Questions tagged [elliptic-curves]

An elliptic curve is an algebraic curve of genus one with some additional properties. Questions with this tag will often have the top-level tags nt.number-theory or ag.algebraic-geometry. Note also the tag arithmetic-geometry as well as some related tags such as rational-points, abelian-varieties, heights. Please do not use this tag for questions related to ellipses; instead use conic-sections.

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152
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2answers
56k views

Estimating the size of solutions of a diophantine equation

A. Is there natural numbers $a,b,c$ such that $\frac{a}{b+c} + \frac{b}{a+c} + \frac{c}{a+b}$ is equal to an odd natural number ? (I do not know any such numbers). B. Suppose that $\frac{a}{b+c} + \...
21
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2answers
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State of knowledge of $a^n+b^n=c^n+d^n$ vs. $a^n+b^n+c^n=d^n+e^n+f^n$

As far as I understand, both of the Diophantine equations $$a^5 + b^5 = c^5 + d^5$$ and $$a^6 + b^6 = c^6 + d^6$$ have no known nontrivial solutions, but $$24^5 + 28^5 + 67^5 = 3^5+64^5+62^5$$ and $$3^...
7
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1answer
368 views

One more generator needed for a Z/6 elliptic curve

I am trying to find the next rank 8 curve with the torsion subgroup Z/6 using Kihara's family as described in https://arxiv.org/pdf/1503.03667.pdf. Meanwhile, I came across a curve generated by $t=629/...
30
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4answers
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Are most cubic plane curves over the rationals elliptic?

%This is a new version of the original question modified in the light of the answers and comments. The word 'most' in the title is ambiguous. The following is one way of making it precise. Question1:...
13
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3answers
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Existence of fine moduli space for curves and elliptic curves

For the moduli problem of a curve of genus $g$ with $n$ marked points, how large an $n$ is needed to ensure the existence of a fine moduli space? For this question, terminology is that of Mumford's ...
16
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2answers
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Simple proofs for the existence of elliptic curves having a given number of points

Yesterday, after he gave a nice talk, Dick Gross and I were chatting and he brought up the following annoying problem: suppose that for $p$ a prime that $H_p$ is the "Hasse interval" $[p+1- 2 \sqrt{...
18
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1answer
2k views

Conjecture: The number of points modulo $p$ of certain elliptic curve is $p$ or $p+2$ for $p$ of form $p=27a^2+27a+7$

Numerical evidence suggests a conjecture that the number of points of certain elliptic curve over $\mathbb{F}_p$ is either $p$ or $p+2$ for $p$ of certain form. Let $p$ be prime of the form $p=27a^2+...
20
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4answers
7k views

Integer points of an elliptic curve

Where can I found some resources to learn how to determine the integer points of given elliptic curve? I would like to learn a method based on computing the rank and the torsion group of given curve. ...
25
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6answers
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When is a product of elliptic curves isogenous to the Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve?

David's question Families of genus 2 curves with positive rank jacobians reminded me of a question that once very much interested me: when is a product of elliptic curves isogenous to the jacobian of ...
8
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3answers
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Tate module of CM elliptic curves

This is an exercise in Silverman's book "the arithmetic of elliptic curves". Ex 3.24, page 109. E/K CM elliptic curve, Prove for $\ell \neq char(K)$, the action of $Gal(\bar{K}/K)$ on $T_{\ell}(E)$ ...
19
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1answer
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Questions about the "universal elliptic curve" over the affine $j$-line punctured at 0 and 1728

So my question refers to families of elliptic curves over the $\mathbb{A}^1_\mathbb{C}\setminus\{0,1728\}$ whose fiber above a point $j$ has $j$-invariant equal to $j$ (I understand it's not universal)...
31
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4answers
3k views

Over which fields does the Mordell-Weil theorem hold?

According to a well-known theorem of Mordell, the group of rational points $E(\mathbf{Q})$ of an elliptic curve $E/\mathbf{Q}$ is finitely generated. Weil generalized this theorem to abelian varieties ...
22
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2answers
2k views

unboundedness of number of integral points on elliptic curves?

If $E/\mathbf{Q}$ is an elliptic curve and we put it into minimal Weierstrass form, we can count how many integral points it has. A theorem of Siegel tells us that this number $n(E)$ is finite, and ...
5
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4answers
3k views

reduction of CM elliptic curves

Can someone indicate how to prove the following equivalences for a CM elliptic curve $E$: (i) $p$ is inert in End($E$) (ii) $E_p$ is supersingular (iii) The trace of the Frobenius at $p$ is $0$ [...
35
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1answer
2k views

$x^4+y^4$ powerful for relatively prime $x,y$

I asked this question on the NMBRTHRY mailing list on 17 February 2014, but it remains unsolved as far as I know. Recall that a "powerful number" is a positive integer whose prime factorizations $m = ...
10
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4answers
11k views

How to find all integer points on an elliptic curve?

