# Questions tagged [discrete-geometry]

Finite or discrete collections of geometric objects. Packings, tilings, polyhedra, polytopes, intersection, arrangements, rigidity.

264
questions with no upvoted or accepted answers

**39**

votes

**0**answers

646 views

### Extending a line-arrangement so that the bounded components of its complement are triangles

Given a finite collection of lines $L_1,\dots,L_m$ in ${\bf{R}}^2$, let $R_1,\dots,R_n$ be the connected components of ${\bf{R}}^2 \setminus (L_1 \cup \dots \cup L_m)$, and say that {$L_1,\dots,L_m$} ...

**32**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### 3-colorings of the unit distance graph of $\Bbb R^3$

Let $\Gamma$ be the unit distance graph of $\Bbb R^3$: points $(x,y)$ form an edge if $|x,y|=1$.
Let $(A,B,C,D)$ be a unit side rhombus in the plane, with a transcendental diagonal, e.g. $A = (\...

**24**

votes

**0**answers

639 views

### Minimal number of intersections in a convex $n$-gon?

For a convex polygon $P$, draw all the diagonals of $P$ and consider the intersection points made by those diagonals. Let $f(n)$ be the minimal number of such intersections where $P$ ranges over all ...

**22**

votes

**0**answers

577 views

### How much of the plane is 4-colorable?

In 1981, Falconer proved that the measurable chromatic number of the plane is at least 5. That is, there are no measurable sets $A_1,A_2,A_3,A_4\subseteq\mathbb{R}^2$, each avoiding unit distances, ...

**21**

votes

**0**answers

518 views

### A combinatorial approximation functor sSet->qCat

Let $sSet_J$ denote the category of simplicial sets equipped with the Joyal model structure. Simply by the fact that $sSet_J$ is locally presentable and its class of anodynes ($\neq \mathbf{Cof} \cap ...

**20**

votes

**0**answers

227 views

### Can 4-space be partitioned into Klein bottles?

It is known that $\mathbb{R}^3$ can be partitioned into disjoint circles,
or into disjoint unit circles, or into congruent copies of a real-analytic curve
(Is it possible to partition $\mathbb R^3$ ...

**18**

votes

**0**answers

969 views

### Hrushovski's Construction

Zilber expressed a conjecture for $\aleph_{1}$- categorical theories (In the 80s).
Zilber's Conjecture: The geometry of any $\aleph_{1}$- categorical structure is one of the following:
(a) Trivial (...

**17**

votes

**0**answers

408 views

### Large almost equilateral sets in finite-dimensional Banach spaces

Question: Does there exist a function $C:~(0,1)\to
(0,\infty)$ such that for each $\varepsilon\in(0,1)$ every Banach space
$X$ of dimension $\ge C(\varepsilon)\log n$ contains an $n$-point
set $\{x_i\...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

222 views

### Precise estimate for probability an $n$-point set has diameter smaller than $1$

This question was inspired by an earlier question that I answered but would like a more precise bound for.
Consider random points $x_1, \dots, x_n$ in the unit ball in $\mathbb R^d$, uniformly and ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

554 views

### Knight's tours in higher dimensions

I wonder if Knight's Tours have been explored in higher dimensions,
using the following definition of a knight move.
In dimension $d=2$, the knight moves left/right and forward/back
one step and two ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

445 views

### Expanding disks lead to what packing of the plane?

Suppose one sprinkles points uniformly at random on the infinite Euclidean plane,
with some density $\rho$ per unit area.
View the points as disks of radius zero.
Now the radii $r$ of all disks grows ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

557 views

### Does every connected set that is not a line segment cross some dyadic square?

A dyadic square is a subset of $R^2$ of the form $x + 2^{-n} [0,1]^2$ with $x \in 2^{-m} Z^2$, for integers $m,n \geq 0$. We say that a set $A$ crosses a square $S$ if there exists a connected subset ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

2k views

### Covers of $Z^k$

This is a question related to covers of $Z^\infty$. Is it possible to cover $Z^k$, $k>1$, with the $l_1$-metric by a constant (not depending on $k$) number of collections of subsets $U^0,...,U^c$ ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

453 views

### Grothendieck on polyhedra over finite fields

In Grothendieck's Sketch of a Programme he spends a few pages discussing polyhedra over arbitrary rings and concludes with some intriguing remarks on specializing polyhedra over their "most singular ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

