Questions tagged [algebraic-equations]

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Algebraic relation amongst an elliptic function and its convolution

NOTE: I edited this question, following the comments of Alexander Eremenko and Paul Garrett. I have a question concerning elliptic functions that maybe you can help me shed light on. I am a ...
4
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2answers
294 views

Roots of polynomials of particular type

How to find the solutions $x $ of the following equation: $$\frac{n_1}{x + n_1} + \frac{n_2}{x + n_2} + \cdots +\frac{n_k}{x + n_k} = 1$$ where $n_i$s are natural numbers. For the case $k=2$, I get ...
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2answers
66 views

Non-negative integer solutions of a system of equations $\sum_{i=1}^{n} x_i^2 = 4k-6, \sum_{i=1}^{n} x_i = 2k$

Fix $k \ge 3$, $n \ge 2k$. Consider the following system of equations: \begin{align} \sum_{i=1}^{n} x_i^2 = 4k-6, \\ \sum_{i=1}^{n} x_i = 2k. \end{align} It seems that the only non-negative integer ...
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1answer
116 views

Solvability of a system of polynomial equations

What can be said about the solutions of, resp. solving, the following system polynomial equations, in which the $x_i$ and $y_j$ are the variables and $c_{i,j},\,d_i\in\mathbb{R}$ are constants: $$\...
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1answer
135 views

Algebraic solution for a system of algebraic equations?

How would one solve algebraically the following system of algebraic equations? $$f(a,b):=a(1-b)+ab\frac a{a+b}.$$ $$u = f(a,b),\quad v = f(b,a).$$ Solve algebraically $(a,b)$ in terms of $(u,v)$ ...
5
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1answer
289 views

Abel-Ruffini theorem for systems of polynomial equations

I know the Abel-Ruffini theorem, which states that a general polynomial equation in one variable with degree $\geq 5$ is not solvable in radicals. I wonder whether there is a similar result for ...
0
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1answer
322 views

Pair of two-variable cubic polynomial equations

Let us consider the following system of two polynomial equations of third order for two real numbers $x_1,x_2$: $$x_i (x_i + 2) (x_i + 4) - 2 a_i (x_1 + x_2 + 4) = 0,$$ $i =1,2$. Here $a_1 >0$ ...
4
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2answers
392 views

Closed-Form solution for system of simple nonlinear equations

I am interested in analytical solutions for a system of nonlinear equations. (The question was first asked at math.SE, where (after 1months and one rounds of bounty) there is only interesting ...
4
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1answer
267 views

Does this system have a closed-form solution? $x_j^2 = \sum_{i=1}^n B_{ij} x_i$

I am interested in solving the following system of $n$ equations: $$x_j^2 = \sum_{i=1}^n B_{ij} x_i $$ for all $j\in\{1,\dots,n\}$, where $n$ is a positive integer and all the $0\leq B_{ij}\leq 1$ ...
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0answers
39 views

Solving exponential system [closed]

How can i solve the following system? $ \begin{cases} x^y = 16 \\ \frac{x}{y}=2\\ \end{cases}$ I tried everything, nothing works.
2
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2answers
331 views

Asymptotics of solution of transcendental equation [closed]

It seems the real solution of the following equation $$t=u^2+u\log(u) $$ has no closed form in view of the output of Reduce[t == u^2 + u*Log[u], u, Reals] The ...
1
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0answers
67 views

About the rank of a Pell equation-related matrix

I have a question about the solution of Pell-equation over a prime field. I want prove that the matrix $M$ is of rank $\frac{p-1}{2}$, with $M=(m_{i,j})\in\left(\mathbb{Z}/(p^p-1)\mathbb{Z} \right)^{(...
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0answers
221 views

How to handle a polynomial whose roots exhibit obvious symmetry

I've got a sequence of polynomials, and for each of them the roots obviously follow a definite pattern. Here are the roots of the 34th one All others have their roots arranged in a similar trident-...
3
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1answer
195 views

Existence of solution for this set of polynomial equations

We are given a number $n$ and a vector $p=(p_1,p_2,\ldots,p_r)$, where $$p_1\geq p_2 \geq \ldots \geq p_r > 0 ; \ \ \ \ \sum_{i\in [r]} p_i \leq 1$$ I'm interested in proving that a solution for ...
11
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3answers
596 views

Existence of solutions of a polynomial system

Fix $k \in \mathbb{N}$, $k \geq 1$. Let $p \in [0,1]$ and $x = (x_0, \ldots, x_k)$ be a $(k+1)$-dimensional real vector, and define $$S(p,x) = -x_0^2 + \sum_{i=0}^k {k \choose i} p^i (1 - p)^{k - i} \...
2
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1answer
123 views

Roots of modified polynomials

Consider the following two polynomials: $$ g=x^3 - x^2 - (c + 2)x + c $$ and $$ h=x^3 - x^2 - cx + c $$ The roots of $h$ are $1$ and $\pm \sqrt{c}$. I am interested in obtaining the roots of $g$, ...
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0answers
138 views

How to solve a system of quadratic equations with multiple unknowns? [closed]

While solving a problem i have ended up with these 4 equations: a^2+b^2= p; (c-q)^2+d^2=r; (d-b)/(c-a)=s; (c-a)^2-(d-b)^2=t Here a,b,c,d are unknowns . The rest (p,q,r,s,t) are known values. I am ...
3
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1answer
196 views

