# Questions tagged [game-theory]

The game-theory tag has no usage guidance.

271
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### Determining the first move in go using CGT

I am exploring Combinatorial Game Theory (CGT) and particularly interested in Berlekamp's book "Mathematical Go Endgames". However I am a bit puzzled by the fact that, once he uses the ...

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### Can you escape from two lions in a closed arena?

You're at the center of a circular arena. A pair of lions are at the border, planning to catch you. One of them moves as fast as you, but the other moves slower than you. The three of you are confined ...

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1
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### What is a good formalization of this classic math puzzle? [closed]

Here is a classic math olympiad problem (but this is NOT my question!): Each of the girls A and B tells the teacher a positive integer but neither of them knows the other's number. The teacher writes ...

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### Surprising applications of the theory of games?

I am currently studying the applications of games in quantum information theory and related fields and I am aware of its uses in places like model theory and set theory. So I was curious, what are ...

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### Equilibrium for a game with mixed strategies on a compact ultrametric space

Let $(X,d)$ be a compact ultrametric space. Hartig and de Vink considered the following ultrametric on the set $P(X)$ of probability on $X$:
$$\hat d(\mu,\nu)=\inf\{r>0:\forall x\in X\;\;\mu(B_r(x))...

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### Game with Turing machines

Introduction
The following game is quite nice: Alice has, in secret, constructed a polynomial $P \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$.
On day $n=1,2,3,...$, she secretly writes down $P(n)$ on a piece of paper.
Each day,...

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### Game on a square grid (part II)

Related to this question, where there the solution was unexpected for us.
Let $n,m$ be positive integers, $n \le m \le n^2/2$.
The board is $n \times n$ square grid.
Phase 1:
Two players, $A,B$ make $...

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2
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86
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### Do restricted Nim-like games have winning strategies?

Considering a Nim-like game to be:
There are three piles $A,B,C$, and the amount of their elements are $|A|=2, |B|=5, |C|=6$;
There are 2 players. Each time a player can either take $x (1\leq x \leq ...

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244
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### Game theory approach to Trans Europa

The other day I was playing a game called Trans Europa (or Trans America) which is quite graph theoretic in flavour. The game takes place on a triangular lattice graph with certain distinguished ...

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### Why do two potentials of a game only differ by a constant? [closed]

Can someone explain to me the proof on page 7/20 of the original paper about potential games (https://www.cs.tau.ac.il/~mansour/sem-game-02-03/monderer-potential-96.pdf)?
It is about why two ...

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### Why is game theory formulated in terms of equilibrium instead of winning strategies?

Game theory, on the outset, seems to invite the questions,
"what can I do to win" or "how do I beat my opponent?"
So many people who are not familiar with game theory look to game ...

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### Name of a game : Remove two chips from a vertex or one chip from both ends of an edge

Consider a finite graph $\Gamma$ with a positive number $n_v\geq 0$ of chips stacked at each vertex $v$ of $\Gamma$. Two players play in turn with moves consisting either of removing two chips from a ...

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### Who wins this two player game of making squares?

Two players take turns coloring edges on an $n$-by-$n$ grid. Both players use the same color. Every time a player surrounds a square of the grid, they mark that square with their name and go again. ...

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### Can we determine the game-theoretically best first move by White in chess without solving chess?

In turn-based board games with high branching factor (such as chess) are there any arguments that could ascertain the ideal first move but not solve the entire game?
I am asking because solving chess ...

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### Do random asymmetric games have more complicated strategies than random symmetric games?

Let $\Delta \subset \mathbb R^n$ be the locus of vectors whose entries are nonnegative and sum to $1$.
For $M$ an $n\times n$ matrix over $\mathbb R$, let $x_M \in \Delta$ be the vector $x$ that ...

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1
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### Is there an equilibrium for this non-zero-sum game?

The game $G(N,M)$ is played:
$N$ ($N\geq 2$) is the number of players, labeled $1$~$N$. In the beginning they have a pot with some chips in it. Players move alternatively in the order from $1$ to $N$....

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### Is there a dominant strategy for this game?

Alice and Bob have $N_A$ and $N_B$ warriors under their command, numbered $1$~$N_A$ and $1$~$N_B$ respectively. Alice has $1$ fighting power at her disposal, and Bob has $b$ ($b\gt 0$). Before the ...

