# Questions tagged [convex-polytopes]

Convex polytopes are the convex hulls of a finite set of points in Euclidean spaces. They have rich combinatorial, arithmetic, and metrical theory, and are related to toric varieties and to linear programming

251
questions with no upvoted or accepted answers

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### A Combinatorial Abstraction for The “Polynomial Hirsch Conjecture”

Consider $t$ disjoint families of subsets of {1,2,…,n}, ${\cal F}_1,{\cal F_2},\dots {\cal F_t}$ .
Suppose that
(*)
For every $i \lt j \lt k$
and every $R \in {\cal F}_i$, and $T \in {\cal F}_k$,
...

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### Why do polytopes pop up in Lagrange inversion?

I'd be interested in hearing people's viewpoints on this. Looking for an intuitive perspective. See Wikipedia for descriptions of polytopes and the Lagrange inversion theorem/formula (LIF) for ...

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### “Japanese Theorem” on cyclic polygons: Higher-dimensional generalizations?

A beautiful theorem known as the Japanese Theorem (Wikipedia, MathWorld)
says that, no matter how one triangulates a cyclic (inscribed in a circle) polygon,
the sum of the radii of the incircles is ...

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### realization spaces of 3-dimensional polytopes

It is a well-know result (Steinitz, 1922) that the realization space of 3-dimensional convex polytopes with fixed combinatorics is contractible.
A proof of this theorem can be found for instance in ...

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### Have there been further developments on this scheme for polytope approximations to the unit ball of $\ell_p^n$?

A long time ago I happened to look at, and save (on a floppy disk!) for future reading, a copy of the following article:
W. T. Gowers, Polytope approximations of the unit ball of $l^n_p$.
In Convex ...

**14**

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**1**answer

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### Inequalities for marginals of distribution on hyperplane

Let $H = \{ (a,b,c) \in \mathbb{Z}_{\geq 0}^3 : a+b+c=n \}$. If we have a probability distribution on $H$, we can take its marginals onto the $a$, $b$ and $c$ variables and obtain three probability ...

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### Is combinatorial automorphism of symmetric convex polytope always antipodal?

The question is formulated in the title. More precisely, if $P$ is an origin-symmetric convex polytope in $\mathbb{R}^d$, and $f$ is a bijective transform of the set of the vertices of $P$, which ...

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### Polytopes with few vertices and few facets

I recently realized that, for fixed $\alpha$ and $\beta$, the number of (combinatorial types of) $d$-polytopes with $\leq d+1+\alpha$ vertices and $\leq d+1+\beta$ facets is bounded by a constant that ...

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### Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between edges are rational multiples of $\pi$?

After reading these very interesting questions, I came up with another one:
Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between all pairs of edges meeting ...

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241 views

### Does there always exist a self dual polytope that contains a given polytope contained in its dual?

Suppose a polytope $P$ is contained in its dual polytope $\tilde{P}$. Does there always exist a polytope $Q$ that contains $P$ and is self dual $Q=\tilde{Q}$? Is there any bound on the minimal number ...

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### Reciprocity (Ehrhart-style) for real polytopes?

Is there some sense in which the well-known Ehrhart reciprocity law for rational, convex, polytopes can be extended to any convex polytope with arbitrary real vertices?
In other words, given any ...

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### Constructive aspects of Caratheodory's theorem in convex analysis

Let me paraphrase Caratheodory's theorem in a probabilistic setup:
Let $X$ be a real-valued random variable. For $k = 1, \ldots, m$, let $f_k: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function such ...

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### Right-angled polytopes

%This question is motivated by the little discussion here at the bottom.
The following thing are known about hyperbolic right-angled polytopes:
Compact hyperbolic right-angled polytopes do not exist ...

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### Lower Bound on the Volume of Certain Polytopes

Given a partition $\rho\in\mathcal{P}(n)$ with $k$ blocks
$$
\rho=\{B_1,B_2,\ldots,B_{k}\}
$$
we can define the set of equations
$$
E_{i}:\sum_{j \in B_{i}}{x_{j-1}}=\sum_{j \in B_{i}}{x_j}\quad\text{...

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### Bi-spherical polyhedra

Bicentric polygons have been studied: a polygon all of whose vertices lie on its
circumcirle, and whose incircle is tangent to every edge:
I have not been able to find a comparable literature ...

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### How to correctly state Cauchy's rigidity theorem?

Cauchy's rigidity theorem is usually cites briefly as
Any two (convex, 3-dimensional) polyhedra with pairwise congruent faces are themselves congruent.
As a more formal generalization to general ...

