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Questions tagged [ds.dynamical-systems]

Dynamics of flows and maps (continuous and discrete time), including infinite-dimensional dynamics, Hamiltonian dynamics, ergodic theory.

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5answers
4k views

Finding a 1-form adapted to a smooth flow

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold, and let $X$ be a smooth vector field of $M$ that is nowhere vanishing, thus one can think of the pair $(M,X)$ as a smooth flow with no fixed points. Let us say ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Limit cycles as closed geodesics(in negatively or positively curved space)

EDIT: Here is a related post which concern quadratic vector fields rather than Van der pol equation. In this linked post we see that the convexity of limit cycle play a crucial role. On ...
31
votes
2answers
7k views

The error in Petrovski and Landis' proof of the 16th Hilbert problem

What was the main error in the proof of the second part of the 16th Hilbert problem by Petrovski and Landis? Please see this related post and also the following post.. For Mathematical ...
2
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0answers
294 views

Lifting a quadratic system to a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ or $T^{1} S^{2}$

Let $P:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration. For a vector field $X$ on $S^{2}$ there is a non vanishing vector field $\tilde{X}$ on $S^{3}$ such that $DP(\tilde{X})=X$. It is constructed in ...
24
votes
2answers
1k views

Codimension of the range of certain linear operators

Assume that $P(x,y), Q(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials. We define a linear map $D$ on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$ with $D(U)=PU_{x}+QU_{y}$. In fact $D$ is the differential operator ...
7
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0answers
471 views

Limit cycles as closed geodesics(2)

Hilbert 16th problem asks for a uniform upper bound $H(n)$ for the number of limit cycles of a polynomial vector field of degree $n$ on the plane. Here is an updated proof of the ...
128
votes
14answers
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What is an integrable system

What is an integrable system, and what is the significance of such systems? (Maybe it is easier to explain what a non-integrable system is.) In particular, is there a dichotomy between "integrable" ...
8
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2answers
779 views

Elliptic operators corresponds to non vanishing vector fields

Let $X$ be a non vanishing vector field on a compact manifold $M$. The only differential operator associated with $X$ which I am aware of, is the derivational operator $D(g)=X.g$. Unfortunately ...
2
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1answer
233 views

A cubic system with two nested limit cycles with opposite orientations

What is an example of polynomial vector field $$\begin{cases} x'=P(x,y)\\ y'=Q(x,y) \end{cases}$$ such that two closed orbits $C_1,C_2$ of the system surrounds an annular region $R$ such that $...
2
votes
1answer
356 views

A curvature description for center condition for quadratic vector field

We consider the quadratic vector field $V$ $$\begin{cases} x'=P(x,y)\\ y'=Q(x,y) \end {cases}\;\;\;\;(V)$$ where $P,Q \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are polynomials of degree $2$ with $P(0,0)=Q(0,0)=...
105
votes
9answers
12k views

Is there an underlying explanation for the magical powers of the Schwarzian derivative?

Given a function $f(z)$ on the complex plane, define the Schwarzian derivative $S(f)$ to be the function $S(f) = \frac{f'''}{f'} - \frac{3}{2} (\frac{f''}{f'})^2$ Here is a somewhat more conceptual ...
3
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4answers
1k views

How do these primes jump?

Update 2017.08.28: I am still looking for references. I have posted a request to https://cs.stackexchange.com/q/79971 which includes some literature references I found which are of interest but still ...
5
votes
1answer
346 views

Fredholm index vs. Limit cycle theory

Let $A$ be the algebra of all smooth functions $f: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $f$ is flat at the origin and is real analytic on $\mathbb{R}^2 \setminus \{0\}$. Let $B $ be ...
4
votes
0answers
375 views

Limit cycles of quadratic systems and closed geodesics(Finitness of $H(2)$)

This question is inspired by this answer to the question Finding a 1-form adapted to a smooth flow. Assume that $V$ is a polynomial vector field of degree $2$ as follows:$$\begin{cases} x'=P(...
2
votes
1answer
411 views

On comparing two almost injective divisor maps

Edit 2018.08.08 This answer https://mathoverflow.net/a/307881 will be updated to give recent information about S, especially a forthcoming preprint. End Edit 2018.08.08 In an introductory post on ...
91
votes
6answers
4k views

Light rays bouncing in twisted tubes

Imagine a smooth curve $c$ sweeping out a unit-radius disk that is orthogonal to the curve at every point. Call the result a tube. I want to restrict the radius of curvature of $c$ to be at most 1. I ...
37
votes
5answers
2k views

