# Questions tagged [complex-geometry]

Complex geometry is the study of complex manifolds and complex algebraic varieties, and, by extension, of almost complex structures. It is a part of both differential geometry and algebraic geometry.

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### Why is the Hodge Conjecture so important?

The Hodge Conjecture states that every Hodge class of a non singular projective variety over $\mathbf{C}$ is a rational linear combination of cohomology classes of algebraic cycles: Even though I'm ...

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### Is there a complex surface into which every Riemann surface embeds?

This question was previously asked on Math SE.
Every Riemann surface can be embedded in some complex projective space. In fact, every Riemann surface $\Sigma$ admits an embedding $\varphi : \Sigma \...

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### Is there a complex structure on the 6-sphere?

I don't know who first asked this question, but it's a question that I think many differential and complex geometers have tried to answer because it sounds so simple and fundamental. There are even a ...

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### Complex structure on $S^6$ gets published in Journ. Math. Phys

A paper by Gabor Etesi was published that purports to solve a major outstanding problem:
Complex structure on the six dimensional sphere from a spontaneous symmetry breaking
Journ. Math. Phys. 56, ...

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### Does $\Bbb{CP}^{2n} \# \Bbb{CP}^{2n}$ ever support an almost complex structure?

This question has been crossposted from Math.SE in the hopes that it reaches a larger audience here.
$\Bbb{CP}^{2n+1} \# \Bbb{CP}^{2n+1}$ supports a complex structure: $\Bbb{CP}^{2n+1}$ has an ...

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### Simplest examples of nonisomorphic complex algebraic varieties with isomorphic analytifications

If they are not proper, two complex algebraic varieties can be nonisomorphic yet have isomorphic analytifications. I've heard informal examples (often involving moduli spaces), but am not sure of the ...

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### Which nonlinear PDEs are of interest to algebraic geometers and why?

Motivation
I have recently started thinking about the interrelations among algebraic geometry and nonlinear PDEs. It is well known that the methods and ideas of algebraic geometry have lead to a ...

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### What do Weierstrass points look like?

As somebody who mostly works with smooth, real manifolds, I've always been a little uncomfortable with Weierstrass points. Smooth manifolds are totally homogeneous, but in the complex category you ...

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### Atiyah's paper on complex structures on $S^6$

M. Atiyah has posted a preprint on arXiv on the non-existence of complex structure on the sphere $S^6$.
https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.09366
It relies on the topological $K$-theory $KR$ and in ...

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### What is the current understanding regarding complex structures on the 6-sphere?

In October 2016, Atiyah famously posted a preprint to the arXiv, "The Non-Existent Complex 6-Sphere" containing a very brief proof $S^6$ admits no complex structure, which I immediately read and ...

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### Do compact complex manifolds fall into countably many families?

Do there exist countably many proper holomorphic submersions of complex manifolds $\mathcal{X}_n \to B_n$ such that every compact complex manifold appears as a fiber in at least one of the families?
...

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### Algebraic Geometry versus Complex Geometry

This question is motivated by this one.
I would like to hear about results concerning complex projective varieties which
have a complex analytic proof but no known algebraic proof; or
have an ...

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### What's the difference between a real manifold and a smooth variety?

I am teaching a course on Riemann Surfaces next term, and would like a list of facts illustrating the difference between the theory of real (differentiable) manifolds and the theory non-singular ...

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### A geometric characterization for arithmetic genus

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$. The following information is all equivalent (any of these numbers can be computed by a linear equation from any of the others):
the ...

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### Complex manifold with subvarieties but no submanifolds

I previously asked this question on MSE and offered a bounty but received no responses.
There are examples of compact complex manifolds with no positive-dimensional compact complex submanifolds. For ...

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### A paper to the question, if the six dimensional sphere is a complex manifold [duplicate]

for a few days a paper was published on arxiv.org with the title "The six dimensional sphere is a complex manifold": http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/math/pdf/0505/0505634v3.pdf
Because I am not able to ...

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### Is S^2 x S^4 a complex manifold?

As observed by Calabi a long time ago, the manifold $S^2\times S^4$ admits an almost-complex structure (obtained by embedding it in $\mathbb{R}^7$ and using the octonionic product), which however is ...

