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Questions tagged [ds.dynamical-systems]

Dynamics of flows and maps (continuous and discrete time), including infinite-dimensional dynamics, Hamiltonian dynamics, ergodic theory.

2
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0answers
134 views

Baker map-like problem

Let $S =[0, 1]^2$ denote the unit square in $\mathbb R^{2}$. For any subset $A$ of $S$ let $A^{c}$ denote its complement in $S$, and $\overline{A}$ its closure in $S$. Given a measurable map $g: W \...
2
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0answers
66 views

How to compute expansion factors for hyperbolic rational maps?

It is a commonly-referenced result about certain rational maps acting on $\mathbb{\hat{C}}$ that they are expanding on a neighborhood of their Julia sets. A sufficient condition to be expanding is ...
7
votes
2answers
328 views

Is it possible to prove unboundedness of 3rd order ODE?

Consider the 3rd order ODE $$\dddot{x}+A\ddot{x}-\dot{x}^{2}+x=0$$ where $\dot{x}\equiv \frac{dx}{dt},\ddot{x}\equiv \frac{d^{2}x}{dt^{2}}, etc$. $A$ is a constant. If we multiply this equation by $\...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Irreducible subcontinuum of Lorenz attractor?

In my first question Lorenz attractor path-connected?, some are saying the Lorenz attractor $\mathscr L$ is not path-connected. But suppose $x$ and $y$ are two points in different path components of ...
9
votes
1answer
561 views

Lorenz attractor path-connected?

Can we tell if the Lorenz attractor is path-connected? By the attractor I do not mean only the line weaving around, but rather its closure. EDIT: The answer below is unsatisfactory, and possibly ...
7
votes
1answer
104 views

Under which conditions do ellipsoids have a focal property?

Given an ellipsoid $E$, we consider the trajectories of light inside $E$ assuming that $\partial E$ would be a mirror. In other words, let a light trajectory be piecewise linear path $\gamma:[0,\infty)...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Increasing union of embedded submanifold is immersed manifold

While working on the proof of the stable manifold theorem, I came across a problem that I'm not able to really grasp. Given some Anosov map $f: M \to M$ on a compact Riemann manifold $M$, one can ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

Shannon entropy of $p(x)(1-p(x))$ is no less than entropy of $p(x)$

If $p(x)$ is a discrete probabilistic density function, one could construct another discrete probabilistic density function proportional to $p(x)[1-p(x)]$ with a corresponding partition function to ...
1
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2answers
93 views

Quantitative bound on irrational rotation recurrence time

Given an irrational $a$, the sequence $b_n := na$ is dense and equidistributed in $\mathbb S^1$ where we view $\mathbb S^1$ as $[0, 1]$ with its endpoints identified. Given a point $p$ in $\mathbb ...
1
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0answers
69 views

$C^1$-foliation are absolutely continuous

Brin & Stuck defined in Introduction to dynamical system two notions: That of a absolutely continuous foliation : given any foliated chart $U$ on some Riemannian manifold $M$ (with foliation $W$),...
11
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0answers
210 views

Can the orbit with respect to a rotation on the torus hit an algebraic variety infinitely often?

Question: Does there exist a $d$-tuple $\alpha = (\alpha_1,\dots,\alpha_d) \in \mathbb{R}^d$ (with $1,\alpha_1, \dots,\alpha_d$ linearly independent over $\mathbb{Q}$) and an algebraic variety $V \...
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0answers
22 views

Splittings for generic flows on a vector bundle

Question: Consider a smooth vector bundle $\pi:V\to B$ and the space $\mathcal{F}$ of $C^k$ linear flows $\Bbb{R}\times V \to V$ endowed with the strong $C^k$ Whitney topology. Is it true that for all ...
1
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0answers
27 views

Rotation rates for a linear flow on a vector bundle

The following linear ODE on $\Bbb{C}$ $\dot{z} = (a + i b)z$ has solutions $z(t) = e^{(a+ib)t} z(0)$. Hence the real part $a$ captures expansion rate and the imaginary part $b$ captures rotation ...
6
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0answers
74 views

Gradient flows on Hilbert manifolds

I would like to know if gradient flows of Morse-Bott functions on a Riemannian manifold always converge towards a unique critical point, provided that the flow line is bounded. To be more precise, a ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

Lower bound of positive entropies of automorphisms on tori

Let $A$ be an automorphism on tori $\mathbb{T}^d$. It is well known that the topological entropy $$ h(A)=\sum_{\lambda} \max\{0, \log|\lambda| \} $$ where $\lambda$ goes through all eigenvalue of $A$ ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

On Krieger's Embedding Theorem

This is Theorem 10.1.1 of Lind & Marcus's book, An Introduction to Symbolic Dynamics and Coding. They say that is "straightfordward" to go from Let $X$ a shift of finite type and $Y$ a mixing ...
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0answers
58 views

What's equal the below power nested radical?