Surfaces filled densely by a geodesic

Which smooth, closed surfaces $S \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ have no single geodesic $\gamma$ that fills $S$ densely? Say a geodesic $\gamma$ "fills $S$ densely" if the closure of the set of points ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Different uses of the word “ergodic”

There appear to be two definitions of the word ergodic. The dynamical systems definition says that a measure space $(X,\mathit B, \mu)$ and measure preserving transformation $T: X \mapsto X$ is ...
6
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0answers
1k views

The Perturbation of Non Hamiltonian algebraic Vector fields

In this question we are interested in the number of limit cycles which appear in the following perturbational system: \begin{equation}\cases{ x'=y -x^{2}+\epsilon P(x,y) \\ y'=-x+\epsilon Q(x,y) } \...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Simultaneous diophantine approximation

Let $r(x)$ be the function $x$ mod $1$, i.e. $x$ minus its floor. Now let $m$ be a given positive integer, and $c$ a vector in $\mathbb{R}^m$ whose components are linearly independent over $\mathbb{Q}...
14
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3answers
1k views

How to draw a Zoll surface?

I take into account that lots of questions on Zoll surfaces have already been asked on the forum. But I will stubbornly continue asking. Are there any chances to draw explicitely at least one Zoll ...
3
votes
0answers
330 views

(Some possible obstructions to ) Limit cycles as closed geodesics(3)

First we explain our Motivation: Motivation: First note that there is no a Riemannian metric on an open set of the plane which possess two nested closed geodesics $\gamma_1, \gamma_2$ ...
3
votes
0answers
140 views

Flat Riemannian metrics adapted to quadratic vector fields with center

Assume that $P(x,y),Q(x,y)\in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials of degree $2$ with $P(0,0)=Q(0,0)=0.$ Suppose that the vector field $$\begin{cases} x'=P(x,y)\\ y'=Q(x,y) \end{cases}$$ has a center ...
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vote
0answers
113 views

An algebraics Hamiltonian vector field with a finite number of periodic orbits(2)

Is there a polynomial Hamiltonian $H:\mathbb{R}^{4}\to \mathbb{R}$ such that the number of nontrivial periodic orbits of the corresponding Hamiltonian vector field $X_{H}$ is finite but different ...
45
votes
10answers
9k views

The functional equation $f(f(x))=x+f(x)^2$

I'd like to gather information and references on the following functional equation for power series $$f(f(x))=x+f(x)^2,$$$$f(x)=\sum_{k=1}^\infty c_k x^k$$ (so $c_0=0$ is imposed). First things that ...
45
votes
6answers
4k views

Can we actually find any fixed points with Brouwer's theorem?

Background At the risk of greatly oversimplifying matters, let me state a heuristic from Granas and Dugundji's beautiful book: fixed point theorems fall into two broad categories. The first class is ...
23
votes
2answers
1k views

Analogues of Luzin's theorem

If $X$ is a compact metric space and $\mu$ is a Borel probability measure on $X$, then the space $C(X)$ of continuous real-valued functions on $X$ is a closed nowhere dense subset of $L^\infty(X,\mu)$,...
23
votes
3answers
3k views

Trapped rays bouncing between two convex bodies

At some point during my research I was confronted with this problem, but I did not dedicate serious time to it. Anyway it stayed in the back of my mind and I'm still interested in hints for it. ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Not-lonely runners

The lonely runner conjecture has several formulations. They all involve a number $n$ runners running on a circular track, each with a different speeds, and the conjecture is that each runner is ...
14
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5answers
3k views

Proof of Krylov-Bogoliubov Theorem

Where can I find a proof (in English) of the Krylov-Bogoliubov theorem, which states if $X$ is a compact metric space and $T\colon X \to X$ is continuous, then there is a $T$-invariant Borel ...
23
votes
3answers
1k views

A Collatz-like function that bifurcates on primes

This is likely piling one mystery on another, but ... I was exploring a function $f(n): \mathbb{N} \mapsto \mathbb{N}$ defined as follows: $$ f(n) = \begin{cases} n^2 & \text{if} \;n \;\text{is ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

sequences with a fractal dimension

This is inspired by the self-similarity of the celebrated Golay-Rudin-Shapiro sequence, more exactly, of its alternating partial sums. (This latter one is oeis 020990). The pictures show the 550 first ...
11
votes
3answers
698 views

Vector field with holomorphic flow

Let $(M,J)$ be a complex manifold. Suppose that $X$ is a real vector field such that the flow of $X$ is by biholomorphisms.Question Show the flow of $JX$ is by biholomorphisms. I know one reference ...
9
votes
2answers
530 views

