# Questions tagged [discrepancy-theory]

The discrepancy-theory tag has no usage guidance.

43
questions

2
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0
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### Distribution of $\frac{(\sin(n))^2}{2^n}$ in dyadic intervals?

Good morning all,
I was wondering what kind of methods could help in order to tackle the following problem :
Define the set $A = \left\{ \frac{(\sin(n))^2}{2^n}\right\}$ for $n$ integer. So A is a ...

4
votes

0
answers

122
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### Can resolution of the Kadison-Singer Problem provide progress on the Komlos Conjecture?

This is not a concrete question, just some thoughts.
The Komlos Conjecture is as follows-
There exists an absolute constant $C>0$, such that the following holds:
For all $d$ and any set of vectors ...

1
vote

1
answer

90
views

### Estimates on the discrepancy of random sequences

The discrepancy of a $[0,1]$-valued sequence $n \mapsto \alpha_n$ is the quantity $$D(N; \alpha) \stackrel{\text{def}}{=} \sup_{(a,b) \subset [0,1]} \left|\frac{\#\{1 \leq n \leq N : \alpha_n \in (a,b)...

1
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0
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68
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### Partial crepant resolution in codimension 2

Let $\xi_5$ be a 5-root of the unity. We consider $\mathbb{C}^4/G$, where $G=\left\langle \sigma,\tau\right\rangle$, with $\sigma$ and $\tau$ the automorphisms given, respectively, by the following ...

2
votes

0
answers

43
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### Source request: Optimal bounds on signings of points from a convex body

I recently came across an old survey of problems in discrete geometry: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c350/f4d4a9466fa6708d99ec1187c63d89bed20f.pdf
Problem 2.1 from the list caught my eye. It states ...

1
vote

1
answer

120
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### Is the bound of Spencer on discrepancy tight?

Suppose $\mathcal{S} = \{S_1,\ldots,S_m\}$ is a set system in $[n]=\{1,\ldots,n\}$, which means that for each $i$, $S_i\subset [n].$ Define the discrepancy of $\mathcal{S}$ by
$$disc(\mathcal{S})=\...

1
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0
answers

52
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### Diophantine bound for homogeneous system under norm conditions for solutions and system

If $b_{ij}\in[0,2^t-1]\cap\mathbb Z$ holds at every $i\in\{1,\dots,k'\}$ and $j\in\{1,\dots,k\}$ where $1\leq k'\leq k$ holds then there are $x_1,\dots,x_k\in\mathbb Z:\sum_{j=1}^kx_jb_{1i}=0\wedge\...

2
votes

1
answer

103
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### Reference request - parallel rectangles discrepancy theory

I've been reading about discrepancy theory and trying to understand some of the open problems in the field. Wikipedia has a list of some of the open problems, but the descriptions are terrible. In ...

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0
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48
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### Beck-Fiala Discrepency Type Results for Arbitrary Graph Labelings

Suppose we have a graph $G$ on $n$ vertices $x_1 , \dots, x_n$ attached with weights of values from $1$ to $n$. We will write $\text{weight}(x_i)$ as simply $x_i$ and let $\text{diff}(G) = \min _{(x_i,...

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0
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48
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### Discrepancy of the Halton set

I am interested in low discrepancy sets for its applications in Monte Carlo integration - KH inequality tells us that the error will be lesser if the discrepancy of the sample is lesser. Every ...

3
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0
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59
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### Lower and upper (combinatorial) discrepancy

(I will state my question in terms of combinatorial discrepancy, but the same could be also asked about measure-theoretic discrepancy as well.)
The combinatorial discrepancy of a family $\mathcal F$ ...

1
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0
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92
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### Smallest integer lattice point by box measure in a polytope?

Given an integer lattice $\mathcal L\subseteq\mathbb Z^n$ represented by basis $\mathcal B$ and an integer linear program $Ax\leq b$ where $x\in\mathbb Z^n$ is unknown with $A\in\mathbb Z^{m\times n}$ ...

1
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0
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130
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### Probability of small solutions to an uniform random linear diophantine equation?

Take the set $$T(c_1,\dots,c_t)=\{(x_1,\dots,x_t)\in\mathbb Z^t\backslash\{(0,\dots,0)\}:\sum_{i=1}^tc_ix_i\equiv0\bmod q\}$$ where $c_1,\dots,c_t\in(-q/2,q/2)\cap\mathbb Z$.
What is probability ...

3
votes

1
answer

504
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### Typo in Soundararajan's *Bulletin of the AMS* article on Tao's resolution of The Erdos Discrepancy Problem?

I think that there is a typo in the paper referred to in the title of the question, available here. While discussing Roth's proof of AP discrepancy, on page 2, the author states that
Roth [20] ...

