# Questions tagged [gn.general-topology]

Continuum theory, point-set topology, spaces with algebraic structure, foundations, dimension theory, local and global properties.

**50**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Dualizing the Notion of Topological Space

$\require{AMScd}$
Defining a topological space on a set $X$ is equivalent to designating certain subobjects of $X$ in ${\bf Set}$ (monomorphisms into $X$ up to equivalence) as open. The requirements ...

**24**

votes

**0**answers

621 views

### Why are quasitopological spaces needed in sheaf theoretic approaches to the h-principle?

Recently I have been learning more about the h-principle and in particular the methods of "continuous sheaves". In many treatments of this I see people using "quasi-topological spaces" and I am trying ...

**22**

votes

**0**answers

419 views

### Is it still an open problem whether $\mathbb{R}^\omega$ is normal in the box topology?

On page 205 of his Topology book, James Munkres makes an interesting remark:
It is not known whether $\mathbb{R}^\omega$ is normal in the box topology. Mary-Ellen Rudin has shown that the answer ...

**22**

votes

**0**answers

773 views

### The topologies for which a presheaf is a sheaf?

Given a set $S$, let $Top(S)$ denote the partially ordered set (poset) of topologies on $S$, ordered by fineness, so the discrete topology, $Disc(S)$, is maximal.
Suppose that $Q$ is a presheaf on $...

**21**

votes

**0**answers

593 views

### Are there “chain complexes” and “homology groups” taking values in pairs of topological spaces?

Throughout this question, notation of the form $(X,A)$ denotes a sufficiently nice pair of topological spaces. I think for most of what I'm saying here, it is enough to assume that the inclusion $A \...

**21**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Subfields of $\mathbb{C}$ isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}$ that have Baire property, without Choice

While sitting through my complex analysis class, beginning with a very low level introduction, the teacher mentioned the obvious subfield of $\mathbb{C}$ isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}$, and I then ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

646 views

### Are amenable groups topologizable?

I've learned about the notion of topologizability from "On topologizable and non-topologizable groups" by Klyachko, Olshanskii and Osin (http://arxiv.org/abs/1210.7895) - a discrete group $G$ is ...

**18**

votes

**0**answers

574 views

### The cofinality of $(\mathbb{N}^\kappa,\le)$ for uncountable $\kappa$?

For a partially ordered set $P$, a set $A\subseteq P$ is cofinal if for each element of $P$ there is a larger element in $A$. The cofinality of $P$, ${\rm cof}(P)$, is the minimal cardinality of a ...

**17**

votes

**0**answers

689 views

### What is the Cantor-Bendixson rank of the space of first order theories?

Let $L$ be the language $\{R\}$ containing a single binary relation symbol. Consider the space $S_0(L)$ of complete, first-order $L$-theories. This is a seperable, compact Hausdorff space; what is its ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

939 views

### Characterization of Fréchet-Urysohn spaces using sequential continuity at a point

A map $f \colon X \to Y$ is called sequentially continuous at the point $a$ if for every sequence $(x_n)$ such that $x_n\to a$, we also have $f(x_n)\to f(a)$.
$$x_n\to a \qquad \Rightarrow \qquad f(...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

237 views

### Large Borel antichains in the Cantor cube?

Let $2^\omega$ be the Cantor cube $\{0,1\}^\omega$, endowed with the standard compact metrizable topology and the standard product measure, called the Haar measure. The Cantor cube is considered as a ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

963 views

### Connected and locally connected, but not path-connected

Allow me to use some non-standard terminology:
A h-contractible space is a non-empty topological space $X$ such that, for any topological space $T$ and any pair of continuous maps $f_0, f_1 : T \to X$...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

2k views

### Covers of $Z^k$

This is a question related to covers of $Z^\infty$. Is it possible to cover $Z^k$, $k>1$, with the $l_1$-metric by a constant (not depending on $k$) number of collections of subsets $U^0,...,U^c$ ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### Spaces locally modelled on $L^2(\mathbb R)$

In this recent question, I learned that any two separable Banach spaces are homeomorphic. Based on some readings, I'm guessing that $L^2(\mathbb R)$ is homeomorphic to $\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} (0,1)$ (...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

380 views

### Small cardinals related to topological convergence

Recall that a topological space is called sequential if a set is closed if and only if it contains all limits of convergent sequences lying inside of it. A space $X$ is called Frechet if for every non-...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

548 views

### Is this “Homology” useful to study?

In the usual singular homology of a topological space $X$, one consider the free abelian group generated by all continuous maps from the standard simplex $\Delta^{n}$ to $X$.
Now we can ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

427 views

### pizza lemma (topology)

given six real-analytic arcs in the unit disk $D$, each of which
connects the origin to a boundary point, and no two arcs meet anywhere except
at the origin, and the arcs meet at equal (60 degree) ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

