Questions tagged [ap.analysis-of-pdes]

Partial differential equations (PDEs): Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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32
votes
1answer
3k views

Why is there a connection between enumerative geometry and nonlinear waves?

Recently I encountered in a class the fact that there is a generating function of Gromov--Witten invariants that satisfies the Korteweg--de Vries hierarchy. Let me state the fact more precisely. ...
11
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2answers
1k views

Elliptic operators corresponds to non vanishing vector fields

Added, June 19, 2019: The main motivation of this post is to associate an index to differential operator associated to a dynamical system such that the index has an interesting ...
14
votes
1answer
976 views

When is a given matrix of two forms a curvature form?

Let's assume we are working over $\mathbb{R}^n$ (but feel free to change to domain to answer the question). I wish to know if the equation $F = dA + A \wedge A$ can be solved for a matrix of 1-forms $...
42
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1answer
4k views

Unconditional nonexistence for the heat equation with rapidly growing data?

Consider the initial value problem $$ \partial_t u = \partial_{xx} u$$ $$ u(0,x) = u_0(x)$$ for the heat equation in one dimension, where $u_0: {\bf R} \to {\bf R}$ is a smooth initial datum and $u: [...
3
votes
1answer
365 views

Meaning of Alberti rank-one theorem

Heuristically what does Alberti's rank-one theorem imply about the structure of a $\mathrm{BV}$ vector field $\boldsymbol{b}$? Is it rigorously fair to say that the level lines of $\boldsymbol{b}$ ...
5
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1answer
361 views

Fredholm index vs. Limit cycle theory

Let $A$ be the algebra of all smooth functions $f: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $f$ is flat at the origin and is real analytic on $\mathbb{R}^2 \setminus \{0\}$. Let $B $ be ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Role of absolute continuity of divergence of BV function in proof of renormalization property

In the paper http://cvgmt.sns.it/paper/436/, the author proves the renormalization property for the flow generated by a vector field $a(t,\cdot) \in BV(\mathbb{R}^N; \mathbb{R}^N)$. Heuristically, ...
110
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16answers
11k views

Does Physics need non-analytic smooth functions?

Observing the behaviour of a few physicists "in nature", I had the impression that among the mathematical tools they use a lot (along with possibly much more sofisticated maths, of course), ...
65
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7answers
13k views

What is the symbol of a differential operator?

I find Wikipedia's discussion of symbols of differential operators a bit impenetrable, and Google doesn't seem to turn up useful links, so I'm hoping someone can point me to a more pedantic discussion....
21
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2answers
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Compact Embeddings of Sobolev Spaces: A Counterexample Showing The Rellich-Kondrachov Theorem Is Sharp

Let $U$ be an open bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with $C^{1}$ boundary. Let $1 \leq p < n$ and $p^{\ast} = pn/(n-p)$. Then the Sobolev space $W^{1,p}(U)$ is contained $L^{p^{\ast}}(U)$ and ...
7
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2answers
723 views

Willmore minimizers for genus $\geq 2$

For an immersed closed surface $f: \Sigma \rightarrow \mathbb R^3$ the Willmore functional is defined as $$ \cal W(f) = \int _{\Sigma} \frac{1}{4} |\vec H|^2 d \mu_g, $$ where $\vec H$ is the mean ...
5
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1answer
882 views

propagation of singularities & the Schrodinger equation

I've been thinking about the following propagation of singularities result: Let $X$ be a compact manifold, and let $P$ be a differential operator (of, say, order $m$) on $X$ whose principal symbol $\...
5
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1answer
488 views

Reference request: optimal $L^p$ regularity for solutions to $-\Delta u=f$ with $f\in L^1(R^d)$

The tilte says it all. Given $f\in L^1(R^d)$ (let me restrict to dimension $d\geq 3$ for convenience), what is the optimal $L^p$ regularity for solutions to $$ -\Delta u=f\hspace{3cm}(1)? $$ I'm of ...
6
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1answer
358 views

Proof that $L^2(0,T;X)^* = L^2(0,T;X^*)$

How is the proof that $$[L^2(0,T;X)]' = L^2(0,T;X')$$ looking like, where $X$ is a Hilbert space? I am asking for the proof that the dual space of $L^2(0,T;X)$ is the space $L^2(0,T;X^*)$. Is the ...
2
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1answer
231 views

Elliptic problem on a domain split in two subdomains

Consider the following elliptic problem in a split domain: $$ (\ast) \quad\begin{cases} -\Delta u=f_1 \quad &\text{ in } U_1\\ -\Delta u =f_2 & \text{ in } U_2\\ u=g & \text{ on } \...
2
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1answer
117 views

