Questions tagged [group-schemes]

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326 views

Are the prime number objects given by the prime numbers?

There is a way to define the notion of prime number in the framework of group theory, thanks to the following observation: Observation: A non-trivial group $G$ is cyclic of prime order iff for any ...
5
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1answer
283 views

Are equivariant perverse sheaves constructible with respect to the orbit stratification?

[Moved here from MSE] Consider a variety $X$ over a field $k$ (complex numbers is fine) with the action of a group scheme $G$, and a $G$-equivariant perverse sheaf $F$ over $X$. Question. Is it true ...
1
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1answer
414 views

Fpqc-locally constant if and only if étale-locally constant?

Also in SE. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be sheave over $S_\mathrm{fpqc}$. We say $\mathcal{F}$ is a fpqc-locally constant sheaf (of finitely generated abelian groups) if there exists a fpqc covering $(S_i\to S)...
6
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1answer
200 views

Finite flat group schemes over $\mathbb{Z}$ that are extensions of $\mu_p$ by $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$

Suppose $X$ is a finite flat group scheme over $\mathbb Z$, killed by a prime number $p$ and such that there exists an extension as finite flat group schemes defined over $\mathbb Z$: $$0\to \mathbb{Z}...
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115 views

pro-commutative group schemes

When $k$ is field, Demazure and Gabriel defined and worked with the category of commutative pro-algebraic groups over $k$. In their book, they proved that $Ext^n(\varprojlim G_i, H)= \varinjlim Ext^n(...
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185 views

Any finite flat commutative group scheme of $p$-power order is etale if $p$ is invertible on the base

This question is immediately related to Discriminant ideal in a member of Barsotti-Tate Group dealing with Barsotti–Tate groups and here I would like to clarify a proof presented by Anonymous in the ...
6
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2answers
353 views

Some basic questions on quotient of group schemes

Let $S$ be a fixed base scheme and $G, H$ be group schemes over $S$. Since I am mainly interested in commutative group schemes over fields, we may assume that $G,H$ are commutative and $S$ is a field ...
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134 views

Discriminant ideal in a member of Barsotti-Tate Group

Let $S = \operatorname{Spec} R$ an affine scheme (in our case latter a complete dvr) and $p$ a prime. Then Barsotti-Tate group or $p$-divisible group $G$ of height $h$ over $S$ is an inductive system ...
1
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1answer
317 views

Viewing a finite group as a group scheme

I've read books which have this statement, without explanation : 'every finite group is an algebraic group'. I'm trying to understand what exactly they mean. The definition I have in my mind of a ...
2
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2answers
350 views

Locally free group scheme étale

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, $p >0$ prime and $G$ a finite, locally free group scheme over $R$ of rank $p^n$; $n \in \mathbb{N}_{\ge 1}$. Assume $p \in R^*$ (i.e. is a unit in $R$). Question: ...
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143 views

Confusion about the classification of isotrivial group schemes

in SGA 3, exposé X, we find the following classification result (corollaire 1.2): Let $S$ be a connected scheme and let $\xi:\mathrm{Spec}(\Omega) \to S$ be a geometric point. Let $\pi=\pi_1(S,\xi)$ ...
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222 views

An application of Grothendieck's version of Hensel's Lemma

Assume $R$ is a Henselian local ring with $k=R/m_R$ ($m_R$ is the unique maximal ideal of $R$) and $G$ a finite flat group scheme over $R$. We denote by $G_k= G \otimes_R k$ the closed fiber. There ...
4
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104 views

Finite locally free group scheme killed by its order?

When I saw this paper of René Schoof, there are two questions on the first page and what confuses me is that how to reduce the first question to the second. This is expalined in the first paragraph on ...
4
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2answers
330 views

Are open $\mathbb{G}_m$-invariant subschemes of an affine scheme precisely the homogeneous radical ideals of its coordinate ring?

This question is certainly not research level and in fact quite elementary which is why I asked it on math.stackexchange before: math.stackexchange. However it doesn't seem to get much attention there ...
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225 views

Global functions on a product of schemes over artinian ring

For a morphism of schemes $f:X\to S$ with $S=\text{Spec}(R)$ affine, let's write $A(X)=H^0(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$. I'm interested in the morphism of $R$-algebras $$ c:A(X)\otimes_R A(Y)\to A(X\times_SY) $$ ...
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156 views

J. Tate's article on $p$-divisible groups

I have a question about a conclusion that J. Tate arrived at in his paper $p$-Divisible Groups (in: Springer T.A. (eds) Proceedings of a Conference on Local Fields. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (1967) ...
1
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1answer
201 views

Property of representations of reductive group schemes over characteristic 0 field

I originally posted this on Maths SE, but then I thought it MO might be more fitting. Let $k$ be a characteristic $0$ field and let $G$ be a linear algebraic group scheme over $k$. Then is it true ...
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192 views

Finite Flat Group Scheme over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$ is always Etale

I have a question about a claim about classification of finite flat group schemes: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Group_scheme#Finite_flat_group_schemes A fin flat group scheme $G$ is of type $(a,b)$...
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143 views

Is the Lie algebra of a flat group scheme still flat?

Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a discrete valuation ring, and $\mathcal{G}$ is a flat group scheme over $\mathcal{O}$, we may assume the generic fiber is reductive. Then can we define its Lie algebra, and ...
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255 views

motivations of classifying $p$-divisible groups

Let $k$ be a perfect field of characteristic $p>0$ and $W:=W(k)$ is the witt ring. Let $K$ be a totally ramified extension of $K_0:=W(\frac{1}{p})$ and $\Lambda:=W[[u]]$ is the formal series ring ...
2
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0answers
220 views

Étale group scheme exact sequence

Consider the exact sequence of finite flat group schemes over the $2$-adic integers ring $\mathbb{Z}_2$: $$0\longrightarrow\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}\longrightarrow A\longrightarrow\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}\...
2
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0answers
173 views

Standard application of Oort-Tate classification theorem

$\DeclareMathOperator{\Spec}{Spec} \DeclareMathOperator{\tors}{tors}$In Mazur's paper “Modular curves and the Eisenstein ideals”, on the bottom of page 159, it says that if $T$ is a open subscheme of $...
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142 views

Can one embed a group scheme into a locally constant one such that the quotient exists

Let $S$ be a good enough base scheme (say of finite type over an algebraic closed field) and $G\to S$ be a flat group scheme. I want to ask: can we always find a closed embedding $G\to H$ into another ...
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1answer
238 views

P-torsion of elliptic curves

Suppose I have an ordinary elliptic curve $E$ over $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$. Then its $p$-torsion $E[p]$ is a finite flat group scheme of order $p^2$. My understanding is that it has $p+1$ subgroups ...
2
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1answer
203 views

fppf-extension of algebraic groups is an algebraic group

The problem is the following: Let $k$ be a field and let $N,G,Q: (\operatorname{Sch}/k)_{\operatorname{fppf}} \longrightarrow \operatorname{Grps}$ be fppf-sheaves from the big fppf-site of $\...
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0answers
81 views

Derived subgroup of the connected component of an algebraic group

Let $G$ be an affine group variety (smooth) over a field $k$, let $G^0$ be the connected component of $G$. Is it true that the derived subgroup $[G^0,G^0]$ (Or $[G,G^0]$) is the connected component ...
1
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1answer
148 views

Maps to additive group scheme

Let $\underline{\mathbb{Q}_p/\mathbb{Z}_p}$ be constant p-divisible group over $\mathbb{F}_p$. And let $\mathbb{G}_a$ be the additive group over $\mathbb{F}_p$. Let me prove $$ Hom(\underline{\mathbb{...
2
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0answers
292 views

Tangent Space of Picard Scheme

Let $X$ be a scheme and it's Picard scheme $\underline{Pic}(X)$ exist. Denote by $\underline{Pic}^0(X)$ the connected component of the origin of the Picard scheme. My question is what the geometric ...
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381 views

Classification of finite flat group schemes over integers?

One can classify (commutative) finite flat group schemes (with order of $p$-powers) over $\mathbb Z_p$ using semi-linear algebraic datas such as Breuil-Kisin modules. And we can fix the special fiber ...
7
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1answer
405 views

Lie Algebra of Automorphism Group of $\mathbb{P}_k^1$

Let $X$ be a scheme over an algebraically closed field $k$ and let $\operatorname{Aut}(X)$ denote the functor sending a $k$-scheme $T$ to the group $\operatorname{Aut}_T(X \times_k T)$ of ...
2
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0answers
105 views

Representability of a subfunctor of the functor of points of a group scheme

Let $G$ be a group scheme over a scheme $S$ and $h_G:\rm{Sch}/S\longrightarrow \rm{Grp}$ the functor of points represented by $G$. Let $k$ be a subfunctor of $h$. Is $k$ representable? If so, can we ...
0
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2answers
332 views

Motivating the Quotient of an Algebraic Variety

Let $X$ be a variety with a $G$-action by an algebraic group. My question refers to a motivating example from: https://web.maths.unsw.edu.au/~danielch/thesis/mbrassil.pdf Here is the relevant ...
2
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0answers
106 views

component group of Neron models

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a discretely valued field $K$ and $\mathcal A$ its Neron model over $R$ (the ring of integers of $K$) and $\mathcal A^0$ the identity component of $\mathcal A$. ...
3
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1answer
393 views

Given a semi-abelian scheme, is the set of points such that the fibres are abelian varities open?

Let $\pi:\mathcal{A}\rightarrow C$ be a semi-abelian scheme, i.e. $\mathcal{A}$ is a smooth separated commutative group scheme over $C$ via $\pi$ with geometrically connected fibres, such that each ...
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140 views

Are maximal tori conjugate Zariski-locally?

