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Questions tagged [complex-geometry]

Complex geometry is the study of complex manifolds and complex algebraic varieties, and, by extension, of almost complex structures. It is a part of both differential geometry and algebraic geometry.

31
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2answers
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The error in Petrovski and Landis' proof of the 16th Hilbert problem

What was the main error in the proof of the second part of the 16th Hilbert problem by Petrovski and Landis? Please see this related post and also the following post.. For Mathematical ...
68
votes
10answers
23k views

Is there a complex structure on the 6-sphere?

I don't know who first asked this question, but it's a question that I think many differential and complex geometers have tried to answer because it sounds so simple and fundamental. There are even a ...
45
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0answers
10k views

Atiyah's paper on complex structures on $S^6$

M. Atiyah has posted a preprint on arXiv on the non-existence of complex structure on the sphere $S^6$. https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.09366 It relies on the topological $K$-theory $KR$ and in ...
7
votes
2answers
686 views

Hard Lefschetz Theorem for the Flag Manifolds

In the case of a generalized flag manifold $G/P$, we have an explicit description of their cohomology groups due to Borel.(See herehere for a description.) I would like to know what the hard Lefschetz ...
23
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6answers
2k views

Is there any holomorphic version of the tubular neighborhood theorem?

This question arised when I was studying Beauville's book 'Complex Algebraic Surfaces'. Castelnuovo's theorem says that a smooth rational curve $E$ on an algebraic surface $S$ is an exceptional ...
9
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3answers
2k views

When is a holomorphic submersion with isomorphic fibers locally trivial?

A justly celebrated theorem by Ehresmann states that a proper smooth submersion $\pi: X\to S$ between smooth manifolds is locally trivial in the sense that every point $s\in S$ downstairs has a ...
24
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1answer
840 views

Biholomophic non-Algebraically Isomorphic Varieties

Recently, when writing a review for MathSciNet, the following question arose: Is it true that two smooth complex varieties that are biholomorphic are algebraically isomorphic? The converse is true ...
12
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1answer
442 views

Find structure geometry of $A_1, A_2,…,A_n$ such that $\prod_{i<j} A_iA_j$ is maximum

In any triangle we have the well-known inequality: $$\sin{A}\sin{B}\sin{C} \le \frac{3\sqrt{3}}{8} (1)$$ Signification of inequality (1): Let three points $A, B, C$ lie on a circle then $AB.BC.CA$ ...
6
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1answer
506 views

Which Kahler Manifolds Are Spin?

As is well-known (see here for a M.O. question) all Kahler manifolds are $spin^c$. I would like to ask which are in fact $spin$. Taking my motivation from the case of complex projective space, I ...
91
votes
2answers
21k views

Why is the Hodge Conjecture so important?

The Hodge Conjecture states that every Hodge class of a non singular projective variety over $\mathbf{C}$ is a rational linear combination of cohomology classes of algebraic cycles: Even though I'm ...
47
votes
6answers
6k views

Which nonlinear PDEs are of interest to algebraic geometers and why?

Motivation I have recently started thinking about the interrelations among algebraic geometry and nonlinear PDEs. It is well known that the methods and ideas of algebraic geometry have lead to a ...
41
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0answers
15k views

What is the current understanding regarding complex structures on the 6-sphere?

In October 2016, Atiyah famously posted a preprint to the arXiv, "The Non-Existent Complex 6-Sphere" containing a very brief proof $S^6$ admits no complex structure, which I immediately read and ...
68
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1answer
2k views

Does $\Bbb{CP}^{2n} \# \Bbb{CP}^{2n}$ ever support an almost complex structure?

This question has been crossposted from Math.SE in the hopes that it reaches a larger audience here. $\Bbb{CP}^{2n+1} \# \Bbb{CP}^{2n+1}$ supports a complex structure: $\Bbb{CP}^{2n+1}$ has an ...
11
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3answers
3k views

Why are local systems on a complex analytic space equivalent to vector bundles with flat connection?

Let $X$ be a complex analytic space. It is a 'well known fact' that the categories of local systems on $X$ (i.e. locally constant sheaves with stalk $C^n$), and of (holomorphic) vector bundles on $X$ ...
25
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2answers
2k views

Diffeomorphic Kähler manifolds with different Hodge numbers

This question made me wonder about the following: Are there orientedly diffeomorphic Kähler manifolds with different Hodge numbers? It seems that this would require that those manifolds are not ...
22
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7answers
3k views

Kähler structure on cotangent bundle?

The total space of cotangent bundle of any manifold M is a symplectic manifold. Is it true\false\unknown that for any M, $T^*M$ has Kähler structure? Please support your claim with reference or ...
5
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3answers
2k views

On a Hirzebruch surface.