The same copy of this question is montioned here in SE with no convinced Answer , I want to know what MO will say about the below nested radical as a power form it is well known that $$\frac{2}{\...
3
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0answers
61 views

Flow of zeros in the shifted exponential generating function?

Given a sequence $a_n$ (of real numbers, described more fully below), one may define the exponential generating function (on the complex plane) as $E(z)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n z^n/n!$. The derivatives $...
1
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0answers
58 views

Time-varying perturbations of continuous-time hyperbolic orbits

My question is the following: Assume that the flow of an autonomous ODE $\dot{x} = f(x)$ ($f$ is $C^1$) has a periodic hyperbolic orbit $\varphi^t(x_0)$, $\varphi^{t+T}(x_0) = \varphi^t(x_0)$. Then ...
1
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0answers
85 views

Final time maps of IVP's approximating functions $X\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$

I originally posted this question on the Mathematics StackExchange and got told to consider putting it on here, on MathOverflow. I will word the question a bit differently: Let $X$ be a compact $k$-...
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0answers
89 views

Bifurcations due to a nonlinearity parameter

Suppose we want to analyze the behavior of the system $$\dot{\mathbf{x}}=\mathbf{f}(\mathbf{x},t;\varepsilon),\quad \mathbf{x}\in\mathbb{R}^n,\quad t\in\mathbb{R}^+,\quad\varepsilon\in\mathbb{R}^+, $$ ...
9
votes
1answer
178 views

Topological amenability vs amenability of an action

Let $G$ be a discrete group and let $X$ be a compact, Hausdorff space. Assume that $G$ acts on $X$ by homeomorphisms. Consider the following two definitions: [$C^*$-algebras and finite dimensional ...
1
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0answers
86 views

stochastical stable

Given dynamic $f: S^1 \to S^1$ with Lebegue measure $dm$ on $S^1$. Assume it has unique SRB probability measure $\frac{d\mu_f}{dm} dm $. Given left shift space $([-\epsilon, \epsilon]^{\otimes \...
7
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0answers
175 views

Hyperbolic group with boundary $S^1$ implies virtually Fuchsian via bounded cohomology?

Question: Is there an approach to $\partial G \cong S^1$ implies virtually Fuchsian using bounded cohomology of $\mathrm{Homeo^+} (S^1)$? If not is there a reason to believe it wouldn't work, or maybe ...
2
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0answers
111 views

A generalized Furstenberg's $\times p,\times q$-conjecture

Let $p,q$ be two positive integers such that $\frac{\log p}{\log q}\notin\mathbb{Q}$. Furstenberg's $\times p,\times q$ conjecture says that the only ergodic nonatomic $\times p,\times q$-invariant ...
1
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0answers
55 views

Relations between Omega, Local Indicable and Right Orderable groups

We know that the set of Right-Orderable groups $RO$, is contained in the set of $\Omega$- groups (Read it from "A Note on Group Rings of Certain Torsion-Free Groups" Burns-Hale). A Group $G$ is a ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Solutions of nonlinear equations with multiple parameters

In the course of analysing a particular three dimensional nonlinear dynamical system, I find the need to solve a nonlinear equation of the form: $$ \mathcal{M}(x, \lambda) := x - f(x, \lambda_1, \...
8
votes
1answer
187 views

Distribution of $\{cn^a\}$

Assume that $1<a<2$ and $c\ne 0$ is a real number. What is known about the distribution of the sequence $cn^a$ modulo 1? Say, is it true that for certain $\theta<1$ (depending on $a$ and $c$) ...
11
votes
1answer
324 views

Do solenoids embed into Möbius strips?

I found a strange attractor which looks a lot like a solenoid. The attractor continuum is the closure of a continuous line which limits onto itself, and it is locally homeomorphic to Cantor set times ...
3
votes
2answers
190 views

Free ergodic probability measure-preserving actions of the free group

Let $(X,\mathcal{B},\mu)$ be a standard Borel probability space. Let $\Gamma$ be a countable group. An action of $\Gamma$ on $X$ is: essentially free if for all $g \in \Gamma \setminus \{e \}$,...
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0answers
84 views

size of local strong stable manifold is measurable

Let $M$ be compact manifold. suppose $f:M\rightarrow M$ is $C^{2}$. There is a continuous splitting of the tangent bundle $TM=E^{ss}+E^{s}+E^{u}$ invariant under the derivative $Df$ of the ...
7
votes
1answer
477 views

Given any finite relation $R$ what is the cardinality of $\langle R\rangle=\{\underbrace{R\circ R\cdots \circ R}_{n\text{ times}}:n\in\mathbb{N}\}$?

Given any finite relation $R$ if we let $\circ$ denote relation composition and define $R^n=\underbrace{R\circ R\cdots \circ R}_{n\text{ times}}$ then does there exist an explicit formula for the ...
2
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0answers
79 views

Is the Mandelbrot set weakly self-similar?

