# Questions tagged [elliptic-functions]

The elliptic-functions tag has no usage guidance.

75
questions

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### Decay estimates for simple elliptic equations

Let
and let $p(|z|)$ be the radial solution of the following equation
$$
\Delta p + 4q = 0\quad \text{in } \mathbb{R}^n
$$
where
$n\geq 2$,
$0<\alpha<1$,
$q \triangleq q(|z|) = \frac 1{1+ |z|^...

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1
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### Where does the Weierstrass expansion of $\operatorname{sn}$ come from?

In Table of Integrals, Series and Products (p. 869) by Gradshteyn and Ryzhik, I found the identity (called 'the Weierstrass expansion of $\operatorname{sn}$')
$$\operatorname{sn}u=\frac{B}{A}$$
where $...

0
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1
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### An identity for Weierstrass elliptic functions evaluation

Let $\wp(z), \zeta(z)$ and $\sigma(z)$ be the Weierstrass $\wp$, zeta and sigma functions associated to the ODE:
$$\wp'(z)^2 = 4(\wp(z)-e_1)(\wp(z)-e_2)(\wp(z)-e_3)$$
and we assume $e_1=\frac{2-c}3>...

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### Algebraic dependence of the elliptic functions

Let $\{f_i\}_{i=1}^{n}$ be $n$ elliptic functions in $\mathbb{C}$. We say that $f_1, \dots, f_n$ are algebraic dependent over $\mathbb{C}$ if there exists a polynomial of $n$ variables with constant ...

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### Hecke operators acting on the Weierstrass $\wp$-function

Roughly speaking, my question is the following: Let $\wp(\tau, z)$ be the Weierstrass $\wp$-function, where $\tau \in \mathbf{H}$ and $z \in \mathbf{C}$. If $p$ is a prime number, can we define $T_p\,\...

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### Exact value of $0<\wp^{-1}(2^{-{2/3}})<2$ with $\wp$ the Weierstrass elliptic function

I am investigating solutions to the differential equation
$$\ddot{y}(t)=6y(t)^2,\dot{y}(0), y(0)=y_0>0.\tag{1}\label{1} $$
Let $\wp(t)$ be the Weierstrass elliptic function with elliptic invariants ...

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### The origin and use of the term "equianharmonic" (elliptic function)

This question has been posted on History of Science and Mathematics stack exchange, but there was no answer or comments there.
In Weierstrass notation, the principal elliptic function $\wp$ is a ...

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1
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204
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### What is the surface area of the finite part of the Cayley nodal cubic surface?

The Cayley nodal surface is defined by the equation $x^2+y^2+z^2-2xyz=1$. The finite part of the surface is the tetrahedral part bounded by the 4 nodes $(1,1,1)$, $(1,-1,-1)$, $(-1,1,-1)$, $(-1,-1,1)$....

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### How can I calculate $\wp(αu), α\in \Bbb{C}$, $αL⊆L$

Let $\wp(u) = \frac{1}{u^2} + \sum\limits_{\omega \in L, \omega \neq 0} \left(\frac{1}{(u-\omega)^2} - \frac{1}{\omega^2}\right)$ be a Weierstrass pe function.
My question is, how can I calculate $\wp(...

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215
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### Approximation of Incomplete elliptic integral of first kind

How can we represent F(x,m) in the infinte polynominal of x,m?
(Note that F(x,m) is the incomplete elliptical integral of the first kind, and I used its representation in the wikipedia)
More ...

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0
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### Is there a general relationship between definite integrals over functions involving the complete elliptic integral of the first kind and zeta values?

Background
Let $\textbf{K}(k)$ be the complete elliptic integral of the first kind, where $k$ is its elliptic modulus [1]. Moreover, define $k' := \sqrt{1-k^{2}} $ as its complementary modulus. I've ...

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### Explicit solution of the Lamé equation for n=1

The Jacobi form of Lamé equation is given by
\begin{equation}
\left(\frac{d^2 }{du^2} - n(n+1)k^2 \operatorname{sn}^{2}(u)-E\right)\Psi (u) = 0,
\end{equation}
where $k\in(0, 1)$ is parameter ...

