# Questions tagged [algebraic-surfaces]

An algebraic surface is an algebraic variety of dimension two. In the case of geometry over the field of complex numbers, an algebraic surface has complex dimension two (as a complex manifold, when it is non-singular) and so of dimension four as a smooth manifold.

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### General conditions for normality of blow-up

Let $X$ be an integral, affine, normal complex surface. I am looking for conditions on zero-dimensional closed subschemes $Z$ in $X$ such that the reduced scheme associated to the blow-up of $X$ along ...
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### Cone of curves and Mori theorem for algebraic surfaces

In describing part of the geometry of the cone of curves for an algebraic surface $S$, we need to find $(-1)$ curves within $S$. Once we've done that, then we can say that the "negative" ...
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### Is the positive part of the Zariski decomposition of a big $\mathbb{R}$-divisor big?

I can't understand why the positive part of the Zariski decomposition of a big class is itself big. More concretely: let $X$ be a smooth projective surface over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $N^1_{\mathbb{R}}(X)$...
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### Is the surface in $\mathbb{A}^3$ rational?

Consider the surface $$(u_1^6 + 1)w^3 = (u_2^6 + 1) \subset \mathbb{A}^3$$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p \neq 2,3$. Is it rational, i.e., is there its proper ...
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### Surface of type $(2,2)$ on the Segre cubic scroll $\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^2 \subset \mathbb{P}^5$

Let $S=\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^2 \subset \mathbb{P}^5$ embedded with the Segre embedding given by $\mathcal{O}_S(1,1)$. If we intersect $S$ with a general smooth quadric $Q \subset \mathbb{P}^5$...
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### Restriction of a Cartier divisor

Let $X$ be a surface (so $2$-dimensional proper $k$-scheme) $D \subset X$ an effective Cartier divisor of $X$ which corresponding to an invertible sheaf $\mathcal{L}=O_X(D)$ and $C \subset X$ a closed ...
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### Existence of perfect Morse functions on Fermat surfaces $x^n+y^n+z^n+w^n=0$

It seems that whether a simply connected 4 manifold needs 1-handles and 3-handles is still an open question, see Existence of Morse functions on simply connected manifolds. I am wondering if it is ...
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### Generalisations of Riemann-Roch for surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth projective algebraic surface (over $\mathbb{C}$ ). For all $L\in \mathrm{Pic}(X)$, we have $$\chi(L)=\chi(\mathcal{O}_X)+\frac{1}{2}(L^2-L\cdot \omega_X).$$ This is the famous ...
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### nonvanishing higher cohomology of a very ample divisor

I am looking for smooth projective varieties $X$, with $h^i(X, \mathcal{O}_X) = 0$ for $i > 0$, with a very ample line bundle $L$ with some nonvanishing higher cohomology. What is clear: (1) Curves ...
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### Smooth projective surface with geometrically integral reduction

Let $S$ be a geometrically connected smooth projective surface over $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Can it be put in a proper flat $\mathbb{Z}_p$-scheme with a geometrically integral special fiber?
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### arithmetic del Pezzo surfaces in comparison with del Pezzo surfaces over a field

A del Pezzo surface is a smooth, 2-dimensional projective variety $X$ with ample anticanonical divisor, i.e. a 2-dimensional Fano variety. I am interested in the arithmetic analogue, a 2-dimensional ...
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### Non-isotrival fiber bundle over compact Riemann surface

In this paper, Kodaira constructed a fiber bundle $\Phi:M_{m,n}\to S$ from a compact complex surface $M_{m,n}$ to a compact Rieman surface $S$ of genus $>0$. In particular, (on p.212) for any point ...
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### A diffeomorphism of complex surfaces mapping subvarieties to subvarieties

Let $X$ and $Y$ be smooth projective complex surfaces. If a diffeomorphism from $X$ to $Y$ maps subvarieties to subvarieties does it have to be holomorphic or antiholomorphic? Can we at least verify ...
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### Is there a way to find any $\mathbb{F}_2(t)$-point on the elliptic curve $\mathcal{E}$?

Consider the ordinary elliptic curves $$E\!:y_1^2 + x_1y_1 = x_1^3 + 1,\qquad E^\prime\!: y_2^2 + x_2y_2 = x_2^3 + x_2^2 + 1$$ over the field $\mathbb{F}_2$. They are quadratic twists to each other....