1
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0
answers

57
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### Spherical code for interesection of $k$-sparse vectors and unit sphere

Let us assume $X\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times d}, rank(X)=d$, integer $k\in\mathbb{N},k\ll d$, positive constant $0<\epsilon<1$, and $\mathcal{S}\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ denotes the unit sphere. We also ...

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288
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### 4-tuples with close sums

Some $4$-tuples of positive real numbers $(a_1,b_1,c_1,d_1),\dots,(a_n,b_n,c_n,d_n)$ are given, with all $a_i,b_i,c_i,d_i\leq 1$. Is it always possible to partition $\{1,2,\dots,n\}$ into two subsets $...

2
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0
answers

57
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### Discrepancy related independent vector from tensor product?

Here discrepancy is from $(2.4)$ in https://www.ricam.oeaw.ac.at/files/people/siambook_nied.pdf given by 'The discrepancy $D_N(P) = D_N(x_l,\dots,X_N)$ of
the point set $P$ of $N$ points in $\mathbb Z^...

1
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0
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51
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### Discrepancy bound of integer tensor product sequence?

Here discrepancy is from $(2.4)$ in https://www.ricam.oeaw.ac.at/files/people/siambook_nied.pdf given by 'The (extreme) discrepancy $D_N(P) = D_N(x_l,\dots,X_N)$ of
the point set $P$ of $N$ points in $...

1
vote

0
answers

45
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### Does a weighted sequence derived from a sequence matching the Siegel lemma BV bound behave as an uniformly random sequence?

Pick integers $r_1',\dots,r_t'$ that achieve the Bombieri Vaaler bound for the Siegel lemma and find an $m$ (it exists by Dirichlet Pigeonhole) such that given prime $T$ gets $m(r_1',\dots,r_t')\equiv(...

1
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0
answers

188
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### On discrepancy properties of $\{0,\pm1\}$ sequences arising from cyclotomic polynomials

Given $n=2^k p^r q^m$ take a $d\in\Bbb Z$ with $d\mid n$ such that each $a_i$ is in $\{0,\pm1\}$ in $$f_{d,n}(x)=\frac{x^n-1}{\Phi_d(x)}=a_0+a_1x+\cdots+a_{\deg(f_{d,n}(x))}x^{\deg(f_{d,n}(x))}.$$
...

5
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2
answers

211
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### Bounded version of linear and quadratic Hasse--Minkowski theorem

The Hasse-Minkowski theorem states that if
$$Q(x_1,\ldots,x_n) = \sum_{i,j=1}^n a_{ij} x_ix_j$$
is a quadratic form with $a_{ij} \in \mathbb Z$ and $\det (a_{ij}) \neq 0$, then the equation
$$Q(x_1,\...

2
votes

2
answers

80
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### Discrepancy bounds for moderate points counts in dimensions from d=2 to 32?

In one dimension d=1 an equally-spaced set of N points in [0,1) has the lowest possible (star) discrepancy D=0.5/N. Unfortunately, I found only asymptotic bounds for other dimensions (e.g. acc. to ...

15
votes

3
answers

2k
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### Current state of the Komlos conjecture on vector balancing

Komlos Conjecture: the exists an absolute constant $K>0$ such that for all $d$ and any collection of vectors $v_1,\ldots, v_n\in \mathbb{R}^d$ with $\left\lVert v_i\right\rVert _2=1$ we can find ...

1
vote

1
answer

108
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### Quantified imbalance in signed graphs

Let $G=(V,E)$ be an $n$-vertex simple undirected graph. A signing of the graph is a function $s:E \to \{1,-1\}$, and $(G,s)$ is a signed graph. That is, we label each edge of the graph with $1$ or $-1$...

2
votes

1
answer

215
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### Distribution-free statistics on compact Lie groups

(Cross-listed from the math stackexchange)
Let $(X_i)_{i=1}^n$ be iid random variables with joint cdf $F$. Recall that the empirical distribution function is:
$$
F_n(x) = \frac{1}{n} \sum_{i=1}^n \...

3
votes

0
answers

315
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### On discrepancy of integer sequences related to Erdos-Turan-Koksma

Assume we have a sequence $a_1,\dots,a_k\in\Bbb N$ with each $a_i\approx n$ where $n$ is some integer.
Suppose there exists an $\eta\in(0,1)$ such that for every $d_1,\dots,d_k\in\Bbb Z$ with $$...

2
votes

2
answers

716
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### Occurrence of simultaneous small remainders?

Fix $(a,b)=1$, $a<b<2a$ and $a,b>n^{1/(2t)}$ and fix a prime $T\approx n^{\tau+\frac1k}$ where $\tau\geq1$ and $k=2(t-1)$. We can show using exponential sums there is an $m_{_T}$ such that $T/...

