# Questions tagged [fa.functional-analysis]

Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

8,510
questions

0
votes

0
answers

17
views

For a Hilbert space $X$ it is known that the function $\phi(t)=\frac{1}{t}\|P(w+td)-w\|_X$ with $t>0$ is nonincreasing. Here, $P:X\to C$ denotes the projection operator and $w \in C, d \in X$ are ...

2
votes

0
answers

46
views

A "summability kernel" is a sequence of functions $k_n:[0,1)\to \mathbb C$ such that
$$ \int_0^1 k_n(t) \mathrm d t =1,$$
$$ \int_0^1 |k_n(t)| \mathrm d t =O(1),$$ with an implied constant ...

7
votes

1
answer

200
views

As an experimental physicist working on crystallography I'm often dealing with the reconstruction of an object from intensity data that emerge from an imaging device. In mathematics the problem is ...

1
vote

0
answers

53
views

I'm currently reading a paper by Olevskii on almost integer translates: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0764444297878731
In this paper the author considers for a given sequence $\{ \...

0
votes

0
answers

35
views

Consider the one dimensional heat equation with a spacetime dependent smooth conductivity coefficient $\sigma(t,x)>0$ on $[0,T)\times (0,1)$ for some $T>0$ subject to source terms $F$, that is ...

0
votes

0
answers

35
views

This question has been posted on Math Stack Exchange but no reply, and so I have to put it here. My question is:
In Pazy's Book page 26, the author gives a proof of Lemma 7.1, the lemma 7.1 says that: ...

0
votes

0
answers

41
views

This question has been posted on Mathematics Stack Exchange but got no response, and so I put it here.
When I read the paper "On the attractor for a semilinear wave equation with critical ...

2
votes

1
answer

120
views

Let $\Omega\subseteq\mathbb{R}^N$ be a bounded and smooth domain. If $z:[0,T]\to L^2(\Omega)$ is a function in $H^1([0,T],L^2(\Omega))$ with the property that $z'(t)(x):=z'(t,x)>0$ a.e. on $\Omega$ ...

1
vote

0
answers

78
views

Let $T:L^2((0,1)) \to L^2((0,1))$ be the Volterra operator defined by
$$ Tf(x) = \int_0^x f(t)\,dt.$$
Given any $\lambda\neq 0$ it is well known that there exists some positive integer $n=n(\lambda)$ ...

3
votes

1
answer

145
views

Let $d \ge 2$ be a positive integer. For $x=(x_1,\dotsc,x_{d-1},x_d)$, we write $x'=(x_1,\dotsc,x_{d-1})$. Let $\mathbb{H}^d=\{x=(x',x_d) \mid x_d>0\}$ denote the $d$-dimensional upper half-space.
...

0
votes

0
answers

101
views

$\DeclareMathOperator\Jac{Jac}$
Let $\Omega$ an open star shaped subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$ and $f : \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^d$ a differentiable vector field. For $x \in \mathbb{R}^d$, we denote ...

6
votes

1
answer

508
views

Let
$$
H_\lambda=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+\lambda^2 x^2,\quad\lambda>0.
$$ It is known that the spectrum of $H_\lambda$ is the set $\{(2n-1)\lambda,n\in \Bbb N^*\}$. Now put
$$
(U_\mu \phi)(x)= e^{\mu\...

5
votes

1
answer

102
views

Consider a complete smooth Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$.
I think that it is not difficult to prove that the $k$ Hodge Laplacian is essentially selfadjoint in the relevant $L^2$ space of $k$ forms, ...

0
votes

0
answers

19
views

Introduce the following assumptions and definitions:
$\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ a bounded Lipshitz domain,
$(L^2(\Omega))^3$ the space of vector square integrable functions,
$M$ a $3\times 3$ real ...

2
votes

1
answer

279
views

Let $\lambda\in \{z\in\Bbb C\mid \text{Re}(z)>0\quad \text{and}\quad \text{Im}(z)>0 \}$. Consider the operator $T_\lambda: L^2(\Bbb C)\to L^2(\Bbb C)$:
$$
f\mapsto T_\lambda(f)(z)=\int_{\Bbb C}f(...

4
votes

0
answers

81
views

$\DeclareMathOperator\Ent{Ent}$The usual logarithmic Sobolev inequality says that
$$
\Ent_\mu(f^2)\leq C\int |\nabla f|^2 d\mu
$$
where the entropy
$$
\Ent_\mu(f^2)=\int f^2 \log\left( \frac{f^2}{\int ...

5
votes

0
answers

105
views

I am trying to understand the proof of the following statement that is presented in “Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations” by Peter Monk and Yangwen Zhang. The original source of the proof ...