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### Closed form roots for polynomial $x^9 + ax^6 + bx^5 + cx^3 + d = 0$

I know about Abel–Ruffini theorem, but I have a polynomial of special form. From "Beyond the Quartic Equation" by R.B. King (a very interesting book, btw) I've learned about Tschirnhaus ...

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### Elliptic functions

The Weierstrass $\wp$-function is given by
$$
\wp(z,\tau)=\frac{1}{z^{2}}+\sum_{(k,l)\neq (0,0)}\left(\frac{1}{(z-(k\tau+l))^{2}}-\frac{1}{(k\tau+l)^{2}}\right).
$$
Let $\lambda$ be primitive $n$th ...

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### Resources on the stationary Schrödinger equation with the soliton potential

I am studying the following Lamé equation in the Jacobi form
\begin{equation}
-\frac{d^2 v}{dx^2} - \left(2k^2 \operatorname{cn}^{2}\left [x\;|\;k\right ]\right)v = \lambda v,
\end{equation}
...

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276
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### Can a doubly periodic function be locally univalent?

I am looking for a meromorphic doubly periodic function such that the function is locally univalent.
A standard meromorphic doubly periodic funtion is the Weirestrass $\wp$ function, defined as
$$\wp(...

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votes

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346
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### How to work out this elliptic function?

Let $f(x) = \sum\limits_{(n,m)\in\mathbb{Z}^2} \frac{1}{(x+ n + i m )^2}$
If feel it should be $1/E(x)$ where $E$ is some elliptic function, like $sn^2$. But Wolfram Alpha is giving me some strange ...

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### Estimatives for elliptic systems involving the laplacian

Considering the problem
\begin{equation}
\left\{
\begin{array}[c]{11}
\Delta(\Delta \chi -\chi) = 0 & \text{in } \Omega, \\
\Delta \chi -\chi = h_2 - h_1, & \text{on } \partial\Omega \\
\end{...

3
votes

1
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### Generating function of the product of Legendre polynomials

The generating function of the product of Legendre polynomials for the same $n$ is given by
\begin{aligned}
\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} z^{n} \mathrm{P}_{n}(\cos \alpha) \mathrm{P}_{n}(\cos \beta)&=\frac{\...

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2
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### Can the theory of elliptic functions developed from purely geometric considerations?

I always had this question, but was unable to get a definitive answer to it.
There is the theorem of division of the arc length of the lemniscate with ruler and compass. So I always wondered, is it ...

3
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1
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### Regarding the Weierstrass $\wp$-function of the hexagonal lattice

Playing with the Weierstrass $\wp$-function of the hexagonal (or triangular) lattice $\mathbb{T}$,
$$
\wp'(z)^2 = 4 \wp(z)^3 - 1,
$$
I noticed that the zeros of $\wp'(z) + \sqrt{3}$ are
$$
\frac{\...

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0
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### How to determine the closed form of this Fourier series?

Consider the Series
$$
S(z) \equiv \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}, n \ne 0} \frac{ 1 }{ \sin n\pi \tau \sin 2n \pi \tau } e^{2\pi i n z} \ , \quad \operatorname{Im}\tau > 0
$$
I am trying to find its ...

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0
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### Infinite sum of iterated integrals of matrix products

Originally asked over at Stackexchange (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4169812/infinite-sum-of-iterated-integrals-of-matrix-products), but this forum was deemed more appropriate.
The problem:...

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2
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410
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### About the integral $\int_{0}^{1}\frac{\log(x)}{\sqrt{1+x^{4}}}dx$ and elliptic functions

NOTE: I post this question on math.stackexchange but nobody answered, so I try here.
For a work we need to evaluate the following integral $$\int_{0}^{1}\frac{\log\left(x\right)}{\sqrt{1+x^{4}}}dx=\,-...

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### Analytic function with q- difference equation involving theta

Consider the analytic space $\mathbb{C}^{*}$ with coordinate $z$. Let $q$ be some parameter with $|q|<1$ and define the analytic function $$\theta(z;q):=\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}q^{\binom{n}{2}}(-z)^{n}...

