# Questions tagged [divergent-series]

The divergent-series tag has no usage guidance.

73
questions

**3**

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159 views

### Discrete entropy of the integer part of a random variable

Let $X$ be a real valued random variable. Of course, the integer part $\lfloor X \rfloor$ of $X$ is a discrete random variable taking values in $\mathbb{Z}$. We can therefore define its discrete ...

**1**

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**1**answer

51 views

### Convergence properties of related series

Let $u_m = \ln ^2 m$.
Does there exist a non-increasing sequence of positive numbers $\{g_n\}_{n \in \mathbb{N}}$, $g_n \to 0$, such that
$$\sum\limits_{n \in \mathbb{N} } g_n = \infty, \ \ \ \ \...

**1**

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**0**answers

55 views

### Finding a variable P for which a sum converges [closed]

I need guidance in finding a variable P for which $ \sum _{n=4}^{\infty }\:\left(\frac{n\ln \left(n\right)-n}{\ln \left(n!\right)}\right)^p $ converges, or proof that there doesn't exist such P ...

**2**

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75 views

### Theta-function in the lower half-plane

Standard theta function
$$\vartheta(q)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty q^{n^2} \qquad\qquad(1)$$
has a natural boundary of analyticity at $|q|=1$. This means that it can not be used to regularize expressions ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

249 views

### Is regularization of infinite sums by analytic continuation unique?

There are ill-posed summations that we can assign values to, take for concreteness,
$$ S = \sum_{k=0}^\infty k $$
to which we can assign $-1/12$ by several methods. Is there a fundamental and rigorous ...

**4**

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**1**answer

417 views

### Regularizing the sum of all primes

In the spirit of a similar question for the harmonic series, is there a way to regularize the (divergent) sum of all primes?
$$ \sum_{p \text{ prime}} p $$
Neither of these questions obtained a ...

**1**

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**1**answer

404 views

### What are the consequences if we could express tangent via logarithm in an algebraic system? [closed]

Working on an algebra of divergent integrals I came to the following relation:
If $\tau=\int_0^\infty dx$ then
$$\ln (\tau+a)=\int_{0}^\infty \psi'(x+1/2+a)dx$$
and this directly gives the following ...

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**2**answers

304 views

### Generalized limits

Cross-posted from Math SE.
The linked question explores the concept of a "generalized limit" that assigns values to sequences which diverge in the Cauchy sense. It asks the following question:
...

**1**

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**1**answer

91 views

### Partitions of $\mathbb N$ which generate only divergent series of reciprocals of elements of those sets [closed]

This question is a result of some thinking about $\mathbb N$, divergent series and partitions of sets.
Although elementary, I am not skilled enough to answer it at the present moment.
Is it ...

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71 views

### Is it possible to define a product of two divergent integrals that would have the following properties?

Here I introduce an algebra of divergent integrals and series. But the theory is currently lacking an important element: there is no algorithm of construction of a divergent integral that would be ...

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806 views

### Guessing of $n$th prime from “super- regularized” product of primes

( I've been thinking about asking this for a long time . Though this is not rigorous; It can be thought of as heuristic or extraction of information from different viewpoint.)
We know "super-...

**17**

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**1**answer

1k views

### Divergent Series & Continued Fraction (from Gauss' Mathematical Diary)

I've asked that question before on History of Science and Mathematics but haven't received an answer
Does someone have a reference or further explanation on Gauß' entry from May 24, 1796 in his ...

**3**

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**1**answer

110 views

### A suggestion for a superlimit

I have a question about summation methods. A value is assigned to a divergent sum. All methods agree that $\texttt{super-}\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} k^p = -\frac{B_{p+1}^{+}}{p+1}$ where $B_{p}$ are ...

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78 views

### Is there an option to handle Neumann-series when it diverges? (using infinite-sized Carleman matrices)

(I asked this in MSE but did not find resonance, there is also a relation to an older discussion here on summability see here and a followup formulating an $\text{ais}()$ already here)
...

**1**

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**1**answer

207 views

### Calculus of variation with discontinuous solutions?

I'm thinking of the following question:
Consider a function $f: U\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ where $U=[0,L_1)\cup(L_1,L]$, and an energy functional $$F=\int_{U}\Big (\frac{\mathrm{d}f}{\mathrm{d}x}\Big)^2\...

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328 views

### New/useful method for summation of divergent series?

Questions
$$ S(n,x) = x+e^x + e^{e^x} + e^{e^{e^x}} + \dots \text{$n$ times}$$
Also obeys (see background for argument):
$$ \frac{1}{2 \pi i} \oint e^{S(k,x)} \frac{\partial \ln(\frac{\int_0^\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

166 views

### Why we cannot speak about the main or natural regularization?

Often when asking about a regularized value of an integral or series, I encounter a negative reaction of the sorts that "regularization is what you define it".
But in practice if we consider some ...

**2**

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**0**answers

159 views

### What is the regularized sum of the following series (sum of all primes but spaced with zeros in place of non-primes)?

