Forcing is a method first used to prove the continuum hypothesis is independent of the classical axioms of set theory

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### C.c.-ness of a forcing notion based on an atomless complete Boolean algebra

Given $\mathbb{B} = \langle B, \wedge, \vee, \neg, 0, 1 \rangle$ an atomless complete Boolean algebra that has a $< \mkern-4mu \kappa$-closed dense subset and is $\kappa^+$-c.c., we define a ...

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111 views

### Encoding sets in locally generic sets

Let $\alpha$ be an ordinal, and let $a\subseteq\alpha$ such that $\alpha$ is countable in $L[a]$. Moreover, let $\beta>\alpha$ be an ordinal such that, in $L[a]$, $\alpha$ and $\beta$ have the same ...

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176 views

### A variant of Radin forcing

Suppose $\kappa$ is a large cardinal (strong cardinal seems to be enough). Is there a forcing notion $\mathbb{R}$ with the following properties:
$(1)$ Forcing with $\mathbb{R}$ adds a club $C$ into $\...

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451 views

### “Antiforcing” - Is there a method to 'remove' sets from a model of ZF?

Forcing is a method of "adding sets" to a model $M$ of ZF by making a new set $M^{(\mathbb{P})}$ consisting of every set of $M$, but you have the option to add certain sets out of $M^{(\mathbb{P})}$ ...

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### Decomposition of forcing iterations

One of the great things about a finite support iteration $\Bbb P_\delta$, is that if $\alpha<\delta$, we can write $\Bbb P_\delta$ as the iteration of $\Bbb{P_\alpha\ast\dot Q_\alpha\ast P_\delta/...

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### Bad forcing permutations

Let $P$ be the finite-support product of the Cohen forcing. It adjoins a sequence of Cohen-generic reals say $a_n$, $n<\omega$, which one naturally calls a $P$-generic sequence. Suppose that $\pi$ ...

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197 views

### Collapse an inaccessible cardinal to a successor of a singular cardinal

Is it possible to turn an inaccessible cardinal in $V$ to a successor of a singular cardinal in some forcing extension?

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222 views

### Countable support product of Sacks forcings and selective ultrafilters

If $U$ is a selective ultrafilter on $\omega$, then $U$ generates an ultrafilter in $V^{\mathbb S}$, where ${\mathbb S}$ is Sacks forcing. The same is true with ${\mathbb S}$ being replaced by ${\...

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264 views

### Problem understanding a passage of the proof of $\mathfrak{p}=\mathfrak{t}$ involving forcing

I've a problem with a passage of the proof of Claim 14.7 of the paper "Cofinality spectrum theorems in model theory, set theory, and general topolgy" by Malliaris and Shelah, or equivalently ...

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367 views

### On the Number of Parallel Automorphism Lines

Given a group $G$, one can define the transfinite line of iterative automorphisms of $G$ to be the following chain of the groups where $G_{\alpha+1}=Aut(G_{\alpha})$ for each ordinal $\alpha$ and the ...

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352 views

### Do choice principles in all generic extensions imply AC in $V$?

It's well-known that not all choice principles are preserved under forcing, e.g. in this answer https://mathoverflow.net/a/77002/109573 Asaf shows the ordering principle can hold in $V$ and fail in a ...

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451 views

### What are examples of non-equivalent virtualizations of a large cardinal?

This is a follow up to my previous question concerning virtual large cardinals, that are generally weaker axioms of infinity obtained from ordinary large cardinals through the so-called virtualization ...

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292 views

### On the Actual Potential of Virtual Large Cardinals

Virtual large cardinals belong to a relatively new breed of strong axioms of infinity. They often appear as statements of the following form:
Definition. Suppose $A$ is a large cardinal property ...

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### Does $0^{\#}$ imply that $L$'s set generic multiverse has irreconcilable theories?

Suppose $0^{\#}$ exists. Let $M(L)$ be the generic multiverse over $L$ as viewed in $V$, i.e. $M(L)$ consists of all $L[g]$ where $g \in V$ is $\mathbb{P}$-generic over $L$ for some forcing $\mathbb{P}...

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### Locales as spaces of ideal/imaginary points

I posted this question on MSE a few days ago, but got no response (despite a bounty). I hope it will get more answers here, but I'm afraid it might not be appropriate as I'm not sure it's actually ...

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### What is the modal logic of outer multiverse?

The mathematical multiverse could be viewed as a gigantic Kripke model with models of $ZFC$ as possible worlds connected to each other via a certain accessibility relation.
The modal logic associated ...