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### Positivity of coefficients of Ehrhart polynomial of n-Tetrahedron

A set of positive integers $d_1, \dots, d_n$ describe two n-dimensional closed lattice tetrahedron:
$$ T = \left\{ (x_1, \dots, x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n: \sum_{i=1}^n \frac{x_i}{d_i} \leq 1 \textrm{ and ...

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### Is every planar point set the projection of vertices of a neighborly 4-polytope?

More exactly, written in coordinates, I'm curious to know if for every point set $(x_i,y_i)$ there are $(x_i,y_i,z_i,w_i)$ that are vertices of a neighborly polytope.
This problem comes from a simple ...

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### An affine invariant of convex bodies

The following invariants of "pointed" convex bodies (i.e., pairs consisting of a convex body and a distinguished point in its interior) roughly measure how many of its linear images fit between the ...

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### Counting Lattice Points in Real Polytopes

Suppose one did have an exact formula for the number of $\mathbb{Z}^n$-lattice points intersecting an arbitrary dilate of a (not necessarily rational) finite, closed and convex $n$-polytope. As a ...

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### Can solutions to Thomson's problem have pentagons?

Thomson's problem asks for the minimum energy configuration for $N$ electrons on a sphere (refs: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomson_problem, https://sites.google.com/site/adilmmughal/...

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### Integral representations of finite groups and lattice point geometry

See the edit at the bottom (April 2021)
This contains both a reference request, and a specific problem.
Let $K$ be a finite group, and let $\theta: K \to {\rm GL}(d,{\bf Z})$ be a (faithful) group ...

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### intriguing Polytope

Define $E_{i,j} \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ to be the canonical basis (that is all elements set to zero except the entry $i,j$ )
let the bloc matrix $M \in \mathbb{R}^{n^2 \times n^2}$ defined by :
...

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### Can the GUE be thought of as a uniform point in a high-dimensional polytope

I have thought about this question for a long time and could only find partial answers.
The Gaussian Unitary Ensemble (or GUE) is the eigenvalues of a random Hermitian matrix with complex Gaussian ...

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### What does this number tell me about a convex lattice polygon?

EDIT: I realized I'd tricked myself by working with a too special case of $f$, the question is now updated (boundary lattice points replaced vertices).
Suppose I have a convex lattice polygon $P$, ...

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### How many facets can $\{\|D^T x\|_1\leq 1\}$ have?

$\newcommand{\RR}{\mathbb{R}}$Consider $x\in\RR^n$ and $D\in \RR^{n\times p}$ with $p\geq n$ and full rank. My question is:
How many facets can the polytope $ \{x\in\RR^n\ :\ \|D^T x\|_1\leq 1\}$ ...

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### Probability of landing inside the convex hull of previously sampled points

Let $\{X_i\}_{0\leq i\leq\infty}$ be i.i.d. random vectors in $\mathbb{R^d}$.
I would like to show that the probability of one point being in the convex hull of the others goes to one with the number ...

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### Maximum volume cross-section of a hypercube

This is surely well known, but:
Q1. What is the $(d{-}1)$-dimensional polytope
that realizes the maximum volume cross-section of a unit hypercube
by a $(d{-}1)$-dimensional hyperplane?
...

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### Geometry of the metric cone

Let us say that two metrics $d$ and $d_0$ on a set $X$ are related if there exist positive constants $0 < \alpha \leq \beta$ such that
$$
\alpha \,\left(d_0(x,y) + d_0(y,z) - d_0(x,z)\right) \leq
...

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### Convex hulls of compact sets

Let $A$ be a compact set in a separable Hilbert space $H$, and let $\bar A$ denote its convex hull. Is $\bar A$ compact?

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### A question about a blue fan and a red fan and their common refinement

Is the following conjecture true?
Conjecture: Let $M_1$ be a red map and let $M_2$ be a blue map drawn in general position on $S^n$, and let $M$ be their common refinement. There is a vertex $w$ of $...

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### When should a moment polytope have “smooth” faces?

A codimension $d$ face of a polytope is called rationally smooth if it lies on only $d$ facets, because this is exactly the condition for the corresponding toric variety to have only orbifold ...

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### An inequality related to the numbers of faces of polytopes with d+2 facets

I would like to prove an inequality related to the number of $k$-faces of two $d$-polytopes with $d+2$ facets; see (1) below.
Let $r>0$, $s>0$, $t\ge 0$, and $d\ge 2$ be such that $d=r+s+t$. We ...