How can I determine the integer points of a given elliptic curve if I know its rank and its torsion group? I read same basic books on elliptic curves but as a non-professional I didn't understand ...
12
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6answers
5k views

bad reduction for elliptic curves

Why do elliptic curves have bad reduction at some point if they are defined over Q, but not necessarily over arbitrary number fields?
5
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3answers
1k views

The rank of a class elliptic curves

For elliptic curve $y^{2}=x(x+a^{2})(x+(1-a)^{2})$,($a$ is a rational number and does not equal 0,1,1/2),is its rank always 0?
12
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2answers
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Extensions of the modularity theorem

In 1995 (if I'm not mistaken) Taylor and Wiles proved that all semistable elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$ are modular. This result was extended to all elliptic curves in 2001 by Breuil, Conrad, ...
5
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3answers
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Re: Mordell's Equation $y^2 = x^3 + k$ and Perfect Numbers

I have already tried a somewhat exhaustive search of the literature, but couldn't find anything close to the problem that I am working on. My question is: When does Mordell's Equation $$y^2 = x^3 +...
3
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0answers
871 views

Automorphisms of the L-function associated to an elliptic $\mathbb{Q}$-curve

Edited after Noam Elkies' comment: From what I understand (very few actually), there exist elliptic curves defined over some number fields $\mathbb{K}$ Galois over $\mathbb{Q}$ which are isogenous to ...
14
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2answers
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Surjectivity of reduction maps of elliptic curves over Q

Let $E/\mathbf{Q}$ be an elliptic curve of rank $>0$. It is easy to see that there is a positive-density set of primes $p$ such that the reduction map $\mathrm{red}_p : E(\mathbf{Q}) \rightarrow \...
8
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1answer
804 views

Hard: One more generator needed for a Z/6 elliptic curve

We are searching for rank 8 elliptic curves with the torsion subgroup $\mathbb{Z}/6$ using newly discovered families similar to Kihara's as described in A. Dujella, J.C. Peral, P. Tadić, Elliptic ...
9
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2answers
483 views

Z/8Z elliptic curve with a missing generator

We are searching for the rank $6$ elliptic curves with the torsion subgroup $\mathbb{Z}/8\mathbb{Z}$ using the families similar to Allan MacLeod's as described in A. J. MacLeod, A Simple Method for ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Example of elliptic curve with CM (complex multiplication) by \sqrt{-7}

Can someone give me an example of elliptic curve with CM by sqrt(-7) with the action. I've found a list of examples in the following link but not the action. http://planetmath.org/...
8
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2answers
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congruent number problem [closed]

I am studying the congruent number problem and I heard that there is a paper by Kazuma Morita which claims to solve this problem from my colleague. I saw the paper on his homepage but it is very ...
4
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2answers
341 views

Argument for unboundedness of integral points of elliptic curves over number fields

Probably this is well known to those who know it. Got an argument and numerical support that over number fields elliptic curves in minimal models might have unbounded number of integral points, the ...
4
votes
0answers
310 views

Euler Systems and Coleman’s Conjecture

I’m trying to work on Coleman’s conjecture for abelian extensions of imaginary quadratic fields. I’ve read most papers by Seo regarding circular distributions. However, I’m a still confused about what ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Centralizers of Cartan subgroups

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve with CM by an order $\mathcal O$ in an imaginary quadratic field $K$. Choose a basis for $E[N]$ to get an isomorphism $\operatorname{Aut}(E[N])\cong \operatorname{GL}_2(\...
1
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0answers
88 views

Zeros of modular functions and automorphisms

Let $F_N$ be the field of modular functions of level $N$ and with Fourier coefficients in $\mathbf Q(\zeta_N)$. We have $$F_N=\mathbf Q(j, f^{(r,s)}_N),$$ where the $f^{(r,s)}_N$ are the Fricke ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

Primes of the form $p=3a^2+3ab+b^2$ or $p=27a^2+27ab+7b^2$ and the number of points of $y^2=x^3+2$ modulo $p$

Trying to generalize this answered question based on limited numerical evidence. Let $E / \mathbb{F}_p : y^2=x^3+2$. Conjecture 1 Let $p=3a^2+3ab_0+b_0^2$ be prime and $a,b_0$ positive integers. ...
62
votes
9answers
13k views

Why is an elliptic curve a group?

Consider an elliptic curve $y^2=x^3+ax+b$. It is well known that we can (in the generic case) create an addition on this curve turning it into an abelian group: The group law is characterized by the ...
61
votes
3answers
7k views

Is there a "Basic Number Theory" for elliptic curves?

Tate's thesis showed how to profitably analyze $\zeta$ functions of number fields in terms of adelic points on the multiplicative group. In particular, combining Fourier analysis and topology, Tate ...
35
votes
3answers
4k views

Is there a nice proof of the fact that there are (p-1)/24 supersingular elliptic curves in characteristic p?

