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Questions tagged [ds.dynamical-systems]

Dynamics of flows and maps (continuous and discrete time), including infinite-dimensional dynamics, Hamiltonian dynamics, ergodic theory.

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59 views

Clarification needed on vector field conditions in Smale's “On gradient dynamical systems”

I previously posted the question on MSE but I haven't received an answer. I'm now posting it here in a slightly revised form. In S. Smale's, “On gradient dynamical systems,” Ann. of Math. (2), vol. ...
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0answers
109 views

Renyi's theorem on mixing

I have been trying to understand the proof of Renyi's characterization of (strongly) mixing transformations: A measure preserving transformation $T \text{ is strongly mixing iff for every measurable }...
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0answers
218 views

Periodic orbit for certain Hamiltonian on the tangent bundle

In this question a nontrivial periodic orbit is a periodic orbit which is not a singular point. Let $p: \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ be a ...
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3answers
657 views

Has dynamics on $G/\Gamma$ ever been used to prove interesting things about $\Gamma$?

Fix a Lie group $G$ and a discrete subgroup $\Gamma \subset G$. Homogeneous dynamics is about studying the actions of subgroups $H \subset G$ on the quotient $G/\Gamma$. Does anyone know of an ...
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2answers
118 views

Inverse image of rational values

I am a postgraduate student of physics. While doing some research on Poincare's work on the integrability of the three body problem, I came up with the following problem (which I feel unable to handle,...
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215 views

If two group actions lead to the same orbifold, are they conjugate?

In The Geometry and Topology of Three-Manifolds, Thurston says: "In these examples, it was not hard to construct the quotient space from the group action. In order to go in the opposite direction, we ...
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1answer
117 views

Asymptotic colouring of edges and vertices, and untwisting cocycles

This question regards colourings on edges and vertices on countable directed multigraphs. We start with an example. Let $G=\mathbb Z^2$. We define two functions $a_h$ and $a_v$ from $\mathbb Z^2$ to $\...
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1answer
372 views

Updated background on Hilbert 16th problem?

What is the current situation of the second part of the Hilbert 16th problem? What are the most updated news on this problem?
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1answer
103 views

Asymptotically invariant maps and strongly ergodic actions

Let $\Gamma$ be a countable group which acts strongly ergodically on a probability measure space $(X,\mu)$. Let $\sigma_k:X \rightarrow Y$ be a sequence of measurable functions into a complete metric ...
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0answers
30 views

Strong ergodicity of a countable subgroup of $PO(3,1)$

If we identify the boundary at infinity of the hyperbolic $3$-space $\mathbb{H}^3$ with the complex projective line $\mathbb{P}^1(\mathbb{C})=\mathbb{C} \cup \{ \infty\}$, we know that the ideal ...
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0answers
94 views

Trying to understand why this local coordinates parametrizes a manifold

First of all, I would like to say that I think this question fits better on Math Overflow than on Math Stack Exchange, in view of the proposal of the two sites. However, if my analysis of the ...
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0answers
41 views

Limit contration rates and expansion rate solenoid map

Let M:=$S^{1}\times \mathcal{D}^1$ where $\mathcal{D}=\{v\in \mathcal{R}^2 | |v|<1\}$ carries the product distance and suppose $f:M\rightarrow M$,$(x,y,z)\rightarrow (\gamma x, \lambda y+v(x), \mu ...
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1answer
138 views

Is the convergence of $\dot{x}=2A(t)x$ faster than that of $\dot{x}=A(t)x$?

Let $x \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $A(t) \in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$. If $\dot{x}=A(t)x$ and $\dot{x}=cA(t)x$ with $c>1$ are exponentially stable. Is the convergence rate of $x$ to zero of $\dot{x}=cA(...
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1answer
102 views

time delay ergodic theorem

given dynamic system $(X, \mathcal{B}, F, \mu), \mu \circ F^{-1}=\mu, F $ is mixing, $ A \in \mathcal{B}, s.t. \mu(A) >0 $. consider dynamic system $(X\times X, \mathcal{B}\otimes \mathcal{B}, ...
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0answers
70 views

Stability of dynamical system via Lyapunov

I have a dynamical system which has the following form: $\dot x=\mathcal F_1(m_1)x+\mathcal F_2(m_2)x$. My objective is to find the parameters $m_1$ and $m_2$ via LMI (linear matrix inequality) using ...
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1answer
118 views

Existence of a real eigenvalue is a necessary condition for the density of all the orbits of a Lie subgroup of $GL(\mathbb{R},d)$

Good morning, I would like to pose the following (maybe naive) question. Let $\mathfrak{a}\subset \mathfrak{gl}(\mathbb{R},d)$ be any lie subalgebra, and $A$ be the connected, simply connected ...
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0answers
56 views

