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Questions tagged [coxeter-groups]

A Coxeter group is a group defined by a presentation by involutions $r_i$ with relators $(r_ir_j)^{m_{ij}}=1$ for certain family $(m_{ij})$ of integers greater than 1.

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20
votes
0answers
343 views

A spin extension of a Coxeter group?

Consider a Coxeter group $W$ with simple generators $S$ and Coxeter matrix $\left( m_{s,t}\right) _{\left( s,t\right) \in S\times S}$. Let $\mathfrak{M}$ be the set of all pairs $\left(s, t\right) ...
18
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0answers
394 views

What is the centralizer of a Coxeter element?

Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter system (of finite rank) and $c \in W$ a Coxeter element. If $W$ is finite, then the centralizer $C_W(c)$ is the cyclic group generated by $c$ (e.g. see the book "Reflection ...
13
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350 views

A hard Lefschetz theorem for nilCoxeter algebras

Let $W$ be a finite Coxeter group and $\mathcal{N}(W)$ its nilCoxeter algebra (over the reals, say), as defined at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nil-Coxeter_algebra. $\mathcal{N}(W)$ has a natural ...
12
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0answers
329 views

Reference for class of involutions containing longest element of finite Coxeter group?

Consider a finite (say irreducible) Coxeter group $W$ with a fixed generator set $S$ and rank $n$. This is the same thing as a finite real reflection group, generated by a set of “simple” ...
11
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0answers
218 views

Question on a reduction in Kirillov's paper on positivity of divided difference operators

As the title says, my question is on a specific argument in Kirillov - Skew divided difference operators and Schubert polynomials (journal, MSN) on positivity of divided difference operators. I recall ...
10
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0answers
221 views

Recognizing reflection subgroups of Coxeter groups

Given a Coxeter system $(W,S)$ with reflections $T$, and any subset $A \subseteq T$, it is known that the reflection subgroup $W_A$ generated by $A$ has a canonical choice $S_A$ of generators so that $...
10
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0answers
148 views

Ideals in strong Bruhat order

Recall that a (lower) ideal in a poset $(P, \le)$ is a subset $I\subset P$ such that $x\in I \Rightarrow y\in I$ for all $y\le x$. In am interested in ideals in finite Coxeter groups $W$ equipped ...
9
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0answers
143 views

Completely positive maps on Coxeter groups - the general case

In the reference below Bozejko and Speicher showed the following (for the full statement see the remark on page 9): Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter system, let $\mathcal{H}$ be a Hilbert space and denote ...
9
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0answers
380 views

Reflection groups in O(n+1,n) arising `in nature'?

For a while a friend and I have been thinking about a family of integral symmetric bilinear forms of signature $(n+1,n)$. Such lattices in our case arise 'in nature' (in a certain problem about vector ...
8
votes
0answers
260 views

Name for an involution associated to a Coxeter element

Let $(W,S)$ be a finite Coxeter system, and $c \in W$ a Coxeter element. There is an involution $g\in W$ for which the involutive map $w \mapsto gw^{-1}g$ fixes $c$. Is there a standard name for this ...
8
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0answers
179 views

Is the order complex of open Bruhat intervals polytopal?

Let $P$ be the Bruhat order of a Coxeter group, and let $s<t$ in $P$. The set $\Delta(s,t)$ of all chains of the open interval $(s,t)$ (called the order complex of $(s,t)$) is a simplicial complex. ...
8
votes
0answers
100 views

Number of occurrences of certain generators in expressions in Coxeter groups

Let $W$ be a Coxeter group (finite or infinite) with (finite) set $S$ of Coxeter generators, and let $I \subseteq S$ be some subset. If $w\in W$ then I call $m_I(w)$ the minimum total number of ...
8
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0answers
316 views

Do p-compact groups have a sufficiently good notion of "flag variety" and "intersection cohomology"?

