# Questions tagged [ap.analysis-of-pdes]

Partial differential equations (PDEs): Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

2,392 questions

**3**

votes

**2**answers

215 views

### Quaternion holomorphic maps via certain elliptic operator instead of immediate generalization of complex differentiability

We identify $\mathbb{R}^4$ with the quaternions $\mathbb{H}=\{t=x+yi+zj+wk\mid x,y,z,w\in \mathbb{R}\}$. We define the differential operator $D$ on $C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^4)$, the space of smooth ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Optimal control theory of PDEs

This is a somewhat openly phrased question because I am not quite sure what has been done in that direction.
Imagine one has two evolution equations
$$\partial_t u = p(x,\partial_x,f)u$$
$$\...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Quantitative finite speed of propagation property for ODE (cone of dependence)

Consider the following ODE initial value problem
\begin{align*}
&\frac{d}{dt}\Phi(t,x) = \boldsymbol{F}(t,\Phi(t,x)), & t \in [0,T], \ \ x \in \mathbb{R}^N,\\
&\Phi(0,x) = x, & x \in \...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Smooth dependence of convex functions on Monge-Ampère measure

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ be a bounded convex domain, $f$ be a positive smooth function on $\Omega$ and $\phi:\partial\Omega\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function. It is known that as ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

80 views

### Reference request for fractional Poincare inequality

Suppose we consider in $\mathbb R^n$, then how to show $\Vert f \Vert_{L^{p}} \leq C\Vert \nabla^{s}f \Vert_{L^{q}}^{\alpha}$, where $s>0$ is noninteger and $\alpha \in (0,1)$?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

70 views

### Bernstein type theorems for CMC hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$

Is there any Bernstein type theorems for CMC hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ in the literature?
More precisely I would like to know if there is an answer to the following
QUESTION: Let $f : \...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### Separation of variables for PDE

Consider the PDE
$$ \partial_t f(t,x) = \Phi(x) f(t,x)+ \Psi(x)f(t,x-a)$$
$$f(0,x)=1$$
$$f(t,0)=1$$
where $a$ is a constant and $\Phi$ and $\Psi$ are some differentiable functions. To solve this I ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Meaning of Alberti rank-one theorem

Heuristically what does Alberti's rank-one theorem imply about the structure of a $\mathrm{BV}$ vector field $\boldsymbol{b}$?
Is it rigorously fair to say that the level lines of $\boldsymbol{b}$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Liouville theorem for fractional Laplacian

Is there any Liouville type theorem for the half space problem
\begin{equation}
\ \ \left\{\begin{aligned}
(-\Delta)^s v &= 0 &&\text{in } \mathbb R^N_+\\
v & =0 &&\text{...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### linear fractional laplacian problem

If $U(x)$ is a classical solution of
\begin{equation}
\ \ \left\{\begin{aligned}
(-\Delta)^s U+ U &=m(r)U &&\text{in } B \\
U &= 0 &&\text{in } \mathbb R^N \...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

75 views

### Extended Global approximation theorem

In Evans,
$\textbf{Theorem} $ (Global Approximation Theorem) Assume $U$ is bounded, and $\partial U$ is $C^1$. Suppose as well that $u \in W^{k,p}(U)$ for some $1\leq p < \infty$. Then, there ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

215 views

### Asymptotic expansion of heat operator $e^{-\Delta{t}}$ and $e^{-\mathcal{D}t}$ of Dirac operator

For a closed Riemannian manifold $M$ of $n$-dimension, we consider the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$.
It is known that we have an asymptotic expansion for the trace of heat operator $e^{-\Delta{...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Interpolation of some Lebesgue spaces

When dealing with time-dependent PDEs, one often obtain that some quantity $E(t,x)$ belongs to a Lebesgue space $L^p_t(L^q_y)$, which means that
$$\int_0^{+\infty}\|E(t,\cdot)\|_{L^q(\mathbb{R}^n)}^p ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

99 views

### Exponential decay of resolvent kernel

For the integral kernel of the Laplacian $\Delta$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$, consider the resolvent $R(\lambda) := (\lambda - \Delta)^{-1}$ and let $R(\lambda; x, y)$ be its kernel, which is a smooth function ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

48 views

### Difference between linear and parabolic velocity profiles in Stokes flows of two fluids

For droplet interactions in low-Reynolds number flow, solutions are available when the underlying flow can be written as linear compositions of strain and rotation, see Batchelor & Green (1972a).
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### Power series in functions other than monomials

I would like to understand how approximations by monomials and approximations by other kinds of functions are related which I illustrate with an example.
Consider the interval $[-\pi,\pi]$ let's say.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

