Questions tagged [extension]

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Reference for an extension theorem for Neumann boundary data

$\DeclareMathOperator\Tr{Tr}$Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a smooth bounded domain (we denote by $n$ the normal to $\partial\Omega$) and $p\in(1,\infty)$. Do you know where I can find (book or ...
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Lovasz extension and underlying matroid

Let $F \colon 2^V \rightarrow \mathbf{R}$ be a set function for some ground set $V = \{ 1, \dots, n\}$. The domain of $F$ is $\{ 0,1\}^n$ , under the usual identification of a set $S$ with its ...
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8 votes
3 answers
662 views

Is there some example that nicely extends the multiplication of natural numbers?

Motivation: In mathematics, it is natural to decompose a complicated thing into simpler ones. In the system of natural numbers, the process to decompose large number is to factor it. The ...
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2 votes
1 answer
172 views

Yoneda Ext theorem and extensions

Consider the category of chain complexes over a ring $R$. We can show that $\text{Ext}^1(M, N)$ classifies extensions using the triangulated category structure: the homotopy kernel of a map $N \...
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2 votes
1 answer
107 views

$C^1$ extension with compact support

Knowing that $\omega\Subset\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ (compactly included) are two open and bounded sets with $C^2$ boundary, is it true that for any function $\phi_0:\overline{\omega}\to\mathbb{R},\ \...
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2 votes
0 answers
62 views

Extensions in a full subcategory

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be an abelian category (feel free to put more adjectives here) and $\mathcal{D}$ a full abelian subcategory closed under kernels and cokernels. Then by definition for $A,B\in \...
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4 votes
0 answers
93 views

Continuous extension preserving modulus of continuity

Let $X$ be a (non-empty) compact subset of $D(0,M):=\left\{x\in \mathbb{R}^n:\, \|x\|\leq M\right\}$, and let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be uniformly continuous; for some metric space $Y$. Are there any ...
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2 votes
0 answers
123 views

Extension of Lipschitz functions that preserve the Frobenius norm of the Jacobian

Let $n,m\ge 1$ be integers and let $f:E\to R^m$ be $L$-Lipschitz for some subset $E\subset R^n$. Kirszbraun's theorem, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kirszbraun_theorem, states that there exists ...
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2 votes
0 answers
54 views

Extension of differentiable structure to guarantee continuous extension of prescribed vector fields

Consider the lower half space $\{(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \; | \; y < 0\}$ and let $X_1, X_2$ be two vector fields on the lower half space which are continuous with respect to its canonical ...
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  • 321
6 votes
0 answers
229 views

How much does Ext tell me about isomorphisms?

So this was a question I sort of stumbled on and realised I was quite stumped. Suppose we have two finitely generated $R$-modules $M, N$ (I have the group ring $R=\mathbb{Z}[G]$ in mind) which appear ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Can we say that $f$ admits a $m(X,X^*)$-continuous extension to $X$?

Let $X$ be a Banach space equipped with the Mackey topology $m(X,X^*)$. We suppose that $\big(X,m(X,X^*)\big)$ is separable space. Let $H$ be a countable, $m(X,X^*)$-dense subset with $(H=-H)$. Let $...
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  • 117
5 votes
0 answers
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Extension Operator for $W^{1,\infty}(U,X)$

I am reading through some lectures on Sobolev spaces and the vector-valued (or Banach space valued) version of them. At this moment I am very interested in extension operators for the vector-valued ...
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1 vote
1 answer
132 views

Computation of extension groups in the category of pairs $(M,f)$

Let $A$ be a unitary commutative ring, and let $B$ be an $A$-algebra. We consider the category whose objects are pairs $\textbf{M}=(M,f)$ where $M$ is an $A$-module and where $f$ is a $B$-linear ...
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2 votes
1 answer
183 views

Homomorphisms of ring extending nicely ideal intersections

Let $\varphi\!:\!S\to R$ be a homomorphisms of $K$-algebras for some field $K$. Let $\{a_{\lambda}\}_{\lambda}$ be a family of ideals of $S$. Is there some "natural" assumption on $\varphi$ to ...
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1 vote
1 answer
100 views

Extend a bundle "trivially"