A geometric quantity associated to a vector field on a surface

Let $(M, g)$ be a $2$ dimensional Riemannian manifold. Then we consider the Riemannian metric on TM described here. Assume that $X:M\to TM$ is a vector field. For every $p\...
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0answers
102 views

Maximal ergodic theorem on some dyadic intervals

What we refer to maximal ergodic theorem in this thread is the following: let $\left(\Omega,\mathcal F,\mu\right)$ be a probability space and let $T\colon\Omega\to \Omega$ be a measurable and measure ...
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0answers
80 views

Density of closed orbits on hyperbolic surfaces

It is well-known that the set of closed geodesics on a closed hyperbolic surface is dense. My questions: If this property still holds on finite-area hyperbolic surfaces, infinite-area hyperbolic ...
3
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1answer
197 views

Question on a proof of density of periodic orbits

In page 215 and 216 of the book "Introduction to the Modern Theory of Dynamical Systems" by Anatole Katok, Boris Hasselblatt, there is a theorem stated as following: Theorem: Let $\Gamma$ be a ...
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0answers
92 views

Generalized right Perron-Frobenius eigenvector with rationally independent coordinates

Suppose you are given a directed graph $G=(V,E)$ which is strongly connected, i.e. for every two vertices $u,v \in V$ there exists a directed path between them. Consider the corresponding edge shift ...
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1answer
184 views

homeomorphisms induced by composant rotations in the solenoid

Let $S$ be the dyadic solenoid. Let $x\in S$, and let $X$ be the union of all arcs (homeomorphic copies of $[0,1]$) in $S$ containing $x$. $X$ is called a composant of $S$. It is well-known ...
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1answer
120 views

Special Cases of Duistermaat-Heckman Formula

The Duistermaat Heckman localization formula states how integrals over symplectic spaces with Hamiltonian $U(1)$ group actions. $$ \int_M \frac{\omega^n}{n!} e^{-\mu} = \sum_{x_i \text{ fixed}} \frac{...
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0answers
83 views

Computing algebraic entropy

Could you recommend any reference for computing algebraic entropy? Here algebraic entropy is defiened as $\lim_{n \to \infty}\log (deg (f^n))^{1/n}$ for a rational map $f $. I saw that there are ...
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104 views

Algebraic independence of limit cycles of Lienard equation

It is well known that the Van der Pol equation $$\begin{cases} \dot x=y-(x^3-x)\\\dot y=-x \end{cases}$$ has no an algebraic limit cycle. According to this fact, we search for a related ...
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169 views

Desingularization of the zero section of $TM$ as the manifold of singularities of the geodesic flow

However the method of "Blowing up of singularities" is initially introduced for an isolated singularity, but this method have been generalized to blowing up of a "Manifold of singularities"...
2
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1answer
244 views

Is the exceptional set Zariski open?

Let $T$ be a smooth projective variety and $f_T : \mathbb {P}^N_T \rightarrow \mathbb {P}^N_T $ be a family of dominant rational maps. The dynamical degree of a dominant rational map $f $ is defined ...
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1answer
174 views

fast algorithms for external angle computations

Two related problems related to the complex quadratic polynomial $f_c(z) = z^2 + c$ and Mandlebrot and/or Julia sets: find an external angle $\theta_c$ for a complex point $c$ find a complex point $...
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0answers
47 views

Center Manifold Theorem and case of all zero eigenvalue

Is the center manifold theorem applicable if say for a planar(2D) system of non-linear ode, the stability matrix has both eigenvalues zero? Of course, there is only one eigenvector. If not, what is ...
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0answers
67 views

Integrability, quantum ergodicity, and observable algebra

Consider (for simplicity and definiteness) the Laplacian on a compact Riemannian manifold $M$. Let $\phi_k$, $E_k$ be its eigenfunctions and eigenvalues in increasing order. Quantum ergodicity is ...
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101 views

coboundary in Dynamical system

a question about the definition: given measurable dynamic system $ ( X, \mathcal{B}, T, \mu)$, $ \mu \circ T^{-1}=\mu$ ergodic. $\phi \in L^{\infty}$ is coboundary with $\int \phi d\mu =0 $, means ...
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3answers
209 views

Repeatedly halve and twist a planar shape: Limiting shape?

