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Questions tagged [fa.functional-analysis]

Banach spaces, function spaces, real functions, integral transforms, theory of distributions, measure theory.

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0answers
41 views

Transformation of Fourier Transform

Suppose that $f$ is a function with a Fourier transform, and that $g:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a smooth function such that $g\circ f$ has a Fourier transform also. Is there an expression ...
6
votes
1answer
136 views

Can smoothness of curves into a convenient locally convex vector space be tested with just a dense subspace of the dual?

Let $E$ be a (Hausdorff) locally convex vector space (from now on just "lcs" for short). We say that $E$ is convenient (also called locally complete, Mackey-complete or $c^\infty$-complete) if, given ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Growth rate of bounded Lipschitz functions on compact finite-dimensional space

Let $\mathcal X$ be a metric space of diameter $D$ and "dimension" (e.g doubling dimension) $d$. Let $L \in [0, \infty]$ and $M \in [0, \infty)$ and consider the class $\mathcal H_{M,L}$ of $L$-...
12
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1answer
956 views

Equivalence of fractional Sobolev space defined through Gagliardo norm and interpolation; dependence on the domain

Let $\Gamma$ be a smooth hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^n$. We can define the fractional Sobolev space $$X = \{ u \in L^2(\Gamma) \mid |u|_X^2 := \int_\Gamma \int_\Gamma \frac{|u(x)-u(y)|^2}{|x-y|^{n+1}} ...
3
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1answer
173 views

Sufficient criteria for $X \subset \mathcal{H}$ to be a Lipschitz (or unif. cont.) retract of $\mathcal{H}$

I am interested in sufficient criteria which ensure that a subset $X$ of a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$ is a Lipschitz (or at least uniformly continuous) retract of $\mathcal{H}$. Under which ...
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0answers
26 views

Potential for a Monotone Operator

[Cross-posted from math.stackexchange] I have a question about understanding the proof of Theorem 4.11 in the paper A Potential Theory for Monotone Multivalued Operators (accessible here). The ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Smooth structure on the space of sections of a fiber bundle and gauge group

Let $\xi$ be a fiber bundle $F\hookrightarrow E\to B$ (where every space is smooth, T2 and second countable), let $\Gamma(\xi)$ be the space of smooth sections. We can complete $\Gamma(\xi)$ with ...
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0answers
28 views

Optimal transport between Gaussian mixtures and their centers

I have a question about bounding the Wasserstein loss between a continuous Gaussian mixture and a discrete uniform distribution of its centers. In particular, let $P=\frac 1 k \sum_{i=1}^k \mathcal{N}(...
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0answers
58 views

Conditions for the embeddig of the space $L^\infty(I, W^{1,2}(U))$ into $L^\infty(I \times U)$

Let $I$ be a compact interval of $\mathbb{R}$ and $U$ be a bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$. If $f \in L^\infty(I, W^{1,2}(U))$, what (non-trivial) condition ($L^p$-estimate on $f$ or decay-like ...
2
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1answer
210 views
+50

Meaning of Alberti rank-one theorem

Heuristically what does Alberti's rank-one theorem imply about the structure of a $\mathrm{BV}$ vector field $\boldsymbol{b}$? Is it rigorously fair to say that the level lines of $\boldsymbol{b}$ ...
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0answers
70 views

Hilbert-Schmidt Operators

I am reading Brezis's book : Functional Analysis, Sobolev Spaces and Partial Differential Equations and trying to solve an exercise on Page 499. The question is as follows: Assume that $\Omega = (0, 1)...
3
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0answers
124 views

Computing Bohr Radii

The Bohr radius $R$ for $\mathcal{H}(\mathbb{D})$ is defined as $$R = \sup\limits_{0<r<1} \left\{ r\ |\ \sum\limits_{k=0}^{\infty}|a_k|r^k \leq |f|_\mathbb{D} \text{ for all }f(z)=\sum\limits_{k=...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Semi-continuous fields of C*-algebras having dimension one on a dense set