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### The error in Petrovski and Landis' proof of the 16th Hilbert problem

What was the main error in the proof of the second part of the 16th Hilbert problem by Petrovski and Landis?
Please see this related post and also the following post.. For Mathematical ...

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### Complex vector bundles that are not holomorphic

Is there an example of a complex bundle on $\mathbb CP^n$ or on a Fano variety (defined over complex numbers), that does not admit a holomorphic structure? We require that the Chern classes of the ...

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### The Relationship between Complex and Algebraic Geomety

I have recently begun to study algebraic geometry, coming from a differential geometry background. It seems that there is a deep link between complex manifolds and complex varieties. For example, one ...

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### Example of a compact Kähler manifold with non-finitely generated canonical ring?

A celebrated recent theorem of Birkar-Cascini-Hacon-McKernan and Siu says that the canonical ring $R(X)=\oplus_{m\geq 0}H^0(X,mK_X)$ of any smooth algebraic variety $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$ is a finitely ...

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### “The complex version of Nash's theorem is not true”

The title quote is from p.221 of the 2010 book,
The Shape of Inner Space: String Theory and the Geometry of the Universe's Hidden Dimensions
by Shing-Tung Yau and Steve Nadis. "Nash's theorem" here ...

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### What are the higher homotopy groups of a K3 suface?

All K3 surfaces have the same homotopy type. What are their higher homotopy groups?
I know that $\pi_1$ is trivial, and $\pi_2$ is $\mathbb{Z}^{22}$.
Even if the answer isn't known in all degrees, I'...

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### Two definitions of Calabi-Yau manifolds

Why is it that the vanishing of the integral first Chern class of a compact Kahler manifold is equivalent to the canonical bundle being trivial? I can see that it implies that the canonical bundle ...

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### Can the holomorphic image of $(\mathbb{C}^*)^n$ be open but not dense

Let $M$ be a compact complex connected [but not necessarily kähler] $n$-manifold, and suppose we have a holomorphic map $$(\mathbb{C}^*)^n \to M$$ such that the image is open. Is the image necessarily ...

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### Is there a geometric realization of $\mathbf{C}((t))$-varieties?

Let $MV_F$ be the $\mathbf{A}^1$-homotopy category over the field $F$. Let $H$ be the homotopy category of spaces, and let $H_{/S^1}$ be the homotopy category of spaces over the circle.
When $F = \...

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### Intuition for Primitive Cohomology

In complex projective geometry, we have a specified Kähler class $\omega$ and we have a Lefschetz operator $L:H^i(X,\mathbb{C})\to H^{i+2}(X,\mathbb{C})$ given by $L(\eta)=\omega\wedge \eta$. We then ...

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### Accumulation of algebraic subvarieties: Near one subvariety there are many others (?)

Let's work over the field $\mathbb{C}$ of complex numbers, and let $X\subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective variety. Let $\tilde{X}\subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be any small open neighborhood of $X$, in the ...

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### References for Riemann surfaces

I know this question has been asked before on MO and MSE (here, here, here, here) but the answers that were given were only partially helpful to me, and I suspect that I am not the only one.
I am ...

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### de Rham vs Dolbeault Cohomology

For a complex manifold $M$, one can consider (A) its de Rham cohomology, or (B) its Dolbeault cohomology. I'm looking for some motivation as to why one would bother introducing Dolbeault cohomology. ...

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### Rep Theory Consequences of Bott--Weil--Borel

I've been getting interested in the (Bott--)Borel--Weil theorem lately. As a (mainly) geometer it is very interesting to see representation appearing (from nowhere as far as I can see) in the theory ...

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### Which Kahler Manifolds are also Einstein Manifolds?

Is it known which Kahler manifolds are also Einstein manifolds? For example complex projective spaces are Einstein. Are the Grassmannians Einsein? Are all flag manifolds Einstein?

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### Diffeomorphic Kähler manifolds with different Hodge numbers

This question made me wonder about the following:
Are there orientedly diffeomorphic Kähler manifolds with different Hodge numbers?
It seems that this would require that those manifolds are not ...