The sum over primes:
$$\sum_{k=0}^\infty \{\text{k if k is prime, 0 otherwise}\}$$
I know that there is no known method to ascribe a reasonable value to the sum of the primes https://www.quora.com/...

**-1**

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461 views

### Were there attempts to express derivatives of Delta function as polynomials of Delta function?

Is seems to me that it makes sense to presume some relations between derivatives of Dirac delta functions and its powers. I wonder, whether someone proposed a similar theory?
Particularly, it could ...

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77 views

### Hausdorff methods of summation

From the book of Boss "Classical and modern methods in summability":
"The class of Hausdorff methods includes the Hölder, Cesaro and Euler methods. A large number of other matrix methods which play ...

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**0**answers

98 views

### What is the generalized sum of the following series? $\sum _{x=1}^{\infty } \sqrt{s^2 x^2-1}$ [closed]

I tried Mathematica, various regularization methods, including Borel, with no result.
On Math.SE the question was attacked with claims that divergent series cannot have a sum, so I decided to ask at ...

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154 views

### Regularization on divergent series [closed]

I want to compute $$ \sum ^{\infty }_{n=1}\dfrac {\left( 2n+k-2\right) !\zeta \left( 2n\right) \left( -1\right) ^{n-1}}{\left( 2\pi \right) ^{2n}}. $$
This series is surely not convergent for any ...

**0**

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**1**answer

161 views

### Is this a Borel summable $ S = \sum_{k=0}^\infty (-1)^k (k!)a_k $ with $ a_k$ alternating sequence?

let $ S = \sum_{k=0}^\infty (-1)^k (k!)a_k $ a divergent series such that $b_k=(-1)^k (k!)a_k >0 $ for $k>1$ , and $b_k$ signed this from $k=1$ to $20$ ,The asymptotic of the titled series ...

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147 views

### What is a sufficient condition for summability of formel power series? [closed]

There are several kind of summability , i accrossed differents conditions for applying for example Borel summation or laplace transform which let me mixed and confused , really i don't know if i have ...

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**1**answer

68 views

### Why is it customary to have formal series at infinity in the context of resurgence and 1-summability?

In the context of the theory of 1-summability and resurgence, it is customary to deal with formal series "at infinity" rather than at $0$
$$
\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_nz^{-n}
$$
This is stated for example ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Riemann surface from Riccati equation

I have quite a practical question motivated by physics.
Consider the Riccati equation whose solution gives a quantum-mechanical (QM) analogue of the classical momentum:
$$
(p(x))^2 + \dfrac{\hbar}{i}...

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128 views

### Numerical algorithm for extracting the coefficients of transseries

Assume a function $f(x)$ is given numerically for $x>0$, i.e. for any $x>0$ there is a numerical procedure to obtain $f(x)$ to any desired precision.
Also assume that the function $f(x)$ has a ...

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289 views

### A family of divergent series

Is it reasonable to assert that $0^k - 1^k - 2^k + 3^k - 4^k + 5^k + 6^k - 7^k - ... = 0$ for all $k > 1$?
Here the signs are given by the Thue-Morse sequence; that is, the sign of $m^k$ is $+$ or ...

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125 views

### Cesaro mean of iterates of function with non-attractive fixed point

Let $f : A \to A \subseteq \mathbb R$ be a real function with a fixed point $a_0 = f(a_0)$ which is not attractive.
Let $f^k = f \circ f \circ ... \circ f$ be the $k^{th}$ iterate of $f$ (with the ...

**5**

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90 views

### On a particular case of Dirichlet series [closed]

I've this series:
$$ \sum_{\ell = 1}^{+ \infty} e^{-t \ \ell^2} \sin{(k\ell)} = f(k, t) $$
where $ t \in [0,\infty]$ , $ k \in [0,2\pi] $.
I need the limit of series like an analytic function of $...

**6**

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**3**answers

295 views

### Summating divergent series arising from the application of the Euler-Maclaurin formula to power law functions with non-integer exponents

As the title says, I'm stuck trying to find an expression for $\sum_{n=a}^b n^{q}$, with q being a positive rational number but not an integer, which does not demand unfeasibly long computation times ...

**8**

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**1**answer

397 views

### Can one define “Ramanujan Summation” over algebraic number fields?

With some trepidation, I ask to "evaluate" badly divergent sums. Generalizing $\sum n = -\tfrac{1}{12}$ what would be the value of this sum over $\mathbb{Z}[i]$?
$$\sum_{m,n \geq 0} (m+in) \hspace{0....

**2**

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**1**answer

264 views

### Division methods for divergent continued fractions

I hadn't even noticed before entering the subject above the parallel with the title of an earlier question posted here titled Summation methods for divergent series. And it's just mutatis mutandis as ...