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0
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### Algebraic relation amongst an elliptic function and its convolution

NOTE: I edited this question, following the comments of Alexander Eremenko and Paul Garrett.
I have a question concerning elliptic functions that maybe you can help me shed light on. I am a ...

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0
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### The loss of double periodicity (ellipticity)

Consider a meromorphic function $f(\mathfrak{a}_1, \mathfrak{a}_2)$, such that
$$
\begin{align}
f(\mathfrak{a}_1, \mathfrak{a}_2) = f (\mathfrak{a}_1 + 1, \mathfrak{a}_2) = f(\mathfrak{a}_1 + \tau, \...

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### Is there some precise way in which modular cocycle $c/(c\tau +d)$ "is" the generator of $H^1(\mathcal{M}_{ell}, \omega^2) \cong \mathbb{Z}/12$?

It is semiclassical that the extension class $\text{Ext}^1(\omega^{-1},\omega)\cong H^1(\mathcal{M}_{ell},\omega^2)$ over the modular stack $\mathcal{M}_{ell}/\mathbb{Z}$ is nonvanishing, being cyclic ...

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### Index and weight of Weierstrass $\sigma$-function as a Jacobi form, versus a statement in a note by Zagier

Let
$$\sigma_L(w; \tau):=\frac{w}{\exp\left(\sum_{k\ge 2} 2G_k(q)\frac{w^k}{k!}\right)}$$
be the version of the Weierstrass $\sigma$-function which is used to orient $\text{tmf}$; here $w=2\pi i z$, $...

3
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1
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276
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### Understanding the implementation of the $p$-adic(?) sigma function in SageMath

I'm trying to understand the (pretty undocumented) method .sigma() method for formal groups of elliptic curves, as listed here. The source code looks like this:
<...

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### Is this elliptic integral identity known?

Thinking about some physical problem, I came across the following identity:
$$\phi^2\Pi\left(-\phi,\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\right)+\phi^{-2}\Pi\left(\phi^{-1},\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\right)=\frac{\pi}{\sqrt{2}}+...

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0
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### Second order ODE with Jacobi elliptic function coefficients

I posted this last week on the Mathematics Stack Exchange but have not been able to get an answer. I have read the rules and couldn't find anything against this, but please remove this question if ...

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1
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237
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### Conformal mapping between two right-angled triangles

I want to derive a conformal mapping $f\!:\!A\!\to\! B$ where $A=\{ (x,y)\ |\ x\!\in\![0,1]\ \text{ and }\ 0 \leq y \leq x \}$ and $B=\{ (x,y)\ |\ x\!\in\![0,1]\ \text{ and }\ 0 \leq y \leq \frac{...

1
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0
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### Snoidal wave solutions of the $\phi^4$ model

I want to prove the existence of snoidal wave solutions of the $\phi^4$ model, given by
$$u_{tt}-u_{xx}=u-u^3,\; (x,t) \in \mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}.$$
So, we are looking for solutions in the form $...

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### How to prove some identities about infinite product?

Recently, I read one paper titled Modular equations and approximations to π by Ramanujan, in which there are some formulas for $q=\pi i \tau$( where $\tau=x+yi, y>0$, hence $|q|<1)$ :
$$\prod_{...

3
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### Inverse of the incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind

The incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind $E(\varphi \, | \,k)$ is defined as follows:
$$E(\varphi \, | \,k) = \int_0^\varphi \sqrt{1-k^2\sin^2\theta} \, \mathrm{d}\theta $$
Where $0<k^...

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0
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### Construct a doubly periodic function on $\mathbb{C}$ using Jacobi elliptic functions with anti-holomorphic involution

I would like to find explicit examples of non-constant meromorphic doubly periodic $f(z)$ on $\mathbb{C}$, i.e. a meromorphic function on $\mathbb{C} / \Gamma$ for some lattice $\Gamma$, such that ...