Let $S$ be a scheme and let $G\to S$ be a reductive group scheme. Then $G$ admits a maximal torus etale-locally, and any two maximal tori are conjugate etale-locally, by Theorem 3.2.6 and Corollary 3....
2
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1answer
236 views

Extend Group Action of $\mathbb{A}^1 /G$ to Projective Line

My question refers to an argument used in Torsten Ekedahl's paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/0903.3148 in Example ii) (page 8): We consider a finite subgroup of affine transformation of $\mathbb{A}^1$. ...
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181 views

Computing hom sheaf

Let $\mu_{m}$ and $\mu_{p}$ be the group scheme representing the roots of unity over a field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. Assume that $p$ divides $m$. What does one compute the sheaf $\...
5
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1answer
370 views

What is $\mathrm{O}_q/\mathrm{SO}_q$ if $q$ is a quadratic $\mathbb{Z}$-form which is degenerate?

Any binary quadratic $\mathbb{Z}$-form $q$ induces a symmetric bilinear form $$ B_q(u,v) = q(u+v) - q(u) -q(v) \ \ \forall u,v \ \in\mathbb{Z}^2 $$ and it is considered non-degenerate (over $\mathbb{...
5
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2answers
362 views

Representability of Hom of two finite flat group schemes

I am reading a note at Page 63 ftp://ftp.math.ethz.ch/users/pink/FGS/CompleteNotes.pdf It says whenever $G$ is finite and flat over $S$ the functor ${\rm Hom}(G,H)$ is representable. But it does not ...
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0answers
147 views

Group scheme representation from action of a group scheme on a variety?

Let f be some homogenous polynomial of d. Let $X = \operatorname{Proj} (k[x,y,z]/(f))$ where $k$ is algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Now $G$ is a group scheme acting on $X$. ...
27
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1answer
951 views

Serre's remark on group algebras and related questions

I've recently heard about an idea of Serre that for each finite group $G$ there exists a group scheme $X$ such that for each field $K$ the group $X(K)$ is naturally isomorphic to the unit group of $K[...
2
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0answers
88 views

Classical reductive group schemes vs. unitary groups of separable algebras with involution — reference request

Let $K$ be a field with $2\in K^\times$, let $A$ be a separable $K$-algebra (i.e. $A$ is finite-dimensional, semisimple and its center is an etale $K$-algebra), and let $\sigma:A\to A$ be a $K$-...
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0answers
343 views

Ext group for commutative finite group schemes

EDIT: all group schemes are commutative. Thanks @R. van Dobben de Bruyn! Could anyone provide a reference request about extensions of finite group schemes / Ext groups. As far as I know the category ...
11
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1answer
164 views

Can elements in the orthogonal group of a non-split Azumaya algebra with an orthogonal involution have reduced norm -1?

Let $R$ be a connected (commutative) ring with $2\in R^\times$. Let $A$ be an Azumaya algebra over $R$ and let $\sigma:A\to A$ be an orthogonal involution. (This means that there is a faithfully flat ...
7
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1answer
522 views

Exponential map of a Formal Group Scheme

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$ and let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite dimensional Lie algebra over $k$. $\mathfrak{g}$ corresponds to a formal group scheme $\mathcal{G} = \text{Spf} (U(\mathfrak{...
3
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0answers
117 views

Simply-connected covers of group schemes

Let $\mathbf G$ be a semisimple group scheme over a base $S$. I believe that one can always find a fiberwise simply-connected group scheme $\mathbf G^{sc}$ and a central isogeny $\mathbf G^{sc}\to\...
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0answers
160 views

Representabillity of torsors and exact sequence of group schemes

I've seen the following property used at many places, I don't exactly why it is true. Let $S$ be a site with an initial object $e$. There is an exact sequence of group objects $$1 \to F \to G \to H \...
3
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0answers
199 views

Quotient of a sheaf by group action and representabillity

Let $X$ be a scheme and $S$ be a sheaf of sets over the fppf topology of $X$. Let $G$ be a group scheme over $X$ and there is an action of $G$ on $S$. Now, I want to look at the quotient $G \setminus ...
4
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1answer
457 views

What exactly is $\underset{n}{\varprojlim} \ \mu_{p^n}$?

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p> 0$. Let $\mu_{p^n}$ denote the group scheme $\mu_{p^n}(R) =\{ x \in R: x^{p^n}=1 \}$. Then there are natural maps from $\mu_{p^n}$ to $\mu_{p^{n-1}}$. I'm ...
7
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1answer
416 views

Example of a connected finite group scheme which is not solvable

What would be an example of a connected finite group scheme over a field $k$ that is not solvable? Here $k$ is algebraically closed. Let $\operatorname{GL}_n$ be the general linear group scheme over ...