This is mostly an idle question, since I don't think I'd be able to do anything with a positive answer. But a positive answer would still be interesting, I think. Background An outstanding problem ...
7
votes
0answers
234 views

Why are fundamental weights denoted by omega?

In my field (and many others, I believe) the absolutely standard notation for the fundamental weights of a root system is lowercase omega: $\omega$. Recently I was taken aback to receive a copyedited ...
7
votes
0answers
156 views

Regarding $F_4$ and $G_2$ Lie algebras, do there exist $F_n$ or $G_n$ families of Lie algebras?

For example, $E_6$ exceptional Lie algebra is part of the $E_n$ series of Lie algebras (Kac-Moody algebras). Are $F_4$ or $G_2$ maybe also parts of some $F_n$ or $G_n$ series of Lie algebras or are ...
7
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0answers
151 views

Examples of reflection groups that are not Coxeter groups

Some background settings Let $V$ be a $n$-dimensinal vector space over $\mathbb{R}$, $V^\ast$ be its dual space. A reflection transformation $r$ on $V$ is a linear transformation that fixes a ...
6
votes
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82 views

Indices of Coxeter groups in themselves

Every Euclidean Coxeter group ($P_n$, $Q_n$, $R_n$, $S_n$, $T_7$, $T_8$, $T_9$, $U_5$, $V_3$, $W_2$) contains infinitely many scaled copies of itself as subgroups. What are all the possible indices of ...
6
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105 views

When are indiscrete reflection groups Coxeter groups?

A well-known theorem of Coxeter states that any discrete group $W$ which is generated by reflections across (possibly affine) hyperplanes in Euclidean space is a Coxeter group: it has a presentation ...
6
votes
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356 views

Symmetry group and irreducible representation

Let $S$ be a bounded geometric shape in the Euclidean space $E=\mathbb{R^n}$. Assume that the origin of $E$ is a fixed point of every element of the symmetry group $G(S)$ of $S$, and assume that $G(S) ...
6
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155 views

Classifying algebras with two idempotent generators and involution

Say that a finite-dimensional algebra $H$ over a field $K$ is dihedral if $H$ is generated by idempotents $P_1$ and $P_2$ and there is an algebra involution interchanging $P_1$ and $P_2$. For example,...
5
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170 views

Can Matsumoto's theorem for the symmetric group be proved using a monovariant?

This is a question that can be asked for any Coxeter group, but for the sake of simplicity I will restrict myself to symmetric groups. Recall the main definitions: Let $n$ be a nonnegative integer. ...
5
votes
0answers
107 views

Progress on the result about montonicity of Kazhdan Lustzig polynomials

I am reading the paper Masato Kobayashi---Combinatorics on Bruhat Graphs and Kazhdan-Lusztig Polynomials. Let $P_{x,w}$ be the Kazhdan Lusztig polynomial of $W$. There is a result about ...
5
votes
0answers
663 views

Applications (and source) of Bourbaki exercise on root systems with two root lengths?

In Chapters 4-6 of Bourbaki's Groupes et algebres de Lie, Exercise 20 for Section VI.1 concerns irreducible (reduced) root systems with roots of two lengths: in other words, systems of types $B_\ell, ...
4
votes
0answers
98 views

Words that give rise to an enumeration of elements of the symmetric group

Let $\mathbb{S}_m$ be the symmetric group on $m$ letters. Let $n=m-1$. Let $\mathbf{w}=a_1\cdots a_r$ be a word on the alphabet $\{1,\ldots,n\}$. We say that $\mathbf{w}$ gives rise to an enumeration ...
4
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0answers
124 views

Kazhdan-Lusztig basis elements appearing in product with distinguished involution

My apologies if the below is too malformed to make sense. Let $(W,S)$ be the affine Weyl group of a reductive group $G$, and let $\{C_w\}$ be the Kazhdan-Lusztig $C$-basis (an answer in terms of the $...
4
votes
0answers
58 views

Stability of infinite root systems with a long path in their Coxeter diagrams

Given a Cartan matrix associated to a Coxeter diagram, I can modify it by replacing one of the edges in the diagram with a long chain of vertices connected by simply laced edges; for example, this is ...
4
votes
0answers
208 views

Do these Zariski-dense subgroups of complex Chevalley group have non-empty intersection with this Bruhat cell?