Suppose I have a fibre bundle $E\to B$ with compact fibre. Furthermore, $B$ is open in a larger, compact space, e. g. $B\subseteq B'$. I want to get a map $E'\to B'$ (not a bundle any more!) with $E'|...
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21 votes
1 answer
717 views

Extending $\Bbb N$ to a semiring with isomorphic additive and multiplicative structure

Seen $(\Bbb N,+,\cdot)$ as a semiring, is it possible to extend it to a semiring $(R,+,\cdot)$ so that the additive and multiplicative monoids become isomorphic? This means there is some monoid-...
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1 vote
0 answers
146 views

Finite field extension

Suppose $$f_a=x^p-x-\left [\prod_{j=1}^{a-1} \alpha_j\right]^{p-1} \in \mathbb{F}_p(\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_{a-1})[x]$$ is irreducible over $\mathbb{F}_p(\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_{a-1}) $, where $\...
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4 votes
0 answers
239 views

Do all fields with internal absolute values arise as ordered fields or like $\mathbb{C}$ from them?

$\def\abs#1{\lvert#1\rvert} \def\Im{\operatorname{Im}} \def\Re{\operatorname{Re}}$ (Crossposted from math.stackexchange.com after 5 days with no correct answer.) Let ​ $\langle F,+,\cdot\rangle$ ​ be ...
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5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Extensions of local vector fields to whole manifold

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold (with boundary). Suppose I have a smooth vector field $T$ defined on the complement of a compact subset $K$ of $M$ and I wish to extend $T$ to the whole of $M$. What are ...
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1 vote
0 answers
61 views

Ref Request: Extension Operators for Slobodeckii Spaces of Higher Order

I have been looking for (linear) Extension Operators for Slobodeckii spaces $W^{s,p}(\Omega)$ where $s>1$ and $\Omega \subset\mathbb{R}^N$ is a sufficiently smooth domain, where the influence of $\...
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  • 321
3 votes
1 answer
301 views

busby invariant of extensions of $C^*$-algebras

I have a question of an explicit example of a busby invariant of a extension, which can be found in Blackadars book "K-theory for Operator Algebras". Let $0\to B\to E\to A\to 0$ be a short exact ...
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1 vote
0 answers
349 views

Quotient of two smooth functions extension

Assume we are given smooth functions $f, g: U \to \mathbb{C}$, where $0 \in U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is open and $0 \in g^{-1}(0) \subset \{x_n = 0\}$. Furthermore, suppose that $\nabla g \neq 0$ on ...
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  • 389
5 votes
1 answer
286 views

Extension of functions from geodesically convex compact sets in a Riemannian manifold

In the paper Extension operators for spaces of infinite differentiable Whitney jets (J. reine angew. Math. 602 (2007), 123—154, DOI:10.1515/crelle.2007.005) by Leonhard Frerick, a convenient condition ...
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8 votes
0 answers
105 views

General approaches to extension theorems as Caratheodory

I would like to know if there are some general studies about extension-like theorem, in the sense which i'm going to describe. This paragraph is not rigorous; I just would like the idea to be clear. I ...
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2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Extension of continuous and smooth functions

Let us consider any subset $U \subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$. By definition, a function $f: U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^m$ is smooth if, for every $x \in U$, there exist an open neighbourhood $\Omega_{x}$ of $x$...
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  • 1,142
3 votes
1 answer
662 views

Fractional Sobolev spaces and extension by zero

The all-wise Wikipedia suggest (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobolev_space#Extension_by_zero) that for $s > 1/2$ any function from $H^s_0(\Omega)$ can be extended by zero to whole $\mathbb{R}^n$ (...
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5 votes
2 answers
414 views

Conjugation in associative algebras over finite fields

Let $A$ be a finite dimensional associative algebra (with unity) over a finite field $F$. Let $L$ be a field extension of $F$. Suppose that after extending scalars to $L$, two elements $a,b$ of $A$ ...
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3 votes
1 answer
2k views

Extensions of Real Analytic to Holomorphic Functions in One & Several Variables: References?

