# Questions tagged [analytic-number-theory]

A beautiful blending of real/complex analysis with number theory. The study involves distribution of prime numbers and other problems and helps giving asymptotic estimates to these.

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### Is there a rigid analytic geometry proof of the functional equation for the Riemann zeta function?

The adèles $\mathbb A$ arise naturally when considering the Berkovich space $\mathcal M(\mathbb Z)$ of the integers. Namely, they are the stalk $\mathbb A = (j_\ast j^{-1} \mathcal O_\mathbb Z)_p$ ...
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### How to prove the identity $L(2,(\frac{\cdot}3))=\frac2{15}\sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty\frac{48^k}{k(2k-1)\binom{4k}{2k}\binom{2k}k}$?

For the Dirichlet character $\chi(a)=(\frac a3)$ (which is the Legendre symbol), we have $$L(2,\chi)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{(\frac n3)}{n^2}=0.781302412896486296867187429624\ldots.$$ Note that this ...
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### Checking Mertens and the like in less than linear time or less than $\sqrt{x}$ space

Say you want to check that $|\sum_{n\leq x} \mu(n)|\leq \sqrt{x}$ for all $x\leq X$. (I am actually interested in checking that $\sum_{n\leq x} \mu(n)/n|\leq c/\sqrt{x}$, where $c$ is a constant, and ...
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### sums of digits of powers of integers

It is known (Senge and Straus, 1971, see also C.L.Stewart, 1980) that for every natural $a$, not a power of 10, and every natural $s$, there are only finitely many $k$ such that the sum of decimal ...
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### Infinite extensions such that every elliptic curve has finite rank

The comments to this answer seem to make the following claim. Claim. Let $K$ be the maximal abelian extension of $\mathbf Q$ that is unramified away from $p$ (more generally, away from a finite set $S$...
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### Moments of derivatives of $L$-functions

I'd like to know why it is important to know the moments of the derivatives of $L$-functions. The moments of $L$-functions are related to the Lindelöf Hypothesis, but what about the moments of the ...
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### The trace formula over function fields

There are many examples in number theory where an "arithmetic" problem (i.e. for number fields) has an easier analogue for function fields over finite fields. This is also true for questions ...
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### quasiperiodic continued fractions

Is anything known about continued fractions in which the sequence of integers is quasiperiodic? Quasiperiodic is meant here in the sense of 1D quasicrystals. For example, draw an irrationally-sloped ...
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### Growth of $n=n(k)$ for which there's a non-trivial solution to $x_1^k+\cdots+x_n^k=y^k$?

Walter Hayman just asked me the following question. What, if anything, is known about the growth of the function $n(k)$, where $k\geq1$ is an integer, and $n=n(k)\geq2$ is the smallest integer for ...
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### Bounding $1/\zeta(s)$ given RH

Let $T\geq 0$. Assume RH(T+100), that is, assume that all non-trivial zeros $\rho$ of the Riemann zeta function with $|\Im(\rho)|\leq T+100$ satisfy $\Re(\rho)=1/2$. Can we then give a good upper ...
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### Montgomery's conjecture and lower bound on certain Fourier transform.

Recently I have come across the following question, while meditating about Matt Young's answer to this question of mine, explaining the heuristic (or at least, one possible heuristic) behind ...
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### Exponential sums over integers with a fixed number of prime divisors

Are there bounds in the literature on sums of the form $$\sum_{\omega(n)= k} e(\alpha n) \;\;\;\;\;\text{or}\;\;\;\;\; \sum_{\Omega(n)=k} e(\alpha n)$$ for $\alpha$ on minor arcs (i.e., not very close ...
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### What happened to Stark's book on the analytic theory of algebraic numbers?

I just read the excellent chapter 6 Galois Theory, Algebraic Numbers and Zeta Functions(*) in Waldschmidt, Michel, et al., eds. From number theory to physics. Berlin etc.: Springer, 1992 by Harold ...
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### Number of prime factors in a very short interval

Let $k \geq 3$ be a (large enough) integer, let $x \in \mathbb{R}$, and set $I_x := [x, x + \log^k x]$. Some believe that for $x$ large enough there exists a prime $n \in I_x$. Equivalently, there ...
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### Functional equation or analytic continuation of certain approximations to $\zeta^z(s)$?

Let $z$ be a complex number and $\omega(n)$ denote the number of distinct prime factors of the natural number $n$. I am considering the arithmetic functions $|\mu(n)|z^{\omega(n)}$ and their ...
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### Equidistribution of $\{\sqrt{p}: p \text{ primes }\}$ modulo 1

I am trying to show $\{\sqrt{p}: p \text{ primes }\}$ is equidistributed modulo 1. Using Weyl's criterion, it is sufficient to show for each nonzero integer $k$, \begin{equation} \sum_{n \leq x}e(k\...
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### Divisor problem: find the fallacy!

The following approach to the divisor problem (that is, the problem of estimating $D(x) = \sum_{n\leq x} d(n)$, where $d(n)$ is the number of divisors of $n$; more precisely, we are meant to bound the ...
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### Are there at least one of $a$, $b$, $c$, $a+b$, $b+c$, $c+a$ have h(P) $\le 3$? (was checked up to $10^{18}$)

Given a positive integer $P>1$, let its prime factorization be written $$P=p_1^{a_1}p_2^{a_2}p_3^{a_3}\cdots p_k^{a_k}$$ Define the functions $h(P)$ by $h(1)=1$ and $h(P)=\min(a_1, a_2,\ldots,a_k)$ ...
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### Fourier transform of $I_Y$, $Y=\{\text{numbers with many prime factors}\}$

Let $Y$ be the set of integers $N<n\leq 2 N$ with more than $D \log \log N$ prime factors. We may consider, say, $D = (\log \log N)^{1-\epsilon}$. We do have rather precise approximations for the ...
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### Prime character sums

Let $p$ be a (large) prime number, and let $\chi : (\mathbf{Z}/p\mathbf{Z})^{\times} \rightarrow \mathbf{C}^{\times}$ be a Dirichlet character of conductor $p$. We have good estimates on the character ...
Since the discriminant of a number field $K \neq \mathbb{Q}$ is bounded from below by an exponential of the degree $[K:\mathbb{Q}]$, for instance by Minkowski's Geometry of Numbers bound, there are ...