Skip to main content

Questions tagged [geometry-of-numbers]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
11 votes
1 answer
190 views

Number of planes generated by integer vectors

For fixed dimension $d$ and large $R$ consider all non-zero integer vectors in the ball $B(0,R)\subset \mathbb{R} ^d$ of radius $R$ centered at the origin. The number of such vectors grows as $c_d\...
Fedor Petrov's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
342 views

Counting lattice points inside a parallelepiped

The problem I am about to state is in three dimensions and does not follow from Davenport's theorem. Its two-dimensional version is an immediate consequence of Pick's theorem. Consider the lattice $\...
Plemath's user avatar
  • 143
40 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is there a regular pentagon with a rational point on each edge?

This question was asked by Yaakov Baruch in the comments to the question Can a regular icosahedron contain a rational point on each face? It seems that this question deserves special attention.
Alexey Ustinov's user avatar
43 votes
0 answers
1k views

Can a regular icosahedron contain a rational point on each face?

The title says it all: Is there a (regular) icosahedron containing a rational point on each of its faces? For other Platonic solids, the affirmative answer is easy. Indeed, regular tetrahedra, cubes, ...
Ilya Bogdanov's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
180 views

Mistake in Rogers' paper: "number of lattice points in a set" for the case $n=2$?

Let $f:\mathbb R^n\to \mathbb R$ be a nonnegative Borel measurable function, and let $f^*$ be the function obtained from $f$ by spherical symmetrization (see Rogers' paper: number of lattice points in ...
taylor's user avatar
  • 445
1 vote
1 answer
92 views

Probability density function for the polar sine of uniformly distributed points on the sphere

If I sample three points independently, uniformly at random on an $n$-dimensional sphere of radius $R$, what is the probability density function of their polar sine? More generally, for $k<n$ if I ...
Daniel S's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
0 answers
58 views

Second moment version of the multiple-sum Rogers integration formula

I know the following theorems due to Rogers. Let $X$ denote the space of $n$-dimensional unimodualar lattices in $\mathbb R^n$, equipped with the canonical Haar measure. Theorem 1(Siegel-Rogers). Let ...
taylor's user avatar
  • 445
1 vote
0 answers
77 views

Lattice packing

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $R^n$ and $R>0$ a real number. Consider the number $N$ of points in $\Lambda$ of norm less than $R$. Let $R$ goes to infinity. What can be said about the asymptotic ...
user95246's user avatar
  • 237
4 votes
2 answers
186 views

How large is the set of unimodular lattices whose sucesssive minima cannot be attained by a basis of lattice?

Recall that the $i$-th successive minimum of $L\in \mathcal L$ (space of full rank lattices in $\mathbb R^d$), denoted $\lambda_i(L)$ is the infimum of the radii of the balls containing $i$-linearly ...
taylor's user avatar
  • 445
2 votes
1 answer
205 views

Proof of generalized Siegel's mean value formula in geometry of numbers

Let $\mu$ be the Haar measure defined on the space of unimodular lattices, identified with $\text{SL}(d,\mathbb R)/\text{SL}(d,\mathbb Z)$. The classical Siegel's formula in geometry of numbers states ...
taylor's user avatar
  • 445
3 votes
1 answer
262 views

Successive minima and the basis of lattice

I am able to prove the following two propositions: Recall that the $i$-th successive minimum of $L\in \mathcal L$, denoted $\lambda_i(L)$ is the infimum of the radii of the balls containing $i$-...
taylor's user avatar
  • 445
0 votes
0 answers
70 views

Extension of primitive set of vectors and reduction theory

Let $\Lambda$ be a unimodular lattice in $\mathbb R^d$ (unimodularity is not really necessary here but just for convenience) and let $B$ be a ball centered at the origin that contains $(k+1)$-many $\...
taylor's user avatar
  • 445
7 votes
2 answers
559 views

Bounds on Bézout coefficients

Let $0<a_1 \le a_2 \le \cdots \le a_n$ be positive integers such that $a_1 + \cdots + a_n = m$ and $\gcd(a_1,\ldots,a_n)=1$. Let $\mathbf a :=(a_1,\ldots,a_n)\in\mathbb Z^n$ and $\mathbf x:=(x_1,\...
Pranay Gorantla's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
68 views

Stability of successive minima with respect to the metric on the space of lattices

