Questions tagged [circle-packing]

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2
votes
3answers
131 views

Can we almost cover any shape in the plane by disjoint/tangent disks of prescribed radii?

This is a cross-post. Let $(a_n)_{n \in \mathbb{Z}}$ be some given, strictly increasing sequence of positive numbers, such that $\lim_{n \to -\infty} a_n=0,\lim_{n \to +\infty} a_n=+\infty$. Let $\...
7
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1answer
424 views

Packing equal-size disks in a unit disk

Inspired by the delicious buns and Siu Mai in bamboo steamers I saw tonight in a food show about Cantonese Dim Sum, here is a natural question. It probably has been well studied in the literature, but ...
2
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1answer
79 views

On covering a disk by non-overlapping subdisks

I posted this question many years ago on math stackexchange but it did not get an answer. It had circulated as a puzzle in graduate school. A disk $D$ of radius $1$ contains disks $D_i$ ($i \ge 1$) of ...
8
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0answers
85 views

Can solutions to Thomson's problem have pentagons?

Thomson's problem asks for the minimum energy configuration for $N$ electrons on a sphere (refs: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomson_problem, https://sites.google.com/site/adilmmughal/...
6
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0answers
113 views

On cutting disks from planar regions

Question: Given a planar region $R$ of unit area and an integer $n$, to cut $n$ circular disks (their sizes need not be equal) such that the highest fraction of $R$ is taken off. A simple greedy ...
16
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4answers
827 views

Squaring a square and discrete Ricci flow

Is this a theorem? Every $3$-connected planar graph $G$ may be represented as a tiling of a square by squares, one square per node of $G$, with nodes connected in $G$ corresponding to tangent squares....
7
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2answers
409 views

Proofs of circle packing theorem

Circle packing theorem is a famous result stating that for every connected simple planar graph $G$ there is a circle packing in the plane whose intersection graph is $G$ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
1
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0answers
137 views

What is the nearest Ford circle for any point in $\mathbb R^2$

I want to draw Ford circles within a "distance Estimated system" (ray marching). Therefore, given a point $(x,y)$ from $\mathbb R^2$, I need the shortest distance to any circle with center $(p/q,1/2q^...
2
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1answer
181 views

Densest safe disk packing

Inspired by current regulations regarding the minimal distance to be kept among people to prevent spreading of the COVID-19 virus and the maximal number of people in a group that is not subjected to ...
5
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1answer
451 views

Packing circles with radii 1, 2, 3, …, n in a rectangle

For each positive integer n, let $a_n$ be the area of the smallest rectangle whose area is a whole number, and inside which it is possible to pack all n circles of radii 1, 2, 3, ..., n respectively (...
4
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0answers
100 views

Do kissing numbers with distance $d$ always grow polynomially or exponentially in dimension?

Let $A_d(n)$ be the largest number of points that can be packed on the $n$-unit sphere, such that every point is at least $d$ apart. Compare with, for instance, https://arxiv.org/abs/1507.03631 When ...
29
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5answers
9k views

Six yolks in a bowl: Why not optimal circle packing? [closed]

Making soufflé tonight, I wondered if the six yolks took on the optimal circle packing configuration. They do not. It is only with seven congruent circles that the optimal packing places one in the ...
1
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0answers
154 views

Some Problems On Apollonian Gasket

Since 2013, I found Some problems on Apollonian Gasket as following. These problem also is higher level of Eppstein Point. I am looking for a proof of one of these problems: Let three $(A)$, $(B)$, $(...
2
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1answer
216 views

Some inequalities on chain of circle packing

By my computation, I pose a conjecture as follows and I am looking for a proof: Conjecture: Let $(O)$ be a circle with radius $R$, and $n$ be positive integer $n\ge 3$. Construct $n$ circles $(...
9
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2answers
274 views

Density of a saturated random packing of congruent circles

The problem of the expected density of a saturated random packing of unit circles in the plane can be described as follows. In a circular region $C$ of a large radius pick a point at random and draw ...
1
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0answers
142 views

Interior and boundary vertices of weighted graphs

Xu He's article Rigidity of Infinite Disk Patterns and I have a problem with a statement he makes on page 7. He considers weighted embedded planar graphs $G=(V, E)$ with weight function $\Theta: E \...
1
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2answers
175 views

Descartes' theorem and Circle Packing [closed]

There's something I am missing comparing Descartes' theorem for three isometric circles here and this wiki post on circle packing of 3 circles here. From my calculation: $$ r_{ext} = \frac{r_{int}}{{...
15
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2answers
649 views

Hausdorff dimension of Apollonian circle packing, 1.305686729, 1.305688 or yet something else?

I am interested in the Hausdorff dimension of the Apollonian circle packing. There seem to be two numerical calculations of the value: 1.305686729(10) from P.B ...
7
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1answer
169 views

Optimal stacking of split logs

Consider firewood logs as unit-radius cylinders of the same length. Each log is split into $k$ pieces by equiangular sectors meeting in the circle center: $k=2$ leads to semicircles, $180^\circ$; $k=3$...
4
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0answers
184 views

How large do algebraic representations need to be for packing circles in squares?

