Questions tagged [ergodic-theory]

Dynamical systems on measure spaces, invariant measures, ergodic averages, mixing properties.

226 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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46
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2k views

Alternating colors on a line: infinitely often or converge?

Suppose we have intervals of alternating color on $\mathbb{R}$ (say, red / blue / red / blue / …). All intervals have independent length, with all red intervals distributed as $\mathbb{P}_{R}$, all ...
26
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0answers
713 views

Blocking light with mirrored convex objects

There is a long-unsolved problem posed by Janos Pach, sometimes known as the enchanted forest problem, which asks if it is possible to block a point light source in the plane from reaching infinity by ...
17
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441 views

Trapping lightrays with segment mirrors

Q. Is it possible to trap all the light from one point source by a finite collection of two-sided disjoint segment mirrors? I posed this question in several forums before (e.g., here and in an ...
12
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0answers
256 views

Statistics for rational points on curves of genus $g$ over $\mathbb{F}_q$, $g\gg q$

Consider the distribution of the number of $\mathbb{F}_q$ points as I range over smooth projective curves of genus $g$ (defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$). If $q\gg g,$ the Hasse-Weil bounds give me a lot ...
11
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0answers
1k views

Weak$^*$ convergence of measures vs. convergence of supports

Let $X$ be a compact metric space and let $\mathcal M(X)$ denote the set of probability measures on $X$. For $\mu\in\mathcal M(X)$ we write $\text{supp} \mu$ for the support of $\mu$. It is easy to ...
10
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0answers
503 views

Poincaré recurrence and symplectic packings

Question. Is there any example of a path connected symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ that has infinite volume, but which cannot be packed by an infinite number of symplectic balls of a fixed radius $r$,...
10
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0answers
874 views

Centralizers of group actions

Let a locally compact group $G$ act on a probability space $(X,\mu)$. Define the centralizer by $C(G)=\{\Delta\in Aut(X,\mu)\mid \Delta(gx)=g\Delta(x)\text{ almost everywhere}\}$. $Aut(X,\mu)$ denotes ...
9
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0answers
98 views

Factor map between subshifts preserving topological pressure (or measure-theoretic entropy)

Let $G$ be a countable amenable group and let $X,Y$ be subshifts with finite alphabet over $G$. Suppose that $h(X) = h(Y)$ (equal topological entropy). I am interested in continuous factor maps $\pi: ...
9
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0answers
241 views

Mackey's Program on Algebraic Ergodic Theory

I knew about Mackey's Program from Arnold's book Random Dynamical Systems and it referred to K. Schmidt's book Algebraic Ideas in Ergodic Theory, which was published in 1990. However, that is the ...
7
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0answers
150 views

Possible Birkhoff spectra for irrational rotations

Let $\mathbb{T}=\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$ be the unit circle (think of it as of the interval $[0,1)$ with endpoints identified). Assume that $\alpha$ is irrational and consider the rotation by $\alpha$, ...
7
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0answers
295 views

Generator of a $\bigoplus_{n=0}^\infty \mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$-action

Let $T$ be a measure-preserving action of a group $G$ on a Lebesgue space $X$. That means that $T$ associates an automorphism (i.e. an invertible measure-preserving transformation) $T^g$ of $X$ to ...
6
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111 views

Countable-to-one factors of measure preserving systems do not change entropy

It is known that if $\psi$ is a factor map between probability measure preserving systems $(X,\mathscr{X},\mu,T)$ and $(Y,\mathscr{Y},\nu,S)$ is countable-to-one almost everywhere, then $h(\mu,T)=h(\...
6
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117 views

Quantitive and computational improvement of the Oseledets multiplicative ergodic theorem for irrational rotation

Consider irrational rotation $T:S^1\to S^1, T(x) = x + \alpha$ where $\alpha\notin \mathbb{Q}$ (you may assume additional number theoretic properties of $\alpha$, say $\alpha = \sqrt{2}$ is already ...
6
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252 views

$C^{1+\epsilon}$ conjugacy of expanding map on circle

A continuously differentiable map $f:S^{1}\rightarrow S^{1}$ is called expanding if $|f^{'}(x)|>1$ for all $x\in S^{1}$. We can define the degree of f, def(f) to be number of preimage $f^{-1}(x)$, ...
6
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188 views

Counting lattice points in adelic spaces

Let $\mathbb{A}$ denote the ring of adeles of $\mathbb{Q}$, let $\mu$ be the Haar measure of $\mathbb{A}$, and let $\|\cdot\|_{\infty}$ denote the sup-norm of the components in the Archimedean ...
6
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454 views

Ergodicity and dense orbits

Consider a compact separable Hausdorff space $X$ endowed with a finite Radon measure $\mu$ of full support and a continuous measure-preserving ergodic transformation $T$. Is there a dense orbit for ...
6
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0answers
229 views

Cartesian square root of a measure preserving action

Let $G \curvearrowright (X,\nu)$ be probability measure preserving action of a countable discrete group. When does there exist a probability measure preserving action $G \curvearrowright (Y,\mu)$ such ...
6
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376 views

When is a word metric on a CAT(-1) group a bounded distance from the orbit map of an isometric action on some CAT(-k) metric space?