2
votes

1
answer

294
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### the sum of fractional parts times the ordinary powers

Is there any way to compute/express $\sum\limits^m_{i=0}\{\frac{q*i}{m}\}(\frac{i}{m})^n$ ? Here $q,m,n$ are natural numbers, one can assume $gcd(q,m)=1$. Furthermore, $n$ can be treated as a ...

0
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0
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### Criterion for irrational numbers of constant type 2

From Kuiper's and Niederreiter's book Uniform distribution of sequences, Ch.2, § 3, I learn that an irrational number $\alpha\in \mathbf{R}\smallsetminus \mathbf{Q}$ is of constant type $\eta$ if ...

2
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0
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### What do you call the collection of all sets shattered by $F$?

The proof of Pajor's lemma uses the collection of all sets $S\subseteq X$ shattered by some $F\subseteq 2^X$. Is there a standard term for the former object? I've been privately referring to it as the ...

4
votes

0
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### Balanced partitions of vector sets

We are interested in the following
Lemma. Let $V\subset [0,1]^n\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a set of $n$-dimensional vectors. Then for each $r\le |V|$ there exists a partition $$V=V_1\cup V_2\cup\dots \cup ...

3
votes

1
answer

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### An extremal combinatorics problem involving column summation

Given $n\in\Bbb N$, $\alpha>0$, $\beta\in\big[\frac12,1\big]$ denote $\mathcal R_{n,\alpha,\beta}$ as collection of all $2^n\times 2^{n^\alpha}$ $0/1$ matrices with every row summing to strictly ...

5
votes

1
answer

480
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### How are the infinity norm of Fourier transforms of sign vectors distributed?

This is a follow up to an earlier resolved question. Define the $n$-dimensional discrete Fourier transform via the matrix
$$
D_{s,t} := \omega^{st},
$$
where $\omega=\exp(-2\pi i/n)$. Notice that $D$ ...

2
votes

0
answers

128
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### error estimate of linear interpolation in high dimension

Consider convex functions $f,g$ on $[0,1]^d$. Let $x_1,\cdots,x_n$ be $n\geq d+1$ fixed point in $[0,1]^d$ that is equally 'distributed' in the sense that
$$c_1\leq \frac{n\mathrm{vol}(K)}{\mathrm{...

5
votes

1
answer

255
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### $L^2$ discrepancy bound for sequences in $[0,1)$

Given a sequence $x_1,x_2,\dots$, let $D_n$ be the $L^2$-norm of the function $f_n$ whose value at $t \in [0,1)$ is $nt$ minus the number of $1 \leq i \leq n$ with $x_i \leq t$. What can be said ...

1
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1
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### How to compute hereditary discrepancy

I want to compute exactly the hereditary discrepancy of a small (on up to 20 points) set system - is there an efficient way to do it? Brute force search over the discrepancies of all subsystems seems ...

1
vote

1
answer

123
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### Beck-Fiala for other discrepancies

Is there an analogue of the Beck-Fiala theorem for linear or hereditary discrepancies of hypergraphs?

7
votes

1
answer

331
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### Maximal disarrangement of $n \times n$ numbers

This question is inspired by
Martin Erickson's
question,
"Labeling a Square Array."
I'll start by quoting Martin:
the $n^2$ cells of an $n \times n$ array are labeled with the integers
$1, \dots, ...

10
votes

1
answer

583
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### Are shift-chains two-colorable?

For $A\subset [n]$ denote by $a_i$ the $i^{th}$ smallest element of $A$.
For two $k$-element sets, $A,B\subset [n]$, we say that $A\le B$ if $a_i\le b_i$ for every $i$.
A $k$-uniform hypergraph ${\...

11
votes

3
answers

1k
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### Distribution of fractional parts of n^{3/2}

What can be said about the limiting distribution of the sequence of fractional parts of $\{n^{a},n>0\}$ for $a\in(1,2)$. I ran a computer experiment for $n\sqrt{n}$ and it looks like uniformly ...

7
votes

1
answer

150
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### If every point is contained in at most 3 sets and all sets are big, then is the discrepancy zero?

Suppose we have a finite, 100-uniform system of sets such that any point is contained in at most 3 sets. Is it true that we can color the points such that every set contains 50 red and 50 blue points?
...

41
votes

8
answers

4k
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### 1 rectangle <= 4 squares

Almost 25 years ago a professor at Indiana U showed me the following problem:
given a map $\mathbb{Z}^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ such that the sum inside every square (parallel to the axes) is $\leq1$ ...

5
votes

2
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### Helm's improvement to Beck-Fiala theorem

Beck-Fiala theorem states that if $X$ is a finite set and $H$ is any family of subsets of $X$, in which every vertex occurs in at most $d$ sets of $H$, then there is a function $f\colon X\to\{1,-1\}$ ...