Given a Hausdorff, locally compact space $X$, let us consider a semi-continuous field $\{A_x\}_{x\in X}$ of C*-algebras over $X$, such that $A_x$ is one-dimensional for every $x$ in a dense subset $D$ ...
5
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1answer
80 views

Examples of non-isomorphic $C^\ast$ algebras with isomorphic quasi-state spaces

Let $A$ (resp. $B$) be a unital $C^\ast$-algebra, $\mathcal{Q}(A)$ (resp. $\mathcal{Q}(B)$) the compact convex subset of $A^\ast$ equipped with the $\sigma(A^\ast, A)$ (resp. $\sigma(B^\ast, B)$) ...
2
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1answer
123 views

On the continuity and injective-ness of Gauss quadrature scheme for numerical integration, with weight function identically $1$

Fix an integer $n\ge 2$. Let $[a,b]$ be an interval and $f: [a,b]\to \mathbb R$ be a continuous function and for $x_1,...,x_n$ being the Gaussian Quadrature nodes in $[a,b]$, and Gaussian Quadrature ...
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0answers
74 views

Weak closure of subsets of the unitary sphere of a Banach space

Assume that $(X,\|\cdot\|)$ is a Banach space with $\|\cdot\|$ strictly convex. Define $S=\{x\in X:\|x\|=1\}$. Suppose that $\varepsilon>0$ and $x_0\in S$ and define $$ B_\varepsilon=\{x\in X:\|x-...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Compact Embedding Between Parabolic Holder Spaces

My question is about the following compact embedding: \begin{equation} C^{\sigma+2, \sigma/2+1}_{x, t}(Q_T)\hookrightarrow C^{\sigma, \sigma/2}_{x, t}(Q_T). \end{equation} what condition should be put ...
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2answers
476 views

Bounding the norm of the Laplacian of the gradient of a function having Lipschitz continuous Hessian

It seems that the following claim is true, but I did not manage to prove it neither to find a reference. Claim Let $f:\mathbb R^p\to\mathbb R$ be a three times differentiable function such that its ...
1
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1answer
123 views

For every table of interpolating nodes, there is a positive continuous function whose interpolating polynomials are not positive infinitely often

Fix an interval $[a,b]$. Is it true that for every table of interpolating nodes $\{x_{0,n},x_{1,n}...,x_{n,n}\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$, there exists a continuous function $f:[a,b]\to (0,\infty)$ such that ...
2
votes
2answers
366 views

Efficiently reversing the triangle inequality with additional information

Suppose $f$ and $g$ are bounded functions, having whatever niceness properties you want, on some space of finite measure. Assume they are normalized so that $\int |f|^2=\int|g|^2=1$. I am looking for ...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Improving equi-integrability for a family $\mathcal F$ in $L^1(\Omega)$

Let $\mathcal F$ be a weakly compact subset of $L^1(\Omega)$. Dunford–Pettis theorem says that $\mathcal F$ is uniformly integrable. Also, by de la Vallée-Poussin theorem we can find an increasing ...
2
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0answers
95 views

Interesting examples of spectral decompositions of BOUNDED operators with both continuous and discrete spectrum

I would like to have a few basic examples of bounded self-adjoint operators $T$ (more generally bounded normal would be fine) on a Hilbert space $(H,\langle,\rangle)$ for which the following criteria ...
4
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0answers
55 views

Notions of $\beta$-Hölder smoothness when $\beta\in (1,2]$: are they equivalent?