Boundary condition for elliptic problems and domain decomposition

This question is motivated by one that has been previously asked on this website: Elliptic problem on a domain split in two subdomains Consider an open domain $U$ split in two non-overlapping ...
4
votes
1answer
181 views

Universal decay rate of the Fisher information along the heat flow

I'm looking for a reference for the following fact: In the torus $\mathbb T^d$ let me denote by $u_t=u(t,x)$ the (unique, distributional) solution of the heat equation $$ \partial_t u=\Delta u $$ ...
2
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1answer
111 views

Surveys/monographs on the vortex filament equation

Where can I find surveys on the mathematical aspects of the vortex filament equation? In particular, I'm interested in the following topics: physical motivation; notion of solutions and ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Relationship between the vortex filament equation and the cubic Schrödinger equation

How is the vortex filament equation $$\partial_t \chi = \partial_s \chi \wedge \partial_{ss} \chi,$$ where $\chi(t,s)$ is a curve in $\mathbb R^3$, related to the cubic Schrödinger equation? Note 1. ...
47
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6answers
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Which nonlinear PDEs are of interest to algebraic geometers and why?

Motivation I have recently started thinking about the interrelations among algebraic geometry and nonlinear PDEs. It is well known that the methods and ideas of algebraic geometry have lead to a ...
22
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7answers
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Applications of Microlocal Analysis?

What examples are there of striking applications of the ideas of Microlocal Analysis? Ideally i'm looking for specific results in any of the relevant fields (PDE, algebraic/differential geometry/...
16
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5answers
2k views

“Physical” construction of nonconstant meromorphic functions on compact Riemann surfaces?

Miranda's book on Riemann surfaces ignores the analytical details of proving that compact Riemann surfaces admit nonconstant meromorphic functions, preferring instead to work out the algebraic ...
28
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1answer
2k views

The Riemann zeros and the heat equation

The Riemann xi function $\Xi(x)$ is defined, with $s=1/2+ix$, as $$ \Xi(x)=\frac12 s(s-1)\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s)=2\int_0^\infty \Phi(u)\cos(ux) \, du, $$ where $\Phi(u)$ is defined as $$ 2\sum_{...
12
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1answer
2k views

Density of smooth functions in Sobolev spaces on manifolds

Hebbey defines the Sobolev space of functions on a Riemannian manifold (M,g) as the completion of smooth functions under the Sobolev norm. However, I have seen (elsewhere) that Sobolev spaces have ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE

I saw several papers that without proof accept the fact "Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE" is there any affirmative proof of this fact? in which book we have this fact, the number of ...
12
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3answers
2k views

Reference request: Simple facts about vector-valued Sobolev space

Let $V,H$ be separable Hilbert spaces such that there are dense injections $V \hookrightarrow H \hookrightarrow V^*$. (For example, $H = L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$, $V = H^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$, $V^* = H^{-1}(\...
18
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3answers
2k views

Poincare lemma for non-smooth differentiable forms

The Poincare lemma is almost always formulated for differential forms with smooth coefficients (or sometimes for currents that have distributional coefficients). I would like to have it for $C^k$-...
9
votes
1answer
404 views

Linearization instability and singular points of algebraic varieties

In a well known 1973 paper, Fischer and Marsden pointed out (with similar, contemporary remarks made in the physics literature by Brill and Deser) that the space of solutions of some non-linear ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

integration by parts for the fractional Laplacian

Is there an integration by parts formula for fractional laplacians in $L^p(\mathbb{R}^N)$, something like $$ s\in(0,1),\qquad\int\limits_{\mathbb{R}^N}f[(-\Delta)^sg] =\int\limits_{\mathbb{R}^...
10
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2answers
1k views

Characterize where the Dirichlet Problem for the Laplacian is always solvable

Conway's 1978 textbook Functions of One Complex Variable I gives an unsatisfying characterization of the regions for which the Dirichlet Problem can always be solved, and then comments no cleaner ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Maximum principle for weak solutions

maximum principles for parabolic PDEs seem to be well-known, if the solution is a priori $C^2$ (cf. Protter, Weinberger: Maximum principles in differential equations). However, what about weak ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Method of characteristics of a system of first order pdes

I asked the question on math.stackexchange.com, but didn't get any reply. So, I asked it again here. Any suggestion or hint is welcome, and thank you for your attention. Consider the system of first ...
8
votes
3answers
906 views

Newlander-Nirenberg for surfaces

Quite a long ago, I tried to work out explicitly the content of the Newlander-Nirenberg theorem. My aim was trying to understand wether a direct proof could work in the simplest possible case, namely ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Estimates on the Green function of an elliptic second order differential operator.

