# Questions tagged [computational-group-theory]

The computational-group-theory tag has no usage guidance.

**42**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Transitivity on $\mathbb{N}_0$ — a 42 problem

Let $r(m)$ denote the residue class $r+m\mathbb{Z}$, where $0 \leq r < m$.
Given disjoint residue classes $r_1(m_1)$ and $r_2(m_2)$, let the class
transposition $\tau_{r_1(m_1),r_2(m_2)}$ be the ...

**26**

votes

**2**answers

870 views

### Is the cohomology ring of a finite group computable?

Is there an algorithm which halts on all inputs that takes as input a finite group ($p$-group if you like) and outputs a finite presentation of the cohomology ring (with trivial coefficients $\mathbb{...

**22**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Are there any computational problems in groups that are harder than P?

There are several well known classes of groups for which the word problem, conjugacy etc. are solvable in polynomial time (hyperbolic, automatic).
Then there are several classes of groups like ...

**21**

votes

**3**answers

755 views

### Is there a way of canonically labelling permutation groups?

When working with large numbers of graphs, a canonical labelling routine is essential as, after the initial cost of canonically labelling each graph, it permits isomorphism checks to be replaced with ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

833 views

### Groups generated by 3 involutions

Let $r(m)$ denote the residue class $r+m\mathbb{Z}$, where $0 \leq r < m$.
Given disjoint residue classes $r_1(m_1)$ and $r_2(m_2)$, let the class transposition
$\tau_{r_1(m_1),r_2(m_2)}$ be the ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

734 views

### The Simultaneous Conjugacy Problem in the symmetric group $S_N$

We are interested in the following notions in the case $G=S_N$, the symmetric group on
$\{1,\dots,N\}$.
Fix a group $G$ and a number $d$. For $(g_1,\dots,g_d)\in G^d$ and $x\in G$, define
$$(g_1,\...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### God's number for the $n \times n \times n$-cube

This is a question about Rubik's Cube and generalizations of this puzzle, such as Rubik's Revenge, Professor's cube or in general the $n \times n \times n$ cube.
Let $g(n)$ be the smallest number $m$,...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Theorem (Øystein Ore, 1938): A finite group $G$ is cyclic iff its lattice of subgroups $\mathcal{L}(G)$ is distributive.
Proof: see below.
Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups and ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

516 views

### Possible orders of products of 2 involutions which interchange disjoint residue classes of the integers

Definition / Question
Definition: Let $r(m)$ denote the residue class $r+m\mathbb{Z}$, where
$0 \leq r < m$.
Given disjoint residue classes $r_1(m_1)$ and $r_2(m_2)$, let the class transposition
$...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

293 views

### Computing a transversal of a subgroup $H$ of $G$ in expected $O(|G : H|^2 \log |G : H| + |H|)$ time

I have the book "Handbook of Computational Group Theory", by Derek Holt, and in it is a section on finding the transversal of a subgroup. Recall a transversal of a subgroup $H$ of $G$ is a single ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

532 views

### Solving a set of equations in a finite symmetric group

A standard way to find solutions to a finite set of equations in a finite symmetric group
${\rm S}_n$ is to take the equations as relators of a finitely presented group, to use
the low index subgroups ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Detecting/Characterising positive elements in free groups

Let $X$ be a set, and let $F(X)$ be the free group generated by $X$.
I will say that an element of $F(X)$ is positive if it is in the monoid generated by all the conjugates in $F(X)$ of every member ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Is a boolean interval of finite groups linearly primitive?

Let $[H,G]$ be an interval of finite groups.
Definition: Let $W$ be a representation of $G$, and $X$ a subspace of $W$.
Let the fixed-point subspace $W^{H}:=\{w \in W \ \vert \ kw=w \ , \forall h \...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

465 views

### For which series of finite simple groups is it algorithmically decidable whether they contain a homomorphic image of a given finitely presented group?

Let $G$ be a group given by a finite presentation.
On the one hand, it is easy to determine the abelian invariants of $G$, or in other words,
it is algorithmically decidable whether $G$ surjects to a ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Permutation groups with diameter $O(n \log n)$

I suspect that many permutation puzzles can be solved in $O(n \log n)$ moves, which has led me to the following question/conjecture:
Suppose that
1. $P_i$ for $i<k=O(1)$ are permutations on an $n$ ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

383 views

### A relation between intersection and product on boolean interval of finite groups

Let $[H,G]$ be a boolean interval of finite groups (i.e. the lattice of intermediate subgroups $H \subseteq K \subseteq G$, is boolean). For any element $K \in [H,G]$, let $K^c$ be its lattice ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### How to generate all finite groups of order n? [closed]

