# Questions tagged [gelfand-duality]

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### Non-commutative duality II: The two algebras of a groupoid

This question is in a sense the continuation of my previous one, Non-commutative duality I: Which C*-algebras are (isomorphic to a) convolution algebra?. Reading the great answers and the equally good ...
3answers
889 views

### Non-commutative duality I: Which C*-algebras are (isomorphic to a) convolution algebra?

Many interesting C*-algebras can be realized as convolution algebras over a groupoid, an idea introduced in 1980 by Jean Renault (this entry in nLab provides plenty of context to the general approach ...
1answer
52 views

### Involution in a commutative unital real C* algebra

It follows immediately from Gelfand duality that the involution in a commutative unital real C* algebra is the identity. Is there a direct proof from the axioms of C* algebras?
1answer
170 views

### Fundamental group under Gelfand duality

Gelfand duality states that the functor of continuous functions $C(-)$ from compact Hausdorff topological to commutative $C^*$-algebras is an equivalence of categories. In other words, all topological ...
1answer
285 views

### Generalized Gelfand Triples

Normally, when we talk about Gelfand triple we have three Hilbert spaces $$\newcommand{\X}{\mathcal{X}} \X_+ \subset \X_0 \subset \X_-$$ such that the subsets are dense, the embedding mappings are ...
0answers
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### Characterizing the separability of the Gelfand space of a semisimple commutative Banach algebra

Problem. Is the separability of the Gelfand space of a semi-simple commutative Banach algebra $A$ equivalent to the existence of a countable family $\{\varphi_n\}_{n\in\omega}$ of multiplicative ...
1answer
155 views

### Are there any non-trivial convergent sequences in the maximal ideal space of the measure algebra?

Consider the measures on the circle, $M(\mathbb T)$, endowed with the convolution product which makes it a unital Banach algebra under the total variation norm. Denote by $\Delta$ the maximal ideal ...
0answers
86 views

### Can we express separability of a ray-remainder in terms of the function algebra?

Let $X = [0, 1)$ be a ray and $C(X)$ the algebra of bounded continuous real functions. The spectrum of $C(X)$ is the Stone-Cech compactification $\beta [0,1)$ of the ray. It's easy to see the ...
1answer
610 views

### Recovering a smooth manifold from its tensor fields

1) Consider the algebra $\mathcal T (M) = \bigoplus \limits _{p, q \ge 0} \mathcal T ^{p, q} (M)$, where $\mathcal T ^{p, q} (M)$ is the space of tensor fields of type $(p,q)$. I should endow it with ...
1answer
249 views

### Can we Characterise Rings of Continuous Functions?

Suppose $K$ is some nice space, for example $\mathbb R$ or $\mathbb C$. Let $X$ be a set and $C$ a ring of functions $X \to K$. Is there any way to determine, from the algebraic structure of $C$, ...
2answers
764 views

### Commutative von Neumann algebras and localizable measure spaces

This is not my subject so I apologize if my question is too obvious or understood from other pages. I read some pages such as Reference for the Gelfand-Neumark theorem for commutative von Neumann ...
1answer
673 views

### Proper continuous image of metrizable space

Motivated by the following post, "Gelfand duality" and the fact that "a Hausdorff continuous image of a compact metric space is metrizable", we ask: What is a counter example of two locally ...
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### Tauberian theorem from generalized Gelfand transform

Wiener's theorem gives the necessary and sufficient conditions for the set of translates of a set of functions to be dense in $L^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$, which translates algebraically into a statement about ...
1answer
247 views

### Dual notion of a local homeomorphism between topological spaces for C*-algebras

Given two locally compact topological spaces $X$ and $Y$, and a local homeomorphism $f : X \to Y$, Gelfand duality gives us a homomorhism $Cf : C_0(Y) \to C_0(X)$. How does the fact that $f$ is a ...
5answers
1k views

### Do subalgebras of C(X) admit a description in terms of the compact Hausdorff space X?

In light of the well-known theorem of Gelfand that, bluntly put, ends up saying that unital abelian C*-algebras are the 'same' as compact Hausdorff topological spaces, I tried to compile a dictionary ...
1answer
348 views

### The functor of continuous functions from compact CW-spaces to the reals

The contravariant functor $C(-)$ given by $$\hom_{Top}(-,\mathbb{R}):cCW\to Rng$$ where $cCW$ is the category of compact CW complexes is injective on objects. What is known about surjectivity, ...
5answers
3k views

### Reference for the Gelfand duality theorem for commutative von Neumann algebras

The Gelfand duality theorem for commutative von Neumann algebras states that the following three categories are equivalent: (1) The opposite category of the category of commutative von Neumann ...