279 views

### Simple disproof of Danzer — Grünbaum conjecture

I asked this question on the MSE, but I did not get an answer. I hope that one of the experienced participants will check the correctness of the proof or the truth of the statement (and, perhaps, will ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Rational inscribed realization of the regular dodecahedron

While it is clear that the regular dodecahedron $D$ cannot be realized with all integer coordinates, it is easy to find a polytope, which is combinatorially equivalent (face lattice isomorphic) to $D$ ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

431 views

### Self-avoiding random walks that always turn

I am wondering if the statistics of self-avoiding random lattice-walks
on $\mathbb{Z}^2$
that turn left or right at each step (i.e., they cannot continue the
direction of the preceding step) have been ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

3k views

### Minimum tiling of a rectangle by squares

Given the $n\times m$ rectangle, I want to compute the minimum number of integer-sided squares needed to tile it (possibly of different sizes).
Is there an efficient way to calculate this?

**12**

votes

**0**answers

469 views

### Computer searches for the $g$-conjecture

McMullen's $g$-conjecture aims the classify possible $f$-vectors of simplicial $d$-spheres. The $g$-conjecture has been proven for polytopal spheres and for simplicial spheres of dimension $d < 5$. ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

347 views

### Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between edges are rational multiples of $\pi$?

After reading these very interesting questions, I came up with another one:
Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between all pairs of edges meeting ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

494 views

### Reciprocity (Ehrhart-style) for real polytopes?

Is there some sense in which the well-known Ehrhart reciprocity law for rational, convex, polytopes can be extended to any convex polytope with arbitrary real vertices?
In other words, given any ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### Euclidean realizations of a configuration of $27$ points and $45$ lines

Let $GQ(2,4)$ denote the abstract configuration (=incidence structure) consisting of $27$ points and $45$ lines, with $3$ points on leach line and $5$ lines through each point, which can be described ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### Fundamental circuit characterization of matroid independence complexes

I have the following characterization of independence complexes of matroids, which I think is standard but I can't find a reference. Here it goes:
A pure simplicial complex $\Delta$ is the ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### A combinatorial proof of the Harrow--Kolla--Schulman theorem

Let $Q^n := \{0,1\}^n$ be the Hamming cube with the Hamming metric. (Recall that the Hamming is defined by the distance $d(x,y) := \# \{ i : x_i \neq y_i \}$.
For integers $0 \leq k \leq n$, define a ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

235 views

### Looking for method to generalize parity argument for Klein's Theorem (Happy Ending Problem)

The famous "Happy Ending Problem" for quadrilaterals states:
Theorem Given a set of five points in the general position on the plane, there exists a subset of 4 which form the vertices of a convex ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

280 views

### Determining convexity of a polygon from its Fourier coefficients

Consider an $n$-sided polygonal curve in the plane, represented by an ordered set of points $(x_0, x_1, \ldots, x_{n-1})$; line segments connect consecutive points and also $x_{n-1}$ to $x_0$. It is ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### Visibility in a growing orchard

This is a variant on Polya's orchard problem.1,2
Suppose trees are planted randomly in the plane.
The question is: How many trees are visible from the origin as
their radii grow?
More precisely, ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

273 views

### Why does Loday call the permutohedra “zylchgons”?

Today I was reading Jean-Louis Loday's classic paper, "Realization of the Stasheff polytope", in which he produces a simple and very pretty realization of the associahedra as convex polytopes. He ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Interactions between pseudoline arrangements and braid groups?

It is common to represent
pseudoline arrangements
as wiring diagrams:
Fig. from: "Hamiltonicity and colorings of arrangement ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

187 views

### Herding sheep in a polygon

Imagine sheep fill a simple (simply connected) polygon $P$, except
at one vertex $x$ there is no sheep.
One convex vertex $g$ of $P$ is a gate through which the sheep should pass.
A herding dog sits ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### How many components are there in the space of “generic” planar N-gons? (Mnev's revenge)

Call an ordered $N$-tuple of points in the Euclidean plane ${\mathbb R} ^2$ "in general position" if no three points of the points in the set are collinear. As a function of $N$ how many components ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

281 views

### Neighborly family of coins

Here is a puzzle:
Find 5 identical coins. Can you arrange them so that every coin is touching every other coin?
The solution is here. The hint is: use the third dimension.
My questions are ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