If $k$ is a characteristic $p$ field containing a subfield with $p^2$ elements (e.g., an algebraic closure of $\mathbb{F}_p$), then the number of isomorphism classes of supersingular elliptic curves ...
25
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4answers
6k views

Etale cohomology and l-adic Tate modules

$\newcommand{\bb}{\mathbb}\DeclareMathOperator{\gal}{Gal}$ Before stating my question I should remark that I know almost nothing about etale cohomology - all that I know, I've gleaned from hearing off ...
26
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1answer
3k views

Fundamental group of the moduli stack of elliptic curves

I've heard that the étale fundamental group of the moduli stack of elliptic curves (over $\mathbb{Z}$) is trivial. Is there an easy proof of that? (Note that there are plenty of étale covers once one ...
21
votes
5answers
8k views

Algorithms for finding rational points on an elliptic curve?

I am looking for algorithms on how to find rational points on an elliptic curve $$y^2 = x^3 + a x + b$$ where $a$ and $b$ are integers. Any sort of ideas on how to proceed are welcome. For example, ...
31
votes
7answers
2k views

What heuristic evidence is there concerning the unboundedness or boundedness of Mordell-Weil ranks of elliptic curves over $\Bbb Q$?

Some experts have a hunch that for any nonnegative integer $r$ there are infinitely many elliptic curves over $\Bbb Q$ with Mordell-Weil rank at least $r$. The best empirical evidence for this hunch ...
18
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1answer
4k views

About isogeny theorem for elliptic curves

$K$ a number field, $G_K$ its Galois group, $E_1, E_2$ two elliptic curves defined over $K$. The isogeny theorem says that if for some prime number $\ell$, The Tate modules (tensored with $\mathbb{Q}$)...
15
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4answers
2k views

Torsion subgroups in families of twists of elliptic curves

Here is the short version: Fix an elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}$. How does the torsion structure $E_d(\mathbb{Q})_{tors}$ vary, as $E_d$ runs through the quadratic twists of $E$? Here is the longer ...
12
votes
9answers
5k views

Proofs of Mordell-Weil theorem

I would like to ask if there exist pedagogical expositions of the Mordell-Weil theorem (wikipedia). What parts of number theory (algebraic geometry) one should better learn first before starting to ...
28
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1answer
2k views

Is the Modularity Theorem (currently) effective?

The Modularity Theorem says every elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ can be gotten from the classic modular curve $X_0(N)$ by a rational map. Here $N$ is the conductor, easily calculable from a ...
25
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3answers
3k views

Can the number of solutions $xy(x-y-1)=n$ for $x,y,n \in Z$ be unbounded as n varies?

Can the number of solutions $xy(x-y-1)=n$ for $x,y,n \in Z$ be unbounded as n varies? x,y are integral points on an Elliptic Curve and are easy to find using enumeration of divisors of n (assuming n ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

Can one prove complex multiplication without assuming CFT?

The Kronecker-Weber Theorem, stating that any abelian extension of $\mathbb Q$ is contained in a cyclotomic extension, is a fairly easy consequence of Artin reciprocity in class field theory (one just ...
15
votes
2answers
3k views

Elliptic Curves over Rings?

So an elliptic curve $E$ over a field $K$ is a smooth projective nonsingular curve of genus $1$ together with a point $O \in E$. I was reading Silverman's "Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves" and it ...
9
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1answer
4k views

Geometric picture of invariant differential of an elliptic curve

What is the geometric meaning of $\omega=dx/(2y+a_1x+a_3)$ for an elliptic curve? This question is an adjunct to MO Q1 on formal laws and L-series. Silverman (Q1) and Darmon (pg. 6) state: The ...
8
votes
5answers
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The significance of modularity for all Galois representations

On pg. 1 of the slides of a talk, Henri Darmon wrote: Question: What is an interesting Diophantine equation? A “working definition”. A Diophantine equation is interesting if it reveals or ...
18
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3answers
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More elliptic curves for $a^4+b^4+c^4+d^4 = (a+b+c+d)^4$?

(Note: See also the $a^4+b^4+c^4 = 1$ version in this old MSE post.) The equation discussed in a paper by Jacobi and Madden, $$a^4+b^4+c^4+d^4 = (a+b+c+d)^4 = z^4\tag1$$ or equivalently, $$(p-2q + ...
15
votes
1answer
736 views

components of E[p], E universal in char p.

I have just realised that a group scheme I've known and loved for years is probably a bit wackier than I'd realised. In this question, in Charles Rezk's answer, I erroneously claim that his ...
17
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1answer
1k views

Are Q-curves now known to be modular?

I really should know the answer to this, but I don't, so I'll ask here. A Q-curve is an elliptic curve E over Q-bar which is isogenous to all its Galois conjugates. A Q-curve is modular if it's ...