# Questions tagged [classical-invariant-theory]

The classical-invariant-theory tag has no usage guidance.

67
questions

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### Functions on products of tori

Let $T$ be an algebraic torus over an algebraically closed field $k$.
Let $d\in\mathbb{N}^{*}$. For every $d$-tuple of integers $\underline{n}=(n_1,\dotsc, n_d)$ and a function $f\in k[T]$, we can ...

1
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0
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53
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### If $ n \in \mathbb{N} $, then does the Reynolds operator of $ \mathbb{G}_{m}^{n} $ commute with the Frobenius endomorphism?

If $ n \in \mathbb{N} $, then $ \mathbb{G}_{m}^{n} $ is linearly reductive. Let $ \beta: \mathbb{G}_{m}^{n} \to \operatorname{GL}(\mathbf{V}) $ where $ \mathbf{V} $ is a vector space over an ...

11
votes

2
answers

645
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### A quadratic $O(N)$ invariant equation for 4-index tensors

Consider an $O(N)$ invariant quadratic equation
$$
T_{ijkl}= T_{ijmn}T_{klmn}+ T_{ikmn}T_{jlmn}+ T_{ilmn}T_{jkmn},
$$
where $T_{ijkl}$ is a real, totally symmetric 4-tensor, and the indices run from 1 ...

3
votes

0
answers

117
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### Unitary equivalence of symmetric and homogenous polynomials

Given any two symmetric and homogenous polynomials with complex coefficients, I'm trying to determine if a unitary change of basis relates them. Specifically, assuming the polynomials are of degree $n$...

3
votes

1
answer

204
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### Generators of polynomial invariant ring of compact Lie groups

$\DeclareMathOperator\GL{GL}\DeclareMathOperator\SL{SL}\DeclareMathOperator\SU{SU}$I'm a PhD student in physics working in the broad area of photonic quantum computing. My current project looks at the ...

2
votes

1
answer

219
views

### What is the Molien series of the SO(2)-invariant ring on the plane (sometimes written C[X]^{SO(2)} )?

Let SO(2) be the group of rotations in the plane. What is the Molien series (sometimes called the Hilbert-Poincare series) of the SO(2)-invariant ring of polynomials?
N.B. The main goal being to ...

2
votes

0
answers

242
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### Is the ideal of the Veronese variety $V_{d,n}$ generated by quadrics?

Maybe it sounds like a silly question to the experts but I'm not able to find a proper reference in the web. Anyone knows if the ideal $I_{d,n}$ of the Veronese variety $V_{d,n}$ is generated by ...

3
votes

1
answer

147
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### Are there any results on an upper bound for the number of secondary invariants needed to generate the invariant ring of a finite group?

If $ G $ is a finite cyclic group, $ \beta: G \to \operatorname{GL}(\mathbf{V}) $ is a linear $ n $ dimensional representation of $ G $, and $ \{x_{1},\dots,x_{n}\} $ is a basis of $ \mathbf{V}^{\ast} ...

15
votes

1
answer

952
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### History of Study's Lemma?

The following theorem is usually attributed to Eduard Study:
Let $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ be polynomials in two variables over a field, with $f$ irreducible. If $f\nmid g$ then the curves $C_f:f=0$ and $...

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0
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139
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### Parameter of Brauer algebra

Let $O(V)$= the set of orthogonal transformation from the vector space $V$ to $V$ where $\dim V=n$. We know that the centralizer algebra of $O(V)$ on the tensor space $V^{\otimes{f}}$ is Brauer ...

7
votes

2
answers

383
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### What are all invariant polynomials on the space of algebraic curvature tensors?

Let $V = (\mathbb{R}^n, g)$, where $g$ is the Euclidean inner product on $V$. Denote by $G$ the orthogonal group $O(V) = O(n)$ and by $\mathfrak{g}$ the Lie algebra of $G$.
Let $W \subset \Lambda^2V^* ...

3
votes

0
answers

84
views

### Invariant theory of the indefinite orthogonal groups

I believe the following statements are true:
Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional real vector space with a positive-definite inner product $g$. Let $g_{\otimes n}$ denote the natural extension of $g$ to $...

