# Questions tagged [finite-groups]

Questions on group theory which concern finite groups.

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### How to make Burnside's formula compatible with point counting for varieties over finite fields?

If $G$ is a finite group acting on a finite set $X$, we have Burnside's formula that counts the number of orbits $|X/G|$ as: $$|X/G| = \frac1{|G|} \sum_{g\in G} |X^g|,$$ with $X^g$ being the set of ...
1 vote
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### Second homology group of a presentation complex

I am trying to learn results related to the presentation complex of a group and I am new to this subject. So I apologize if the questions are silly. Given a finite group $G$, and a presentation $P$ of ...
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### Is this class of groups already in the literature or specified by standard conditions?

In recent work Lifting $N_\infty$ operads from conjugacy data on homotopical combinatorics / $N_\infty$ operads in equivariant homotopy theory, collaborators Scott Balchin, Ethan MacBrough, and I ...
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### "Novelty" maximal subgroups in $S_n$

What are the maximal subgroups $M < S_n$ such that $M \cap A_n$ is not maximal in $A_n$? Maximal subgroups of $S_n$ are described by the O'Nan-Scott theorem and very extensively studied in many ...
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### Groups with all normal subgroups characteristic

Today in my research, I had to use fairly explicitly the rather tautological property of finite cyclic groups that every normal subgroup is characteristic, i.e. fixed by all automorphisms. This got me ...
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### Endo reversible words

Let $w$ be a word in free group $F$ on finitely many generators. We will look at $w$ as word map on groups. It is clear that there exists an endomorphism $\phi$ of $F$ such that $\phi(w) = w^{-1}$ if ...
662 views

### Finite groups with few conjugacy classes of maximal subgroups

Let $c$ be a positive integer, $G$ a finite group with at most $c$ conjugacy classes of maximal subgroup. What can we say about $G$? Same question, but this time $G$ is a finite group with at most $c$...
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### Fusing the $\mathrm{PGL}(2,11)$ conjugacy classes of $\mathrm{Aut}(M_{12})$

Is there an embedding of $\mathrm{Aut}(M_{12})$ into the automorphism group of some larger sporadic group that fuses its two conjugacy classes of $\mathrm{PGL}(2,11)$ subgroups?
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### Finite 2-groups with $(ab)^{2}=(ba)^{2}$

There exist nonabelian finite 2-groups $G$ with the property $(A2)$ : for every $a,b\in G$, $(ab)^{2}=(ba)^{2}$. An example of a such group is given by the quaternion group $Q_{8}$ of order 8. Is ...
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### What can be said about Schur indices, given only the character table?

Let $\chi$ be an irreducible (complex) character of a finite group, $G$. The Schur index $m_{K}(\chi)$ of $\chi$ over the field $K$ is the smallest positive integer $m$ such that $m\chi$ is afforded ...
165 views

### Prime divisors of nonabelian simple group and of its outer automorphism group

Let $G$ be a finite nonabelian simple group. Write $\mathrm{Out}(G)$ the outer automorphism group of $G$. For a finite group $H$, let $\pi(H)$ be the prime divisors of the order of $H$. By check the ...
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### The degree of a constant polynomial on a finite group

A function $f:X\to X$ on a group $X$ is called a polynomial if there exists $n\in\mathbb N=\{1,2,\dots\}$ and elements $a_0,a_1,\dots,a_n\in X$ such that $f(x)=a_0xa_1x\cdots xa_n$ for all $x\in X$. ...
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### Finite groups whose polynomials share two common properties with polynomials on commutative groups

This question is motivated by (some available information on) this MO-problem on the largest possible degree of a polynomial on a finite group and this MO-problem on the degree of the constant ...
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1 vote
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### Is the derived group of the G(F) perfect

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group defined over a finite field $F$ of characteristic $> 3$. Is it true that the commutator group of $G(F)$ is perfect? This is true if $G$ is assumed to be ...
129 views

### Is the largest normal abelian subgroup of a finite 2-group $P$ of order at least the square root of the order of $P$?

Let $G$ be a group of order $2^n$. Does $G$ have a normal abelian subgroup of order at least $2^{n/2}$? (This is true, via computations in GAP, for $n \le 8$. The question is similar to one posed ...
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### Existence of $\sqrt{2}$ in a finite group algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$

I cannot find a finite group $G$ such that $\exists x\in \mathbb{Q}[G]$ with $x^2=2e$, where $\mathbb{Q}[G]$ is the group algebra of $G$ over $\mathbb{Q}$. I also could not prove it does not exist. ...
348 views

### Is any finite-dimensional algebra a sub-algebra of a finite-group algebra?

For $A$ a finite-dimensional algebra over a field $K$ Does there exist a finite group $G$, such that $A$ is a sub-algebra of $K[G]$ ? Where $K[G]$ denotes the group-algebra of $G$ over $K$. In case ...
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### Collecting proofs that finite multiplicative subgroups of fields are cyclic

I teach elementary number theory and discrete mathematics to students who come with no abstract algebra. I have found proving the key theorem that finite multiplicative subgroups of fields are cyclic ...
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### When is $\operatorname{Out}(G)$ isomorphic to the symmetries of the character table of $G$?

$\DeclareMathOperator\Out{Out}\DeclareMathOperator\CTS{CTS}$The outer automorphism group $\Out(G)$ of a finite group $G$ act on the character table by permuting columns (conjugacy classes) and rows (...