Consider the following iterative process. Start with a planar region $R=R_0$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$. I am thinking of $R$ as connected, but it may become disconnected. In the example below, $R$ starts as ...
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0answers
364 views

Determinant as a Hamiltonian

Are there two symplectic structures $\omega_1, \omega_2$ on $M_{2n}(\mathbb{R})$ such that the function $Det:M_{2n}(\mathbb{R})\to \mathbb{R}$ is completely integrable with respect to $\omega_{1}$...
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1answer
622 views

(In)stability of a two-dimensional dynamical system

Consider the following system of coupled differential equations $$ \dot{x}_1(t) = -x_1(t) - \cos(\omega t)x_1(t) + \cos(\omega t)x_2(t), \ x_1(0)\in\mathbb{R},\\ \dot{x}_2(t) = -\gamma x_2(t) - \cos(\...
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0answers
134 views

Random $\beta$-transformation and its limit theorem

given probability space $ (\Omega, T, \mu), \mu$ is ergodic and $ T $ is invertible ( can regard $T$ as two sides shift) define random $\beta$-transformations: random variable $\beta:\Omega \to (1,\...
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2answers
239 views

A kind of converse to the Hopf theorem on ergodicity of geodesic flow in negative curvature

Is there a 2 dimensional Riemannian manifold $M$ whose curvature is not negative but its geodesic flow is an ergodic flow?
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0answers
76 views

On the measure of regular and chaotic regions in a phase space

Consider a Hamiltonian, non-linear, dynamical system associated to $H(\vec{q},\vec{p})$. Assume that the number of effective degrees of freedom is relatively small, say $D=3,4,5$. Now choose a certain ...
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1answer
107 views

Ergodicity of geodesic flow in negative curvatutre as a possible obstruction for consideration of limit cycles as closed geodesics(4)

Does the ergodicity of geodesic flow of compact surfaces with negative curvature stile hold for non compact case? Is not the ergocity theorems of geodesic flow an obstruction to have a ...
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0answers
79 views

Counting orbits of the standard map

Consider the standard map. Might it happen that for some nonzero parameter value $K$ and for some positive integer $q$ that there exist an infinite number of periodic orbits having period $q $ I ...
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0answers
136 views

Conditions to the existence of periodic orbits of non vanishing vector fields on $\mathbb{T}^2$

I'm doing a research about Filippov systems on $\mathbb{S}^3$ with discontinuities on $\displaystyle\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\cdot\mathbb{T^2} =\left\{\displaystyle\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}x ; \ x \in \mathbb{S}^1\...
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1answer
166 views

Is there a connection $\nabla$ for which this particular non geodesible vector field $X$ satisfy $\nabla_X X=0$?

Let $X$ be the following vector field on $\mathbb{R}^2\setminus \{0\}$ \begin{align} x' &= x\,(1-x^2-y^2)(x^2+y^2-3) - y\,(2-x^2-y^2)\\ y' &= y\,(1-x^2-y^2)(x^2+y^2-3) + x\,(2-x^2-y^2). \...
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1answer
196 views

Symplectic forms and sign of eigenvalues

This question has come out while reading J. Moser "New Aspects in the Theory of Stability of Hamiltonian Systems". I'm particularly interested to the Appendix, where one investigates the stability of ...
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1answer
166 views

A Lie algebra associated to a foliation(A kind of saturation of foliations)

Inspired by the Lie algebra discussed in this answer, we consider the following Lie agebra associated to a given foliation: Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a nontrivial foliation of a ...
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1answer
241 views

Teichmueller disk and the $\mathrm{SL}_2\mathbb{R}$ action

Let $(X,\omega)$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g$ with holomorphic 1-form $\omega$ (or equivalently a translation structure). Let $\Omega\mathcal{T}_g$ be the space of holomorphic 1-forms over genus $...
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2answers
808 views

On Mathematical Foundations of Football

Football (soccer) is arguably one of the most unpredictable sports. Countless variables play a role in determining the outcome of a certain football match. Due to the high complexity of the entire set ...
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0answers
64 views

Does there exist a leaf of this holomorphic foliation with non trivial holonomy?

Let's $\mathcal{F}$ be the holomorphic foliation of $\mathbb{C}^2$ tangent to the kernel of $\alpha=(sin x) dx -(cos x)dy$. Are all leaves of $\mathcal{F}$ simply connected? If the answer is no, ...
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1answer
213 views

Automorphisms of Erdös spaces

It is well-known that there is an automorphism of the Cantor set $h:C\to C$ such that $\overline{\{h^n(c):n\in \mathbb Z\}}=C$ for every $c\in X$. In other words, there is a self-homeomorphism of $C$...
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0answers
49 views

Has this type of pathwise (S)DE been studied before?

I thought of a possible type of pathwise-defined nonautonomous/stochastic differential equation, and I was wondering if it has been studied before. Let $(G,\ast)$ be an abelian $C^1$ Lie group....
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1answer
352 views

Two questions on “foliation by geodesics”

I would appreciate if you consider the following two questions on $1$ dimensional foliations whose leaves are geodesic. 1)Assume that $M$ is a Riemannian manifold which is either an open ...
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0answers
178 views

$\{x^n\}$ dense in $[0,1]$ for rational noninteger $x > 1$ [closed]

Is the sequence $\{\{x^0\}, \{x^1\}, \{x^2\}, \cdots \}_{n \geq 0}$ dense in $[0,1]$ for rational noninteger $x > 1$, where $\{x\}$ denotes the fractional part of $x$, i.e $\{ x \} = x - \lfloor x \...