178 views

### Boundary regularity for the Monge-Ampère equation $\det D^2u=1$

Let $\Delta$ be an open triangle in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and $u\in C^0(\overline{\Delta})\cap C^\infty(\Delta)$ be the convex function satisfying
$$
\det D^2u=1,\quad u|_{\partial\Delta}=0.
$$
Classical ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

60 views

### Unique continuation from the boundary for inhomogeneous elliptic pde

Let $Lu = f$ be satisfied on a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary $\partial \Omega$, where $L$ is a strongly elliptic second order differential operator with real ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Stationary Navier-Stokes solutions

Are there known nontrivial ($u\neq0$) stationary solutions to Navier-Stokes equations in $\mathbb R^3$ ? Not square integrable of course (that's impossible), but with self-similar amplitudes of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

72 views

### asymptotic behaviour of principal eigenfunctions and Large Deviations

Dear Math Overflowers,
I am currently interested in a particular problem involving Large Deviations. I am only going to talk about the PDE side of the problem, but I'll be happy to provide more ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

48 views

### On the non-existence of weak solutions to nonlinear evolutionary PDEs without time derivative

Imagine we have a nonlinear PDE, e.g. some velocity model
$$\begin{aligned} -\Delta v + (v \cdot \nabla) v + \nabla p = f \\ \text{div} \, v = 0 \end{aligned}$$
which has a weak solution for some ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

101 views

### Compact Embedding Between Parabolic Holder Spaces

My question is about the following compact embedding:
\begin{equation}
C^{\sigma+2, \sigma/2+1}_{x, t}(Q_T)\hookrightarrow C^{\sigma, \sigma/2}_{x, t}(Q_T).
\end{equation}
what condition should be put ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

114 views

### Existence and regularity for fractional Poisson-type equation

According to Theorem 2.7 in the paper https://arxiv.org/pdf/1704.07560.pdf, we have the following classical results.
Let $s \in (0,1)$ and $1<p<\infty$. Then for any $F \in L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

439 views

### Harmonic oscillator in spherical coordinates

It is probably the most well-known result in quantum mechanics that the harmonic oscillator can be solved by supersymmetry.
More precisely, the operator
$$-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+x^2$$
can be ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

327 views

### What is known about sufficient conditions for the rigidity of a convex surface?

A convex surface is a connected open subset of the boundary of a convex body in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
An "infinitesimal bending" of a convex surface $S$ is a deformation of $S$ given by a velocity field $v:...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

388 views

### Klein Gordon equation - references

The Klein Gordon equation of the form:
$\Delta u+ \lambda u^p=0$
is been studied for $p = 2$?
(i.e.$\Delta u+ \lambda u^2=0$)
If yes are there references?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### geodesic balls in the conformal change

Consider a compact smooth Riemannian manifold $(\mathcal{M}, g)$. We consider a conformal change of the metric. Let $\tilde{g}=\phi g$, where $\phi$ is smooth and positive. Moreover, it satisfies $...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### What are tools we need to prove scattering result for NLS when propagator is unitary?

Consider nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS)
$$i\partial_t u + \Delta u =F(u) , u(x,0)=u_0$$
where $F$ is some nonlinearity.
Assume that there exists Banach space $X$ so that $\|e^{it\Delta} f\|_{X}...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### Global interior estimate complex Monge-Ampere equation

Suppose u is a smooth strictly plurisubharmonic function satisfying $(i\partial \bar{\partial} u)^n =f dV_{Euc}$ on the unit ball centered at the origin, where $f>0$ is a smooth function. Let $C$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

339 views

### Does current follow the path(s) of least (total) resistance?

Consider Poisson equation $\nabla \cdot (\sigma(x)\nabla u)=0$ in a domain $D$, where $\sigma(x)$ is the spatially dependent conductivity. On the boundary we have $2$ electrodes $E_1$ and $E_2$ (...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Regularity in Orlicz spaces for the Poisson equation

I see the following Lemma in :Regularity in Orlicz spaces for the Poisson equation | SpringerLink:(2007)
$$\Delta u=f \quad \quad \quad \quad (1)$$
Lemma 2: There is a constant $N_1 >1$ so that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

378 views

### Conserved Positive Charge for a PDE

Let $(x,t) \in \mathbb{R}^2$ and consider the following partial differential equation for the real-valued function $U(x,t)$:
\begin{equation}
\frac{\partial^2 U}{\partial t^2} = - \frac{\hbar^2}{4m^2} ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Elliptic pde L^p theory via adjoint theory

Let $ T:X \rightarrow Y$ denote some linear operator and suppose we know its one to one (here $X$ and $Y$ are Banach spaces). I believe their is results that say $Ker(T^*)= (R(T))^\perp$ (where ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

86 views

### Weak elliptic maximum principle on manifolds without strict ellipticity

This question is not to be confused with the similarly titled question here.
In the above lined question, I gave a complete answer, but noticed that things are apparently not so simple in the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Is $X = \{ B \in L^\infty(\mathbb R^n,\mathbb R^n): \nabla \cdot B \in L^\infty(\mathbb R^n,\mathbb R^n) \}$ a dense subspace?