Let $\Gamma$ be a group admitting a discrete and cocompact action on a CAT(-1) space. Let $d$ a word metric on $\Gamma$ coming from some finite set of generators. My question is: Does there exist a ...
6
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409 views

Faithful and weakly-mixing representations of Property (T) groups in relation to left regular rep

Is it known that: Any countable Property (T) group (or more generally, a non-amenable group) has a faithful, weakly-mixing representation which is NOT weakly included in its left regular ...
6
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308 views

Measure theoretic entropy

I don't know if this is an elementary question or not. In what follows all maps are continuous Suppose that $P:\mathbb{C}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ is a complex polynomial of degree $d>1$ and let $\mu$...
6
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351 views

Do ergodic isometries have discrete spectrum?

Let $X$ be a metric space, $\mu$ a Borel probability measure, and $T:X\rightarrow X$ be an ergodic measure preserving isometry. Is $(X,\mu,T)$ measure theoretically isomorphic to a minimal isometry ...
6
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289 views

Generating stationary, ergodic random fields on a homogeneous space

Consider a homogeneous space $M$, which for the sake of concreteness, let's take to be $M = \mathbb R^d$. Fix some space $A$, and consider the space of functions $X = C(M,A)$, along with its Borel $\...
6
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345 views

"topological" conjugacy of group automorphisms

In the paper "Orbit Equivalence and Topological Conjugacy of Affine Actions on Compact Abelian Groups", S. Bhattacharya shows (Theorem 3) the following: Theorem. Given two actions $\alpha$ and $\...
6
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0answers
892 views

Reference request: natural extensions of topological dynamical systems

I am currently writing a paper in which I need to use the following fact: if $T \colon X \to X$ is a uniquely ergodic transformation of a compact metric space, and $\mathcal{A}$ is a continuous ...
6
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0answers
277 views

Central extensions of automorphisms of Bruhat-Tits trees

This is the first time I am using Mathoverflow and I am still learning how to use it. That is why I want to begin with a curious question: Does the group of automorphisms of a Bruhat-Tits tree have ...
6
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0answers
618 views

Is there a continuous-time version of Kingman's subadditive decomposition theorem?

Kingman's subadditive ergodic theorem (see this article) states that if $x_{m,n}$ is a real valued process indexed on the set of pairs of non-negative integers $m < n$ satisfying: $x_{l,n} \le x_{...
5
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103 views

Are there examples of hyperbolic manifolds with finite Bowen-Margulis measure and fundamental group which is not relatively hyperbolic?

It is well known that a geometrically finite hyperbolic manifold (quotient of $H^n$) has finite Bowen-Margulis measure. Marc Peigné [1] constructed examples of geometrically infinite hyperbolic ...
5
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0answers
142 views

Are topologically free and essentially free equivalent for minimal spaces with invariant measures?

Suppose $G$ is a discrete group acting by homeomorphisms on a compact Hausdorff space $X$, such that the action is minimal. Fix an invariant Radon measure $\nu$ on $X$. Is topologically free (the ...
5
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0answers
148 views

Central limit theorem versus entropy in dynamical systems context

A dynamical system $(S^1,T, \mu)$, $T_* \mu=\mu$, $T$ ergodic, $S^1$ is circle. Assume it has central limit theorem. Want to know the relation between its measure-theoretic entropy $h_{\mu}(T)$ and ...
5
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0answers
196 views

Looking for a counterexample for Ruelle's inequality on compact manifold

Let $M$ be a compact differentiable manifold, and $f:M\to M$ be a $C^1$- smooth diffeomorphism. If Assume that $\mu$ be a $f$-invariant probability measure on $M$. Then D.Ruelle proved that $$ h_\...
5
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775 views

Increasing sequences in polynomial progressions modulo p

In a random permutation on $n$ elements one expects the largest increasing and decreasing sequences to have size $(2+o(1))\sqrt{n}$. Is it known if this same property holds in sequences given by ...
5
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0answers
178 views

Completeness of the space of measures under $d$-bar metric

Does anybody know the reference to a proof of the following fact (which is not hard to prove, but seems to be well-known, see here): The space of shift-invariant measures under Ornstein's d-bar metric ...
5
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0answers
78 views

What statistical data/quantities are known about the time spent by a generic orbit of an ergodic system in a fixed set?

