Questions tagged [differential-equations]

Ordinary or partial differential equations. Delay differential equations, neutral equations, integro-differential equations. Well-posedness, asymptotic behavior, and related questions.

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Math education problem solved [closed]

https://imgur.com/Bzg8Si4 anyone is can solved this problem ? $$y'=\frac{-\sin2x\arctan(\sin x)}{\sin y\cos y}(\sin^4y+\cos^4y)$$
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112 views

Solutions to the differential equation $f'(x) = f^{-1}(x)$

I recently got interested in this innocent looking equation : $f'(x) = f^{-1}(x)$, or equivalently $f \circ f' = x$ I was only able to find the following two solutions, thanks to the equalities $\...
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57 views

How to solve the following differential equation including distribution?

I'm a master course student studying particle physics and not so familiar with distributions. Could you tell me the way to solve the following differential equation including distribution: $$ (E'\...
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1answer
265 views

Is this curve well known?

I consider the curve $c(t)=(x(t),y(t))$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ such that $\frac{d^2x(t)}{dt^2}=-(a\sin t+b)\frac{dy(t)}{dt}$ $\frac{d^2y(t)}{dt^2}=(a\sin t+b)\frac{dx(t)}{dt}$ $a,b\in\mathbb{R}$ Is the ...
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2answers
142 views

Approximated solutions of SEIR models

Numerical solutions of the SEIR equations (describing the spreading of an epidemic disease) – or variations thereof – $\dot{S} = - N$ $\dot{E} = + N - E/\lambda$ $\dot{I} = + E/\lambda - I/\delta$ ...
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Time of peak of an SIR epidemic

I've learned some classical results on the peak and the attack rate of an idealized epidemic which evolves according to a SIR model $\dot{s} = -\beta\cdot i \cdot s$ $\dot{i} = +\beta\cdot i \cdot s -...
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1answer
182 views

Delay equations

In an effort to solve a delay partial differential equation $$\partial_t f(t,x)= \Phi(x) f(t,x)+\Psi(x) f(t,x-\alpha),$$ with $$f(0,x)=1,\hspace{0.3cm} f(t,0)=1$$ Where $\alpha$ is the delay ( a real ...
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1answer
247 views

Center-localized oscillating modes with exponential decay tails, solved from coupled ODE

Two coupled non-linear differential equations in a radial $r$-direction in the region $r \in [0, \infty)$: $$ -a\big(\partial_r^2+\frac{\partial_r}{r}-\frac{n^2}{r^2}+c\big) U(r)+ B(r) (\partial_r-...
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2answers
381 views

Finding solutions of the differential equation $x\frac{d}{d x}\left(x\frac{d y}{d x}\right)=4(y-x^{2}y+y^{3})$

In my research I have come across the following non-linear differential equation: $$x\frac{d}{d x}\left(x\frac{d y}{d x}\right)=4(y-x^{2}y+y^{3})$$ I want to find the general solution of this equation ...
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Uniqueness of solutions of Young differential equations

Consider the following one dimensional Young differential equation: $$ Y_t=\int_0^t Y_s dX_s,\quad t\in[0,1]. $$ Here the driving process $X$ is a bounded functions $[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$, which is $\...
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Differential equation

Consider $u = u(\phi,\psi)$ where $\phi = \phi(x)$ and $\psi =\psi(x)$ are both analytic function. The following equation $$\partial_x u - u\partial_x (\phi-\psi)=0$$ has a trivial solution $u(\phi,\...
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How to solve a system of second order ODE from time t = T to t = 0 [closed]

I have a system of second-order ODEs $$ \mathbf{M\ddot{x} + C\dot{x} + Kx = f} $$ I want to know some good numerical methods to solve this system of the equation given the initial conditions at time $...
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1answer
108 views

Is there a standard definition of weak form of a nonlinear PDE?

Comments on the question Are those distributional solutions that are functions, the same as weak solutions? suggest there might not be a standard definition of the weak form of a non-linear PDE. Is ...
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Are those distributional solutions that are functions, the same as weak solutions?

There are two closely related concepts and I am not sure exactly how close. Consider a partial differential equation. (The coefficients need not be constant but assume they are functions, and not ...
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1answer
65 views

How to solve a differential equation in the form $\frac{\partial}{\partial t}g(x,t)=g(x-\Delta,t)+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2} g(x,t)$?

How to find the general solution of a differential equation with a shift, in the following form? $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t}g(x,t)=g(x-\Delta,t)+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2} g(x,t)$$ where $\...
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1answer
87 views

$x '(t) + g (x (t)) = f (t),\quad \forall t\in \mathbb R$ have periodic solution $\iff\; \frac 1T \int_0 ^ T f (t) dt \in g (\mathbb R) $

I have a research work concerning the equation: $$x '(t) + g (x (t)) = f (t),\quad \forall t\in \mathbb R$$ f and g are defined and continuous in $\mathbb R$ and with values ​​in $\mathbb R$. ...
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What is an “exact solution” to a PDE?