An algebraic Hamiltonian vector field with a finite number of periodic orbits(1)

Edit: The previous version of this question contained 2 part. In this new version, I deleted the first part and move it to a new question. Is There a polynomial Hamiltonian $H(x,y,z,w)=zP(x,y)+wQ(...
4
votes
0answers
302 views

The Moyal action of a planar vector field

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Consider the following (Moyal) operator on $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$: $\tilde{D}_{X}(f)=...
6
votes
1answer
444 views

A generalization of Gradient vector fields and Curl of vector fields

Let $M$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold. The Riemannian metric enables us to equip the tangent bundle $TM$ with a symplectic structure $\omega$, which is the pullback of the standard symplectic $2$ ...
6
votes
0answers
226 views

A concept weaker than geodesibility of flows which is possibly useful in limit cycle theory

The main objective of this post is to apply the Gauss Bonnet Theorem to count the number of limit cycles of a polynomial vector field as described in this MO post and its linked MO posts But in this ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What's the probability distribution of a deterministic signal or how to marginalize dynamical systems? (functional integrals in probability theory)

Because I still have no idea how it is possible for me to write down seemingly important equations ... that don't make any sense (at least for me) and because I haven't got any helpful comment so far, ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Is there an entire solution for the Van der pol equation?

Is there a non constant entire function $\gamma(t)=(x(t),y(t)): \mathbb{C} \to \mathbb{C}^{2}$ which satisfy the following Vander pol dififferential equation? $$\begin{cases}\dot{x}=y-x^{3}\\\dot y=-...
14
votes
1answer
389 views

Nonperiodic points of homeomorphisms of a ball

Suppose $B$ is a $d$-dimensional ball (for some $d \geq 1$) and $T$ is a homeomorphism from $B$ to itself. Suppose also that $T$ is not of finite order (that is, for no $n \geq 1$ is it the case that $...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

The spectral radius of a binary matrix - polynomial growth?

(This is a follow-up to The spectral radius of a binary matrix) Let $\mathcal B_n$ denote the set of $n\times n$ matrices with entries in $\{0,1\}$. QUESTION. Is there a $\delta\in\bigl(0,\frac12\...
9
votes
1answer
326 views

is there a diffeomorphism with only finite orbits but of infinite order?

I asked this in stackexchange, but got no answer, so I am trying here. Is it possible for a diffeomorphism $\phi$ (of a smooth manifold $M$) to have the following properties: All its orbits are ...
4
votes
2answers
164 views

A Stochastic Dynamical Billiard

Consider the following stochastic dynamical system. Fix $a > 0$, $b > 0$ and $v > 0$, and let $\mathbf{r}(t)=(x(t),y(t))$ be the position at time $t$ of a point which moves in the rectangle ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

The study of dynamics of a polynomial vector field via Green's function methods

In the litterature, in particular in the papers on dynamical investigation of polynomial vector fields on the plane, are there some research devoting to study the Green's function for the PDE which is ...
1
vote
2answers
196 views

Behavior of a non-linear differential equation

Let us consider the following differential equation $$ \dot{x}(t)=a - b\sin(x(t)), \quad a,b\in\mathbb{R}. $$ My question. Suppose $a>|b|$ and $x(0)=x_0\in\mathbb{R}$. Can the solution to the ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

A complex limit cycle not intersecting the real plane(2)

Inspired by this question and the counter example provided in its answer we ask: Is there a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^2$ such that after complexification of the equation, the ...
-1
votes
1answer
170 views

Does this function belong to $L^2(\mathbb{D})$?

Edit: After the answer of Prof. Eremenko to the previous version, I realized that a weaker assumption works for the main motivation of this post. so I revise the question. The unit ...
120
votes
2answers
13k views

What are the shapes of rational functions?

I would like to understand and compute the shapes of rational functions, that is, holomorphic maps of the Riemann sphere to itself, or equivalently, ratios of two polynomials, up to Moebius ...
85
votes
2answers
111k views

Perfectly centered break of a perfectly aligned pool ball rack

Imagine the beginning of a game of pool, you have 16 balls, 15 of them in a triangle <| and 1 of them being the cue ball off to the left of that triangle. Imagine that the rack (the 15 balls in a ...
21
votes
4answers
10k views

Hamiltonian, Lagrangian and Newton formalism of mechanics

If my thinking is wrong please let me know. I have little knowledge on beyond-college physics. For research purposes, I read a few introductions to these three formalisms of classical mechanics [1,2,...