By the ergodic theorem, we know that for almost every point, the average time spent by an orbit in a set is equal to the relative measure of that set. What other information about that time can we ...
5
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0answers
230 views

Paths in Pascal's triangle; or balanced $0-1$ initial segments

Here is a problem arising (via a tortuous path) from trying to determine the spectrum of Vershik's adic map on Pascal's triangle (a moderately well-known question: is the spectrum trivial, that is, is ...
5
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0answers
234 views

Equidistribution of spheres in $\mathbb{R^2}/\mathbb{Z^2}$

Let $\mathbb{H^2}$ be the hyperbolic upper half place, and let $\Gamma$ be a lattice in $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ acting on $\mathbb{H^2}$. A proof of the equidistribution of spheres on $\mathbb{H^2/\Gamma}$ ...
5
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0answers
375 views

Koopman representation, weakly compact action, Ozawa Popa

Given a weakly compact action (Ozawa-Popa) of a discrete group $\Gamma$ on p.m space $X$, consider the Koopman representation $\pi$ on $L^2(X)$. Compose this representation with the Calkin projection. ...
5
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0answers
186 views

Characterizations of an exotic measure on the open sets in the circle $S^{1}$

Suppose that $U\subseteq S^{1}$ is open where $S^{1}=\{z\in\mathbb{Z}:|z|=1\}$. Then define $\mu_{n}(U)=\max_{t\in S^{1}}\frac{1}{n}\cdot|\{k\in\{1,...,n\}|t\cdot e^{\frac{2\pi ik}{n}}\in U\}|$. ...
5
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0answers
228 views

Is Akcoglu's theorem for power bounded positive operators still an open problem?

I am reading Ulrich Krengel's book, Ergodic Theorems; the theorem of Akcoglu's he mentions of is on page 189, theorem 2.5. " If $T$ is a positive contraction in a space $L_p$ with $1<p<\infty$, ...
5
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0answers
133 views

Growth in families of trees

I'm hoping that the question below is simple thermodynamic formalism, but I can't quite make it work. Any help would be very welcome. Let $\Sigma:=\{0,1\}^{\mathbb N}$ and let $\Sigma^*$ be the set ...
5
votes
0answers
211 views

Using topological pressure to determine a subshift of finite type

I am interested in recognising graphs (or matrices, or subshifts of finite type) using topological pressure. Suppose that we play the following game: ${\bf Step 1:}$ I write down an irreducible n x n ...
5
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0answers
191 views

Reference for and Properties of the $\alpha$-entropy

Let $T \colon X \to X$ be a continuous map on, say, a compact metric space $X$. Let $\mu$ be an invariant borel measure. Under suitable conditions, a result of Brin and Katok states that $\mu$-almost ...
5
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0answers
212 views

Quasicompactness of transfer operators associated to IID matrix products

Let $P^1$ denote one-dimensional real projective space, and for each $A \in GL(2,\mathbb{R})$ let $\overline{A}$ denote the homeomorphism of $P^1$ induced by $A$. I am currently reading a paper which ...
5
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0answers
965 views

Fibre Mixing for Dynamical Systems

Hi all, I'm interested in understanding a fairly difficult theorem of Lindenstrauss Peres and Schlag. In that paper the authors prove that certain dynamical systems related to beta expansions and ...
5
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0answers
238 views

Can invariant means be really considered as the generalization of the uniform measure?

I am writing a paper for game theorists where I use (countable) amenable groups to do some things. So I am writing up a preliminary section about countable amenable groups whose main purpose is to ...
4
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0answers
56 views

Correspondence between Hoelder cocycles and Hoelder potential functions for noncompact negatively curved manifolds

Let $\tilde{M}$ be the universal cover of a pinched\ negatively curved manifold $M$ and $\Gamma=\pi_{1}(M)$ its fundamental group and $\partial \Gamma =\partial \tilde{M}$ its Gromov boundary. When $M$...
4
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0answers
73 views

Random walks on the Poincaré disk

Let $G$ be the group of isometries of the Poincaré disk. Let $\mu$ be a probability measure on $G$, and consider $g_1,..,g_n$ i.i.d. random variables on $G$ distributed according to $\mu$. For $z\in \...
4
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0answers
106 views

Pocket billiards with balls in general position

There were at least two earlier MO questions about ideal pocket billiards. (Ideal: frictionless, perfectly elastic collisions.) Perfectly centered break of a perfectly aligned pool ball rack. Does ...
4
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0answers
81 views

Counting simple closed curves

I'm currently trying to understand how to count simple closed curves. I've been reading Alex Wright's survey (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1905.01753.pdf). However, I don't feel like I'm getting the big ...
4
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0answers
171 views

QI but not ME : not finitely presented groups!

I would like to know the examples of two groups which are not finitely presented and are quasi-isometric (QI), but they are not measured equivalent (ME) (in the sense of Gromov). In the literature, ...
4
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0answers
97 views

Hecke equidistribution for $L^1$ functions

Put shortly, the question is, does the Hecke equidistribution hold for $L^1$ functions? To be specific, the version of H.E. I need is $T_N f \rightarrow \int f d\mu$ as $N \rightarrow \infty$, ...

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