Let $\mathcal L$ be the space of unimodular (covolume one) lattices in $\mathbb R^d$. The $i$-th successive minimum of $L\in \mathcal L$, denoted $\lambda_i(L)$ is the infimum of the radii of the ...
No One's user avatar
  • 1,565
4 votes
0 answers
156 views

Closest integer point to a sphere with radius R

I have a sphere in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with radius $R$ whose center is not necessarily the origin. I am interested in the closest integer lattice point to it. Indeed, it depends on the center location, but ...
Morteza's user avatar
  • 628
2 votes
2 answers
298 views

Determinants of minors occurring 'within' determinant of full matrix

$A= (a_{ij})$ is an $n\times n$ symmetric positive matrix. It induces a quadratic form $f(x):= x^tAx$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$. $D_m$ denotes the determinant of the top left $m\times m$ submatrix of $A$ (or ...
Charles Ryder's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
185 views

Bounding the fractional parts of the $p^{\text{th}}$ roots of $n,n^2,...,n^{p-1}$

EDIT (August 9, 2021): I would like to ask a more general question. The original question that was fully answered is below the line. For a positive real number $x$, denote the fractional part $x-[x]$ ...
Jens Reinhold's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
175 views

Maximal sublattice index in Minkowski's Second Theorem

Let $B$ be a (small) convex compact set in $\mathbb{R}^n$, symmetric around the origin. Let $\Gamma$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$ of dimension $n$ (I'm almost sure we can just take $\mathbb{Z}^n$, ...
Jakub Kamiński's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
228 views

Are the class numbers of $\mathbb{Q}(\cos(2\pi / m))$ $O(m^n)$ for some fixed $n$?

Question: Are the class numbers of $\mathbb{Q}(\cos(\frac{2\pi}m))$ $O(m^n)$ for some fixed $n$? Evidences (e.g. a recent paper) showing that the question above is open are also OK. Remark: If such $n$...
LeechLattice's user avatar
  • 9,451
1 vote
1 answer
212 views

Lattice points in hypercubes

Let $ (\Lambda_n) $ be a family of lattices, $ \Lambda_n \subset \mathbb{Z}^n $, with $ \det\Lambda_n \sim n $ as $ n \to \infty $ (meaning $ \lim_{n\to\infty} n^{-1} \det\Lambda_n = 1$). I am ...
aleph's user avatar
  • 503
5 votes
1 answer
178 views

Finding a superbase in a lattice of Voronoi first kind

An $n$-dimensional lattice in $\mathbb R^n$ is said to be of Voronoi’s first kind if it there exists $n+1$ vectors $b_1,\cdots b_{n+1}$ (called the superbase) such that $\{b_1,\ldots,b_n \}$ is a ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
278 views

Number of points in a lattice and an oblong box

I have a very simple question in geometry of numbers. (It is a slight modification of Counting points on the intersection of a box and a lattice .) There's a bound I can easily prove, and it's good ...
H A Helfgott's user avatar
  • 19.3k
0 votes
1 answer
261 views

Alternative reference to Davenport's Analytic Methods for geometry of numbers?

I was wondering if someone would be willing to suggest an alternative reference to Davenport's book Analytic Methods for Diophantine Equations and Diophantine Equations. I like the book but I would ...
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
396 views

The number of quadratic forms attaining Hermite's constant

$\require{AMScd}$ I'm considering minimum values (at non-zero integer points) of real, positive-definite, quadratic forms of determinant $1$. These are functions $f:\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}$ which ...
Charles Ryder's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
527 views

Counting points on the intersection of a box and a lattice

Let $A:\mathbb{Z}^n\to \mathbb{Z}^n$ be non-singular. Consider a box $B=[0,N_1]\times [0,N_2] \times \dotsc \times [0,N_n]$. Let $p_1,\dotsc,p_n$ be primes (distinct, if you wish) and let $L = p_1\...
H A Helfgott's user avatar
  • 19.3k
4 votes
2 answers
296 views

Quadratic diophantine equations and geometry of numbers

Let (for concreteness) $a = 2$, $b = \sqrt{5}$ and $\varphi = (\sqrt{5}+1)/2$. I am interested in solutions $(w,x,y,z) \in \mathbb{Z}[\varphi]^4$ of the system $$ w^2 - ax^2 -by^2 + abz^2 = 1 $$ $$ \...
Stefan Witzel's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
169 views

Lowering $i$th shortest vector of a lattice

LLL guarantees that we can find a basis $v_1,\dots,v_n$ of a lattice in $\mathbb R^n$ with $$\|v_i\|\leq \gamma_{i,n} \det(\Lambda)^{1/(n-i+1)}$$ where $\gamma_i$ is a function only of $i$ and $n$. ...
Turbo's user avatar
  • 13.8k
2 votes
1 answer
148 views

Which lattices are rotatable into their scaled copy?