12
votes

1
answer

478
views

### Moduli of smooth curves in $|\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^1\times\mathbb{P}^1}(2,2)| $ and their invariants

It is well known that any smooth curve
$C\in |\mathcal{O}_{\mathbf{P}^1\times\mathbf{P}^1}(2,2)| $ has geometric genus equal to 1, so its isomorphism class is determined by its $j$-invariant. ...

5
votes

1
answer

148
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### For what graph does the following algebraic property hold?

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a simple graph.
My question:
For what graph $G$, does there exist a permutation $\sigma$ on $V$ such that
$$\prod_{uv\in E}(x_{\sigma(u)}-x_{\sigma(v)})=-\prod_{uv\in E}(x_u-x_v)?$$
...

3
votes

1
answer

265
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### On a relation between the Hessian and the catalecticant matrix of a binary quartic form

I am currently working on a paper that requires using the theory of invariants of binary quartic forms. Playing around, I have found an interesting identity that gives the Hessian from the minors of ...

3
votes

0
answers

151
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### Reference request: invariants/tableaux functions for 4 lines in $P^3$

Does anybody have a reference for invariants of configurations of linear subspaces in the projective space?
In particular I would be curious to see an explicit expression of the invariant functions ...

2
votes

0
answers

306
views

### Invariants of the group $SO(2)$

Let $V_d$ be the complex vector space of binary forms of degree $d$ endowed with the natural
action of the special orthogonal group $SO(2).$ Consider the corresponding action of the
group $SO(2)$ on ...

8
votes

1
answer

246
views

### Can discriminant polynomials become perfect powers on hyperplanes?

Let
$$\displaystyle f(x) = a_d x^d + a_{d-1} x^{d-1} + \cdots + a_0.$$
Consider the discriminant of $f$, denoted by $\Delta(f)$, defined as
$$\displaystyle \Delta(f) = a_d^{2d-2} \prod_{i < j} (\...

4
votes

1
answer

412
views

### How to check if a ternary cubic is a product of linear forms?

Let $F$ be a square-free (as a polynomial) ternary cubic form over $\mathbb{C}$, and let $H_F$ be its Hessian determinant... which is also a ternary cbic form. If $F$ splits over $\mathbb{C}$, so that ...

7
votes

1
answer

655
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### higher Casimirs for $\mathfrak{sl}$

The Wikipedia universal enveloping algebra suggest a way to obtain higher Casimir operators (e.g. generators of the center of $\mathfrak{U(g)}$ for $\mathfrak{g}$ semisimple) by evaluating certain ...

4
votes

1
answer

266
views

### Resultants for compactly represented product form polynomials?

Typically computing resultnt of $n+1$ different $n+1$-variate homogeneous polynomials takes $O(poly(\prod_{i=1}^{d_{i}}))$ time where $d_i$ is degree of $i$th polynomial. In certain cases the ...

2
votes

0
answers

75
views

### Explicit formulas for polynomial invariants of cubic surfaces in Sylvester standard form

By a cubic surface $X_F$ we mean the zero locus of a homogeneous cubic polynomial $F(x,y,z,w)$. The group $\text{GL}_4$ acts on $X_F$ via substitution. The ring of polynomial invariants induced by ...

10
votes

2
answers

479
views

### A curious identity involving a covariant of binary cubic forms

Let $F(x,y) = a_3 x^3 + a_2x^2 y + a_1 xy^2 + a_0 y^3$ be a binary cubic form, say with real coefficients. Put $H(x,y) = H_F(x,y)$ for the Hessian covariant of $F$, defined by
$$\displaystyle H_F(x,y)...

9
votes

3
answers

687
views

### Explicit formulas for invariants of binary quintic forms

I am looking for explicit formulas for the four basic invariants $I_4, I_8, I_{12}, I_{18}$ of a generic binary quintic form, either given in the shape
$$\displaystyle F(x,y) = ax^5 + 5bx^4y + 10cx^...