338 views

### A meager subgroup of the real line, which cannot be covered by countably many closed subsets of measure zero?

Is there a ZFC-example of a subgroup $H$ of the real line $\mathbb R$ such $H$ is meager, has zero Lebesgue measure, but cannot be covered by countably many closed subsets of measure zero in $\mathbb ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

272 views

### Krull dimension and Morley rank

Definition : A Topological space $\mathcal{D}$ is called noetherian if it satisfies the descending chain condition for closed subsets. We define the dimension of $\mathcal{D}$ to be the supremum of ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

273 views

### Is there a continuous map $f:\mathbb R^\omega\to\mathbb R^\omega$ with dense countable preimage $f^{-1}(\mathbb Q^\omega)$?

Let $\mathbb Q^\omega_0:=\{(x_i)_{i\in\omega}\in\mathbb Q^\omega:\exists n\in\omega\;\forall m\ge n\;\;x_m=0\}$ and observe that $\mathbb Q^\omega_0$ is a countable dense set in $\mathbb R^\omega$ (...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

198 views

### Does each compact topological group admit a discontinuous homomorphism to a Polish group?

A compact topological group $G$ is called Van der Waerden if each homomorphism $h:G\to K$ to a compact topological group is continuous. By a classical result of Van der Waerden (1933) the groups $SO(...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

298 views

### L-spaces without convergent sequences

An L-space is a regular hereditarily Lindelof space which is not hereditarily separable. Consistent examples of L-spaces are relatively easy to come by (for example, Suslin Lines), but the first ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Do the Laver tables converge to the Sierpinski triangle with a line segment sticking out in the hyperspace topology?

Let $(\{1,...,2^{n}\},*_{n})$ denote the $n$-th Laver table.
Let
$$C_{n}=\{(\frac{x}{2^{n}},\frac{x*_{n}y}{2^{n}})|x,y\in\{1,2,3,...,2^{n}\}\}$$
for all $n\in\mathbb{N}$.
Then since $C_{n}$ is a ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

197 views

### Why must commuting maps (of an interval) without common fixed points have at least 11 fixed points for the composition?

I've been looking at the examples of commuting functions on a closed interval which have no common fixed points. These were discovered in 1967 by William M Boyce and J Philip Huneke.
Earlier work by ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

337 views

### Multiplicity of ball covering

Background. My questions are motivated by the following:
A. Conway and Sloane in "On the covering multiplicity of lattices" (Discrete
and Computational Geometry, 8 (1992) 109-130) considered the ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Paracompact Hausdorff but not compactly generated?

I'm sorry to be asking a (possibly) elementary question, but I've run into a problem in point-set topology; I've just read that there exists paracompact Hausdoff spaces which are not compactly ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

155 views

### Is homeomorphism of simplicial complexes semidecidable?

Conventions: $\cong$ is homeomorphism of topological spaces and isomorphism of groups, $\equiv_G$ is the equality of two words over the generators of the group $G$. Simplicial complexes are finite.
...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### A connected Borel subgroup of the plane

It is known that the complex plane $\mathbb C$ contain dense connected (additive) subgroups with dense complement but each dense path-connected subgroup of $\mathbb C$ necessarily coincides with $\...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

282 views

### For a Banach space $X$, when is $X$ homeomorphic to $X \setminus A$?

$\mathbb{R}^n\not\cong\mathbb{R}^n\setminus\{0\}$ are not homeomorphic is a triviality from Algebraic Topology. On the other hand, if $X$ is an infinite dimensional Banach space, then $X \cong X\...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

235 views

### Disc bounded by a plane curve

Let $\Sigma$ be a sphere topologically embedded into $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Is it always possible to find a disc $\Delta\subset\Sigma$ which is bounded by a plane curve?
It is easy to find an open disc ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### Shift invariant measurable selection theorem

Let $(X,\mathcal{F})$ be some measure space and endow $\mathbb{R}^\mathbb{Z}$ with the product topology and borel $\sigma$-field. Let $F$ be a point to set mapping $X^\mathbb{Z}\rightarrow \mathcal{P}(...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

250 views

### What is the smallest density of a metrizable space without countable separation?

A Tychonoff space $X$ is defined to have countable separation if some (equivalently, any) compactification $bX$ of $X$ contains a countable family $\mathcal U$ of open sets such that for any points $x\...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

660 views

### Continuous extension of Riemann maps and the Caratheodory-Torhorst Theorem

If $G\subsetneq\mathbb{C}$ is a simply-connected plane domain, then by the Riemann mapping theorem there is a conformal isomorphism $\newcommand{\D}{\mathbb{D}}\varphi:\D\to G$, where $\D$ is the unit ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

360 views

### Linearly Lindelöf spaces with Lindelöf degree of uncountable cofinality

A space is linearly Lindelöf iff every open cover $C$ has a subcover $S$ with $\operatorname{cf} (|S|)= \aleph_{0}$.
Question. Is there a linearly Lindelöf space $X$ with
$\operatorname{cf} (L(X))...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

416 views

### 3 manifolds with diffeomorphic unit tangent bundles

What can one say about two closed oriented 3-manifolds $M_1$ and $M_2$ such that $S^2 \times M_1$ is diffeomorphic to $S^2 \times M_2$?