2
votes

1
answer

92
views

I want to find a Banach space $E$ and a compact operator $K:[0,1]\times E \rightarrow E$ (that is, $K$ maps every bounded sequence onto a sequence that converges up to a subsequence) satisfying the ...

0
votes

0
answers

82
views

It is well known that the best Sobolev constant can be achieved on $\mathbf{R}^n$. More precisely, we have the following theorem (A):
Let $\frac{1}{q}=\frac{1}{2}-\frac{1}{n}$, $$S=\inf\limits_{{u\in ...

8
votes

1
answer

219
views

A $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebra $\mathcal{A}\subset B(\mathsf{H})$ is a norm-closed, self-adjoint subalgebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space. If we then take a unital self-adjoint (possibly closed) ...

0
votes

0
answers

40
views

Consider the following system of PDEs for the dependent variables $x=x(u,v)$ and $y=y(u,v)$,
\begin{align}
E(u,v)\:x_v^2-2F(u,v)\: x_vx_u+G\:x_u^2&=\Delta^2\\
E(u,v)\:y_v^2-2F(u,v)\: y_vy_u+G\:y_u^...

4
votes

1
answer

138
views

Let $\mu$ be a finite measure, like the Lebesgue measure in $(0,1)$. It is well-known that $L_1(\mu)$ and its second dual $L_1(\mu)^{**}$ are Banach lattices, $L_1(\mu)$ is a projection band in $L_1(\...

1
vote

0
answers

78
views

Is there any result like the Bramble-Hilbert lemma for Bochner spaces?
More specifically: let $H$ a (e.g.) Hilbert space and $I$ a compact interval, $L \in L(H^k(I,H), Y)$ for $Y$ a normed space. If $...

1
vote

0
answers

50
views

The following question is from Exercise $\S 11.11$ in A Course in Operator Theory written by John B. Conway:
Suppose $\{N_1, \cdots, N_p\}$ is a finite set of mutually commuting normal operators in $...

2
votes

1
answer

76
views

Let $\Omega=[0,1]\times [0,1]$ be the square. We say a function $f\in H^1(\Omega)$ is periodic on $\Omega$ if $f(x,0)=f(x,1)$ and $f(0,y)=f(1,y)$ (in the sense of traces of course). Now consider the ...

0
votes

0
answers

108
views

Assume $\mu<0$. Let $L^\alpha_n(x)$ be Laguerre polynomials of type $n$ and $f\in L^2(\Bbb C)$.
How to prove that $$\sum^\infty_{k=0}\int_{\Bbb C} f(z)\frac{1}{2(2k+1)-\mu}L^0_k(\lvert z\rvert^2)...

1
vote

0
answers

85
views

How can we compute the "N-wave" source-solution of the conservation law
$$u_t + (u - u^2)_x = 0, $$
that is, the entropy solution of this conservation law with the initial data $u(0,\cdot) = ...

2
votes

0
answers

168
views

Let $A$ be a commutative semi-simple unital Banach algebra and let $\Delta$ be the maximal ideal space of $A$. Denote by $\widehat{\cdot}\colon A\to C(\Delta)$ the Gelfand transform.
If $\Delta$ is ...

2
votes

1
answer

114
views

Let $(\Theta, H, \mu)$ be an abstract Wiener space, i.e. let $(\Theta, \lVert \cdot \rVert_{\Theta})$ be a separable Banach space, let $(H, \langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle_{H})$ be a separable Hilbert ...

6
votes

1
answer

319
views

I am currently dealing with discrete Fourier transform and correlation technique to construct the spectrum of a broad band signal. It's already known that if I have enough observations of the signal, ...

0
votes

0
answers

23
views

Let $n \ge 1$ be an integer and let $p \in [1,2]$. For any $n \times n$ positive-definite matrix $M$, let $\kappa_p(M)$ be the condition number of $M$ w.r.t to the $\ell_p$-norm on $\mathbb R^n$, i.e
\...

13
votes

1
answer

305
views

Let $X$ be a reflexive Banach space. Then the convex hull of the extreme points of the unit ball is weakly dense by the Krein-Milman theorem and Kakutani's theorem. My question is, if there is an ...

13
votes

1
answer

414
views

Let $f\in C([0,1],[0,1])$ be such that:
$$\forall x\in [0,1], \; \exists k\in \mathbb N, \; f^{\circ k}(x)=0.$$
Is it true that $f$ is nilpotent (i.e., that there is some $k$ such that $f^{\circ k}=0$)...

2
votes

0
answers

30
views

I have been introduced to the following definition of the essential numerical range of a bounded, linear operator on a separable, infinite-dimensional Hilbert space:
$$W_e(T) := \bigcap_{K\in \mathcal ...