A subset $F$ of an Euclidean space $E$ will be called weakly self-similar if for all $x \in F$ there is $\epsilon_x>0$ such that for all positive $\epsilon \le \epsilon_x$ there are $y \in F$, $\...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Lotka Volterra existence of Caratheodory solution

I strive to prove that the following system of differential equations: $$\begin{cases} x'=x-u(t)xy\\ y'= -y+u(t)xy \\ x(0)=x_0>0\\ y(0)=y_0>0 \end{cases}$$ has a unique Caratheodory solution ...
0
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0answers
192 views

About the limit of transverse intersection

Let $n$ be a fixed positive integer, and let $W^{s}(R_{q})$ and $W^{u}(R_{q})$ be the stable and unstable manifolds of a fixed point $R_{q}$ of a discrete 2-D mapping $f_{q}$. Notice that the sequence ...
4
votes
2answers
232 views

Newton method and Siegel disks

I am looking for a degree 3 polynomial $P$ whose associated Newton's method $z \mapsto z - P(z)/P'(z)$ has a Siegel disk. Is there an explicit example of such polynomial $P$?
8
votes
3answers
206 views

Random reflections unexpectedly produce banded distributions

Start with $p_1$ a random point on the origin-centered unit circle $C$. At step $i$, select a random point $q_i$ on $C$, and a random mirror line $M_i$ through $q_i$, and reflect $p_i$ in $M_i$ to ...
4
votes
1answer
175 views

Lipschitz property of holonomies fails when stable leaves $W^s(x)$ inside the leaves $W^{ss}(x)$

Let $M$ be compact manifold. suppose $f:M\rightarrow M$ is $C^{2}$. There is a continuous splitting of the tangent bundle $TM=E^{ss}+E^{s}+E^{u}$ invariant under the derivative $Df$ of the ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

Irreducible but not completely irreducible

Consider a product of i.i.d. $d\times d$ random matrices $A_{i}$ (with $\mathbb{E}\log\left\Vert A_{i}\right\Vert <\infty$). Let $F:M\times \mathbb R^d\to M\times \mathbb R^d$ be a linear cocycle, ...
2
votes
1answer
184 views

continuity entropy with respect gibbs measures

Let $X=\{0,1\}^{\mathbb{N}}$. For simplicity I consider Bernoulli measures on $X$ only. Let $f:X\to \mathbb{R}$ be Holder continuous. The measure $\mu$ is a Gibbs measure with potential $f$ if there ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Marginal stability of discrete linear time-invariant system

I have a question about marginal stability of a system: \begin{equation} \mathbf{x}[k] = \mathbf{A}\mathbf{x}[k-1] \end{equation} I would adapt the definition of marginal stability from this ...
6
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0answers
73 views

Stable commutator lengths of pseudo-Anosovs

Does anyone have an example of a pseudo-Anosov mapping class for which the stable commutator length is known exactly?
2
votes
1answer
87 views

stationary measure for linear cocycle(random transformation matrices)

Let $(M,\mathcal B, \mu)$ be a probability space which $M=\{A_{1},A_{2},...,A_{N}\}^{\mathbb{N}}$ ($A_{i} \in GL(d ,\mathbb{R})$) and $\mu=p^{\mathbb{N}}$. Let $F:M\times \mathbb R^d\to M\times \...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

How was the pair of pants introduced [closed]

There are many results mentioned pairs of pants, and it seems to be a classical model. Why are the pairs of pants so useful? For example, does it have any application if we estimate the perimeter or ...
10
votes
2answers
331 views

Minimal, uniquely ergodic but not Lebesgue-ergodic?

So here's my question: Does there exist a minimal diffeomorphism of class at least $\mathcal{C^2}$ of a compact manifold X which is minimal uniquely ergodic with unique probability measure $\mu$ ...
11
votes
2answers
414 views

Geodesics on hyperbolic surfaces whose closures have arbitrary Hausdorff dimension

Consider the geodesic flow on $X = \Gamma \backslash \text{PSL}(2,\mathbf{R})$, the unit tangent bundle of a hyperbolic surface, where $\Gamma$ is a lattice. I have heard that, for any real number $\...
1
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0answers
30 views

definition of mixing component

definition of ergodic component: consider stationary dynamical system $(X, \mathcal{B}, \mu, T)$, each ergodic component is $m(\cdot)=\mathbb{E}_{\mu}^{\mathcal{I}}\mathbf{1}_{(\cdot)}$, $\mathcal{I} $...
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0answers
90 views

Is $\partial M_d$ continuously determined by $d$?

This question is inspired by a question on math.stackexchange: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1707291/is-the-generalized-mandelbrot-set-a-fractal-in-the-d-dimension/2575089 The animation ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

How many two-dimensional space filling Hilbert-like curves are there?

I'm interested in filling 2d square with space filling, non-self-intersecting, locality preserving, self-similar curves, like Hilbert curve. I found interesting work concerning three dimensional case ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Does differentiating an integro-differential equation results in equivalent stability of the solution?

I have a dynamical system in the form of an integro-differential equation which I want to analyze in terms of stability. To demonstrate my problem consider the following integro-differential equation: ...