A problem I'm working on requires the application of Cauchy's estimate for the modulus of the coefficients of a holomorphic function's power series representation, but the original functions with ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
187 views

Ext functor for more than two modules? [closed]

The question is natural. Let's just work in the category of modules over a ring. Pick three modules $M_1, M_2, M_3$. Consider consecutive extensions of these modules, i.e., consider M, such that we ...
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4 votes
1 answer
244 views

Triviality of local system extension

Take a nice space $X$. Let us call a local system on $X$ a functor from the fundamental groupoid of $X$ to groups, so that $G$ is a local system on $X$ if for each $x \in X$ there is a group $G_x$ and ...
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17 votes
2 answers
2k views

The letters of the word "ART"

Edit: According to the Gelfand duality between topological spaces and commutative $C^{*}$algebras, I add some new tags. So the question is that what is the structure of $ Ext (A,A)$ where $A$ is $...
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4 votes
0 answers
143 views

A question on extension of $Z^{*}$ algebras

A $Z^{*}$ algebra is a $C^{*}$ algebra which all elements are(two sided or equivalently one sided) zero divisor. Are there two $Z^{*}$ algebras $A,B$ such that for every short exact sequence of ...
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2 votes
1 answer
337 views

Extensions in parabolic Hölder spaces

Let $\alpha\in ]0,1[,k\in\mathbb{N}.$Let $\Omega$ be a open and bounded subset or $\mathbb{R}^n$ of class $C^{k+\alpha}$. As one could find in G.M. Troianello "Elliptic Differential Equations and ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Units of an extension of $\mathbb{Z}$ [closed]

Let $P(x)\in\mathbb{Z}[x]$ be monic and irreducible over $\mathbb{Q}[x]$, and let $\theta$ be a root of $P(x)$. Let $K = \{a + b\theta\} \subseteq \mathbb{Z}[\theta]$. When is it the case that there ...
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3 votes
2 answers
208 views

"Degree 3 fields"

I was wondering what was known about fields $k$ having the property that any polynomial over $k$ of degree $3$ has at least one root in $k$. Does such a field have a special name ? Is there some kind ...
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  • 3,265
5 votes
1 answer
590 views

Group extensions isomorphic as groups

Let $G$ be a group and $A$ a $G$-module. It well know that there is a group isomorphism between the second cohomologoy group $H^2(G,A)$ and the abelian group $OpExt(G,A)$ of classes of extension $$1\...
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5 votes
1 answer
2k views

${\rm Ext}^1$ and extensions of line bundles on a curve

I am confused about the following. I know that for two line bundles $L_1, L_2$ on an algebraic curve $C$ the vector space ${\rm Ext}^1(L_1,L_2)$ classifies isomorphism classes of rank two vector ...
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4 votes
1 answer
209 views

Does every locally finite acyclic directed set embed into a linear order locally isomorphic to the integers? (Edit: extend, not merely embed.)

Let $S=(S,\prec)$ be a set together with an acyclic binary relation, generally nontransitive. $S$ is locally finite if, for every element $x\in S$, the sets $\{w|w\prec x\}$ ("direct past of $x$") ...
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  • 157
8 votes
1 answer
514 views

Does every countably infinite interval-finite partial order embed into the integers?

A partially ordered set $(S,\le)$ is called interval finite if the open intervals $(x,z):=\{y|x\le y\le z\}$ are finite for all choices of $x,z$ in $S$. An embedding $(S,\le)\rightarrow(S',\le')$ of ...
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  • 157
3 votes
1 answer
197 views

Liftability of a submodule from an associated graded module

Let $k$ be a field, $A$ a $k$-algebra (probably noncommutative), and $M$ an $A$-module that's finite-dimensional as a vector space over $k$. Let $Gr(M;k)$ denote the set of all $k$-subspaces of $M$, ...
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0 votes
0 answers
275 views

Changing basis on an extension of a free Z-module.

Consider a finite-rank free $Z$-module $Y$. Let $c: Y \times Y \rightarrow Z$ be a $Z$-bilinear form. Assume that $c(y_1, y_2) + c(y_2, y_1)$ is even, for all $y_1, y_2 \in $. Then $c$ "incarnates"...
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5 votes
1 answer
2k views

Do isomorphic semi-direct products correspond to conjugate automorphisms?

Let $H$ and $N$ be two groups with $H$ cyclic. Let $f,g:H \rightarrow \mathrm{Aut}(N)$ be homomorphisms such that $N\rtimes _f H \cong N\rtimes _g H$. Then does that mean $f(H)$ and $g(H)$ are ...
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