I know how to generate all Abelian groups of order n, but how would I generate the others? I can't seem to find anything about this.
By "generate", I mean produce the Cayley tables for all groups of ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

561 views

### Research in applied algebra

I am in my final year of my doctoral study in Mathematics, where my research topic is $p$-groups, specifically classification of $p$-groups by coclass. My work involves a great deal of computation in ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

243 views

### Does this class of groups contain finitely generated infinite periodic groups?

Let $r(m)$ denote the residue class $r+m\mathbb{Z}$, where $0 \leq r < m$.
Given disjoint residue classes $r_1(m_1)$ and $r_2(m_2)$, let the class transposition
$\tau_{r_1(m_1),r_2(m_2)}$ be the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

415 views

### Using math software to show that the following groups are infinite?

I would like to show that the following finitely presented group in 3 generators $P, Q, R$ is infinite in certain cases:
$$P^p, Q^q, R^r, (PQ)^2, (QR)^2, (PQR)^2, (QR^{r/2+1})^a (RQR^{r/2})^b$$
For ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

347 views

### Relations in a particular subgroup of the braid group.

I think this should be a 10 minute exercise in a decent computer algebra package - unfortunately I'm hopelessly ignorant of such things, so I'm putting it up here in the hope that someone will be kind ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

382 views

### How hard is it to compute the diameter and the growth function of a finite permutation group of small degree?

Let $G \leq {\rm S}_n$ be a finite permutation group, and let
$S = \{g_1, \dots, g_k\}$ be a generating set for $G$ which is closed
under inversion and which does not contain the identity.
The growth ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

596 views

### Positivity of the alternating sum of indices for boolean interval of finite groups

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup such that the interval $[H,G]$ is a boolean lattice.
Let $L_1, \dots , L_n$ be the maximal subgroups of $G$ containing $H$.
Let the alternative sum ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

586 views

### Testing permutations to see if they generate $S_n$

Alright, so a similar question was recently asked about the theoretical bound for generating certain permutations in polynomial time. I had been thinking about a related problem in algorithms (with ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

453 views

### Are the distributive permutation groups linearly primitive?

An action of a group $G$ on a set $X \neq \emptyset$ is called transitive if $\forall x,y \in X$, $\exists g \in G$ such that $g.x = y$.
It is called primitive if it is transitive and preserves no non-...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

254 views

### A stronger version of a problem of Kenneth Brown using representations

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\mathcal{L}(G)$ its subgroup lattice. Let $\mu$ be the Möbius function on $\mathcal{L}(G)$.
The reduced Euler characteristic of the order complex of the coset poset $\{ ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

687 views

### Example of a group with unsolvable word problem

Today I noticed that the last relator in the 27-relator presentation
of a group with unsolvable word problem given in
Donald J. Collins: A simple presentation of a group with unsolvable word ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### Computational Algebra - Where?

I'm on my last semester of a math B.Sc. and about to start studying for a math M.Sc in the same institute.
It now seems like a good time to start thinking of a PhD.
I'm interested in both algebra and ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

376 views

### Computability and complexity of computing $|Hom(G,H)|$ for finitely presented groups G, H.

In the general case, I want to say that determining $|Hom(G,H)|$ is incomputable, arguing that you could use the number to test for simplicity of a presentation, but I am new to this area and I keep ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Is there a nonabelian finite simple group with Grothendieck ring of multiplicity one?

Let $G$ be a finite group. It admits finitely many irreducible complex representations $H_1, \dots, H_r$ which generate, for $\oplus$ and $\otimes$, the Grothendieck ring $\mathcal{G}(G)$ of $G$ (also ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Generalization of the fundamental theorem of cyclic groups

Let $G$ be a finite group then the fundamental theorem of cyclic groups can be formulated as follows:
Theorem: $G$ is cyclic iff it admits no two different subgroups with the same order.
proof: see ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Is there an interval of finite groups, at index n, with strictly more elements than the subgroup lattice of any group, of order n?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\mathcal{L}(G)$ its subgroup lattice.
Let $s(n):= max\{|\mathcal{L}(G)| \text{ for } |G|=n \}$.
There is an OEIS page for the sequence $s(n)$: A018216
1, 2, 2, 5, 2, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### Uniqueness of the direct product decomposition of inclusions of finite groups

This post is a generalization of Uniqueness of the direct product decomposition of finite groups.
Here we look inclusions of finite groups $(H \subset G)$ instead of just finite groups.
Definition: ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

363 views

### Finding groups of odd order without non-cyclic nilpotent quotients

I hope that my question is appropriate for MO, since it might turn out te be mainly a question about GAP or other group theory software.
Is there an algorithm to produce all non-nilpotent groups of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Can any finite distributive weighted lattice be realized by inclusion of groups?