I am trying to solve exercise in Huybrechts's book 'Complex geometry' While solving problems, one problem kept me from going forward. That is, The surface $\Sigma_n=\mathbb{P}$ $(\mathcal{O}_ {\...
15
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1answer
2k views

Questions about the “universal elliptic curve” over the affine $j$-line punctured at 0 and 1728

So my question refers to families of elliptic curves over the $\mathbb{A}^1_\mathbb{C}\setminus\{0,1728\}$ whose fiber above a point $j$ has $j$-invariant equal to $j$ (I understand it's not universal)...
13
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5answers
1k views

Comparing fundamental groups of a complex orbifolds and their resolutions.

Let $X$ be a complex manifold with quotient singularities, and let $\tilde X$ be its resolution (that exists, for example, by Hironaka). Then I am pretty sure that $\pi_1(X)\cong \pi_1(\tilde X)$. ...
6
votes
3answers
776 views

Kähler metric on projectivised bundle

Let $E\rightarrow M$ be a holomorphic bundle over a Kähler manifold. Does its projectivisation $\mathbb{P}(E)$ always admit a Kähler metric? If yes, how to see that?
10
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2answers
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$\partial \bar{\partial}$ lemma for contractible domains

Question. Is every $(p, \, p)$ closed form ($p\geq1$) in a contractible open set of $\mathbb{C}^n$ $\partial \bar{\partial}$ exact? We know that every $d$-exact $(p, \,p)$-form on a compact Kahler ...
13
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1answer
802 views

Sheaves on Contractible Analytic Spaces

Let $(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$ be a contractible complex analytic space. Suppose that $\mathcal{F}$ is a coherent sheaf of $\mathcal{O}_X$-modules. Can we invoke the fact that $X$ is contractible to conclude,...
11
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3answers
2k views

Question about Hodge number

Hi. I am studying Hodge theory on Kahler manifolds. I have several questions. Is Hodge number a topological invariant? (I mean, is it independent of the choice of Kahler structure?) If the question ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the obstruction to the existence of a global Kahler potential?

It is a well-know fact that if $(X,\omega)$ is Kahler then about every point $x \in X$ there exists a neighbourhood $U$ and a function $K \in C^{\infty}(U,\mathbb{R})$ such that $\omega|_U = i\partial ...
11
votes
3answers
656 views

Vector field with holomorphic flow

Let $(M,J)$ be a complex manifold. Suppose that $X$ is a real vector field such that the flow of $X$ is by biholomorphisms.Question Show the flow of $JX$ is by biholomorphisms. I know one reference ...
11
votes
4answers
700 views

Automorphism group of flag manifolds?

If $F=F(n_1, \ldots, n_k)$ is the (complex) flag variety associated to the partition $(n_1, \ldots, n_k)$, what is the automorphism group of $F$? Here I mean holomorphic and/or variety automorphisms. ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Atiyah classes of holomorphic vector bundles with trivial Chern classes

Let $X$ be compact Kahler and $E \to X$ a holomorphic vector bundle. Then $E$ has an Atiyah class, $At(E)$, valued in the sheaf cohomology $H^1(\Omega_X \otimes \operatorname{End} E)$. Suppose the ...
2
votes
0answers
380 views

Tian's approach for solving the conjecture of invariance of plurigenera in Kahler setting

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a smooth holomorphic fibre space whose fibres $f^{-1}(y)$ have pseudoeffective canonical bundles. suppose that $$\frac{\partial \omega(t)}{\partial t}=-Ric_{X/Y}(\omega(t))-\omega(...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Generalization of winding number to higher dimensions

Is there a natural geometric generalization of the winding number to higher dimensions? I know it primarily as an important and useful index for closed, plane curves (e.g., the Jordan Curve Theorem), ...
4
votes
1answer
211 views

Equivariant Almost Complex Structures on the Full Flag Manifolds

On complex projective space ${\bf CP}^m$, there exists a unique $SU(m+1)$-equivariant almost-complex structure. What happens for the case of the full flag manifold of $SU(m+1)$, which is to say the ...
4
votes
2answers
779 views

Moduli Spaces of Higher Dimensional Complex Tori

I know that the space of all complex 1-tori (elliptic curves) is modeled by $SL(2, \mathbb{R})$ acting on the upper half plane. There are many explicit formulas for this action. Similarly, I have ...
3
votes
2answers
414 views

Basic questions on the Hilbert scheme/ Douady space

Let $X$ be a complex projective scheme (resp. complex analytic space). The Hilbert scheme (resp. Douady space) parameterizes closed subschemes (resp. complex analytic subspaces) of $X$. More precisely,...
3
votes
1answer
290 views