4
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1
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### Expressing the inverse Dixon function in terms of more familiar functions

If $x^3+y^3-3\alpha xy=1$, is there an expression for the integral $$\int_0^z \frac{\mathrm dx}{y^2-\alpha x}$$ in terms of more familiar functions?
A.C. Dixon introduced the elliptic functions $\...

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1
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### Weierstrass elliptic function in Laurent series form [closed]

Could anyone help me to figure out how
$$ f_0(z) = \wp (\log z; i \pi, \log \rho) $$
where $\wp$ denotes the Weierstrass elliptic function and $i \pi$, $\log \rho$ are its half-...

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4
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### Determination of special values of Eisenstein series

We have the Eisenstein series of weight $k$: $G_k(z)=\frac 1 2 \sum_{m,n} \frac 1 {(mz+n)^k}$. Can we evaluate it in closed form for some special values of $z$, eg. $z=i$ or $z=\omega$?
It is clear by ...

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### What are the modularity properties of Weierstrass sigma function?

I'm a little confused at the sigma orientation of tmf, see e.g. Witten genus and its references. The Weierstrass sigma function can be written as
$$\sigma_L(z)(q)=\frac{z}{\exp\left(\sum_{k\ge 2} G_k(...

7
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2
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### Are these 5 the only eta quotients that parameterize $x^2+y^2 = 1$?

Given the Dedekind eta function $\eta(\tau)$, define,
$$\alpha(\tau) =\frac{\sqrt2\,\eta(\tau)\,\eta^2(4\tau)}{\eta^3(2\tau)}$$
$$\beta(\tau) =\frac{\eta^2(\tau)\,\eta(4\tau)}{\eta^3(2\tau)}\quad\;$$...

3
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0
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### Evaluating a Fermi gas problem for a SO(2N+1) matrix integral

I have the following multiple integral derived from a random matrix calculation I wish to evaluate
$$\int_0^{\pi} dx_1 dx_2 \cdots dx_n \rho(x_1,x_2)\cdots \rho(x_n,x_1)$$
where the $\rho$ functions ...

2
votes

1
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### Behaviour of elliptic functions near degenerate lattice

What can be said about elliptic functions (Weierstrass $\wp$, $\sigma$, Jacobi $\theta$, sn, cn, etc.) in the limit of degenerate lattice. By "degenerate" I mean $\tau = \omega_3/\omega_1$ tends to a ...

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2
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### Solution of an equation with Jacobi theta function

I have been struggling with this equation for some time and I do not seem to find any conclusive answer (it's from my research, not a homework).
It has to do with the real solutions $x$ to the ...

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2
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### Bounding an elliptic-type integral

Let $K>L>0$. I would like to find a good upper bound for the integral
$$\int_0^L \sqrt{x \left(1 + \frac{1}{K-x}\right)} \,dx.$$
An explicit expression for the antiderivative would have to ...

2
votes

1
answer

92
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### Limits of a quasiperiodic function with two pseudoperiods

Let $\beta$ be a real number such that $\beta^2\notin\mathbb{Q}$. For any smooth function $f$ on $\mathbb{R}$ that decreases sufficiently at infinity, for example a Gaussian function, let us define
$$
...

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1
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### Infinite sum and product associated with the Weierstrass elliptic function [closed]

Can anyone help me figure out how the identity below was obtained?
$ \frac{1}{\sqrt{(e_1-e_3)(e_2-e_3)}} = R \prod \limits_{n=1}^{\infty} \left(1 - \frac{1}{R^{4n}} \right)^{-4}\left(1 + \frac{1}{R^{...

2
votes

0
answers

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### Will a slightly differently shaped torus make this guess about plane sections of a torus true?

Jacobi's elliptic functions and plane sections of a torus
After Greg Egan posted an excellent answer to a question of mine, which I accepted, I posted my own answer, linked above. The question ...

26
votes

5
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### The letter $\wp$; Name & origin?

Do you think the letter $\wp$ has a name? It may depend on community - the language, region, speciality, etc, so if you don't mind, please be specific about yours. (Mainly I'd like to know the English ...