By theorem 2.1 here, any finite distributive lattice $\mathcal{L}$ can be realized as an intermediate subgroups lattice.
A weighted lattice $(\mathcal{L},\tau)$ is a lattice $\mathcal{L}$ with a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### Finite groups generated by 3 involutions interchanging disjoint residue classes of the integers

**3**

votes

**2**answers

275 views

### Another quotient of Hurwitz group

The paper An update on Hurwitz groups by Marston Conder seems to suggest
that the Chevalley group $G(2,5)$ of order $5859000000$ is a quotient of
$G := \langle a, b \ | \ a^2, b^3, (ab)^7, [a,b]^{10} \...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Is there a way to find an efficient set of relations for presenting the subgroup generated by two matrices in $SL(2, q)$?

Given two elements $a, b \in SL(2, \mathbb{F}_q)$, is there a way to find an efficient presentation $$\langle x, y \mid \text{relations}\rangle$$ of the subgroup $\langle a, b \rangle$?
My intention ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### What are the rank 3 boolean intervals [H,G], with G simple group?

The rank $n$ boolean lattice $B_{n}$ is the subset lattice of $\{1,2, \dots , n\}$.
The lattice $B_{3}$ is the following:
Question: What are the rank $3$ boolean intervals of the form $[H,G]$, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Torsion-free, normal subgroups of certain Coxeter groups

Let $G$ be the reflection group of a regular, 4-dimensional, hyperbolic honeycomb. I would like to find a family $H_i < G$ of finite-index, torsion-free subgroups of $G$, so that I can represent ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Generating sets of the symmetric group that yield isomorphic Cayley graphs

Let $S$ and $S'$ be subsets of size $k$ of $\mathfrak{S}_n$.
Are there any necessary or sufficient conditions to determine whether or not $S$ and $S'$ yield isomorphic Cayley graphs?
Assuming we ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### Generalization of the fundamental theorem of cyclic groups 2

This post is a sequel of Generalization of the fundamental theorem of cyclic groups
Let $G$ be a finite group then the fundamental theorem of cyclic groups can be formulated as follows:
Theorem: $G$ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

289 views

### A good upper-bound for the cardinal of an interval of finite groups

This post is a relative version of General bound for the number of subgroups of a finite group
Let $[H,G]$ be a interval of finite groups with $|G:H| = n$.
Question: What is a good upper-bound of $|[...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### programming to compute kernel quotient image of a $\mathbb{Z}$-module endomorphism

Let the integers $n\geq 2$, $k\geq 1$, $v=0$ or $1$ and $n_1,\cdots,n_k\geq 1$ such that
$$
\sum_{i=1}^k n_i+v=n.
$$
Define $P_a^b=0$ if both $a,b$ are odd and $P_a^b={{[a/2]}\choose {[(a+b)/2]}}$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### Classification of indecomposable inclusions $(H \subset G)$ with $G$ decomposable

Definition: A group $G$ is indecomposable if: $G = G_1 \times G_2 \Rightarrow \exists i \ G_i = 1$.
We can generalize the notion of indecomposable from groups to inclusion of groups as ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Is the word problem in the braid group quotient $B_{n}/N$ solvable where $N$ is the normal subgroup generated by conjugates of $\sigma_{i}^{2r}$?

Let $r\geq 2$. Let $N$ be the normal subgroup of $B_{n}$ generated by conjugates of $\sigma_{i}^{2r}$. Then is the word problem in the quotient group $B_{n}/N$ solvable (in polynomial time)? ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Extension of Tits' theorem on groups with a BN-pair of rank ≥ 3

Tits has proved that a finite simple group $G$ with a BN-pair of rank $n \ge 3$, is of Lie type. Let $B$ be the Borel subgroup and $(W,S)$ the Coxeter system. The subset lattice of the set $S$ is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Nonvanishing of the dual Euler totient on boolean intervals of finite groups

The rank $n$ boolean lattice $B_n$, is the subset lattice of $\{1,2, \dotsm n \}$.
Let $[H,G]$ be a boolean interval of finite groups. Its Euler totient is defined by $$\varphi(H,G):=\sum_{K \in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

245 views

### Characterization of the elements of an infinite simple group

**1**

vote

**1**answer

205 views

### Is a prime index inclusion of finite groups, separating?

Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups.
Let $\{ g_i \ \vert \ i \in I=[1, \dots ,n] \}$ a subset of $G$ of double coset representatives, i.e. $$G = \coprod_{i \in I} Hg_iH$$
On the ...