Wolfram MathWorld says As used in physics, the term “exact” generally refers to a solution that captures the entire physics and mathematics of a problem as opposed to one that is approximate, ...
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2answers
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How to fit the parameters of differential equations with known data?

I have the following data from chemical kinetics research to fit the parameters of ordinary differential equations: $$ \left[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} \text{No.}& t & y_1(t)&y_2(t) & ...
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Transforming a eigenvalue problem into a Jacobian form of Lamé's equation

In the article [1], more precisely from the page 635, he consider the following operator $$\mathcal{L}_{\text{dn}}=-\frac{\text{d}^2}{\text{dx}^2}-3\varphi^2+\frac{c}{3},$$ where $\varphi(x)=\eta_1\...
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1answer
66 views

BSDE without volatility

Let $(W_t)_{0\leq t\leq 1}$ be a standard Wiener process on $[0,1]$, and let $\mathcal{F}_t$ be the natural filtration. Consider a BSDE $$ dX_t=f(t,X_t)dt+\sigma(t,X_t) dW_t $$ with terminal condition ...
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61 views

Manifold flows and higher-order tangent bundles

Consider the flow on a manifold $\mathcal{M}$ defined by $\dot{x} = f(x)$ with $x\in\mathcal{M}$ and $f : M\rightarrow TM$. Associated to this flow I can define the variational dynamics $\delta \dot{x}...
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2answers
158 views

Backward stochastic differential equation

Let $W_t$ be a standard Brownian motion. Let $T$ be the terminal date, $X_T=x$, and $$ dX_t=f_tdt+B_tdW_t $$ where $f_t$ and $B_t$ (yet to be determined) have to be adapted to the filtration generated ...
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1answer
46 views

Set of eigenvalues of the boundary problem

I'm looking for the results about the set of eigenvalues of boundary problem for differential equation \begin{equation} \bigl(p(x) u'(x; \lambda) \bigr)' + q(x) u(x; \lambda) = -\lambda w(x) u(x; \...
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0answers
61 views

Fredholmness of elliptic operator on Hölder spaces

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth oriented closed Riemannian manifold, $E\to M$ a smooth vector bundle, and $C^{k,\alpha}(E)$ the Banach space of sections of $E$ that are $k$-times differentiable (with respect ...
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1answer
143 views

How to solve the integral equation $f(x)=\frac{\lambda\int_{x}^1 \sqrt{1+(f(t))^2}dt+c_1}{\int_{x}^1 \sqrt{1+(f(t))^2}dt+c_2}$?

Recently, I have asked a question about variational analysis (First moments of uniform distribution on a curve from (0,0) to (1,1) in two-space). Such the question can be addressed in some cases by ...
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37 views

A Mathieu-like equation with a quadratic term

I have the following equation: $$y''(x)+\left[a-bx^2-c\cos(2x)\right]y(x)=0.$$ This equation is the Schrodinger equation for a quantum pendulum with a quadratic term. If we set $b=0$, the solutions ...
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1answer
231 views

A second order nonlinear ODE

In my research (in differential geometry) I recently came across the following nonlinear second order ode: $$\frac{f''(x)}{f'(x)}-\frac{2}{x}+\frac{f'(x)+1}{2f(x)-x-1}+\frac{f'(x)-1}{2f(x)+x}=0$$ It ...
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46 views

propagation of a invariance along some PDE

Consider the following non linear PDE on $\mathbb{R}^n$ $$ \partial_t u_t(x) \,=\, F\big(x, u_t(x), D u_t(x)\big)$$ with given initial condition $u_0(x)$. Assume that: $u_0$ is rotation invariant, ...
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2answers
272 views

Symmetry-finding with SAGE?

On pp. 152-3 of Hydon's Symmetry Methods for Differential Equations (2000 ed.), he lists some computer packages for symmetry-finding. This related Mathematica StackExchange question mentions the SYM ...
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71 views

Complex Monge-Ampere equation with degenerate right hand side

Given a Kahler manifold $(X, \omega_0)$, and a smooth function $f$, suppose that I have a smooth solution to the following complex Monge-Ampere equation: $(\omega_0 +i \partial \bar \partial \varphi)^...
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27 views

Polynomial approximations of the vector field and distance between generated flows

Let $\textbf{h} = (h_1,...,h_n)$ be a $C^1$ system of ODEs defined everywhere on on some compact subspace $\mathbb{X} \subset \mathbb{R}^n$. Suppose we have a polynomial approximation $\textbf{p} = (...
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1answer
96 views

Dynamical system described by coupled nonlinear differential equations

Suppose a dynamical system is described by two variables, $x$ and $y$, and they change over time according to the following two coupled nonlinear differential equations: \begin{equation} \begin{split} ...
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2answers
182 views

Usefulness of the $\sigma(L^\infty,L^1)$ topology in the context of differential equations

In Brezis's Functional Analysis book through chapters 3-4, I've seen the $\sigma(L^\infty,L^1)$ topology on $L^\infty$ but did not see (so far) any application of it in differential equations. Is ...
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1answer
846 views

Vector field built from connection and metric

Consider a smooth finite-dimensional manifold $M$ with metric $g$ and connection $\nabla$. For some local coordinate system, denote by $g^{\alpha \beta}$ the inverse of the metric tensor and by $\...
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3answers
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What do we learn from the Wronskian in the theory of linear ODEs?