Let $L=\{\sum_i n_iv_i\mid n_i\in\mathbb Z\}$ be some lattice generated by $d$ independent vectors $(v_i)_1^d$ from $\mathbb R^d$. Call $L$ rotatable if for some $M$, a scalar multiple of some ...
domotorp's user avatar
  • 18.6k
9 votes
0 answers
385 views

Number fields ordered by discriminant

Since the discriminant of a number field $K \neq \mathbb{Q}$ is bounded from below by an exponential of the degree $[K:\mathbb{Q}]$, for instance by Minkowski's Geometry of Numbers bound, there are ...
Vesselin Dimitrov's user avatar
15 votes
1 answer
557 views

Counting primitive lattice points

In Lemma 2 of [1], Heath-Brown proves the following (I state a simplified version of a more general result): Let $\Lambda \subset \mathbb{Z}^2$ be a lattice of determinant $d(\Lambda)$. Then $$\# ...
Daniel Loughran's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
231 views

On distribution of size of integer points in a subspace associated to a linear diophantine equation

Take $A,B,C,D$ pairwise coprime with $$n<A,B,C,D<2n$$ $$ n/4<|A−B|,|C−D|,|A−C|,|A−D|,|B−C|,|B−D|$$ and consider the space of solutions to $ACa+ADb+BCc+BDd=0$ spanned by $3\times 4$ matrix $$N=...
Turbo's user avatar
  • 13.8k
2 votes
1 answer
326 views

Intuition behind the proof of key step in Minkowski's second inequality on successive minima

I recently knew of this note in which Prof. M. Henk presents a proof of Minkowski's second inequality on successive minima which is (purportedly) based on ideas in Minkowski's original proof. Let me ...
José Hdz. Stgo.'s user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
131 views

Averaging number of lattice points in a box over a family of lattices

Consider the diophantine equation $$ x_1y_1^3 + \dots + x_s y_s^3 = 0. $$ For fixed $\mathbf{y}$ with coprime coordinates this is a $s-1$ dimensional lattice $\Lambda(\mathbf{y})$. Let $N(X)$ denote ...
leithian's user avatar
  • 163
0 votes
0 answers
146 views

Siegel's Mean Value Theorem by Macbeath and Rogers

It is claimed in an answer in mathoverflow to a question about Siegel's Mean value theorem (link- Siegel's Mean Value Theorem by Rogers and Macbeath) that there is mistake for the case $n=2$. I ...
mahbubweb's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
0 answers
130 views

$L^\infty$ norm lower bound for Integer points in null spaces of recursively defined integer vectors?

Letting $\otimes$ be matrix kronecker/tensor product with $n\in\Bbb N$ as a parameter define non-negative integer vectors recursively $$v_1=\begin{bmatrix}a_1&b_1\end{bmatrix}\in\Bbb Z_{>0}^2$$ ...
Turbo's user avatar
  • 13.8k
5 votes
0 answers
604 views

Necessary and Sufficient condition for Sharpness of Bombieri and Vaaler's result on Siegel's lemma?

This Wikipedia page currently quotes Bombieri and Vaaler's result on Siegel's lemma: Suppose we are given a system of $m$ linear equations in $n$ unknowns such that $n>m$, say $a_{11}x_1+\dots+...
Turbo's user avatar
  • 13.8k
1 vote
0 answers
51 views

Integral matrices with a lot of small integral vectors in the kernel

Suppose $A$ is an $m\times n$ matrix with integer coefficients. These coefficients are possibly very large, however we assume there are at least $K_C$ vectors $x\in\mathbb Z^n$ with $\max_i |x_i|\leq ...
Brandon Hanson's user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
446 views

Sequential addition of points on a circle, optimizing asymptotic packing radius

Suppose I have to put $N$ points $x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_N$ on the circle $S^1$ of length 1 so as to achieve the largest minimum separation (packing radius). The optimal solution is the equally spaced ...
Yoav Kallus's user avatar
  • 5,946
1 vote
0 answers
126 views