Let $D$ be a linear differential elliptic operator of second order with infinitely smooth coefficients acting on real valued functions on a compact manifold $M$. Let us assume that $D$ has no free ...
7
votes
3answers
328 views

How to find the associated conservation law from a given symmetry

It is a very well-known fact that any conservation law associated with some given PDE has an associated invariance (by Noether's Theorem). However, it is completely mysterious for me how to compute/...
11
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3answers
469 views

Reference request: Systems of linear PDES with constant coefficients

I am looking for a reference for the following statement: Assume that $P_1, \dots, P_k \in \mathbb R[x_1, \dots, x_m]$ and consider a system of PDEs \begin{align} P_i(\partial / \partial x_1, \dots, \...
8
votes
1answer
689 views

Traces of Sobolev spaces

Is there a simple proof of the following fact? Theorem. Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded and smooth domain. If $n>2$, then $W^{1,n-1}(\partial\Omega)\subset W^{1-\frac{1}{n},n}(\...
7
votes
2answers
852 views

Uniform bound on the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian

Is it possibly to have $L_\infty$ bounds on the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian operator on bounded regular domains with Dirichlet condition? I found several papers by Sogge but these are pretty ...
3
votes
2answers
477 views

A function in $W^{1,p}(\Omega)$ for $1 < p < n$ which is not differentiable a.e

I'm seeking a function which belongs to $W^{1,p}(\Omega)$ for $p < n$ which is not differentiable a.e. There is a standard theorem which shows that if $p > n$ then in fact any function in $W^{1,...
7
votes
3answers
546 views

Books and resources on PDEs that use Mathematica and Matlab

Can you recommend some reference books that use software like MATLAB and Mathematica to deal with the basic topics in analysis of PDE (the ones you can find in Strauss' book Partial Differential ...
6
votes
2answers
764 views

Vector Fields in a Riemannian Manifold

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold. Is there a way to classify manifolds where there exists a vector field that commutes with the laplace beltrami operator? Thanks
6
votes
0answers
274 views

A concept weaker than geodesibility of flows which is possibly useful in limit cycle theory

The main objective of this post is to apply the Gauss Bonnet Theorem to count the number of limit cycles of a polynomial vector field as described in this MO post and its linked MO posts But in this ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

The adjoint operators as elliptic operators

Edit: It seems that the link "https://cms.math.ca/Events/Toulouse2004/abs/ss7.html#lt" which contains a talk by Loic Teyssier about homological equations and vanishing cycles is temporally ...
4
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2answers
1k views

System of linear first order PDE with constant coefficients

recently in my researches I've come across the following operator $$L\left(\begin{array}{c} a_1\\ \vdots\\ a_n \end{array}\right)=M_1\left(\begin{array}{c} ...
3
votes
1answer
228 views

Typical elements of the space $\mathring {L^k_p}(\Omega)$

In the book Sobolev Spaces with Application of Maz'ya, $\mathring {L^k_p}(\Omega)$ is defined to be the completion of $\mathcal D(\Bbb R^n)$ under the norm $||\nabla^ku||_{L_p(\Omega)}$. For nice ...
2
votes
1answer
543 views

Existence of a solution to an infinite dimensional Stratonovich SDE

Let $U,H$ be separable $\mathbb R$-Hilbert spaces $Q\in\mathfrak L(U)$ be nonnegative and self-adjoint with finite trace $U_0:=Q^{1/2}U$ $(\Omega,\mathcal A,(\mathcal F_t)_{t\ge 0},\operatorname P)$ ...
1
vote
1answer
554 views

Properties of the trace term in the Itō formula

Let's consider the SDE $${\rm d}X_t=u_t(X_t){\rm d}t+\xi_t(X_t){\rm d}W_t\;\;\;\text{for all }t\ge 0\tag 1$$ where $U,H$ are separable $\mathbb R$-Hilbert spaces $Q\in\mathfrak L(U)$ is nonnegative ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Analytic solution of a system of linear, hyperbolic, first order, partial differential equations

In a try to solve a physical problem, I've faced a system of first-order partial differential equations of the form $$\cos\left(t\right)\partial_{x}\mathbf{u}+\sin\left(t\right)\partial_{y}\mathbf{u}+...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

About eigen-functions of the Gaussian kernel

If I look at the Guassian kernel function $e^{- \frac {\vert x - y\vert_2^2 }{2 w^2 } }$ for $x, y \in \mathbb{R}$. Then w.r.t the Gaussian measure $N(\mu,\sigma)$ I believe it is true that this has a ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

The study of dynamics of a polynomial vector field via Green's function methods

In the litterature, in particular in the papers on dynamical investigation of polynomial vector fields on the plane, are there some research devoting to study the Green's function for the PDE which is ...

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