# Questions tagged [fuchsian-groups]

In mathematics, a Fuchsian group is a discrete subgroup of PSL(2,R)

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### Arithmetic product and sum of limit sets of non-elementary Fuchsian group of second kind

Let $L \subset \mathbb{R}$ be a limit set of a Fuchsian group $\Gamma$. If $\Gamma$ is a non-elementary Fuchsian group of second kind, then $L$ is a Cantor set. For example: $\Gamma= \bigg\langle \...

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### $PSL_2(\mathbb{R})$ representations of free groups

Let $S_{g,n}^b$ denote a surface of genus $g$ with $n$ punctures and $b$ boundary components. Let us assume $\max\{b,n\}\geq 1$. It is then obvious that $S_{g,n}^b$ deformation retracts to a bouquet ...

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### Hyperbolic group with boundary $S^1$ implies virtually Fuchsian via bounded cohomology?

Question: Is there an approach to $\partial G \cong S^1$ implies virtually Fuchsian using bounded cohomology of $\mathrm{Homeo^+} (S^1)$? If not is there a reason to believe it wouldn't work, or maybe ...

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### Normal Fuchsian subgroups

I've been working with Fuchsian groups and from geometrical motivations finding a cocompact normal Fuchsian subgroups of $PSL(2,\mathbb{R})$ would have intresting properties for my research.
It is ...

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### Reference request: geometric finiteness of Fuchsian groups

My limited knowledge on hyperbolic geometry suggests me that the following proposition should be true (please correct me if I'm wrong):
Proposition. The convex core of a complete hyperbolic surface ...

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### Spectral theory for Fuchsian groups of the first kind

There are tons of material on the spectral theory of $L^2(\Gamma\backslash G)$ for a lattice $\Gamma$ in $G=PSL_2({\mathbb R})$. There are also many papers on the case of $\Gamma$ being convex-...

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### Build a Fuchsian group starting from punctures on a disk

Consider the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on the disk with $n>3$ marked points on its boundary, $\mathcal{M}_{D,n}$.
$\mathcal{M}_{D,n}$ can be parametrised in terms of cross ratios of the ...

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### Hyperbolic Metric on a Riemann Surface

From uniformization theorem, it is known that every conformal class of metrics on a genus-$g$ Riemann surface with $n$ punctures such that $2g+n\ge 3$ contains a unique hyperbolic metric. The ...

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### What is the homeomorphism from $\Gamma \backslash T_1 \mathbb{H}$ to $T_1(\Gamma \backslash \mathbb{H})$

Let $\mathbb{H}$ be hyperbolic plane, $\Gamma$ is a discrete subgroup of $PSL_2(\mathbb{R}$) so that $\Gamma \backslash \mathbb{H}$ is a compact hyperbolic surface. Maybe it will be very simple to you ...

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### Fuchsian group which is derived from a division quaternion algebra, Mixing flows on the quotient space

Suppose a Fuchsian group $\Gamma$ is derived from a division
quaternion algebra. Then the quotient space $\Gamma\backslash \mathcal{H}$ is compact.
I am reading the book "Fuchsian Groups" of ...

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### Why are Fuchsian groups interesting?

I keep hearing that fuchsian groups are interesting for other reasons than the Fuchsian model for hyperbolic Riemann surfaces.
What are those reasons?
Are the Fuchsian groups with fixed points ...

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### Reference for 'Normal Subgroups of Fuchsian Groups'

I am looking for a reference on how to explicitly construct normal subgroups of a given Fuchsian group. I appreciate any help.

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### example of fuchsian groups acting on 2-sphere by G. Martin

Currently I am reading a paper "Infinite group actions on spheres" by Gaven Martin. I am a first year graduate students and I got lots of questions, so one of them is about the following example: (...

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### What is the metric on the Fuchsian model? [closed]

Let $\mathbb{H}$ be the upper half plane, and $\Gamma < SL(2, \mathbb{R})$ be a Fuchsian group. How is the distance between any two points $x, y \in \mathbb{H} / \Gamma$ in the Fuchsian model ...