**11**

votes

**0**answers

610 views

### Is every $\sigma$-algebra of sets *abstractly* the Borel algebra of a topology on perhps some other set?

Is every sigma-algebra the Borel algebra of a topology?
inspires the present question which asks for less.
Question: Given a $\sigma$-algebra ${\cal A}$ on a set $X$, does there exist a topology ${\...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

647 views

### A basic question on Stone-Cech compactification of $\mathbb{Z}$

Can the identity isomorphism on the additive group $\mathbb{Z}$ be extended to a non-identity semigroup isomorphism on $\beta\mathbb{Z}$, and still preserves $\beta\mathbb{Z}\setminus\mathbb{Z}$? ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

763 views

### In ZF, when is a disjoint union of metrizable spaces metrizable?

It is easy to see that the disjoint union $\bigsqcup_i X_i$ of a collection of
metric spaces is metrizable, simply by rescaling or chopping off
the individual metrics to have diameter at most one, and ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

256 views

### If an additive group of $\Bbb R^2$ contains a smoothly deformed circle, is it necessarily all of $\Bbb R^2$?

It can be shown that if an additive subgroup of $\Bbb R^2$ contains the unit circle, then it is necessarily all of $\Bbb R^2$. Does this also hold for a suitably smoothly deformed unit circle?
...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Characterizing compact Hausdorff spaces whose all subsets are Borel

I am interested in characterizing compact topological spaces all of whose subsets are Borel. In this respect I have the following
Conjecture. For a compact Hausdorff space $X$ the following ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

511 views

### A standard name for a function satisfying the intermediate value theorem?

Do you know any (standard) name for a function $f:\mathbb R\to\mathbb R$ having the following weak intermediate value property:
$(*)$ for any connected subset $C\subset \mathbb R$ and points $a,b\...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

237 views

### The space of all compact metric spaces with Gromov-Hausdorff distance

Given two metric spaces $(X_1,d_1),(X_2,d_2)$ one can define $d_{GH}(X_1,X_2)$---the Gromov Hausdorff distance between them. It appears to be $0$ iff $X_1$ and $X_2$ are isometric. One can therefore ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

355 views

### Topology of marked groups for different number of generators

A $k$-marked groups is a pair $(G,S)$ where $G$ is a group and $S$ is an ordered set of $k$ generators of $G$. Each such pair can be identified with a normal subgroup of the free group $F_k$ of rank $...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

347 views

### When is the one-point compactification well-pointed?

This is a follow up to my previous
question.
Question:
Is there a reasonably natural set of conditions which guarantee that the one-point
compactification $X^+$ of a locally compact Hausdorff ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

532 views

### A proof of the gluing axiom of a TQFT

I posted the following question on math stackexchange but I have not received any answer.
So I hope people here can help me.
In the book Lectures on tensor categories and modular functors by Bakalov ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

792 views

### Does Urysohn's Lemma imply Dependent Choice?

It's widely known$^{1}$ that in the proof of Urysohn's Lemma (UL) one uses the Principle of Dependent Choice (DC). Inspired by the equivalence between DC and Baire's Category Theorem$^{2}$, I'd like ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

566 views

### Name for a topological space where every closed set contains a closed point

A coauthor and I have stumbled upon a useful topological property -- namely, we are interested in the property that every nonempty closed set contains a closed point. However, neither of us are ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

686 views

### Characterization of Unusual Topologies of $\mathbb R$

Following some argument over a question on math.SE, I began to wonder:
We all know that in the standard topology there are no continuous bijections from $[0,1]$ to $(0,1)$ (for example by arguments ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### A ZFC-example of a countably compact paratopological group which is not a topological group

Problem. Does there exist a ZFC-example of a countably compact Hausdorff paratopological group which is not a topological group?
(The problem posed 27 May 2015 by Alexander Ravsky on page 9 of Volume ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

354 views

### Is there a model of set theory in which $\mathfrak p< \mathfrak b < \mathfrak q$?

Is there a model of set theory in which $\mathfrak p< \mathfrak b < \mathfrak q$?
Here $\mathfrak p$, $\mathfrak b$, $\mathfrak q$ are small uncountable cardinals:
$\mathfrak p$ is the ...