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### Existence and uniqueness of solution of a nonlinear system

I need a proof of the following result to calculate a Nash equilibrium in the Showcase Showdown game.
For all $n>1$, the system of equations
$$\left\{
\begin{aligned}
(1+e^{x}(-1+x))^{n-2}&=\...

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2
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554
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### Escaping from infinitely many pursuers

The fugitive is at the origin. They move at a speed of $1$. There's a guard at $(i,j)$ for all $i,j\in \mathbb{Z}$ except the origin. A guard's speed is $\frac{1}{100}$. The fugitive and the guards ...

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### special case of the minimax theorem

The minimax theorem of von Neumann says that for any payoff matrix $A$, we have
\begin{equation}
\max_x \min_y x^T A y = \min_y \max_x x^T A y.
\end{equation}
In the above, $x$ and $y$ are probability ...

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2
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### Should mixed strategies in normal form games be interpreted as measurable functions or probability vectors?

I have recently been stuck trying to understand how game theorists extend a normal form game (matrix game) into a game with mixed strategies (so called mixed extension). I feel like I am missing ...

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### Variant of Parthasarathy's minimax theorem

Does there exist a variant of Parthasarathy's minimax theorem [1] that relaxes the assumption that the spaces $X$ and $Y$ are $[0,1]$?
[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parthasarathy%27s_theorem

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### Can the fugitive escape?

A fugitive is surrounded by $N$ police officers, with the nearest one at distance $1$ away. The fugitive and the officers move alternatively.
In a fugitive move, the fugitive can travel no more than ...

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1
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### Ordering preference for two zero mean Gaussian outcomes

Let $X\sim \mathcal{N}(0,1)$ be a standard Gaussian random variable. If we let $f_a(x)\triangleq\mathbb{E}[\max\{aX,x\}]$ for $a,x >0$, how to prove that $$f_a(f_b(1))<f_b(f_a(1))~~\text{for }0&...

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### Games and the right mathematical framework for GANs

Generative Adversarial Networks were introduced in http://papers.nips.cc/paper/5423-generative-adversarial-nets and has more than 20000 citations.
It is an important topic within deep learning.
Are ...

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0
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130
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### Finding an optimal strategy for a combinatorial sequential game

We are given a set $\{p_1, p_2, \ldots, p_n\}$ of players and a set of $\{\ell_1, \ell_2, \ldots, \ell_n\}$ of locations, where $n\in\mathbb{N}$. Each location can be either free or occupied, and each ...

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### Mathematics of GANs (generative adversarial networks)

Generative Adversarial Networks were introduced in http://papers.nips.cc/paper/5423-generative-adversarial-nets and has more than 20000 citations.
The paper introduced key paradigm changes which ...

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### Nim variant with minimum number of objects?

I'm wondering where I can find in the literature (if it exists) a discussion of a Nim variant where we impose the additional condition on Nim that we can remove only up to $c$ objects before the game ...

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### A "Markov game"

I call games similar to the one I describe below to be Markov games. I am selecting just that one or rather a 1-parameter series of games. The open challenge is to find out which of the players $\ 0\ $...

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### An averaging game on finite multisets of integers

The following procedure is a variant of one suggested by
Patrek Ragnarsson (age 10). Let $M$ be a finite multiset of
integers. A move consists of choosing two elements
$a\neq b$ of $M$ of the same ...

27
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1
answer

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### Players alternate moving a $\{\swarrow,\uparrow,\rightarrow\}$ piece on a chessboard

Edit $4.$ $-$ Proposing to reopen the question (the related competition should be over by now).
Edit $3.$ $-$ I have just found out that the linked competition (see the "Edit $1$.") is still ...

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### Does is it change an auction's incentives when causing the winner to pay more makes losers pay less?

Say there are three roommates moving into an apartment with three rooms. Two of the apartment's rooms are identical, but the third one is valued higher by all three parties (say it's bigger and has a ...

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1
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### Brinksmanship: how to achieve the best outcome by a single statement [closed]

This game is taken from Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions by R.V. Dodge, in which contenders practice brinksmanship to their own advantages. It goes as follows:
Anderson, Barnes, and ...

