Questions tagged [geometry]

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376 questions
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Minimum volume of intersection between two high-dim $\ell^1$-balls

Let $B_1$ and $B_2$ be two balls with the same radius, in $\mathbb R^n$ with the $\ell^1$ norm. The distance between the centers of $B_1$ and $B_2$ is $d(B_1, B_2)$. Is there any deterministic method ...
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Three half circles on the plane may not meet nicely

Let $H$ denote the union of the northen hemisphere of the unit circle $S^{1}$ with the interval $[-1,1]$ on the $x$-axis. That is, $H=\{(x,\sqrt{1-x^{2}}):-1\le x\le 1\}\cup\{(x,0):-1\le x\le 1\}$ ...
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Identity involving dot product of solid angle and gradient [closed]

How to prove following for $n\geq0$ ? $$\int_{4\pi}d\vec{\Omega}(\vec{\Omega}\cdot\vec{\nabla})^{2n}f(\vec{r})=\frac{4\pi}{2n+1}\nabla^{2n}f(\vec{r})$$ Where, at any point $\vec{r}$, the $\vec{\Omega}$...
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Properties of the minimum circumscribing circle for points sequentially placed within a circle of radius $r$ of previously placed points on a 2D plane

Imagine I perform the following procedure:  At time point $t_1$, I place a single point on a two-dimensional plane at the coordinate $(x, y) = (0, 0)$.  At time point $t_2$, I center a ...
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In search for isotropic graphs: Straight lines and parallels

I wonder why I can find only so little attempts of concisely defining "directions" and "isotropy" of graphs. In Euclidean spaces "directions" can be identified with equivalence classes of parallel ...
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Random Distance Matrices

My question is motivated by the following recent paper: http://arxiv.org/abs/1110.6333 Assume you have a metric space $(X,d)$ equipped with a Borel probability measure $\mu$. We can further assume ...
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Decomposing a sphere (or defomed sphere) into a vertex-transitive graph with fixed-length curved edges

Please see the original problem specification (which Joseph O'Rourke was responding to in his answer) below. Motivation - I'm interested in a particular case of the problem where one wants to ...
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The equilibrium position for the body of a spider-like spring system after randomly perturbing the anchor positions of its legs

Take $N$ springs, $(s_1, ..., s_N) \in S$ of length $(l_1, ..., l_N)$, and for each spring, label one end "A" and one end "B". Connect the "A" ends of the $N$ springs to a point-like particle on a ...
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Optimal Wireframe Sphere

Suppose you have a length $L$ of metal pipe at your disposal, and you would like to build a wireframe unit-radius sphere, by bending, cutting, and welding the pipe into a connected structure $F$. Your ...
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From convex geometry to contact topology

Here is a problem in contact topology that was suggested by Petya's answer to this mathoverflow question of mine. Let $S^* \mathbb{R}^n$ be the space of cooriented contact elements of $\mathbb{R}^n$. ...
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Determine sub-polygon from line segments with known member connectivity

Test Polygon: Consider the following polygon as attached. Let the known parameter be as follows: •Member to member connectivity, i.e. it is known that A – B, X – E, F – B, etc. for all the members. •...
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Does a rectangle exist on any Jordan curve?

Let $C$ be a Jordan curve in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Does there exist points $P,Q,R,S$ on $C$ such that quadrangle $PQRS$ is a non-degenerate rectangle?
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About MF Atiyah and R Bott's 1983 paper

I am a theoretical physics major student working on string theory. I want to understand the work of MF Atiyah and R Bott, "The Yang-Mills equations over riemann surfaces" . What kinds of mathematical ...
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Light rays bouncing in twisted tubes

Imagine a smooth curve $c$ sweeping out a unit-radius disk that is orthogonal to the curve at every point. Call the result a tube. I want to restrict the radius of curvature of $c$ to be at most 1. I ...
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Dao's theorem on six circumcenters associated with a cyclic hexagon

This questions from Ngo Quang Duong's paper In 2013, O. T. Dao published without proof a theorem with title Another seven circles theorem in Cut the Knot, a free site for popular expositionsof many ...
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How can we count lines in an n-x-n rectangular array?

Is there a formula for the number of lines that contain exactly two points through an n x n rectangular array of points?
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An elementary question about metrics on the real plane [closed]

Given the metric $d_p$ on the real plane, i.e. $$d_p(x,y) = d_p((x_1, y_1), (x_2, y_2)) = [|x_1 - x_2|^p+ |y_1 - y_2|^p]^{1/p}$$ for which values of $p$ ($\geq 1$) is it true that the following ...
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What is the “right” definition of the homology(cohomology) of an orbifold?

What is the "right" analog in the orbifold case of a singular homology of a topological space? We can not just take the homology of the underlying space, because it does not contain much information. ...
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Self-Intersection of closed curves

Supoose I have a closed curve $\gamma$ in the plane such that for any isometry $g$ of $\mathbb{E}^2,$ such that $g(\gamma)\neq \gamma,$ $\gamma$ intersects $g(\gamma)$ in at most two points. It ...
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Descartes' theorem and Circle Packing [closed]

There's something I am missing comparing Descartes' theorem for three isometric circles here and this wiki post on circle packing of 3 circles here. From my calculation:  r_{ext} = \frac{r_{int}}{{...
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Is the sphere the only surface all of whose projections are circles? Or: Can we deduce a spherical Earth by observing that its shadows on the Moon are always circular?

Several ancient arguments suggest a curved Earth, such as the observation that ships disappear mast-last over the horizon, and Eratosthenes' surprisingly accurate calculation of the size of the Earth ...
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Sixteen points circle - A conjecture on Möbius plane

The conjecture refer the reader about the Bundle's theorem configuration. (This conjecture from a note) Consider the Bundle theorem configuration : Points $A_1, A_2, A_3, A_4$ lie on a circle, ...
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When is the orbit space of a manifold still a manifold of the same dimension?

$\mathbf{Question}$. Let us assume that $M^n$ is a topological manifold of dimension n, with a group action $\Gamma$, which acts discontinuously and freely on $M^n$. Is the orbit space $M^n / \Gamma$ ...
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A chain of six circles associated with six points on a circle (in Mobius plane) [closed]

I found a conjecture: A chain of six circles associated with six points on a circle (in Mobius plane). This is a generalization of the last my previous question in Three chains of six circles. (...