I posted the following question on StackExchange a few months ago (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2898620/notions-of-beta-h%C3%B6lder-smoothness-when-beta-in-1-2-are-they-equivalent), but ...
1
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0answers
36 views

Uniqueness of solution of Volterra Integral Equation with deviating argument

In the context of a physics problem, I am looking at a linear integral equation 2nd kind Volterra equation with deviating (centrosymmetric) argument in the unknown $u(t) \in L^2[a,b]$: \begin{equation}...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

Continuous embedding of the Skorohod space D(0,1) into L^2(0,1)

Let $D(0,1)$ be the Skorohod space with the Skorohod topology, i.e. the space of real-valued càdlàg-functions on $[0,1]$ with topology induced by the metric $$d(f,g) = \inf_{\varphi \in \Lambda} \left\...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Taylor spectrum of commuting operators

Taylor spectrum of commuting operators Fom the following paper (M. Ch—o, H. Motoyoshi, B. Na¡cevska Nastovska: On the joint spectra of commuting tuples of operators and a conjugation) we have Let ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Reference on vector-valued convex conjugate

The following definition of convex conjugate is taken from Wiki: Let $X$ be a real topological vector space, and let $X^*$ be the dual space to $X.$ Denote the dual pairing by $$\langle \cdot ,...
2
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0answers
62 views

k-rank numerical range of an operator

Let $T\in\mathscr{B(\mathcal{H})}$ where $\mathcal{H}$ is an infinite dimensional seperable Hilbert Space and $k\in\mathbb{N}\cup\{\infty\}$. Now we define k-rank numerical range of $T$ denoted by $\...
10
votes
2answers
332 views

What are the 'wonderful consequences' following from the existence of a minimal dense subspace?

In Peddechio & Tholens Categorical Foundations they quote PT Johnstone in their chapter on Frames & Locales: ...the single most important fact which distinguishes locales from spaces: the ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Reference Request: Differentiability of Moreau Envelope

I've recently come across many results discussing the differentiation of the Moreau envelope defined by $$ e(f)(x)\triangleq \min_{h \in H} \|h-x\|^2 + f(z) , $$ where $f$ is a convex functional on a ...
2
votes
1answer
653 views

solution uniqueness of non-linear Fredholm equations

the equation is $F(x)=G\left(\int k(x,y)f(y)dy\right)$ $(*)$ where $f(x)=\frac{dF(x)}{dx}$ is unknown and it's required to be non-negative. With integration by parts we'll have the form of a non-...
1
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0answers
80 views

On functions obtained from Gaussian Quadrature integration

Fix an integer $n \ge 2$. Let $x_1,...,x_n$ s and $w_1,...,w_n$ s be the Gauss Quadrature nodes and weights respectively in the interval $[0,1]$ (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaussian_quadrature) . ...
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0answers
49 views

Convolution with an analytic semigroup

Let $e^{At}$ denote an analytic semigroup on Hilbert space $X$ generate by $A:D(A)\to X$. Also, let $f\in L^1(0,\tau;X)$. I want to show that the convolution $$ g(t)=\int_0^t e^{A(t-s)}f(s)ds$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Parabolic variational inequality: regularity of the time derivative in $L^2(0,T;H)$?

Let $V \subset H \subset V^*$ be a Gelfand triple of Hilbert spaces. Take $f,\psi \in L^2(0,T;H)$ and consider the VI: find $u \in L^2(0,T;V)$ with $u' \in L^2(0,T;V^*)$ such that $$u(t) \leq \psi(t) ...
4
votes
2answers
339 views

If the closed unit ball of Banach space has at least one extreme point, must the Banach space the be a dual space?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. By Banach-Alaoglu and Krein-Milman Theorems, one can show that if $X$ is a dual space, then $X$ must have at least one extreme point of the closed unit ball. I am ...
16
votes
1answer
497 views

Extreme points of convex compact sets

Preparing to a lecture on Krein--Milman theorem I read in W. Rudin's Functional analysis textbook (1973) that it is unknown whether any convex compact set in any topological vector space has an ...
24
votes
4answers
2k views

Elementary applications of Krein-Milman

This is a cross-post from MSE: Elementary applications of Krein-Milman. I'm starting to suspect that the question just doesn't really have a great answer, it's worth a try. Recall that the Krein-...
1
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0answers
34 views