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### Which almost complex manifolds admit a complex structure?

I was reading Yau's list of problems in geometry, and one of them is to prove that any almost complex manifold of complex dimension $n \geq 3$ admits a complex structure. It's been some time since Yau'...

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### Why do people think that abelian varieties are the hardest case for the Hodge conjecture?

Today, I heard that people think that if you can prove the Hodge conjecture for abelian varieties, then it should be true in general. Apparently this case is important enough (and hard enough) that ...

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### Roadmap for Mirror Symmetry

I am interested in learning Mirror Symmetry, both from the SYZ and Homological point of view. I am taking a reading course in Mirror Symmetry, which will focus on the SYZ side.
I know basic Complex ...

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### Biholomophic non-Algebraically Isomorphic Varieties

Recently, when writing a review for MathSciNet, the following question arose:
Is it true that two smooth complex varieties that are biholomorphic are algebraically isomorphic? The converse is true ...

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### References for “modern” proof of Newlander-Nirenberg Theorem

Hi,
I'm starting to prepare a graduate topics course on Complex and Kahler manifolds for January 2011. I want to use this course as an excuse to teach the students some geometric analysis. In ...

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### Non-compact complex surfaces which are not Kähler

Not every complex manifold is a Kähler manifold (i.e. a manifold which can be equipped with a Kähler metric). All Riemann surfaces are Kähler, but in dimension two and above, at least for compact ...

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### Is there any holomorphic version of the tubular neighborhood theorem?

This question arised when I was studying Beauville's book 'Complex Algebraic Surfaces'.
Castelnuovo's theorem says that a smooth rational curve $E$ on an algebraic surface $S$ is an exceptional ...

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### Kähler structure on cotangent bundle?

The total space of cotangent bundle of any manifold M is a symplectic manifold.
Is it true\false\unknown that for any M, $T^*M$ has Kähler structure?
Please support your claim with reference or ...

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### GAGA and Chern classes

My question is as follows.
Do the Chern classes as defined by Grothendieck for smooth projective varieties coincide with the Chern classes as defined with the aid of invariant polynomials and ...

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### Almost Complex Structure approach to Deformation of Compact Complex Manifolds

I don't know much about the deformation of compact complex manifolds, I've only read chapter 6 of Huybrechts' book Complex Geometry: An Introduction. There are two parts to this chapter. The second ...

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### Complex manifolds in which the exponential map is holomorphic

Let $X$ be a complex manifold and $g$ a hermitian metric on $X$. Consider the Riemannian exponential $\exp_p: T_p X \to X$.
If $\exp_p$ is holomorphic for every $p \in X$, then $(\exp_p)^{-1}$, ...

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### Do hyperKahler manifolds live in quaternionic-Kahler families?

A geometry question that I thought about more seriously a few years ago... thought it'd be a good first question for MO.
I'm aware that there are a number of Torelli type theorems now proven for ...

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### Hsiung on the Complex Structure of $S^6$

In 1986 C. C. Hsiung published a paper "Nonexistence of a Complex Structure on the Six-Sphere" and in 1995 he even wrote a monograph "Almost Complex and Complex Structures" to further elaborate on his ...

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### Stein Manifolds and Affine Varieties

When is a Stein manifold a complex affine variety? I had thought that there was a theorem saying that a variety which is Stein and has finitely generated ring of regular functions implies affine, but ...

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### function field analogy and global/absolute geometry

The "function field analogy" seems to be a topic that is considerably bigger than any one existing writeup conveys. There are several old question on MO and and MathSE that ask for details. One of the ...

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### Must an algebraic variety with trivial tangent bundle be an abelian variety?

Suppose $X$ is a proper algebraic variety with trivial tangent bundle $T_X$ (not only canonical bundle $K_X$), is it true that $X$ is an abelian variety?
I think the holomorphic tangent bundle of a ...

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### Holomorphic vector fields acting on Dolbeault cohomology

The question.
Let $(X, J)$ be a complex manifold and $u$ a holomorphic vector field, i.e. $L_uJ = 0$. The holomorphicity of $u$ implies that the Lie derivative $L_u$ on forms preserves the (p,q) ...