233 views

### Randomly placing nonoverlapping unit cuboids

Suppose one places unit cuboids of dimension $d$ with min-corners
uniformly distributed to lie in $[0,n]^d$, but with cuboid (strict) overlap forbidden.
At some point, the region is "saturated," ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

410 views

### How small parallelograms are we guaranteed to get, when we select the two sides from different plane lattices?

Title question description: Select two lattices $\Lambda_1$ and $\Lambda_2$ (here a lattice=additive free abelian group without accumulation points) of maximal rank two in the real plane. We normalize ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

168 views

### Does hereditary 2-coloring imply polychromatic 3-coloring for large edges?

For a hypergraph $\mathcal H=(V,\mathcal E)$, denote by $m_k$ the smallest number for which we can $k$-color any $X\subset V$ such that for any $E\in \mathcal E$ with $|E\cap X|\ge m_k$ all $k$ colors ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Minimizing union of overlapping rectangles

Believe it or not, this has something to do with making triangle-free graphs bipartite...
We have a collection of $k$ axis parallel rectangles with side lengths $(a_i,b_i)$. We want to arrange them (...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Counting symmetric convex bodies with no nonzero lattice point in the interior

In order to estimate the size of the torsion in the algebraic $K$-groups of $\mathbb Q$ one needs to understand the homology of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb Z)$, or alternatively, the homology of the space ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### Which -icial sets produce the “standard” representations of symmetric groups?

Suppose you have a system of cell complexes (say, even convex polyhedra) $(P_n)_{n\geqslant0}$ which occur as faces of each other and are used to define the corresponding notion of "$P_*$-set". So ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Is the equidissection spectrum closed under addition?

If a polygon can be cut into $m$ as well as into $n$ triangular pieces of equal area, can it also be cut into $m+n$ triangles of equal area?
(I'm editing after realizing that my conjecture that a ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Interpolating points with minimum curvature constraint

I have $n$ points $p_i$ strictly interior to a rectangle $R$,
and I would like to connect them with a curve $C$ whose curvature is as low as possible.
Let $\kappa_\max(C)$ be the sharpest (largest ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

485 views

### Maximal set on hypersphere that does not contain pairs of orthogonal vectors

Let R be a region on a hypersphere. Each point A of the hypersphere
is associated with a vector pointing to A and with origin at
the centre of the hypersphere. So let me identify each point with a
...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

324 views

### Coloring toroidal polyhedra with convex faces?

Consider a toroidal polyhedron, which is a topological torus, in which all faces are planar, two faces meet in at most an edge, and adjacent faces are not coplanar. The Szilassi polyhedron has 7 non-...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

649 views

### An Ex functor for the contravariant homotopy structure

I'm going to slack on the background and get to the point:
Is there a good notion of an $Sd/Ex$ adjunction for $sSet/S$ equipped with
the contravariant model structure (cofibrations are monomorphisms ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

561 views

### Historical and terminological questions about Dan Kan's Ex functor and its relation to the classical case of simplicial complexes

Recall that we may define a functor $\xi:\Delta\to \operatorname{Poset}$ sending a simplex $[n]$ to the set of monotone injections $[k]\hookrightarrow [n]$ for $k\geq 0$ (effectively, $k\leq n$ as ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Inefficient covering by translates

While trying to answer this question, I arrived at another question:
How many translates of $\{0,1\}^n$ does it take to cover $\mathbb F_3^n$?
The broader context is: consider a set $S$ and a ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

192 views

### Stabbing disks in space, or: Galactic alignment

I have a collection of $n$ unit-radius disks in $\mathbb{R}^3$, whose centers are
random within a sphere of radius $R>1$, and which are each oriented randomly.
I'd like to find a line $L$ that ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### When are two pregeometries equivalent?

Some model theorists / combinatorial geometers like to think about pregeometries (matroids with a weak finiteness condition) associated to first-order theories. But the usual way of constructing a ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### distance distributions on a hypersphere?

Fix a real number $0\leq t\leq 1$ and an integer $n>1$. Let
$\mathbb{S}^{n-1}\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ denote the unit hypersphere. Define
$$d_N(n;t):=\max\sum_{i<j}\Vert P_i-P_j\Vert_2^t$$
where ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Points on $k$ Circles

Let $k$ be a fixed positive integer. We want to find the minimum number $f(k)$, such that for a set of finite points in the plane, if any $f(k)$ of them are on $k$ circles, then all of them are on $k$ ...