about generically Haar-null sets in locally compact Polish groups but is more concrete. First we recall the definition of a generically Haar-null set in ...
5
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0answers
149 views

On generically Haar-null sets in the real line

First some definitions. For a Polish space $X$ by $P(X)$ we denote the space of all $\sigma$-additive Borel probability measures on $X$. The space $P(X)$ carries a Polish topology generated by the ...
5
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0answers
104 views

Volumes of Hecke operators

Let $G=GL(2, F)$ and $K$ a maximal compact subgroup. Unramified Hecke operators are defined by the action of the double cosets $$T(n) = \bigcup_{\substack{ad=n, a>0 \\ a|d}} K \left( \begin{array}{...
5
votes
1answer
249 views

Haar Measure Integral

I am a physicist and I am wondering whether the following integral over Haar measure (edit: say $U$ is unitary, orthogonal or symplectic matrix) \begin{align} \int dU \: \exp\left( \mathrm{tr}(UX) + \...
6
votes
1answer
203 views

About taking an expectation over orthogonal matrices

Say $Q$ is a random variable which is sampling orthogonal matrices in $m$ dimensions using the Haar measure on $O(m)$. Let $A$ and $B$ be some (fixed) subset of rows and columns of $Q$ such that $\...
7
votes
1answer
210 views

Extending the product measure on $2^\omega$

Consider the standard completed product measure $P$ on $\Omega=\{0,1\}^\omega$ corresponding to an i.i.d. sequence of fair coin-flips. Given $n\in\omega$, let $\rho_n$ be the bijection of $\Omega$ ...
10
votes
0answers
227 views

Haar measure on $PGL(2,\mathbb{Q}_p)$, the local Jacquet-Langlands correspondence, and Ihara's theorem

Goal. I would like to calculate the product of the formal dimension of a discrete series representation of $GL(2,\mathbb{Q}_p)$ with trivial central character (so, an irreducible unitary ...
2
votes
2answers
424 views

Simple Proof that a Reductive Group is Unimodular?

Let $G$ be a connected, reductive group over a local field $k$ of characteristic zero. I thought of a simple proof that $G(k)$ is unimodular, but I realize it is almost certainly wrong: $G(k)$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
184 views

Invariant measureable function is constant

I'm wondering whether the action of $\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}$ on $S^1$ by multiplication is ergodic. Note that this question is equivalent to each one of the following two statements Is every ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

How does a Haar measure on $N$ arise from root subgroups?

Let $G$ be a connected, reductive group, split over a local field $F$. Let $B = TU$ be a Borel subgroup defined over $F$ with maximal torus $T$ and unipotent radical $U$. Let $P$ be a parabolic ...
2
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0answers
115 views

How can this argument calculating the Haar measure on a parabolic subgroup be generalized to the non-split case?

Let $\mathbf G$ be a connected, reductive group over a local field $F$. Assume there is a maximal torus $\mathbf T$ which is split over $F$. Let $\mathbf P$ be a parabolic subgroup of $\mathbf G$ ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Measure on orbits of $N$ under conjugation by $H$

Let $G$ be a locally compact topological group with closed subgroups $H, N$ and $H$ normalizing $N$. Then $H$ acts continuously on $N$ by conjugation. If it will help, assume that $N$ is nilpotent, ...
1
vote
1answer
279 views

Integral over Haar measure

$\mathcal{H}$ is a $d$-dimensional complex vector space. $\mathcal{E}$ maps matrix on $\mathcal{H}^{\otimes m+k}$ to matrix on $\mathcal{H}^{\otimes m}$ through $$\mathcal{E}(X)=EXE^{+},$$ where $m,k$ ...
3
votes
0answers
248 views

Conditional distributions of uniformly distributed random orthonormal matrices

Let $U, U'\in R^{d\times k} (d>k)$ be two independent uniformly distributed random orthonormal matrices. In specific, let $S$ be the set of all $d\times k$ orthonormal matrices. Here 'uniform' is ...
7
votes
1answer
293 views

Frobenius norm of the principal submatrix of a uniformly distributed random orthonormal matrix

Suppose that we have a uniformly distributed $d\times d$ random orthonormal matrix $\mathbf{X}$. Here "uniform" is defined in the sense of Haar measure, i.e., the distribution does not change up to ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Proof/reference for a variant of Pontryagin duality

Let $X,X'$ be locally compact abelian groups with a non-degenerate quadratic form $\left<\bullet ,\bullet \right>\colon X\times X' \to \mu_{l}$, where $l$ is a prime, and $\mu_l$ the group of $...
6
votes
2answers
558 views

Haar measure on the Grassmannian space

The grassmannian space $G(n,m)$ may be identified with the quotient space $O(n)/(O(m)\times O(n-m)$. As such, it is endowed with a natural invariant probability measure which I call "Haar measure on $...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

Haar measure, can image of modular function be any subgroup of $(0,\infty)$?