(This question is inspired by Erich's Packing Center. I'm just asking about circles in squares to keep things simple, since I suspect any answer would apply just-as-well to the rest of the problems ...
3
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0answers
128 views

Modeling bubble rafts

If you go to images.google.com and search on "bubble rafts", you'll see various pictures of disk packings that in large patches look like the six-around-one dense packing of the plane by equal-sized ...
14
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1answer
615 views

Is the Ford disk packing optimal?

Given two unit-diameter disks tangent to a given line and to each other, determining a region bounded by two circular arcs and a line segment, is the Ford disk packing of that region the unique ...
17
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1answer
341 views

Packing disks on a cone, or: Garlands on a tree

...
6
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1answer
233 views

Spirals in Apollonian circle-packings

Given mutually (externally) tangent circles $C_1,C_2,C_3$, let $C_n$ be the unique circle externally tangent to $C_{n-1}$, $C_{n-2}$, and $C_{n-3}$ for $n \geq 4$. Let $P_{\infty}$ be the point toward ...
2
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0answers
260 views

Is the kissing number in $n$ dimensions always divisible by $n$? And what is the base of exponential growth of the kissing number?

And why are the kissing numbers for 1, 2, 3, 4 and 8 dimensions all highly composite numbers?
6
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1answer
249 views

Isotropy of Apollonian disk-packing

Is there any sense in which the "epsilon-tail" of an Apollonian disk-packing (by which I mean the union of the disks of radius less than epsilon) exhibits more and more statistical isotropy as epsilon ...
4
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0answers
654 views

Packing space by cones: Translates best?

Let $C$ be a right circular cone, the convex hull of a unit-radius disk and a point directly above the disk center at height $h$.                 Is the ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

Local rigidity of square disk packing

Is the packing of the plane by disks of radius 1/2 centered at the points of ${\bf Z} \times {\bf Z}$ "locally rigid" in the sense that no finite subcollection of the disks admits any joint ...
15
votes
2answers
636 views

Are there locally jammed arrangements of spheres of zero density?

I know of a remarkable result from a paper of Matthew Kahle (PDF download), that there are arbitrarily low-density jammed packings of congruent disks in $\mathbb{R}^2$: In 1964 Böröczky used a ...
15
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0answers
455 views

Expanding disks lead to what packing of the plane?

Suppose one sprinkles points uniformly at random on the infinite Euclidean plane, with some density $\rho$ per unit area. View the points as disks of radius zero. Now the radii $r$ of all disks grows ...
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0answers
75 views

Are morphisms of intersection graphs of circle packings harmonic?

Let $P$ and $Q$ be circle packings on compact Riemann surfaces (along with some Riemannian metrics) $X$ and $Y$. Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a conformal map taking each circle in $P$ to a circle in $Q$. ...
1
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0answers
290 views

Which term is better for the so called “sphere packing”?

I'm working on sphere packings. When I write, I'm confused with basic definitions. I'm hesitating between the terms "sphere", "ball" or "oriented sphere". For example, on the wikipedia page of circle ...
2
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0answers
231 views

A primal-dual (double) circle packing (coin graph) question

I know that any 3-connected simple planar graph with a designated outside face (outer face) has a primal-dual (double) circle packing (Brightwell-Scheinerman Theorem). Q1- But I am not sure whether ...
4
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1answer
387 views

Generalizing the circle packing theorem to 3-dimensions

The circle packing theorem (Koebe–Andreev–Thurston theorem) states that every finite planar graph is the nerve of some disk packing in the plane, where the nerve of a packing $P$ is a graph $G=(V,E)$, ...
13
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5answers
2k views

Computing the centers of Apollonian circle packings

The radii of an Apollonian circle packing are computed from the initial curvatures e.g. (-10, 18, 23, 27) solving Descartes equation $2(a^2+b^2+c^2+d^2)=(a+b+c+d)^2$ and using the four matrices to ...
1
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1answer
181 views

Constant hole density on the area of a circle

I need to create about 100 (small) holes in a distributor plate (hole diam = 0.5 mm; plate diameter = 100 mm). The sm. holes should be distributed in such a way that the density (hole/area) is nearly ...
19
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1answer
3k views

A circle packing conjecture

Consider $n$ circles with variable radii $r_1,\ldots, r_n$ that pack inside a fixed circle of unit radius. In other words, all $n$ variable-radius circles are contained in the unit radius circle and ...
1
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1answer
306 views

Settling a circular argument: room for one more?

By using a regular hexagonal arrangement it is simple to fit 19 identical circles into a larger circle of five times the radius with no circles overlapping. This leaves an area equal to six smaller ...
45
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6answers
5k views

Is it possible to partition $\mathbb R^3$ into unit circles?

Is it possible to partition $\mathbb R^3$ into unit circles?