For a real interval $I$ and a continuous function $A: I \to \mathbb{R}^{d\times d}$, let $(x_1, \dots, x_d)$ denote a basis of the solution space of the non-autonomous ODE $$ \dot x(t) = A(t) x(t) \...
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1answer
81 views

Alternate proof of uniqueness of integral curves to vector fields

Let $V$ be a continuous vector field on an open set $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ and let $p_0 \in U$. There are many ways to construct local integral curves of $V$ through $p_0$, i.e. differentiable maps ...
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0answers
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Solutions of the differential equation $f'=(f^{-1})^{[n]}$

For clarity, we use the notations $f^{[n]}=f\circ \dots\circ f$ for nesting and $f^{(n)}=\frac d{dx}\left(\frac{d}{dx}\dots\right)f$ for differentiation. After reading these two posts (here and here)...
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What is the analog of the symmetrized Jacobi matrix for delay equations?

For a linear system of ODEs in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ (with the usual inner product), say $\dot{V}(t) = A(t) V(t)$, we know that if $\xi_{1},\ldots,\xi_{k} \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $V_{j}(t)=V_{j}(t,\xi_{j})$...
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1answer
552 views

Conserved positive charge for a PDE

Let $(x,t) \in \mathbb{R}^2$ and consider the following partial differential equation for the real-valued function $U(x,t)$: \begin{equation} \frac{\partial^2 U}{\partial t^2} = - \frac{\hbar^2}{4m^2} ...
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1answer
33 views

Does a scalar LTV system with odd-periodic coefficients and even-periodic inputs have no periodic solutions?

Problem Setup Suppose we have the following scalar, linear time-varying (LTV) system with parameter $\mu \in [0,\pi[$: \begin{cases} \dot{x_1}(t,\mu) = a(t,\mu)x_1(t,\mu) + b(t,\mu) \\ x_1(0,\mu) = ...
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1answer
156 views

Non-perturbative Renormalization in the sense of Polchinski's equation. Do we have a mathematical formulation?

My question is about mathematical treatment of exact renormalization group in the sense of Polchinski's flow equation. In a heuristic form, Polchinski's equation looks like: $\partial_t S[\phi] = \...
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9answers
33k views

Is square of Delta function defined somewhere?

everyone. I am wondering whether anyone knows if the square of Dirac Delta function is defined somewhere. In the beginning, this question might look strange. But by restricting the space of the test ...
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0answers
162 views

Basin of attraction of gradient flow

Suppose we have a compact Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, and a Morse function $f : M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. Suppose we consider the gradient flow generated by this function, i.e. $$\dot{x_t} = - \...
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1answer
82 views

A time dependent variational problem coming from a second order linear PDE

Fix $u_0\in H^1(\Omega)$ and $f=f(x,y,t)\in L^2(\Omega\times [0,T])$ where $\Omega$ is a sufficiently smooth bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Consider the problem of finding $u:\Omega\times[0,T]\to\...
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1answer
173 views

Seeking a Lyapunov function for a SIR model with immunity loss

We add the immunity loss to the SIR model and obtain the following autonomous system. $$ \begin{align} s' &= -is+\alpha r \\ i' &= i s - \gamma i\\ r' &= \gamma i-\alpha r \end{align} \...
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31 views

Floquet theory and Poincaré theorem on the continuation of periodic orbit

I read about the Floquet theory and a theorem that it named Poincaré's theorem of the continuation of periodic orbit. Poincaré's Theorem: Consider a dynamical system depending on the parameter $\...
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0answers
47 views

Asymptotic behaviour of solutions to system of ODEs

Let $Y:(0,+\infty)\to\mathbb{R}^n$ be a solution to the system of ODEs $$ L[Y]=0, $$ where $L$ is a linear operator which behaves, in a neighbourhood of 0, as $$ L[Y](r)\simeq-Y''(r)-\frac{1}{r}Y'(r)...
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0answers
33 views

Results on: (path/initial condition)-dependent variant of exponential map generates compactly supported diffeomorphisms

Let $M$ be a connected and simply connected Riemannian manifold, non-compact, and suppose that $\{V_p\}_{p \in M}$ is a family of vector fields on $M$ indexed by $M$. Suppose moreover that the map $$ ...
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1answer
1k views

Analysis of solutions to a nonlinear ODE

Consider the following ODEs: $\phi^2=\phi''\sqrt{1-\phi'^2}$, or $\phi^2=-\phi''\sqrt{1-\phi'^2}$. Is there any theory (e.g. comparison theorems) which analyzes solutions of the above ODEs? I am only ...
3
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1answer
274 views

An integral of the Hodge-Neumann Laplacian on a Riemannian manifold

Background Let $M$ be a compact, oriented Riemannian manifold with boundary, with $\text{vol}$ the Riemannian volume form. Let $\nu$ be the outwards unit normal vector field on $\partial M$ and $\nu^\...

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