Computing the successive minima of the following lattice in $\mathbb{R}^4$

Let us define the lattice $\Lambda$ in $\mathbb{R}^4$ defined by the matrix $$ \Lambda = \begin{bmatrix} A & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & A & 0 & 0 \\ \gamma_1 & \gamma_2 &...
Johnny T.'s user avatar
  • 3,605
6 votes
2 answers
606 views

Counting points on lattices in inside a box- Geometry of numbers

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$, and let $|\mathbf{x}|$ denote the $L^2$ norm. There is a fairly standard argument involving successive minima to obtain an estimate on $N(R)$ which is the ...
Johnny T.'s user avatar
  • 3,605
2 votes
0 answers
59 views

Configurations of minimal vectors for a 4-dimensional symplectic lattice

The possible configurations of minimal vectors for a 4-dimensional lattice are known for ages, but what about symplectic lattices ? If a 4-dimensional symplectic lattice $\Lambda$ has two minimal ...
crispus's user avatar
  • 21
8 votes
1 answer
751 views

Minkowski's Linear Forms Theorem With Complex Coefficients

Minkowski's Linear Forms Theorem is often stated about linear forms with real coefficients. However, in Narkiewicz's Elementary and Analytic Theory of Algebraic Numbers, the following generalization ...
Greg K's user avatar
  • 201
4 votes
1 answer
466 views

Counting number of points on a lattice in a hypercube

Suppose I have a lattice $\Lambda \in \mathbb{R}^n$. Let $X_i >0$ for $i=1,..,n$. I am interested in some references regarding counting number of points of $\Lambda$ inside $[-X_1, X_1] \times \...
Johnny T.'s user avatar
  • 3,605
1 vote
0 answers
114 views

On the number of $\mathbb Z$-linearly independent integer points in a bounded region

Let $\|\,\,\,\|$ denote the Euclidean norm on $\mathbb R^2$. Let $\Lambda$ be a sublattice of $\mathbb Z^2$ and $m < M$ be positive real numbers. We say that a point $(x,y)$ in $\mathbb Z^2$ is ...
Anton's user avatar
  • 1,573
6 votes
0 answers
267 views

Bound on the determinant of a quadratic form restricted to a subspace

Let $Q\colon \mathbb{Z}^{n}\oplus\mathbb{Z}^m\to\mathbb{R}$ be a real quadratic form, which we denote $Q(x,y)$, $x\in\mathbb{Z}^n$, $y\in\mathbb{Z}^m$. Suppose: The minimum of $Q(x,y)$ as $y$ varies ...
Yoav Kallus's user avatar
  • 5,946
2 votes
3 answers
322 views

Geometry of numbers argument: counting integers with some linear condition

I am interested in the proof of the following result: Suppose that $A > 1$, $\lambda \in \mathbb{R}$, and for $0 < Z \leq 1$, let $U(Z)$ be the number of integer solutions $v$ of \begin{...
Johnny T.'s user avatar
  • 3,605
6 votes
0 answers
118 views

Rational $d$-simplices

Define a rational $d$-simplex as a simplex in $\mathbb{R}^d$ such that the measure of all its $k$-dimensional faces, $k \ge 1$, is rational. So a rational triangle has rational edge lengths and ...
Joseph O'Rourke's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
91 views

Dual lattices up to a q scaling factor

In this paper : https://eprint.iacr.org/2011/501.pdf There is an equality page 10, in the second paragraph considered by the authors as "easy to check". If someone could explain to me why the set at ...
Ievgeni's user avatar
  • 215
4 votes
2 answers
5k views

Proving Legendre's Sum of 3 Squares Theorem via Geometry of Numbers

Every positive integer can be written as the sum of 4 squares $n = a_1^2 + a_2^2 + a_3^2 + a_4^2$ however, if we only allow sum of 3 squares some numbers have to be left out: $n = a^2 + b^2 + c^2$ ...
john mangual's user avatar
  • 22.7k
6 votes
1 answer
201 views

Lattice parallelogram of minimal area containing convex lattice polygon

What is the minimal constant $\alpha$ so that for any convex lattice polygon $F$ there exists a lattice parallelogram $P\supseteq F$ of area $A(P)\leq \alpha\cdot A(F)$? It is not hard to show that $\...
Fedor Petrov's user avatar