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### Complexity of scissors congruence?

Where is the complexity of the problem 'Given two bounded compact convex integral polyhedra in $\mathbb R^n$ presented by $O(poly(n))$ integer valued halfspaces given by linear inequalities with ...

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### Tiling with Horn's polytopes

Let $n\ge2$ be an integer. Consider the hyperplane $H_n$ of ${\mathbb R}^n$ defined by the equation $x_1+\cdots+x_n=0$ and then the sector $P_n\subset H_n$ defined by the inequalities $x_1\le\cdots\le ...

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### Cut locus on a hypercube

Inspired by the question, "Shortest path connecting two opposite points on a cube":
Q. What does the cut locus with respect to one corner of a hypercube
in $\mathbb{R}^d$ look like?
"The cut ...

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### Rational $d$-simplices

Define a rational $d$-simplex as a simplex in $\mathbb{R}^d$
such that the measure of all its $k$-dimensional faces, $k \ge 1$, is rational.
So a rational triangle has rational edge lengths and ...

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### Convex hull of the orbit of a matrix under permutations

Let $P$ be a generic permutation matrix on $\mathbb{R}^n$. For any vector $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, the convex hull of the set $\{ Px : \; \text{$P$ is a permutation matrix}\}$ is the set of vectors ...

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### Looking for the correct version of a wrong statement from Barvinok's book on convex polyhedra

The book I'm concerned with is "Integer Points in Polyhedra" by A. Barvinok, which, I must say, is turning out to be highly fascinating.
A real finite-dimensional vector space $V$ defines the ...

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### Sampling from a Convex Body with Many Extremal Points

Let $p_{1}, \ldots, p_{N}$ be a collection of points in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. I would like to sample uniformly from the convex hull of these $N$ points in an `efficienct' way. In my setting, I have $n$ ...

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### Minimum solid angle and aspect ratio of an $n$-simplex

In computational geometry and other fields, it is of interest to have degeneracy measures for shapes of simplices, which quantitatively seperate the regular simplex from degenerate simplices.
In two ...

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**1**answer

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### Triangulations of convex surfaces

Let $M$ be a smooth closed positively curved surface in Euclidean 3-space, $T$ be a geodesic triangulation of $M$, and $E$ be the edge graph of the convex hull of vertices of $T$.
It is easy to see ...

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### Which polytopes can be deformed while keeping their edge-lengths?

Let $P\subset\Bbb R^d$ be a convex polytope (a convex hull of finitely many points). Lets call it flexible, if it can be continuously deformed while
keeping its combinatorial type, and
keeping its ...

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### How does a map from permutahedra to associahedra factor through multiplihedra?

Let $P_i$ denote permutahedra, $K_i$ associahedra and $J_i$ multiplihedra. In their famous paper on operadic diagonals, Saneblidze and Umble use a projection $p_i: P_i \to K_{i+1}$ which factors as $...

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### Laplace Beltrami eigenvalues on surface of polytopes

The recently posted arxiv paper Spectrum of the Laplacian on Regular Polyhedra
by Evan Greif, Daniel Kaplan, Robert S. Strichartz, and Samuel C. Wiese, collects numerical evidence for conjectured ...

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### Is there a well-established terminology for polyhedra/polytopes?

I got confused lately. It seems like in the metric context a polyhedron tends to mean an intersection of a finite number of half-spaces, while a polytope is a convex hull of a finite set of points. At ...

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### Lattice paths in polytopes

Let $P$ be a polytope in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $A_ix = b_i$ be the defining equations of its codimension $1$ faces. Is there an algorithm or some kind of criterion to decide if the lattice points inside ...

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### Face structures of chain polytopes

For a finite poset $P$ the chain polytope $\mathscr C(P)\subset\mathbb{R}^P$ consists of such $g$ that $g(p)\ge 0$ for all $p\in P$ and $$g(p_1)+\ldots+g(p_n)\le 1$$ for any chain $p_1<\ldots<...

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### Algorithm to express a point from a H-polyhedron as convex combination of extreme points

Let $P\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a convex polyhedron described as an intersection of hyperspaces, that is,
$$P:=\{\boldsymbol{x}: A\boldsymbol{x} \leq \boldsymbol{b}\}$$
Let $\boldsymbol{x} \in P$. We ...

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### Biggest (or large) rectangle in a polytope

I need an efficient method to construct a (hyper)rectangle inside a polytope with a lot of dimensions (say $100 < d < 1000$). Ideally I'd want the biggest possible rectangle, but as I don't ...