Explicit form for hermitian structure $h$ with respect to $\omega$

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a symplectic manifold. and $\pi:L\to M$ be a complex line bundle , we denote $h$ as hermitian structure,i.e. if $s,s'$ are smooth sections of $L$ and if $X$ is a vector field on $M$...
3
votes
1answer
256 views

Off-diagonal holomorphic extension of real analytic functions on $\mathbb{C}^n \times\mathbb{C}^n$

I am struggling trying to understand an statement in a paper I am reading: Let $M$ be a complex manifold of dimension $2n$. Let's consider a function $\xi$: $M$ $\rightarrow$ $\mathbb{C}$ whose ...
6
votes
2answers
635 views

Chern classes and singular hermitian metrics on vector bundles

Let $L$ be a holomorphic line bundle on a complex manifold $X$, and assume it is equipped with a singular hermitian metric $h$ with local weight $\varphi$. Then, one can show that the de Rham class of ...
3
votes
1answer
502 views

Deformations of holomorphic/algebraic vector bundles over $\mathbb{P}^3$

I would like to know what can be said about (global) deformations of holomorphic/algebraic rank two vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^3$. I am particularly interested in the case of topologically trivial ...
3
votes
0answers
250 views

Fujita decomposition versus Zariski decomposition

Fujita decomposition: Let $\frak \pi : X \to B$ be a fibration of a compact Kahler manifold $\frak X$ over a projective curve $\frak B$ then $\pi_*\left(K_{\frak X/B}\right)=A\oplus B$ where $A$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
355 views

Decomposition of hermitian form used in the definition of Griffiths/Nakano positivity

Let $E$ be a hermitian holomorphic vector bundle over a complex manifold $X$. Then $\Theta(E)$, the curvature of $E$, is a section of $\bigwedge^{1,1}X\otimes\operatorname{End}(E)$. However, we have ...
0
votes
2answers
777 views

Question on Hartogs's Extension Theorem

Does Hartogs's extension theorem hold if one replaces the word holomorphic by analytic (of course still in several variables)? For Hartogs's Extension Theorem see here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
36
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8answers
5k views

What's the difference between a real manifold and a smooth variety?

I am teaching a course on Riemann Surfaces next term, and would like a list of facts illustrating the difference between the theory of real (differentiable) manifolds and the theory non-singular ...
68
votes
2answers
7k views

Complex structure on $S^6$ gets published in Journ. Math. Phys

A paper by Gabor Etesi was published that purports to solve a major outstanding problem: Complex structure on the six dimensional sphere from a spontaneous symmetry breaking Journ. Math. Phys. 56, ...
31
votes
1answer
2k views

Complex vector bundles that are not holomorphic

Is there an example of a complex bundle on $\mathbb CP^n$ or on a Fano variety (defined over complex numbers), that does not admit a holomorphic structure? We require that the Chern classes of the ...
25
votes
4answers
5k views

de Rham vs Dolbeault Cohomology

For a complex manifold $M$, one can consider (A) its de Rham cohomology, or (B) its Dolbeault cohomology. I'm looking for some motivation as to why one would bother introducing Dolbeault cohomology. ...
29
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5answers
3k views

Two definitions of Calabi-Yau manifolds

Why is it that the vanishing of the integral first Chern class of a compact Kahler manifold is equivalent to the canonical bundle being trivial? I can see that it implies that the canonical bundle ...
25
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2answers
3k views

Which Kahler Manifolds are also Einstein Manifolds?

Is it known which Kahler manifolds are also Einstein manifolds? For example complex projective spaces are Einstein. Are the Grassmannians Einsein? Are all flag manifolds Einstein?
14
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3answers
2k views

flatness in complex analytic geometry

It is always a pain to move back and forth between definitions in algebraic geometry and complex analytic geometry. Dictionary is much easier when are working with (family of) smooth varieties but the ...
35
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2answers
3k views

A geometric characterization for arithmetic genus

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$. The following information is all equivalent (any of these numbers can be computed by a linear equation from any of the others): the ...
23
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5answers
4k views

References for “modern” proof of Newlander-Nirenberg Theorem

Hi, I'm starting to prepare a graduate topics course on Complex and Kahler manifolds for January 2011. I want to use this course as an excuse to teach the students some geometric analysis. In ...
24
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4answers
4k views

Why do people think that abelian varieties are the hardest case for the Hodge conjecture?

Today, I heard that people think that if you can prove the Hodge conjecture for abelian varieties, then it should be true in general. Apparently this case is important enough (and hard enough) that ...
22
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1answer
2k views

Almost Complex Structure approach to Deformation of Compact Complex Manifolds

I don't know much about the deformation of compact complex manifolds, I've only read chapter 6 of Huybrechts' book Complex Geometry: An Introduction. There are two parts to this chapter. The second ...