2
votes

0
answers

55
views

Let us think of a collection of tempered distributions $\{ T(x_1, \cdots, x_n)\}_{n=0}^\infty$. Here I will specifically set $x_i \in \mathbb{R}^4$ since I am considering quantum field theory and ...

0
votes

0
answers

61
views

Let $A$ and $B$ be positive-definite matrices of the same size. For any $t \ge 0$, define
$$
u(t) := \mbox{trace}(A^{-1/2}e^{-tB} (AB+BA) e^{-tB}A^{-1/2}).
$$
Question. What are necessary and ...

2
votes

0
answers

67
views

I am looking for the following version of Calderon-Zygmund decomposition, consider an function $f \in L^1(R^{d+1})$ and cylinders of the form $Q_{R,R^p}$ for some fixed $p \in (0,\infty)$, The ...

4
votes

1
answer

510
views

In the theory of Sobolev space, we have the following chain rule:
For a uniformly Lipschitz function $F : \mathbf{R}\to \mathbf{R}$ such that $F(0)=0$,
and $u\in W^{1,1}(\mathbf{R}^n)$, then we have ...

3
votes

1
answer

323
views

For $s \in (0,1)$, we consider the spectral fractional Laplacian
\begin{align}
(-\Delta)^{-s}u = \sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\lambda_k^{-s}(\phi_k,u)_{L^2}\phi_k
\end{align}
where
\begin{align*}
\begin{cases}
...

5
votes

1
answer

152
views

Let $\mathcal{G}_n = \{ N(\mu,\Sigma) ; \mu \in \mathbb{R}^n, \Sigma > 0\}$ be the collection of Gaussian distributions on $\mathbb{R}^n$ with full support.
If $f : \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^k$ ...

6
votes

0
answers

94
views

Let $C$ be the smallest closed convex cone of functions from $\mathbb{R}^n$ to $\mathbb{R}$ that contains all constant functions, all coordinate functions, and such that $\max(f,0)\in C$ whenever $f\...

1
vote

1
answer

215
views

Define the Fourier transform for a suitable function $f\in L^1(\Bbb R)$ by $\widehat{f}(\xi)=\int_{\Bbb R}f(x)e^{-ix\xi} dx$.
Assume the condition $$\int_{\Bbb R}\int_{\Bbb R}|\widehat{f}(\xi)f(x)|^...

3
votes

0
answers

90
views

From the paper
Halmos, Paul R., In general a measure preserving transformation is mixing, Ann. Math. (2) 45, 786-792 (1944). ZBL0063.01889.
the following result is known: Let $(E,\Sigma, \mu)$ be a ...

5
votes

1
answer

161
views

Given $n$, is there a $C(n)$-isomorphic embedding of $l^n_{\infty}$ into $l^m_1$ for sufficiently large $m$ and $C(n)<<\log(n)$?
For $n=2$ this can done with $m=2$. There are some results about $...

2
votes

1
answer

175
views

Let $X$ be a Tychonoff space, let $A,B\subset X$ be closed. Let $J_A$ be the set of all continuous on $X$ real-valued functions which vanish on $A$.
For which $X$'s is it true that $J_A+J_B=J_{A\cap ...

0
votes

0
answers

89
views

Apparently there is a deep theorem stating:
Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{C}$ be a function satisfying $f(x)=f(x+2\pi)$ and $\int_0^{2\pi}|f(x)|^2dx<\infty$. Then the Fourier series of $f$ converges ...

4
votes

0
answers

63
views

For a function $f \in W^{1,p}(\mathbb R^N)$, it is well-known that there exists a constant $C_N$ (dependent on $N$) such that
$$
|f(x)-f(y)| \le C_N|x-y|(\mathcal M|\nabla f|(x) + \mathcal M|\nabla f|(...

2
votes

0
answers

45
views

Let $K$ be a compact Hausdorff space and let $U,V\subset K$ be open. Let $\left(f_{i}\right)_{i\in I}$ be an increasing net of continuous non-negative functions such that $f_{i}\le 1$ and $f_{i}$ ...

1
vote

1
answer

100
views

Suppose you have Banach spaces $\mathcal B_\alpha$ where $\alpha$ is in some index set $I$. Let $\mu_\alpha$ be Gaussian measures on $\mathcal B_\alpha$ with Cameron-Martin spaces $\mathcal H_{\mu_\...

0
votes

0
answers

50
views

Question: When is the operation of inversion continuous as a map between spaces of invertible functions?
Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a function space such that $f\in\mathcal{F}\implies$ $f$ is invertible and ...