# Questions tagged [ergodic-theory]

Dynamical systems on measure spaces, invariant measures, ergodic averages, mixing properties.

226 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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### Alternating colors on a line: infinitely often or converge?

Suppose we have intervals of alternating color on $\mathbb{R}$ (say, red / blue / red / blue / …). All intervals have independent length, with all red intervals distributed as $\mathbb{P}_{R}$, all ...
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### Blocking light with mirrored convex objects

There is a long-unsolved problem posed by Janos Pach, sometimes known as the enchanted forest problem, which asks if it is possible to block a point light source in the plane from reaching infinity by ...
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### Trapping lightrays with segment mirrors

Q. Is it possible to trap all the light from one point source by a finite collection of two-sided disjoint segment mirrors? I posed this question in several forums before (e.g., here and in an ...
256 views

### Statistics for rational points on curves of genus $g$ over $\mathbb{F}_q$, $g\gg q$

Consider the distribution of the number of $\mathbb{F}_q$ points as I range over smooth projective curves of genus $g$ (defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$). If $q\gg g,$ the Hasse-Weil bounds give me a lot ...
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### Weak$^*$ convergence of measures vs. convergence of supports

Let $X$ be a compact metric space and let $\mathcal M(X)$ denote the set of probability measures on $X$. For $\mu\in\mathcal M(X)$ we write $\text{supp} \mu$ for the support of $\mu$. It is easy to ...
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### Poincaré recurrence and symplectic packings

Question. Is there any example of a path connected symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ that has infinite volume, but which cannot be packed by an infinite number of symplectic balls of a fixed radius $r$,...
874 views

### Centralizers of group actions

Let a locally compact group $G$ act on a probability space $(X,\mu)$. Define the centralizer by $C(G)=\{\Delta\in Aut(X,\mu)\mid \Delta(gx)=g\Delta(x)\text{ almost everywhere}\}$. $Aut(X,\mu)$ denotes ...
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### Quantitive and computational improvement of the Oseledets multiplicative ergodic theorem for irrational rotation

Consider irrational rotation $T:S^1\to S^1, T(x) = x + \alpha$ where $\alpha\notin \mathbb{Q}$ (you may assume additional number theoretic properties of $\alpha$, say $\alpha = \sqrt{2}$ is already ...
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### $C^{1+\epsilon}$ conjugacy of expanding map on circle

A continuously differentiable map $f:S^{1}\rightarrow S^{1}$ is called expanding if $|f^{'}(x)|>1$ for all $x\in S^{1}$. We can define the degree of f, def(f) to be number of preimage $f^{-1}(x)$, ...
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### Counting lattice points in adelic spaces

Let $\mathbb{A}$ denote the ring of adeles of $\mathbb{Q}$, let $\mu$ be the Haar measure of $\mathbb{A}$, and let $\|\cdot\|_{\infty}$ denote the sup-norm of the components in the Archimedean ...
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### Ergodicity and dense orbits

Consider a compact separable Hausdorff space $X$ endowed with a finite Radon measure $\mu$ of full support and a continuous measure-preserving ergodic transformation $T$. Is there a dense orbit for ...
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### Cartesian square root of a measure preserving action

Let $G \curvearrowright (X,\nu)$ be probability measure preserving action of a countable discrete group. When does there exist a probability measure preserving action $G \curvearrowright (Y,\mu)$ such ...
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### When is a word metric on a CAT(-1) group a bounded distance from the orbit map of an isometric action on some CAT(-k) metric space?

Let $\Gamma$ be a group admitting a discrete and cocompact action on a CAT(-1) space. Let $d$ a word metric on $\Gamma$ coming from some finite set of generators. My question is: Does there exist a ...
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### Faithful and weakly-mixing representations of Property (T) groups in relation to left regular rep

Is it known that: Any countable Property (T) group (or more generally, a non-amenable group) has a faithful, weakly-mixing representation which is NOT weakly included in its left regular ...
308 views

### Measure theoretic entropy

I don't know if this is an elementary question or not. In what follows all maps are continuous Suppose that $P:\mathbb{C}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ is a complex polynomial of degree $d>1$ and let $\mu$...
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### Do ergodic isometries have discrete spectrum?

Let $X$ be a metric space, $\mu$ a Borel probability measure, and $T:X\rightarrow X$ be an ergodic measure preserving isometry. Is $(X,\mu,T)$ measure theoretically isomorphic to a minimal isometry ...
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### Reference request: natural extensions of topological dynamical systems

I am currently writing a paper in which I need to use the following fact: if $T \colon X \to X$ is a uniquely ergodic transformation of a compact metric space, and $\mathcal{A}$ is a continuous ...
277 views

### Central extensions of automorphisms of Bruhat-Tits trees

This is the first time I am using Mathoverflow and I am still learning how to use it. That is why I want to begin with a curious question: Does the group of automorphisms of a Bruhat-Tits tree have ...
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### Pocket billiards with balls in general position

There were at least two earlier MO questions about ideal pocket billiards. (Ideal: frictionless, perfectly elastic collisions.) Perfectly centered break of a perfectly aligned pool ball rack. Does ...
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### Counting simple closed curves

I'm currently trying to understand how to count simple closed curves. I've been reading Alex Wright's survey (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1905.01753.pdf). However, I don't feel like I'm getting the big ...
### Hecke equidistribution for $L^1$ functions
Put shortly, the question is, does the Hecke equidistribution hold for $L^1$ functions? To be specific, the version of H.E. I need is $T_N f \rightarrow \int f d\mu$ as $N \rightarrow \infty$, ...