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2
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### Cyclic inequality for 2 dimensional simplex elements

Let $p=(p_{1},p_{2},p_{3})\in\Delta$, with $\Delta:=\lbrace p\in(0,1)^{3}\ |\ p_{1}+p_{2}+p_{3}=1 \rbrace$. I aim to prove (not knowing whether it is true though) that
\begin{equation}
p_{1}^{p_{3}-p_{...

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### Conditions for optimal stationary strategies in MDPs

I have a specific Markov decision process (MDP) which is generated from a problem in another domain. What I would like to show is that under the limit of means criterion (no discounting) the optimal ...

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### Can Alice ever fare the worst in this variant of the truel game?

In the well known classic three way duel puzzle, 3 players Alice, Bob and Carol take turns to shoot each other until only one survives. In his/her turn, a player can either choose to shoot or pass$^{1}...

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### Game on a square grid

Not research level, comments are welcome.
Consider the following game:
The board is the vertices of an $n$ by $n$ square grid.
Two players take moves in turns.
A move is picking two vertices and ...

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1
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### Proving the existence of a symmetric Bayesian Nash equilibrium

I am currently faced with the following question:
Consider the public goods game. Suppose that there are $I > 2$ players and that
the public goods is supplied (with benefit of 1 for all players) ...

27
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1
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901
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### The lion and the zebras

The lion plays a deadly game against a group of $N$ zebras that takes place in the steppe (= an infinite plane). The lion starts in the origin with coordinates $(0,0)$, while the $N$ zebras may ...

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### Help with a definition of a two-person game in a referenced paper

In the paper "Finding Mixed Nash Equilibria of Generative Adversarial Networks" the authors write in equation (1) on page 2:
Consider the classical formulation of a two-player game with
finitely ...

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1
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### When does $\min_x \max_yf(x,y) = \min_y \max_x f(x,y)$ hold for a real function $f(x,y)$?

Let $f(x,y)$ be a real function of the variables $x,y$ (which can be real vectors). Under what conditions do we have the following equality:
$$\min_x \max_yf(x,y) = \min_y \max_x f(x,y)$$
For ...

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1
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### Dubious matrix monotonicity

Coming from a problem in game theory, I arose at some dubious monotonicity like property for matrices of the following art. Let $H=\lbrace h\in\mathbb{R}^{n}\colon h_{1}+\dots+h_{n}=0\rbrace$. I'm ...

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### Nash equilibria for "presidential election" game

Suppose, in a country there are $m$ different social issues, positions on which are being indexed with numbers $[-1; 1]$, with radicals on the opposing ends and moderates in the center. In this ...

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### Suggestions for two-choice game played in ladder graph

I was just working on counting all the possible Nash Equilibrium solutions for a two-choice game played on a ladder graph (I got my results and all that for a generic number of players).
And I was ...

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### Maschler's bargaining set-an incomplete step in a proof

I have a problem with the concept of the bargaining set which is given below in some detail.
Let $N=\{1,\ldots,n\}$ be a set of players and $v:2^N\to \mathbb{R}$
a superadditive game (meaning $S,T \...

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1
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### Is following function a metric on the set of isomorphism classes of graphs with countably many vertices?

Suppose $\Gamma_1(V_1, E_1)$ and $\Gamma_2(V_2, E_2)$ are simple graphs with countably many vertices. And suppose $A_1$ and $A_2$ are initially empty sets. Suppose two players play the following game: ...

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### Perturbation of the value of a general-sum game at a equilibirium

Consider a general-sum game with $N$ players. Let $u_i(a_1, \ldots, a_N)\colon \prod_{i=1}^N A_i \rightarrow \mathbb{R} $ be the payoff of the player $i\in \{ 1, \ldots, N \}$ when each player takes ...

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### Prenucleolus vs. nucleolus

I want to find a cooperative, characteristic function TU game $v$ (of at best of 3 or 4 players;2 players seem impossible to me) for which the prenucleolus is different from the nucleolus.
I do not ...

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1
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172
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### Can backward induction be used to solve any game? [closed]

I'm new to game theory and I would like to know, if you can model any game through a payoff tree, couldn't you find the subgame perfect equillibrium for all games through backward induction?

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### Evasive maneuver game

First of all, I want to state that I'm not an expert in the game theory and searching the references for the game I just made up. Solving this game by itself seems like a decent project for strong ...