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344 views

### Problem on reading Jech's set theory about forcing (of Lemma 15.19)

As the proof in the picture, the author says that we can assume that every condition forces that $\dot{f}$ is a function form $\lambda$ to $A$.
I guess that here he means that we can assume $A=M\cap ...

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### Forcing and Family Contentions: Who wins the disputes?

The famous game-theoretic couple, Alice & Bob, live in the set-theoretic universe, $V$, a model of $ZFC$. Just like many other couples they sometimes argue over a statement, $\sigma$, expressible ...

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### Non-special $\aleph_2$-Aronszajn trees in the Laver-Shelah model for $\aleph_2$-Souslin hypothesis

Assume $V=L$ and let $\kappa$ be a weakly compact cardinal. Let $G$ be $Col(\aleph_1, < \kappa)$ generic over $V$. Working in $V[G]$ force with a countable support iteration of forcing notions of ...

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### Analogue of strong stationary reflection from MM

Foreman-Magidor-Shelah proved that if Martin’s Maximum holds, then for every regular $\kappa>\omega_1$, every stationary $S \subseteq S^\kappa_\omega$ contains a club of ordertype $\omega_1$. This ...

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146 views

### Generic two-cardinal behavior of first-order sentences

This is a hopefully improved version of a question I asked before and then deleted because it was based on some fundamentally incorrect assumptions.
Some first-order theories are able to control the ...

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480 views

### Cohen/Random reals over intermediate models in countable support iterations

Assume that the continuum is $\aleph_2$ in our ground model $V$. Suppose that $(P_n \, : \, n \in \omega)$ is a fully supported iteration of length $\omega$. Suppose further that the factors of the ...

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### Does $0^{\#}$ imply the failure of upward directedness in the set generic universe over $L$?

Question 1. Suppose that $0^{\#}$ exists. Are there set generic filters $g,h$ over $L$ ($g,h \in V$) such that for any $f$ ($\in V$) which is generic over $L$ we have that $L[g] \cup L[h] \not \...

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366 views

### Boolean ultrapower of V[G] by G

In Joel David Hamkins's "Well-founded Boolean Ultrapowers as Large Cardinal Embeddings", it is mentioned that if $U \in \mathbf{V}$ is an ultrafilter of a complete Boolean algebra $\mathbb{B}$ and $U$ ...

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514 views

### On Applications of Forcing in Domain Theory

An interesting feature of domain theory is to use partial orders in order to provide a mathematical model for the computational approximation in a potentially infinite computational process (e.g. ...

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193 views

### distributivity of termspace forcing

Laver introduced the concept of termspace forcing. If $\mathbb P * \dot{\mathbb Q}$ is a two-step iteration, then we can order the $\mathbb P$-names for elements of $\dot{\mathbb Q}$ by putting $\dot ...

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303 views

### Strong Total Failures vs. Weak Instances of the Generalized Continuum Hypothesis

The exponentiation operator inflicts a subtle information loss on the transfinite numerical equations, pretty similar to the case of $a^2=b^2 \nRightarrow a=b$ in real numbers. In fact, for the ...

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158 views

### Negation of CH implied by lots of special subtrees?

In the following, I focus on trees of height $\omega_1$: if there exists a nonspecial tree any of whose $\aleph_1$-subtrees is special, must CH fail?
Some neither consistent nor coherent thoughts: ...

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277 views

### Does Easton forcing preserve measurable cardinals?

The question is in the title. For Easton's theorem see Wikipedia. Loosely speaking we can use forcing to manipulate the powerset function on regular cardinals as much as we like given we satisfy the ...

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755 views

### When will the real numbers be Borel?

In set theory Borel sets are important, but we don't actually care about the sets. We can about the Borel codes. Namely, the algorithm to generate a given Borel set starting with the basic open sets (...

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### What is the dimension of the mathematical universe?

Forcing construction in set theory leads to a new understanding of the mathematical (multi)universe by providing a machinery through which one can construct new models of the universe from the ...

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### How many iterations of inner models/generic extensions are sufficient?

Let $M=M_0$ be a ctm of ZF.
If $(M_0, \ldots, M_n)$ is a sequence of ctms of ZF, where for all $i,$ either $M_{i+1}$ is an inner model of $M_i$ or a generic extension of $M_i,$ then call $M_n$ an $n$-...

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### Which spaces are still Lindelöf after forcing with a Suslin tree?