9
votes

3
answers

710
views

### Invariants of exterior powers

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra of $GL(n,\mathbb{R})$. Let $\theta(X) = - X^T$ be the Cartan involution on $\mathfrak{g}$; it induces decomposition as $\mathfrak{g} = \mathfrak{k} \oplus \...

22
votes

2
answers

963
views

### What is currently feasible in invariant theory for binary forms?

When Paul Gordan became a professor in 1875 he could show the binary form in any degree has some finite complete system of (general linear) invariants, but he could not actually give a complete system ...

3
votes

1
answer

596
views

### Question on the integral $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} e^{a x^4+b x^3+c x^2+d x+f}\,dx$

From the wikipedia page on Gaussian integral https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaussian_integral the following formula holds:
$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} e^{a x^4+b x^3+c x^2+d x+f}\,dx =\frac12 e^f \ \...

2
votes

1
answer

533
views

### Homogeneous polynomials and symmetric binary forms

Let $f\in k[x_0,...,x_n]_d$ be a degree $d$ homogeneous polynomial in $n+1$ variables.
Is there a way to associate to $f$ a form $g(y_1,...,y_m)$ which is symmetric in the sets of binary variables $...

5
votes

2
answers

359
views

### Discriminant of a composition of binary forms

Let $F(x,y), A(x,y), B(x,y)$ be homogeneous polynomials with integer coefficients (a.k.a. binary forms) such that the degrees of $A(x,y)$ and $B(x,y)$ match. Define
$$R(x,y) := F\left(A(x,y), B(x,y)\...

8
votes

2
answers

306
views

### Vanishing of Aronhold S-invariant on the cubic forms on $H^2(X, \mathbb Q)$

I am considering several examples of compact complex threefolds $X$ such that $rk H^2(X)=3$.
Note that we have a cubic form on $H^2(X, \mathbb Q)$ which comes from the cup product.
I calculated the ...

3
votes

0
answers

132
views

### Dimension of curvature invariants

EDIT: Let $V$ be a Euclidean space and let $O(V)$ denotes its orthogonal group.
Let $K(V)\subset Sym^2(\wedge^2(V))$ denote the subspace of curvature tensors, i.e. the subspace of elements satisfying ...

6
votes

1
answer

624
views

### Local differential geometry and invariant theory

Can someone please give me pointers to the literature for local differential differential geometry according to invariant theory in the following sense, provided such a literature exists?
Start with ...

6
votes

1
answer

217
views

### Constructing symmetric invariants of the exceptional simple Lie algebra as restrictions

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex simple Lie algebra with maximal torus $\mathfrak{h}$, Weyl group $W$. The adjoint representation $\operatorname{ad} : \mathfrak{g} \rightarrow \mathfrak{gl(g)}$ extends ...

9
votes

2
answers

689
views

### Generalization of Pascal's theorem to higher dimensions

Pascal's celebrated theorem in classical geometry gives a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a conic through six given points in the plane. Does there exists a similar statement ...

2
votes

0
answers

115
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### Anti-Invariant Polynomials of the Dihedral group

I'm interested in the one-dimensional irreducible representations of $D_{2n}$ acting on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$. I have found that the trivial representations for an algebra freely generated by $x^2+y^2$ ...

15
votes

3
answers

3k
views

### Generators of invariant polynomials of semisimple Lie algebra

Suppose $\mathfrak{g}$ is a complex semi-simple Lie algebra. By a theorem of Chevalley, we know that $S(\mathfrak{g})^\mathfrak{g}$, i.e. the $\mathfrak{g}$ invariant polynomials, is generated by $l$ ...

2
votes

4
answers

533
views

### Equivalent binary forms

Two binary forms $f, g \in k[x, y]$ are equivalent when there exists an $M \in GL_2 (k)$ such that $f^M = g$. For simplicity we take $k$ such that $char (k) =0$ and $k=\bar k$.
The equivalence ...