Let $G$ be a complex Chevalley group (not necessarily adjoint type) with $\operatorname{\mathbb{C}-rank}\geq2$ and let $H$ be a normal subgroup of $G(\mathbb Z)$ with a finite index (so $H$ is Zariski ...
4
votes
0answers
182 views

What are the normal subgroups of the finite Coxeter Groups of type Bn?

Let $B_n = \langle \rho_0,\rho_1,\ldots,\rho_{n-1} \rangle$ subject to the relations that $(\rho_i\rho_j)^{m_{i,j}} = id$ with $m_{i,i} = 1$, $m_{i,j} = 2$ for $|i-j|\ge 2$, $m_{i,i+1} =3$ for $0 \le ...
4
votes
0answers
90 views

Ref. request: Enumerating elements of Bruhat cells

Given a field $F$ and a natural number $n$, let $B$ be the group of lower triangular, invertible $n \times n$ matrices over $F$. Then $$GL_n(F) = \biguplus_{\pi \in S_n} B \pi B,$$ where we embed the ...
4
votes
0answers
175 views

Reference request for generalized root systems

Where can I find information on root systems where the inner product is other than the standard (all positive) signature?
4
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0answers
132 views

Have wiring diagrams been generalized to arbitrary digraphs?

A "combinatorial wiring diagram" is a way to define a permutation by a drawing of a particular planar digraph. For example, this wiring diagram corresponds to the permutation $(3412)$: In Coxeter ...
4
votes
0answers
175 views

Shifts in the decomposition of Bott-Samelson bimodules

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$, let $V=k^n$ be a $k$ vector space of dimension $n$, and let $R=k[V]$ be the ring of polynomial functions on $V$. Suppose that $W\subset\...
4
votes
0answers
87 views

Highest (short) roots and commutation relations in (twisted) DAHA

I am trying to understand, explicitly, the commutation relation between $X_\vartheta$ and $Y_\vartheta = T_0T_{s_\vartheta}$ in the (twisted) DAHA for a root system $R$, where $\vartheta$ is the ...
4
votes
0answers
113 views

Topological obstruction to icosahedral symmetry?

Let $G$ be a compact simple lie group of rank $n$. Then the Poincaré series of $G$ is given by $$P(G,q)=\prod_{i=1}^n (1+q^{2d_i-1}),$$ where the integers $d_1\leq d_2\leq \cdots \leq d_n$ are the ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

The group of fixed points of an involution of a Weyl group

Let $R$ be a reduced root system in a vector space $V$ over $\mathbb Q$. Let $W=W(R)$ denote its Weyl group. Let $S\subset R$ be a basis of $R$ (a system of simple roots). Let $D=D(R,S)$ denote the ...
3
votes
0answers
111 views

What total orders have people studied on Coxeter Groups?

I'm aware of the ShortLex total order that gives rise to the usual normal form. But are there any others that have naturally arose and people have studied?
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Parabolic invariants of coinvariant algebras for reflection groups

Let $W$ be a finite reflection group and $V$ its reflection representation (over $\mathbb{C}$). Let $S$ be the symmetric algebra on $V^*$, $I_W\subseteq S$ the ideal generated by the non-constant $W$-...
3
votes
0answers
94 views

Kazhdan-Lusztig polynomials and the defect of a Bruhat interval

Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter system with length function $\ell$ and $T=\bigcup_{w\in W}wSw^{-1}$. Set $N(u,v):=\{t\in T: u< tu \le v\}$, $\overline{\ell}(u,v):=|N(u,v)|$, $\ell(u,v):=\ell(v)-\...
3
votes
0answers
161 views

