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Questions tagged [cones]

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4
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0answers
72 views

Name for facet of a cone containing all but one edge

Let $C \subseteq \mathbb R^n$ be a polyhedral cone, so generated by its edges ($1$-dimensional faces) and $F \subseteq C$ a facet (codimension $1$ face) of it containing every edge except $e$. In ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Separation of two pointed polyhedral cones using hyperplanes generated by facets

Let $C_1$ and $C_2$ two pointed (that is, with vertex in $0$) polyhedral cones in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with $\dim(C_1)=\dim(C_2)=n$. If $$\mbox{relative interior}(C_1)\cap \mbox{relative interior}(C_2)=\...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Faces of polyhedral cones and open immersions of affine toric schemes

Let $V$ be an $\mathbb{R}$-vector space of finite dimension, let $N$ be a $\mathbb{Z}$-structure on $V$, and let $M$ be its dual $\mathbb{Z}$-structure on the dual space $V^*$. Let $\sigma\subseteq V$...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Complexity of conic optimization problems

I am interested in bounding the computational complexity of the interior points method for solving a generic conic problem of the form \begin{equation} \min_x \left\{ c^T x : \mathcal{A}x-B\in\mathbf{...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

1st Order Nonlinear PDE: Understanding Envelopes and Monge Cones

I have a question about envelopes of surfaces. In a book I am reading the following: Suppose $S_a$ is a one parameter family of surfaces in $R^3$ given by $z=w(x,y;a)$ where $w$ depends smoothly on ...
0
votes
1answer
173 views

Projection onto the second-order cone [closed]

I'm having difficulties in proving that the projection of $$(s,y)\in R \times R^{n}$$ onto the second-order cone $$Q^{n+1} = \{(t,x) \in R \times R^n : \|x\|_2 \leq t \}$$ is $$ \frac{s+\|y\|_2}{2\|y\|...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Cone construction for Birkhoff Hopf theorem

Let $M$ be a matrix such that $\forall i,j$ $M_{ij}\geq 0$ and suppose that $M$ is irreductible. 1 - Is there a natural change of basis such that the new matrix became strictly positive : $\forall i,...
2
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0answers
62 views

Are these convex cones polyhedral?

I'm actually playing with some convex cones, and I would like to know if there is a chance they would be described by a finite number of inequalities. Let me introduce some notation first. Let $n\...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Showing that $Df_x H_x^\gamma \subset H_{f(x)}^{\lambda \mu^{-1} \gamma}$, where $H_x^\gamma$ is a family of horizontal cones

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold, $U \subset M$ an open set, $f : U \to M$ a $C^1$ diffeomorphism onto its image and $\Lambda \in U$ a hyperbolic set for $f$. Fix a sufficiently small $\gamma > 0$ ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Does a vector belongs to a simplicial subcone when it belong to cone with more than n generators?

Assume $x_{0}\in \text{cone}(a_{1},\dots,a_{N})$, where $a_{i}\in \mathbb{R}^{n}_{+}$ ($a_{i}\in \mathbb{R}^{n}$, and $a_{i}\geq 0$) for $i=1,\dots,N$ (i.e., $x_0$ lies in the cone generated by $a_{i}$...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

nonnegative solution of nonhomogeneous under-determined linear system of equations

For a set of under-determined linear equations, I was wondering if there is any closed form for all non-negative solutions? Is there a way to analytically characterize the feasibility set of such ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Are “vector spaces” over a smooth scheme with constant fiber dimension locally free?

I've got the follow question which drives me almost crazy as the answer seems to be simple. Given a morphism $p:V\to S$ of schemes of finite type over some base field. Assume that $p$ has all the ...
4
votes
2answers
359 views

Maximal cones and lexicographic orderings

Let $V$ be a real vector space. It is well known that, given a totally ordered basis of $V$ (say $(b_i)_{i\in I}$ where $I,<$ is totally ordered), $V$ is totally ordered by the lexicographic ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Finding generators of symmetric cones

I have a bunch of vectors $\mathbf v_i$ in $\mathbb R^n$. I would like to consider the cone $C$ spanned by these vectors, together with all the other vectors that can be obtained by permuting the ...
5
votes
2answers
203 views

Positive Elements of a $\ast$-Algebra

In a $C^*$-algebra ${\cal A}$, a positive element is a one of the form $aa^*$, for some $a \in {\cal A}$. It is known that the set of positive elements is a cone, and that for $a,b$ two non-zero ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Under which conditions is the union of conic hulls of sets in a cartesian product equal to $\mathbb{R}^N$?

Question: Under which conditions on $A, B\in\mathbb{R}^{N\times N}$ is the function $f: \mathbb{R}^N\mapsto \mathbb{R}^N$, $$f(v) = A[v]_+ + B[-v]_+$$ surjective? Here $[.]_+$ is an elementwise ...
1
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0answers
61 views

How does the singular surfaces obtained when the border of a Euclidean set becomes a point look like?