**10**

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**1**answer

564 views

### Regularized sums of Mobius sequence

Do $\lim_{s \rightarrow \infty} \sum_{n \geq 1} \mu(n) e^{-n/s}$ and $\lim_{s \rightarrow \infty} \sum_{n \geq 1} \mu(n) e^{-n^2/s^2}$ both equal $-2$?
Experimentally this seems plausible (up through ...

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**2**answers

89 views

### Summation mollifier to ensure a certain alternating series has the correct value

I would like the function $f(n,M)$, where $n$ and $M$ are integers and $n\le M$, so that $f$ satisfies the following two conditions:
(1) $\sum_{n=0}^M (-1)^n f(n,M) = \tfrac{1}{2}$
(2) $f(n,M) \...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

575 views

### Is it possible to sum the divergent series with prime coefficients?

It is known that the series $$ P := \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} p_{n} \qquad \text{where } p_{n} \text{ is the n'th prime} $$ cannot be summed by means of (prime) zeta function regularization. (The result was ...

**9**

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**0**answers

379 views

### If the generating function summation and zeta regularized sum of a divergent exist, do they always coincide?

One could assign a value to divergent series by means of several summation methods. One summation method we could consider is the generating function method. Let's sum, for example, the fibonacci ...

**9**

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**1**answer

461 views

### To what extent is it possible to generalise a natural bijection between trees and $7$-tuples of trees, suggested by divergent series?

This is a cross-post from MSE.
In the paper "Seven Trees In One" by Andreas Blass, a "very explicit" bijection is found between trees and 7-tuples of such trees.
The idea to construct such a ...

**13**

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**1**answer

630 views

### Cesaro(?)/Euler(?) - summation of the $s(p)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty (-1)^{H(k)} (1+k)^p$ for $p=1,2,3,…$ (where $H(k)$ is the Hamming-weight)

In another thread (in MO) there was a question about a series where the signs at the terms alternate with the "Hamming-weight", that means according to the number of bits in the binary representation ...

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**1**answer

156 views

### Alternating series $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}(-1)^{k+1} (H_k)^p z^k$ and multiple zeta values

Motivated by analytic continuation of solutions of a Picard-Fuchs equation, we encountered sums of the following form
$S(z;p)=\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}(-1)^{k+1} (H_k)^p z^k$
where $H_k = \sum_{n=1}^{k} 1/...

**8**

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**1**answer

808 views

### What are some geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of the Riemann zeta function at integer arguments n ≤ 1?

Introduction: This is slightly edited and generalised version of a question I asked on the Physics Stack Exchange website. This question has a twin brother asked here on MO, only now we consider ...

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**1**answer

719 views

### ζ(-n) and “powers” of Grandi's series

For n a non-negative integer, $ζ(-n)$ can be interpreted as assigning a value to the (divergent) series $1^n+2^n+3^n+4^n+\cdots$
A value can also be assigned to the related series ${n+0 \choose n}+{n+...

**6**

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**1**answer

639 views

### How to find the coefficients of a poor-converging series?

I have the series
$\psi(r,\theta;p)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n J_{\pi n/\Phi}(p r)\cos(\pi n \theta/\Phi)$
and the boundary conditions
$\psi(r,\pm\Phi;p)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n J_{\pi n/\Phi}(p ...

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**2**answers

1k views

### Dimensional regularization in odd dimensions

I am not quite sure that my question below is appropriate for this site, probably it should be addressed to the physical commutity. But I hope that some (mathematical) physicists do attend MO. I have ...

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**5**answers

332 views

### procedure-based (as opposed to definition-based) concepts

Euler's work on divergent series was guided by computational procedures, rather than any definition of the "value" of such a series. E.g., he was happy to have half a dozen procedures that indicated ...

**3**

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**1**answer

519 views

### What is the (fractional) half-derivative of zeta at $s=0$ (and how to compute it)?

(I asked this in MSE before but there was only a general reference which did not help for my specific question)
I think I understood the concept of fractional derivatives applied to ...

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**3**answers

322 views

### Asymptotic series

I have found many references to Poincaré and Borel in relation to their work on asymptotic series, but so far, every source I can get my hands on is very old, hence hard to read (this is not ...

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**1**answer

858 views

### Is there an algebra for divergent series summation operators?

Let $D$ denote a divergent series and let $C$ denote a convergent series.
Furthermore, let $s : $ { Series } $\to$ $\mathbb{C}$ be a regular, linear divergent series operator, which is either one ...

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**1**answer

431 views

### Efficient (divergent) summation for sum of zetas at negative arguments?

In a question in MSE (see bottom of my own answer) I'm considering the following series, depending on a parameter m:
$$ L(m) = -\zeta(1m)/1 - \zeta(2m)/2 - \zeta(3m)/3 - \ldots $$
where I want to make ...

**0**

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**1**answer

225 views

### Efficient way for computation of derivatives of $f(x) = \zeta(1-x) + 1/x $ at integer x?

[This question is copied from math.stackexchange, it didn't get answers so far]
For some exercises with (divergent) summation of the Stieltjes constants,see also MSE I'm trying a formula, which ...