It is easy to find examples of locally compact second countable Hausdorff topological groups $G$ whose modular function $\Delta$ has image $\{1\}$ or $(0,\infty)$. Are there groups $G$ of this kind ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Criterion for convergence of sums for non-continuous functions

The following question came up when thinking about equidistribution of Satake parameters of elliptic curves. Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with Haar measure $\mathrm{d} x$. Recall that a sequence $\{...
4
votes
1answer
186 views

On the eigenvalues' distribution of random unitary

Fix an integer $d$, let $\mathbb{U}_d$ be the $d\times d$ unitary group. For any $U\in \mathbb{U}_d$, define $\Omega(U)$ be the length of the smallest arc containing all the eigenvalues of $U$ on the ...
1
vote
1answer
161 views

$p$-adic Dirac measure as a weak limit

The standard Dirac delta is a generalised function (or measure, or distribution...) $\delta(x)$ which can be seen as a weak limit functions $\delta_n(x)$ spiked at the the origin, in the sense that: $...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Majorizing inequality on spectral norm of product of a random and a deterministic low-rank projection

Let $P$ be a rank $k$ uniformly randomly oriented projection matrix in ${\mathbb R}^d$ -- this is constructed as $R^T(RR^T)^{-1}R$ where $R$ is a $k\times d, k<d$ random matrix with i.i.d. 0-mean ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Some question on haar measure for sumsets of closed subsets of profinite groups

Let $H$ be a profinite group with the haar measure $\mu_H$. Let $H_1$ and $H_2$ be closed subgroups of $H$. $H_1$ and $H_2$ have their own haar measures $\mu_{H_1}$ and $\mu_{H_2}$ respectively. ...
2
votes
1answer
215 views

Averages of vector inner products over the Haar measure

Consider arbitrary unit vectors $w,x,y,z \in \mathbb{C}^d$. Is there an explicit formula for what this average is? $$ \int \mathrm{Tr}( \psi \psi^* \, \, w x^* \,\, \psi \psi^* \,\, y z^*) d\psi $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Subgroups of finite non-zero Haar measure of abelian locally compact groups

Is it true that every subgroup of finite non-zero Haar measure of an abelian locally compact group should be open and compact? This is obviously true for the case of discrete abelian groups. Thanks.
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Characterization of $L^1(\text{SL}(3,\mathbb{R}))$ [closed]

Is there a characterisation of the integrable functions on SL($3,\mathbb{R}$) or an explicit expression for the Haar measure?
6
votes
1answer
178 views

Cartan integral formula for a p-adic group?

Let $G$ denote a reductive group over a local field $F$. Suppose that $G$ is split over $F$ and fix a maximal (split) torus $A$. Let $A^+$ denote a Weyl chamber in $A$ and let $K$ be a suitable ...
0
votes
1answer
305 views

Change of variable for integration with respect to Haar measure

I know how to estimate the integral* (see the update) \begin{gather} \int f(Ub)d\mu(U), \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ [2] \end{gather} where $f:S^{n-1}(\...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Is the sumset of two Haar positive closed subsets of a Polish group non-meager?

A famous Steinhaus theorem says that if measurable subsets $A,B$ of a locally compact topological group $G$ have positive Haar measure, then the difference $AA^{-1}$ is a neighborhood of the unit and ...
2
votes
1answer
305 views

The Tensor product of algebra group

Let G is a locally compact group. Is the following true? The tensor product of $L^1(G)$ with $L^1(G)$ is $L^1(G \times G)$.
5
votes
1answer
304 views

Why is it possible to normalize the Haar measure on the quotient?

I just asked a question which is related to the one I'm about to ask, but I realized my question can be reduced to the following: let $G$ be a locally compact abelian group with Haar measure $\mu$, ...
7
votes
1answer
945 views

explicit integrals over a Lie group

I am looking for families of invariant integrals $\int_G dg f(g)$ (where $dg$ is a Haar measure) over a semisimple Lie group that can be evaluated in closed form, together with references where I can ...
5
votes
0answers
342 views

Concentration of measure for uniform distribution on Stiefel manifolds

This is my first post on MO, so I hope the question is suitable. I am looking at the uniform distribution on the Stiefel manifold, but more specifically, at the uniform distribution on the ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Structure of locally compact non discrete topological division algebras without the use of Haar measure

There is a well-known structure theorem for locally compact non discrete topological division algebras, see here https://math.stackexchange.com/q/1160086/187521 (I repost it here because I think it ...
2
votes
1answer
245 views

An expectation of the product of random unitaries

I want to find the answer of $$\int dU \ U^m X \ U^{\dagger m}$$ Where $m\in\mathbb{N}$ and $U$'s are unitary matrices in $U(n)$ and $dU$ is a normalized Haar measure. $X$ is a given self-adjoint ...
6
votes
1answer
548 views

Some calculus in the orthogonal group $O(n)$

How can one compute each of the following matrices, explicitly: $$\int_{O(n)} e^{g}dg$$ or $$\int_{O(n)} g^{n}dg \;\;\;\;n\in \mathbb{N} \;\;n>1$$ What is the explicite entries of the resulting ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

If $ F(x,\bullet) \in {L^{\infty}}(G,B) $ for all $ x \in G $, then is $ x \mapsto F(x,\bullet) $ strongly measurable?

Let $ (X,\Sigma,\mu) $ be a $ \sigma $-finite measure space and $ B $ a Banach space. A function $ f: X \to B $ is said to be strongly $ \mu $-measurable iff it is the almost-everywhere pointwise ...
10
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0answers
229 views

Status of the analog of the Haar measure on quantum groups

In (Masuda, Nakagami, Woronowicz)'s paper, in the introduction, the authors mentioned the deficiency common to both their and (Kusterman, Vaes)'s approach regarding the Haar state (or Haar measure ...
4
votes
1answer
285 views

When does convolution preserve the `size' of a function?

For a positive function $f$ and positive measures $\mu, \nu$, does $$\mu\ast f\leq \nu\ast f \Rightarrow \|\mu\|\leq \|\nu\|?$$ More details: Let $G$ be a locally compact group, $C(G)$ be the space ...
3
votes
0answers
450 views

Justification of the convolution operation of $L^1(G)$ functions where $G$ is a LCA group (measurability)

Suppose $G$ is a locally compact abelian Hausdorff group (LCA), and $\lambda$ is the Haar measure on it. We all know the convolution of two $L^1(\lambda)$ functions $f$ and $g$ on $G$ is defined as $$...