Let $T$ be a Suslin tree and $f:T\to Y$ be continuous. ($T$ is endowed with the order topology.) Assume that the image of $T$ is contained in a Lindelöf subset of $Y$. Then, force with $T$. Which ...

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### How to add essentially new knots to the universe?

A knot is an embedding of a circle $S^{1}$ in $3$-dimensional Euclidean space, $\mathbb{R}^3$. Knots are considered equivalent under ambient isotopy. There are two different types of knots, tame and ...

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### Gitik's work on Shelah's weak hypothesis

It seems that Moti Gitik has recently refuted some variants of Shelah's weak hypothesis. For this see the title and abstract of his talk at the Set Theory, Model Theory and Applications conference.
I ...

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146 views

### Iterations of proper forcings defined in an inner model

Are there any examples where a countable support iteration of proper forcing defined in an inner model does crazy things in an outer model? This is vague, so to narrow it down, are there examples of $...

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### Specializing fat trees

The discussion is about trees of height $\omega_1$ that are not necessarily thin, namely, no cardinality constraints on the size of each level. A classcial theorem of Baumgartner states that it is ...

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198 views

### Intersection of two generic extensions

It is well known that the intersection of two models of ZFC does not have to be a model of ZFC (or even ZF). Now what if we restrict ourselves to models $M[G]$, $M[H]$ which are generic over $M$ for ...

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### Chain condition in iterated forcing

(I apologize for the long question, which has no mathematical content. Just looking for the right reference.)
In their celebrated paper [ST1971] introducing iterated forcing, Solovay and Tennenbaum ...

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192 views

### Measurably-isomorphic subsets of polish spaces and the continuum hypothesis

In Theorem 2.7 in the following notes, we seem to assume the following statement.
Let $(\Omega,\mathcal F)$ be a Polish space, and $A\in\mathcal F$ an uncountable set. Then there exists a bijection ...

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390 views

### fake and weak cardinals

Suppose $\lambda$ is a successor of a singular cardinal. We will say $\lambda$ fake if there is a transitive set $M$ such that $\lambda \subseteq M$ satisfying $\mathrm{ZFC}^-$ (ZFC without powerset) ...

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### distributivity of club shooting forcing destroyed in the limit

Let $S\subset \omega_1$ be a stationary and co-stationary set. Let $CU(S)$ be the standard forcing that shoots a club into $S$. It is a standard fact that $CU(S)$ is countably distributive, i.e. it ...

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### weak square and tower forcing

Suppose $\delta$ is a Woodin cardinal and $\kappa < \delta$. If $G$ is generic for the stationary tower $\mathbb Q^\kappa_{<\delta}$, then there is an elementary embedding $j : V \to M \...

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### Proper topological spaces

Recall that a topological space is ccc, or has the countable chain condition, if every family of pairwise disjoint open sets is countable.
But equivalently, we can say that the forcing defined with ...

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### Is there a universal way to force the Axiom of Choice to be true?

Given a model of set theory $V$ there are various ways to construct a model in which the Axiom of Choice holds, such as Gödel's constructible universe $L^V$ or by using forcing*. I'm wondering if any ...

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### Complexity of $\Vdash_{\mathbb{P}}$ when $\mathbb{P}$ is a class definable iteration

Let $\mathbb{P}$ some class forcing iteration which is absolute enough. For instance, suppose that $\mathbb{P}$ is a $\Delta_1$-definable class iteration. Normally, this is the case for iteration of ...

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### Direct limits of $\sigma$-centered forcing notions

It is quite well known that
Any FS (finite support) iteration of length $<\mathfrak{c}^+$ of $\sigma$-centered posets is $\sigma$-centered (see e.g. here).
Now consider the following question: ...

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### How to kill a $\Sigma_{n+1}$-correct cardinal softly(n>1)?

A cardinal $\kappa$ is $\Sigma_n$-correct iff $V_\kappa \prec_n V$. For n>1, how to force a $\Sigma_{n+1}$-correct cardinal to be $\Sigma_{n}$-correct but not $\Sigma_{n+1}$-correct?
For $n=1$, we ...

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### Forcings predicted by core model theory $+$$ZFC$ results proved by the method of core model theory

I have two unrelated question.
First question. To motivate the question, let me explain an example. The natural way to force the failure of singular cardinals hypothesis ($SCH$), is to start with a ...

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### Combinatorial characterizations of potentially countably chromatic graphs

Is there a combinatorial characterization of (uncountably chromatic) graphs that are "potentially" countably chromatic? By this I mean: $G=(V,E)$ is a graph such that there exists a cardinal ...