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### One question about iteration on groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group, $H$ a subgroup of $G$ of index $n$, with $a_i$ a set of coset representatives and $$G=\displaystyle\bigcup_{i=1}^nH{a_i}.$$
Let $\phi:H\rightarrow G$ be a ...

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### Canonical Immersion of the Double Torus

It is easy to check that the immersion $\mathbb{T}^2=\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{S}^1\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}^4$, $(\alpha,\beta)\longmapsto(\cos\alpha,\sin\alpha,\cos\beta,\sin\beta)$ induces the ...

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### Quotient of the hyperbolic plane with respect to commutator group of $\pi_1(\Sigma_g)$

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$ and $G=\pi_1(\Sigma_g)$.
Let $\pi\colon \mathbb{H}\to \Sigma_g$ be the universal covering map. What kind of surface is $\mathbb{H}/[G,G]$?
...

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### Can Galois conjugates of lattices in SL(2,R) be discrete?

Let $\Gamma$ be a lattice in $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$. Suppose that the trace field of $\Gamma$ is a totally real number field of degree $d$. This gives $d$ homomorphisms $\rho_i:\Gamma\to SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ ...

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### The Fuchsian monodromy problem

I want to understand the argument being made from equation 6.1 to 6.5 in this paper between pages 27-28
6.2, 6.4 and 6.5 are completely out-of-the-blue to me and I have no clue as to from where they ...

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### Discussion of specific arithmetic triangle groups?

Arithmetic triangle groups were classified in Takeuchi, Arithmetic triangle groups, J. Math. Soc. Japan Volume 29, Number 1 (1977), 91-106. The (2,3,7) case was discussed in detail in a number of ...

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### Classification of maximal nonuniform Fuchsian lattices existent?

I am interested in the set of all non-cocompact Fuchsian lattices which all have a distinguished point as cusp, say $\infty$ in the upper half plane model of the hyperbolic plane. Of course, the ...

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### Arithmetic Fuchsian lattices that are not finite index subgroups of Eichler orders?

Lindenstrauss' proof of AQUE (arithmetic quantum unique ergodicity) assumes that the Fuchsian lattice is an Eichler order or, if I understand it correctly, a finite index subgroup of an Eichler order. ...

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### finite index subgroup of a fuchsian group

Given G, a fuchsian group and a finite sub set A of G. Does there exist a finite index subgroup H in G such that inter section of A with H is empty?

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### Fundamental domain for subgroup of fuchsian Schottky group.

Let G be a Fuchsian Schottky group defined by a possibly infinite set of disjoint halfplanes {C_i}_i. Let F be the fundamental domain obtained by intersecting the complements of the C_i's. If H i a ...

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### Fuchsian groups and their normalizers

Let $\Gamma \leq PSL_2(\mathbb{R})$ be a Fuchsian group. What is the relation between $N(\Gamma) = \{ \alpha \in PSL_2(\mathbb{R}) \mid \alpha \Gamma \alpha^{-1} = \Gamma \}$ and $Aut(\Gamma \...

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### Fuchsian groups and automorphisms of Riemann surfaces

Let $\Gamma \subseteq PSL_2(\mathbb{R})$ be a Fuchsian group, possibly containing elliptic elements. Is it true that $N(\Gamma) / \Gamma$, where $N(\Gamma)$ the normalizer of $\Gamma$ in $PSL_2(\...

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### Can the finiteness of a Burnside group with two generators be checked algorithmically by using Fuchsian von Dyck groups?

BIG EDIT of the previous question "Coverings of the free Burnside groups", never answered.
In the paper http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00046586 (last section) there is an interesting ...

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### Asymptotics of arithmetic Fuchsian groups and Shimura curves.

I'm interested in what is known/expected about some families of arithmetic Fuchsian groups. Here is the simplest family that I'm interested in: Let $E = Z[\omega]$, where $\omega = e^{2 \pi i / 3}$. ...

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### How do you find the genus of a Fuchsian group derived from a quaternion algebra?