The maximal order of an element in a Coxeter group

Let $W$ be a finite Coxeter group. Let $$ N_W=\operatorname{max}_{g\in W}\operatorname{ord}(g) $$ where $\operatorname{ord}(g)$ denotes the order of an element $g$. By Fermat's little theorem, we ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Directed galleries of the building of type $\widetilde{A}_{n}$

Let $X$ be the affine building of $GL_n(\mathbb{Q}_{p})$. We call oreinetd chamber of $X$ every sequence $\overrightarrow{C}=(s_1,...,s_n)$ of vertices such that $C=\{s_1,...,s_n\}$ is a chamber of $X$...
3
votes
0answers
142 views

Reference request: which elements in a Coxeter group has longest reflection length?

Let $V$ be a vector space over $\mathbb{R}$. An element $s \in GL(V)$ is a reflection if $H_s:=\ker(s-1)$ is a hyperplane and $s^2=1$. The eigenvalues of a reflection $s$ are $1, -1$. Every reflection ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Question about Ext group in $\mathcal{O}^\mathfrak{p}$?

Let $W$ be a Weyl group, let $\mu$ be an antidominant weight. Let $W_I$ be the Weyl group generated by $I$ and $w_I$ be the longest element in $W_I$. Denote ${}^IW$ the set of minimal length coset ...
3
votes
0answers
327 views

Kazhdan-Lusztig basis of the symmetric group algebra $\mathbb{K}S_n$

Let $S_n$ be the symmetric group on the set $\{1,2,\ldots,n\}$ and $\mathbb{K}$ a field. Denote by $\mathbb{K}S_n$ the symmetric group algebra. What's Kazhdan-Lusztig basis of $\mathbb{K}S_n$? I ...
3
votes
0answers
203 views

How linearly independent are the obvious combinatorial invariants of a Bruhat interval?

Let $[u, v]$ be a Bruhat interval in some Coxeter group. Let $I$ be the set of all Bruhat intervals. I am interested in functions $I \to \mathbb{Z}$ which are invariant under poset isomorphisms. ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Geometric or combinatorial interpretations of the (weak) Bruhat order?

$\DeclareMathOperator\Inv{Inv}$The weak Bruhat order on the symmetric group has a straightforward combinatorial interpretation: Consider a set of labelled balls $1,2,\dotsc,n$. Then for two ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Carter Payne homomorphisms and reduced expressions

Let $G$ be an algebraic group and $W$ denote the underlying affine Weyl group. I will label representations of the principal block of $G$ by their alcoves, which in turn I label by the corresponding ...
2
votes
0answers
145 views

Deodhar's inequality: when the equality holds?

Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter system, $T=\bigcup_{w\in W}wSw^{-1}$ and $\ell$ be the length function. It is well-known that one have the following Deodhar's inequality: Let $x\le y\le w$. Then $|\{r\...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Monotonicity Theorem of inverse Kazhdan Lusztig polynomials

Let $P_{x,w}$ and $Q_{x,w}$ be the Kazhdan Lusztig polynomial and the inverse Kazhdan Lusztig polynomial of Coxeter group $W$, respectively. i.e., $\sum_{x\le y\le z}(-1)^{\ell(y)-\ell(x)}P_{x,y}(q)Q_{...
2
votes
0answers
153 views

Intersection of Levi subgroups via intersection of their Weyl groups

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over $\mathbb{C}$. We fix a maximal torus $T \subset G$. Let $M,L \subset G$ be its Levi subgroups containing $T$ (note that we do note assume that $M,L$ are ...
2
votes
0answers
177 views

The growth of maximum elements for the reflection group $D_n$

Let's consider maximum coefficients in Poincaré polynomial (or growth series) for the reflection group (or Weyl group, or finite Coxeter group) $D_n$ as mentioned in A162206. The maximal numbers $M(n)$...