Questions tagged [differential-galois-theory]

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19
votes
2answers
2k views

How to prove Lambert's W function is not elementary?

Liouville's theorem gives such a proof for antiderivatives of functions like $e^x/x$ or $e^{x^2}$, and differential Galois theory extends that to Bessel functions, say. But what tools exist for ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Why do we need admissible isomorphisms for differential Galois theory?

Background: In Kaplansky's Introduction to Differential Algebra, an isomorphism between differential fields $K, L$ is defined to be admissible if $K,L$ are contained in a larger differential field $M$....
8
votes
1answer
247 views

Differential analogue of the newton polygon

While reading page 543-544 of Heun's differential equations, I came across what appears to be the differential analogue of the Newton polygon method. It reads as follows: Let us recall the ...
8
votes
0answers
606 views

When is the monodromy group of a linear differential equation dense in the Galois group?

Given a system $Y'=A(t)Y$ with only regular singular points, then a theorem of Schlesinger says that the Zariski closure of the monodromy group is equal to the Galois group of the corresponding Picard-...
5
votes
2answers
335 views

Non-linear first order ODE $ \frac{\mathrm{d}y}{\mathrm{d}x} = \frac{Axy \ + \ By^2 \ + \ Cy}{Dxy \ + Ey \ +\ Fx \ + G}$

I am trying to solve an ODE which has the following form: $$ \dfrac{\mathrm{d}y}{\mathrm{d}x} = \frac{Axy \ + \ By^2 \ + \ Cy}{Dxy \ + Ey \ +\ Fx \ + G}$$ with an initial condition $y(x_0) = y_0 \\ $....
3
votes
1answer
248 views

Analytic solutions to algebraic differential equation

Dear Colleagues and Friends, Here I need to find some good reference on a subject that seems very much studied: sorry, if the rest of this question is too naive. I believe that it's known that if a ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

On a tower of strongly normal extensions

Where I could see the following statement? Let $K\subset L\subset M$ be a tower of the strongly normal extensions of differential fields. If $M$ is weakly normal over $K$, then $M$ is strongly ...
0
votes
1answer
374 views

algebraic extensions of (differential) function fields

Let $K$ be a differential field with algebraically closed constant field $C$ (Think $K=\mathbb{C}(x)$ here). I am looking for an example of a simple algebraic extension $L = K[t]$, such, that $t' \...