Let $G$ be a Fuchsian group with normalizer $N(G)$ inside $PSL(2,13)$
Due to the Hurwitz formula, it suffices to find a presentation of $G$ of the form:
$$\langle x_1,\ldots,x_r,a_1,b_1,\ldots,a_\...

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### Are any two Dirichlet domains for a Fuchsian group “comparable”?

Let $\Gamma$ be a [EDIT: finitely generated] Fuchsian group of the first kind (i.e. a discrete subgroup of $PSL_2(\mathbf{R})$ acting on the upper half-plane admitting a fundamental domain of finite ...

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### Non congruence subgroups containing congruence subgroups.

Does there exist Fuchsian groups, which is not conjugated in $SL(2, \mathbb{R})$ to a subgroup of $SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$, but still contains a congruence subgroup?

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### Growth of smallest closed geodesic in congruence subgroups?

Let $\Gamma$ be one of the classical congruence subgroups $\Gamma_0(N)$, $\Gamma_1(N)$ and $\Gamma(N)$ of $SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$.
How does the lower bound for the length of primitive geodesics on $\...

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### Genus of arithmetic surface groups

It is known that for each genus, only finitely many points in the moduli space of hyperbolic genus g surfaces are arithmetic. I'm wondering if an existence result is known: for which g do we have ...

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### Arithmetic Fuchsian group

I have the following questions: Are all Fuchsian groups of signature $(0;2,2,2,\infty)$ arithmetic? What is known about the trace fields of these groups?
Best, K.

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### Is the absolute value of the j-invariant bounded from below on an annulus

Let $j:\mathbf{H}\to \mathbf{C}$ be the $j$-invariant. It's a modular function for $\Gamma(1) = \textrm{PSL}_2(\mathbf{Z})$.
For $\epsilon>0$ small, let $B(\epsilon)$ be the image of the strip $$\{...

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### The smallest positive eigenvalue and the length of the shortest geodesic

I'm confused about some things concerning lengths of geodesics on Riemann surfaces and positive eigenvalues of the Laplacian. Moreover, I'm also interested in the relation between these two.
Let $X$ ...

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### How nice are representation varieties of Fuchsian groups?

Background
Let $S_{g,n}$ be an oriented surface of genus $g$, with $n$ punctures. We explicitly prohibit the non-hyperbolic cases:
$g=0$, $n=0,1,2$.
$g=1$, $n=0$.
Let $\Gamma$ be the fundamental ...

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### Cusp width for an arbitraty Fuchsian group

In Shimura's Intro to Arithmetic Theory of Automorphic Forms, he defines a cusp of a Fuchsian group $\Gamma$ as a point $s \in \mathbb{R} \cup \{ \infty \}$ that is fixed by a parabolic element of $\...

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### Conjugate Groups of (quasi) Fuchsian Groups

I apologize in advance if this question is so trivial or too low level.
Let $\Gamma$ be a Fuchsian group. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be the set of pairs $(\mu,f)$, where $\mu \in L^\infty(\mathbb{C})$ such ...

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### Which elements in SL2(Q) are conjugated to an element in SL2(Z)

Dear all,
once again my question is all about $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ and $SL_2(\mathbb{Q})$ ! Which elements in $M \in SL_2(\mathbb{Q})$ can you write in the following form:
$M= NBN^{-1}$
with $N \in ...

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### Has a conjugation of SL2(Z) finite index in SL2(Z)? (Modular group)

Dear all,
I have a probably rather simple question: Suppose we have a Matrix $ M\in SL_2(\mathbb{Q}) $. Does the group $ M^{-1} SL_2(\mathbb{Z}) M \cap SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ then always have finite index ...

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### Triangle groups - uniqueness and trace field

Dear all,
again I need your help for the following two questions: Suppose we have a triangle group of signature (p,q,\infty).
1) When is such a group unique (up to isomorphism)?
2) Do you have a ...

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### fundamental domains for free fuchsian group.

I try to understand some of the topology of the space of pointed non-compact hyperbolic surfaces (with the pointed Gromov-Hausdorff topology). It is known that the fundamental
group of a non-compact ...