I'm curious to understand in several manner, what is the metric geometry of the metric space homeomorphic to a sphere, obtained from a compact convex set $K\subset R^2$ with the Euclidean distance, ...
3
votes
1answer
261 views

The sign of the mean curvature on convex cones in three dimensions

My question is as follows: It is known that a closed smooth curve in $\mathbb{R}^2$ is convex iff its (signed) curvature has a constant sign. I wonder if one can characterize smooth convex cones in $\...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Dual cone of 'positive' Bochner integrable functions

If we consider the space of integrable functions $L^1([0,1];\mathbb{R})$, it can be ordered by the convex cone of positive integrable functions $L^1([0,1];\mathbb{R}_+)$. It is known that the ...
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0answers
77 views

A version of isotone projection cones

We write $a \succeq b$, where both $a, b \in \mathbb{R}^n$, as a shorthand for $a_i \ge b_i$ for all $1 \le i \le n$. Let $C$ be a closed convex cone in the first orthant of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and denote ...
2
votes
2answers
964 views

Base of a cone in a vector space: can one always choose a convex base?

Let $C$ be a pointed convex cone in a vector space $V$. This means that $C$ satisfies the three following axioms: $C + C \subset C$, $\mathbb{R}_+ \cdot C \subset C$, and $C \cap (-C) = \{ 0 \}$. ...
5
votes
2answers
449 views

Decomposing polyhedral cones into “direct sums” and a polynomial

This question consists of two parts. I'm not breaking it up into two separate ones because posing the second question would essentially require me two rewrite the first one. Also, to some extent, the ...
3
votes
2answers
573 views

How to (efficiently) find intersection of two polyhedral cones?

I have two polyhedral cones represented by their rays. I am looking to find their intersection, which would also be a polyhedral cone, hopefully efficiently. Does anybody know a way to do that? ...
3
votes
3answers
219 views

Sensitivity analysis in conic optimization

I have a conic optimization of the form: $$\min_x \langle c, x \rangle,\ \text{s.t.}\ Ax = b,\ x \in K.$$ where $x \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$, $A$ is an $m \times n$ matrix, $b \in \mathbb{R}^m$, $K$ is a ...
-2
votes
1answer
327 views

Is dual cone unique? [closed]

Suppose we have the following relationship, note that $A,B,C$ are closed convex matrix cones, $A^\ast=C,$ $B^\ast=C,$ can we state that $A=B$? Is the dual cone of a cone is unique? the definition ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Kleiman's and Nakai-Moishezon's ampleness criteria

I would like to work out a simple example to understand the relation between Kleiman ampleness criterion and Nakai-Moishezon ampleness criterion. Namely, let $X$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^{2}$ at ...
2
votes
2answers
188 views

Representation of Banach spaces partially ordered by solid, normal, minihedral cones

I've been using the representation result below, from Krasnosel'skij/Lifshits/Sobolev; Positive Linear Systems---The Method of Positive Linear Operators. Heldermann Verlag, 1989. Theorem. Let $E$ be ...
1
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0answers
97 views

Suprema and infima in spaces ordered by non-normal cones

Background We shall call a subset $V_+ \subseteq V$ of a Banach space $V$ a cone if $V_+$ is closed, $\alpha V_+ \subseteq V_+$ for all $\alpha \geqslant 0$, and $V_+ \cap (-V_+) = \{0\}$. Cones ...
1
vote
0answers
173 views

Linearization of cones

Suppose that $K$ is a closed convex cone in $R^{n}$. Is there a "nice" function $f:R^{n} \rightarrow R^{m}$ so that $f(K)$ is a subspace? What about an approximate subspace?
12
votes
1answer
686 views

When is a matrix similar to a non-negative matrix?

Consider a real square matrix $A$ of size $n\times n$. Under which conditions on $A$ does there exist a row-stochastic matrix $U$ (non-negative, rowsums = 1), such that $A'=U^{-1}AU$ is a non-negative ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Which matrix/operator in a cone has the largest negative spectral part?

Background: Let $\mathcal{K}$ be set (convex cone, if you like) of symmetric matrices of order $n$. Each matrix $A \in \mathcal{K}$ can be decomposed in a unique way as $A=A_{+}-A_{-}$, where $A_{+}$ ...
3
votes
0answers
328 views

Is it true that a solid, minihedral cone in infinite dimensions cannot be regular?

Background Consider a real Banach$^1$ space $V$. We'll call a subset $V_+ \subseteq V$ a cone if $V$ is closed, $\alpha V_+ \subseteq V_+$ for every $\alpha \geqslant 0$ and $V_+ \cap (-V_+) = \{0\}$...
2
votes
1answer
395 views

Covering the cone of positive semidefinite matrices by intervals

Is it possible to cover the cone of positive semidefinite matrices by a finite/countable/interesting family of closed intervals of matrices? How about a general convex cone? For the finite case the ...
3
votes
1answer
392 views

When are cones of matrices “generated” by vectors?

The cone $P_{n}$ of positive semidefinite matrices of order $n$ can be represented in this form: $P_{n}=\{A|\forall x\geq 0: \langle A,xx^{T}>0 \rangle \}$ with $x$ running over $\mathbf{R}^{n}-0$....
3
votes
3answers
811 views

What fraction of a sphere's volume lies within a cone?

Let $B \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a collection of $n$ (not necessarily independent) unit vectors which we will label $v_1,\ldots, v_n$ for convenience. The cone $K_B \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ associated to $...