Extension of a result about measurable, additive functionals

Let $W$ be a set, and let $v$ be a finitely additive probability measure on $2^W$. Equip $2^W$ with the Borel sigma-algebra $\mathcal{B}$ generated by the sub-basic sets of the form $\{a: w \in a\}$ ...
1
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1answer
282 views

Strong convergence of differential quotient in $L^2(0,T;V^*)$

I have got a problem regarding the weak differentiability of Bochner-integrable functions. Let $(V,H,V^*)$ be a Gelfand-triple and \begin{align*} w \in W(0,T) := \{w\in L^2(0,T;V) ~\vert~ \exists w' \...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Integration of hypergeometric product for legendre polynomials

I'm looking for a general solution to the integral: $\int_{0}^1 {_2}F_1(m-n,m+n+1,m+1;z){_2}F_1(m-k+1,m+k+2,m+2;z) dz$ where $m,n,k\in \mathbb{N}$ and $m\leqslant n$ and $m+1 \leqslant k$. To give ...
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votes
0answers
45 views

Existence of a function satisfying some integral conditions

I need help to prove the existence of a real function $h(x) \in C^1$ with condition that near zero $h(x) \sim \ln(x)$ and near infinity $\lim h(x)_{x \to \infty} = \infty$ such that following ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Relation between Optimal Transport Cost and Difference between Topological Invariants?

I was working on some mathematics of Wasserstein GAN and found out a seemingly interesting research problem but I am not quite sure whether it has already been studied in some recent literature of ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

“Compactness in Measure” in Function Spaces

In Chapter 4.9 of the book "Measures of Noncompactness and Condensing Operators" (Vol. 55 of Operator Theory: Advances and Applications), the authors mention the property "compactness in measure". ...
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0answers
93 views

Is this basis a Schauder basis?

Let $G$ be a torsion free group. Let $\alpha$ be an element in $\mathbb CG$, the group algebra of $G$, with $\|\alpha\|_1=1$ and assume that $\{1,\alpha,\alpha^2,\dotsc\}$ is linearly independent, $(...
-1
votes
1answer
135 views

Riesz representation theorem for Hilbert-to-Hilbert mappings [closed]

Assume $\phi:\mathbb{H}_1\rightarrow \mathbb{H}_2$ is a continuous linear mapping between two real Hilbert spaces $\mathbb{H}_1$ and $\mathbb{H}_2$. If $\mathbb{H}_2=\mathbb{R}$, then the Riesz ...
1
vote
1answer
245 views

The tightest upper bound on $-\left\langle B(y-x),\nabla f(A x)\right\rangle$

Let $f$ be a $C^2$ convex function with Hessian $H$ such that $lI\mathcal\le H(x)\le LI,\ \forall x\in\mathbb{R}^n$. Then using Taylor's theorem it follows that $$f(x)-f(y)+\frac{l}{2}\|y-x\|_2^2\le-\...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

A measure of noncompactness by a convex function

Let $E, \left \| \right \|$ be a Banach space, $\mathfrak{M}_E$ indicate a family of all nonempty bounded subset of $E$, $\mathfrak{N}_E$ the familly of all relatively compact sets, and $Ker \mu=\{X\...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Can we extract information from signature (rough path theory) to construct part of signal?

This question is related to rough path theory. Consider we have obtained signature obtained from a set discrete data points postulating linear from one data point to another. Such signature are used ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Continuity of the positive part of a linear functional

Let $X$ be a vector space containing a convex cone $C$ which induces a (pre) order on $X$ by $x \geq y \Leftrightarrow x-y\in C$. Given a sequence of linear functionals $x^*_n:X\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ ...
3
votes
2answers
538 views

Completion of $C_0^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^N)$ with norm $\|u\|= \Bigg(\int_{{\mathbb{R}}^N} |\Delta u |^2 \, \mathrm{d}x \Bigg)^{\frac{1}{2}}. $

I have a question that I could not find it any where. Is the completion of $C_0^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^N)$ with the respect to norm $$\|u\|= \Bigg(\int_{{\mathbb{R}}^N} |\Delta u |^2 \, \mathrm{d}...