The Sobolev space $W^{1,\infty}(\mathbb R^n,\mathbb R^n)$ is not dense in $L^\infty(\mathbb R^n,\mathbb R^n)$. In fact the functions in $W^{1,\infty}(\mathbb R^n,\mathbb R^n)$ are Lipshitz, and not ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Wave equation with 'spring' integral boundary condition

I am really stuck with this small toy problem.
I am trying to solve a wave equation on unit interval $x \in [0,1]$ with a specific boundary condition which I can't see how to tackle. The problem is:
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Interpolation inequalities involving mean curvature operator

Are there any interpolation inequalities (for example, of Gagliardo-Nirenberg type) involving the mean curvature operator
$$\mathrm{div} \left(\frac{\nabla u}{\sqrt{1+|\nabla u|^2}}\right)$$
(in any ...

**-5**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Big list of “outstanding paper awards” [closed]

What are the prizes awarded for significant papers published in mathematical journals?
One of them is the SIAM Outstanding Paper Prize.
I'd be particularly interested in hearing about prizes ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Reference on elliptic obstacle problem that covers the material in the lecture notes by Caffarelli

Can you recommend a modern, self-contained, readable reference that covers (approximately) the results on elliptic obstacle problem that are covered in the lecture notes by L. Caffarelli (Scuola ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

102 views

### Solution of nonlinear heat equation decreases in time

Let $f\colon \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth decreasing function which is non-negative and bounded above, and consider the heat equation on a smooth bounded domain
$$u_t - \Delta u = f(u)$$
...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

496 views

### Are conformal maps between Riemannian manifolds real-analytic?

This is a cross-post.
Let $M,N$ be oriented smooth ($C^{\infty}$) $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifolds, and let $f:M \to N$ be a smooth orientation-preserving weakly* conformal map.
Do there ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Ricci flow with surgery without the “no locally separating $\Bbb RP^2$” assumption

In many places, Ricci flow with surgery is done with orientable manifolds. Morgan and Tian do not require orientability, but instead they impose the condition that $M^3$ have no embedded $\Bbb RP^2$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Ratio of solutions to two heat equations

Let $u(x,t)$ and $v(x,t)$ respectively solve the two one-dimensional heat equations with different (real) diffusion coefficients on the same domain $D$ and the same initial & boundary conditions, ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

58 views

### Unboundedness of the Sobolev norm of a sequence : Does it follow from Sobolev embedding?

Let $\{f_n\}$ be a sequence of functions that are continuous and lying in $H^k(\mathbb{R}^m)$. Assuming $k>\frac{m}{2}$, and if $f_n \to f$ pointwise, where $f\in H^k(\mathbb{R}^m)$, such that $f$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### any hope of $C^{2,\alpha}$ regularity for linear problem

Let $B_1$ denote the unit ball in $ R^N$ (say $N \ge 3$) and consider
$$ \Delta \phi + \gamma \sum_{i,j=1}^N \frac{x_i x_j}{|x|^2} \phi_{x_i x_j} = f $$ in $B_1$ with $ \phi=0$ on $ \partial B_1$. ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

607 views

### Eigenvalues of Laplace-Beltrami on half sphere

Let $ \Delta_\theta$ denote the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $S^{N-1}$. The eigenvalues of this are well known. I assume the same is the case of this operator on the upperhalf sphere; say $ S^{N-...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

25 views

### regularity of function from spherical representation

I asked a question regarding the linear operator a few days ago here is this explicit linear operator hypo-elliptic .
The operator in question was $ L(\phi)=\Delta \phi(x) + \gamma \phi_{rr}$. We ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

59 views

### Using semigroup theory for nonautonomous semilinear equations

We have the abstract evolution equation $$U^{\prime}=A(t)U+F(U), \quad U(0) = U_0.$$ If the operator $A$ is independent of time, we can get local existence of solutions by proving that $A$ is the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

44 views

### Error estimates in the $L^2$ norm of conforming FEM about Poisson’s equation with mixed boundary conditions

Consider Poisson’s equation
$$- \Delta u = f{\rm\qquad{ in }}\;\Omega $$
with following mixed boundary cconditions
$$u = g{\rm\qquad{ on }}\;\Gamma \subset \partial \Omega $$
$$\frac{{\...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

247 views

### Proof of Littman-Stampacchia-Weinberger theorem on the fundamental solution for elliptic PDEs

Where can I find a (readable and self-contained) proof of the following result?
Let $\Omega$ be a Lipschitz domain of $\mathbb{R}^n$, with $B(0,1) \subset \Omega$. Let $u$ be the solution of $$-\...