# Questions tagged [fa.functional-analysis]

Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

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### Are separable, continuous, monotonic and scale invariant real-valued functions everywhere differentiable?

Consider a function $f:\mathbb{R}_+^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ of two non-negative real variables (or more generally of several real variables) that is increasing in each argument, continuous, additively ...
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### A solution satisfying an integral inequality is bounded [closed]

Let $y$ be a positive function and $c>0$. If $y$ satisfies the following integral inequality $$y(t)+\int_{0}^{t}y(s)ds\leq c_{1}\int_{0}^{t} y^{\frac{3}{2}}(s)ds+c_{2}$$ ...
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1 vote
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### Finding $W^{1,\infty}$ solutions to an integral equation by fixed point

Let $f \in L^\infty((0,1)\times(0,1))$ and consider the integral equation \begin{align*} u(x, y)= \int_0^y \int_0^{x-y} u(x-y+\tau, s+\tau) f(s+\tau, \tau) d s d \tau -\int_0^y f(x-y+s, s) d s. \end{...
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### How to prove a concentration isoperimetric inequality for a non-Lipschitz function

Definition $1$. A probability measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb{R}^{d}$ satisfies c-isoperimetry if for any bounded L-Lipschitz $f: \mathbb{R}^{d} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, and any $t \geq 0$, \begin{align} \...
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### Do two ways to differentiate Lipschitz functions coincide?

Let $f\colon \Omega \to \mathbb{R}$ be a Lipschitz function on an open subset $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$. By the Rademacher theorem $f$ has first derivative almost everywhere. We denote it $\nabla f$...
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1 vote
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### Reference request: rates of weak convergence of Polish space-valued random variables

Let $(E,\mathscr{E})$ be a Polish space $E$ together with its Borel $\sigma$-algebra $\mathscr{E}$. Let $(\Omega, \mathscr{F},P)$ be a probability space and let $(X^{(n)})_{n \in \mathbb{N}}$ be a ...
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### Are nonatomic probability measures on a Banach space nicely shrinking a.e?

Let $\mu$ be a nonatomic probability measure on a Banach space $X$. Is it true that for $\mu$ a.e. $x \in X$, the function $g_x: (0, \infty) \to \mathbb R$ given by $$g_x (r) := \mu(B_r (x))$$ is ...
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### On the infimal convolution of two norms on $\mathbb R^n$

$\newcommand{\R}{\mathbb R}$For natural $n$, $a\in\R^n$, and real $t>0$, let \begin{equation*} K:=K_{n,t}(a):=\inf_{x\in\R^n}(\|a-x\|_2+t\|x\|_1), \end{equation*} \begin{equation*} M:=M_{n,...
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### Is the mapping $F(a):= \arg\min_{x \in \mathbb R^n} \|x-a\|_2 + \|x\|_1$ non-expansive?

Fix $a \in \mathbb R^n$ and let $\|\cdot\|$ be any norm on $\mathbb R$ (e.g $\ell_1$ norm). For any $a \in \mathbb R^n$, it is clear that the function $f_a(x) := \|x-a\|_2 + \|x\|$ is strictly convex ...
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### Any reference on Jensen inequality for measurable convex functions on a Hausdorff space?

I asked this question on math.stackexchange and I was suggested that asking it may be more appropriate. This is part of my research which tries to extend some of Choquet's theory to some non-compact ...
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### Concentration inequality for inner product of two Lipschitz functions

I was reading chapter 5 of the book HDP(Roman Vershynin). There I find theorem 5.1.4 extremely fascinating. I am curious to discover does this theorem hold to the inner product of two Lipschitz ...
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### Translation request: Boundedness of Cauchy integral on Lipschitz boundary

The reference: "L'intégrale de Cauchy définit un opérateur borné sur $L^2$ pour les courbes lipschitziennes" (https://annals.math.princeton.edu/1982/116-2/p04) is written in French. Can we ...
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1 vote
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### Is the Borel lemma projection a smooth principal bundle?

Consider the Fréchet spaces $C^\infty(\mathbb{R},\mathbb{R})$ and $\mathbb{R}^\infty$, and the continuous linear map $$J\colon C^\infty(\mathbb{R},\mathbb{R}) \to \mathbb{R}^\infty$$ returning the ...
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### Criteria for tightness of Gaussian measures on Banach spaces

In Bogachev's book "Gaussian Measures" (Example 3.8.13) sufficient conditions for the (uniform) tightness of a sequence of centered Borel Gaussian probability measures on a separable Hilbert ...
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### Rate of uniform approximation by piecewise constant functions

Definitions and Notation: Fix a positive constant $M>0$ with positive integers $m,n$ and the standard orthonormal basis $e_1,\dots,e_n$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$. For every positive integer $N$, define the ...
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### Regularity of map from $L^p$ to $\mathcal{W}_p$

Let $(X,d)$ be a polish metric space, fix a probability measure $\mathbb{P}$ on $(X,d)$ belonging to the Wasserstein $\mathcal{W}_p(X,d)$ for some fixed $p\in [1,\infty)$. Denote the Borel $\sigma$-...
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Let $\mathcal M$ be a type $\mathrm{III}$ von Neumann algebra. Is it true that for all $n\geq 1,$ $\mathcal M$ contains a copy of $M_n$ as a von Neumann subalgebra? By Theorem 9.24 of these lecture ...