Nilradical and Newton's identities

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unity such that $n!$ is not a zero-divisor. Let $s_1=\sigma_1,s_2,s_3\cdots$ and $\sigma_1,\sigma_2\cdots$, (convention: if $k>n$, then $\sigma_k=0$) be elements ...
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3answers
1k views

Is there any method to solve a Bivariate Cubic Equation System? [closed]

$f(x, y) = 0$ and $g(x, y) = 0$, both $f$ and $g$ are cubic polynomial equation (at most 10 coefficients for each). Is there any fixed method to solve this degenerate equation system? thanks.
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1answer
685 views

how to solve system of congruence with multivariables [closed]

There n variables x1,x2,...,xn represented as X, n equations whose coefficient matrix (n*n) is represented as A, and this system ...
4
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0answers
2k views

how to solve this multivariate quadratic equation?

This has been posted on math.stackexchange but got just one partial(insightful though) comment. I'm posting it here in a hope of getting further ideas and comments: The problem was: Any hope to ...
1
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2answers
4k views

Real root of a cubic equation [closed]

I have a function f(x,n) can be expressed as a cubic function of x with coefficients that are functions of n. For example x^3 + (n-2)x^2 + (3n-6)x + n. I want to prove that for every positive value ...
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0answers
217 views

Random variables related through nonlinear system of equations

I asked this question on https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/377140/random-variables-related-through-nonlinear-system-of-equations, however I received no answer for a while so I'm posting it here:...
2
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0answers
602 views

System of two variables quadratic equations

Let $\mathcal{P}_{2,Z}$ be the set of all 2 variables quadratic equations $P(x,y)$ with integral coefficients: $$P(x,y)=a_1x^2+a_2y^2+a_3xy+a_4x+a_5y+a_6\ \ \ \ \ \ (a_i\in \mathbb{Z})$$ Consider a ...
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1answer
675 views

equation for bowling ball on a trampoline

i´m searching for the displacement of the surface of a elastic rectangle for a given x and y and a force at a position. like a bowling ball on a trampoline the equation should include a var for the ...
3
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1answer
763 views

Equations of the Hirzebruch surface embedded in a large space.

Let $\mathbb{F}_1$ be the Hirzebruch surface $\mathbb{P}(\mathcal{O}\oplus\mathcal{O}(-1))$ and let $D$ be the very ample divisor $3C_0+5f$ on $\mathbb{F}_1$ (notation as in [Hartshorne, Algebraic ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Is there an analytical method of solving general square root equations?

Equations such as $\sqrt{x+1}+\sqrt{x+2}=x+3$ are easily solvable by squaring both sides. But if we increase an extra square root, like if trying to solve $\sqrt{x+1}+\sqrt{x+2}+\sqrt{x+3}=x+4$ we ...
2
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3answers
680 views

Solving a system of algebraic equations

I am trying to find complex solutions with positive real part $\{t_j \;|\;{\rm Re}\;t_j>0, j = 1, 2, 3, \dots, n\}$ of the system of equations $$0 = 1 + \sum_j \left(t_j^{2l+1} + {t_j^*}^{2l+1}\...
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0answers
258 views

solving in x involving both exponential and logarithmic function

Is it possible to solve a function with both exponential and logarithm such as $a x^2 - b.\log(x) = c $ in closed form; where $a,b,c$ are constants and $a>0$ and $b>0$?
9
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2answers
545 views

When is the degree of this number 3?

I am helping a friend of mine, that works in history of mathematics. She is studying the story of the solution of the cubic equation by Cardano. Sometimes she asks me some mathematical questions, that ...
-1
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1answer
198 views

Expanding the square of sum [closed]

If there any way to expand the following? $$\left(\sum_{i=1}^nx_i\right)^{\frac{1}{2}}$$ and more generally, a way to expand $$\left(\sum_{i=1}^nx_i\right)^{\frac{p}{q}}$$ where $\gcd(p,q) = 1$ ...
7
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1answer
930 views

Can roots of any polynomial be expressed using Eulerian function?

I encountered an interesting function which is called "Eulerian" by the Wolfram's MathWorld: $$\phi(q)=\prod_{k=1}^{\infty} (1-q^{k})$$ It is interesting because it is claimed that roots of any ...
5
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5answers
802 views

For any $n$, does there exist a number field with at least $n$ solutions to the unit equation

Let $n$ be a positive integer. Does there exist a number field $K$ such that the number of solutions of the unit equation $$a+b =1, \quad a,b\in O_{K}^\ast$$ is at least $n$? Can we write down such a ...
1
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0answers
167 views

satisfiable polynomial equations for given free coefficients

Let $F$ be a finite field, $n, k, m$ be natural numbers. I give you $m$ vectors $c^{(1)},\ldots,c^{(m)}\in F^n$. I ask for polynomials $p_1,\ldots,p_n$ on $k$ variables over $F$ such that the system ...
7
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2answers
411 views

Bivariate polynomials with special properties

I recently came across some polynomials with some remarkable properties. A polynomial $P(u,v) \in \mathbb{R}[u,v]$ in 2 variables is remarkable if the set of solutions to the system $P(u,v)=P(v,u)=0$...
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3answers
2k views

Can Fuchsian functions solve the general equation of degree n?

In the classic textbook Introduction to the Theory of Equations (Conkwright, 1941), on p. 85, the author writes that “the algebraic solution of the general equation of degree n is impossible if n is ...