Questions tagged [fractional-iteration]

The study of fractional self-iterations of a map. A basic example is the analysis of functional square roots of a map $g$, i.e. solutions $f$ to the functional equation $f \circ f = g$. The continuous version of fractional iteration concerns maps which have flows. This case is also known as continuous iteration. A classic example is the problem of extending tetration to the real and complex numbers.

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What are the iterates of $x \mapsto 1 - \sqrt{1-x^2}$?

Let $f\colon [0,1]\to[0,1]$ be given by $f(x) = 1-\sqrt{1-x^2}$, i.e., the increasing auto-homeomorphism of $[0,1]$ whose graph is a quarter circle centered at $(0,1)$. I am interested in what can be ...
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Borel summation and the Abel function of $e^z-1$

This is a question that has bothered myself and Gottfried Helms a fair amount of late. He has made his case for the following result, but a proof escapes both of us. The question is deceptively simple,...
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Is there half an iteration of the QR algorithm?

Every real square matrix $M$ has a QR decomposition $M = QR$ where $Q^{-1}=Q^T$ and $R$ is an upper triangular matrix with non-negative reals on the diagonal. Call the function $f(QR)=RQ$ the Francis ...
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Finding closed forms/related constants to a limit involving tetration

I was working on finding a series expression for a function $f: \mathbb{C} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ such that $f(x^y) = f(x)^{f(y)}$ along the way for construction of such a function I came across a ...
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Fractional Laplacian on closed manifolds

Naturally given any $s\in (0,1)$, the fractional Laplacian, $(-\Delta_g)^s u$ on a closed Riemannian manifold can be defined via spectral decomposition of $-\Delta_g$. There is another formulation of ...
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Understanding a more intricate Schwarz reflection principle--A question about Tetration

everyone. This is going to be a long question as it requires a good amount of back story in theory. This question is mostly along the lines: "I think this should happen, and I think my proof is ...
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An explicit series representation for the analytic tetration with complex height

Tetration is the next hyperoperation after more familiar addition, multiplication and exponentiation. It can be seen as a repeated exponentiation, similar to how exponentiation can be seen as a ...
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Existence of a square root of a functional equation

We can define the iterates $f^{n+1}=f\circ f^n$ for a given smooth map $f:X\to X$, where $X$ could be a finite interval, the real line $\mathbb{R}$, or the circle $S^1$, or any general smooth manifold....
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