11
votes

1
answer

522
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### Decomposition of $\mathrm{O}(n)$-modules coming from differential geometry

Let $V$ be a $n$-dimensional real vector space equipped with a positively definite scalar product $g$ and let $\mathrm{O}(n)$ be the automorphism group of $(V,g)$. View $V^{\otimes k}$ as a $\mathrm{O}...

6
votes

3
answers

609
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### $SL(n) \times SL(n)$-invariants of $m$-tuples of matrices

I work over field of complex numbers. Let $G=SL(n) \times SL(n)$, and $(A,B) \in G$ acts on $m$-tuples of matrices $M_{n \times n}(\mathbb{C})^{\oplus m}$ as follows
$$
(A,B) \cdot (M_1, \ldots, M_m) \...

1
vote

1
answer

437
views

### Schur-Weyl duality for arbitrary tensor products of simple finite-dimensional $GL_n$-modules

Let $M$ and $N$ be two simple finite dimensional $GL_n$ modules. Is there a way of expressing the heighest weight vectors of the simple submodules of $M\otimes N$ in terms of the heighest weight ...

4
votes

0
answers

270
views

### First Fundamental Theorem for Alternating Group

I know it fails but is there an answer?
More precisely, let $V$ be the standard complex $n$-dimensional representation of the alternating group $A_n$, $kV$ the direct sum of its $k$ copies, $S(kV)$ ...

5
votes

2
answers

480
views

### Linearisation of a group

If $G$ is a connected Lie group acting on a vector $\mathbb{C}$-space $V$ then it is well known that the algebra of invariants $\mathbb{C}[V]^G$ coincides with the algebra of invariants $\mathbb{...

4
votes

3
answers

270
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### Invariants in $S^n(S^k(\mathbb{C}^w)$

Are the formulas for the multiplicity of $SL(w)$ invariants in $S^n(S^k(\mathbb{C}^w)$ known? This is a very classical topic. If no, in what ranges one can compute it (for certain paramaters fixed - e....

10
votes

2
answers

1k
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### Invariant polynomials for a product of algebraic groups

Let $G_1$ and $G_2$ be connected reductive algebraic groups defined over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $V_1$ and $V_2$ be irreducible representations of $G_1$ and $G_2$ respectively. I'm interested in general ...

3
votes

2
answers

373
views

### degrees of the invariants for the action of $SL(V)$ on $\wedge^4V$

How can we find the degrees of the invariants for the action of $SL(V)$ on $\wedge^4V$ , $dimV=8$ by the model in the Lie algebra $E_7$.

3
votes

1
answer

521
views

### Igusa invariants of genus 2 curves as Siegel modular functions?

Hi,
Are the Igusa invariants (defined in Igusa's oringal paper) also classical Siegel modular forms? I read from somewhere that
$\psi_4=\frac{1}{4}I_4, \quad \psi_6=\frac{1}{8}(I_2I_4-3I_6), \quad \...

0
votes

0
answers

171
views

### The transcendence degree of the algebras of invariants

Let $V_n,V_m$ be the vector $\mathbb{C}$-spaces of the binary forms of degrees $n,m$ considered as usual $SL_2$-modules. Let $I_{n,m}=\mathbb{C}[V_n \oplus V_m]^{SL_2}$ and $C_{n,m}=\mathbb{C}[...

2
votes

1
answer

316
views

### Modules of invariants?

Let $G \subset SL(V, \mathbb{C})$ be a finite group and $R=(\operatorname{Sym}\[V\])^G$ is the ring of polynomial invariants, $W$ some irreducible complex representation of $G$. I want to know is ...

2
votes

2
answers

214
views

### Computing the relations in invariant algebra

Suppose we have a ring $R$ and a finite group $G$ acting on it, Is there a way to compute the invariant ring $R^G$ explicitly? Infact I am more interested in the case of affine ring and the symmetric ...

12
votes

1
answer

650
views

### A question on invariant theory of $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$.

Let $\rho$ denote the irreducible algebraic representation of $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ with the highest weight $(2,2,\underset{n-2}{\underbrace{0,\dots,0}})$.
Let $k\leq n/2$ be a non-negative integer. ...