Questions tagged [ag.algebraic-geometry]

for questions on algebraic geometry, including algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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What is an example of a smooth variety over a finite field F_p which does not embed into a smooth scheme over Z_p?

Such an example of course could not be projective and would not itself lift to Z_p. The context is that one can compute p-adic cohomology of a variety X over a finite field F_p via the cohomology of ...
2k views

Does a scheme have a “separification”?

Background: (1) If C and D are categories and there is a forgetful functor U:C→D, then a C-ification functor F:D→C is an adjoint to U. For example, the (left) adjoint to the forgetful ...
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What is the base change in number theory?

I'm somewhat familiar with base change in scheme theory: sometimes a property of a morphism X \to Y survives a base change ...
824 views

Why are torsion points dense in an abelian variety?

Hi everyone, let $A$ be an abelian variety of dimension $g$ over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p\geqslant 0$. I'm trying to prove that the subgroup $A'$ which is the union of ...
2k views

Spectrum of the Grothendieck ring of varieties

Here's a problem that may ultimately require just simple algebraic-geometry skills to be solved, or perhaps it's very deep and will never be solved at all. From the comments, some literature and my ...
1k views

Dualizing sheaf on singular curves

I am trying to understand the stabilization map, which takes a prestable curve (a curve with some marked points, and at worst nodal singularities) and returns a stable curve (a curve with some marked ...
2k views

What is the Theorem of the Cube?

What is the "theorem of the cube" for abelian varieties? What is the statement and how should I think about it?
984 views

Non-zero sheaf cohomology

Let $\mathbb{R}$ denote the real line with its usual topology. Does there exist a sheaf $F$ of abelian groups on $\mathbb{R}$ whose second cohomology group $H^{2}\left(\mathbb{R},F\right)$ is non-zero?...
6k views

does a line bundle always have a degree

For curves there is a very simple notion of degree of a line bundle or equivalently of a Weil or Cartier divisor. Even in any projective space $\mathbb P(V)$ divisors are cut out by hypersurfaces ...
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When are Hilbert schemes smooth?

I know that Hilbert schemes can be very singular. But are there any interesting and nontrivial Hilbert schemes that are smooth? Are there any necessary conditions or sufficient conditions for a ...
1k views

Compact Kaehler manifolds that are isomorphic as symplectic manifolds but not as complex manifolds (and vice-versa)

What are some examples of compact Kaehler manifolds (or smooth complex projective varieties) that are not isomorphic as complex manifolds (or as varieties), but are isomorphic as symplectic manifolds (...
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Why and how are moduli spaces of (semi)stable vector bundles well-behaved?

The slope of a vector bundle $E$ is defined as $\mu(E) = \deg(E)/\mathrm{rank}(E)$. Then a vector bundle $E$ is called semistable if $\mu(E') \leqslant \mu(E)$ for all proper sub-bundles $E'$. It is ...
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Equivalent Statements of Riemann Hypothesis in the Weil Conjectures

In the cohomological incarnation, the Riemann hypothesis part of the Weil conjectures for a smooth proper scheme of finite type over a finite field with $q$ elements says that: the eigenvalues of ...
885 views

How to topologize X(R) when R is a topological ring?

Given a topological ring $R$, under what conditions and in what way, can one induce a topology on the $R$-points of a scheme $X$? For example, if $X$ is $P^n$ or $A^n$, one has natural topology on ...
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Can a quotient ring R/J ever be flat over R?

If R is a ring and J⊂R is an ideal, can R/J ever be a flat R-module? For algebraic geometers, the question is "can a closed immersion ever be flat?" The answer is yes: take J=0. For a less ...
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Is there an example of a variety over the complex numbers with no embedding into a smooth variety?

Is there an example of a variety over the complex numbers with no embedding into a smooth variety?
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When is fiber dimension upper semi-continuous?

Suppose $f\colon X \to Y$ is a morphism of schemes. We can define a function on the topological space $Y$ by sending $y\in Y$ to the dimension of the fiber of $f$ over $y$. When is this function ...
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Ribbon graph decomposition of the moduli space of curves

What is a ribbon graph? What is the ribbon graph decomposition of the moduli space of curves? What are some good references for this material?
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Resources on Invariant Theory

Hi, So my question is pretty much summed up by the summary - basically I've run into a need to teach myself some of the basics of invariant theory and was looking for a good place to start. I'd ...
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How do you see the genus of a curve, just looking at its function field?

Yuhao asked in the 20-questions seminar: The genus of a curve is a birational invariant; the function field of a curve determines it up to birational equivelance. How do you see the genus directly ...
651 views

are deformations of torsion modules always torsion?

Let's say I have a field $\mathbb{K}$ and a flat family of $\mathbb{K}[t]$-modules $M$ over the formal disk $Spec \mathbb{K}[[h]]$. Now, assume that $M/hM$ is torsion as a $\mathbb{K}[t]$-module (...
492 views

Can one check formal smoothness using only one-variable Artin rings?

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of schemes over a field $k$. Can one check that $f$ is formally smooth using only Artin rings of the form $k^{\prime}\left[t\right]/t^{n}$, where $k^{\prime}$ is ...
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What is the exact statement of “there are 27 lines on a cubic”?

I think there was a theorem, like every cubic hypersurface in $\mathbb P^3$ has 27 lines on it. What is the exact statement and details?
975 views

Is there an example of a scheme X whose reduction X_red is affine but X is not affine?

For Noetherian schemes this follows from Serre's criterion for affineness by a filtration argument.
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What is interesting/useful about Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity?

What is interesting/useful about Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity?
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Can the valuative criteria for separatedness/properness be checked “formally”?

Suppose f:X→Y is a morphism of finite type between locally noetherian schemes. The valuative criterion for separatedness (resp. properness) says roughly that f is a separated (resp. proper) ...
801 views

Stack with affine stabilizers but not quasi-affine diagonal

Give an example of a stack X with affine stabilizer groups and separated but not quasi-affine diagonal. Remarks: 1) If X has finite stabilizer groups then the diagonal is quasi-finite and separated, ...
1k views

Can a coequalizer of schemes fail to be surjective?

Suppose $g,h:Z\to X$ are two morphisms of schemes. Then we say that $f:X\to Y$ is the coequalizer of $g$ and $h$ if the following condition holds: any morphism $t:X\to T$ such that $t\circ g=t\circ h$ ...
6k views

What is the universal property of normalization?

What is the universal property of normalization? I'm looking for an answer something like If X is a scheme and Y→X is its normalization, then the morphism Y→X has property P and any ...
477 views

Weil divisors on non Noetherian schemes

Let X be an integral scheme that is separated (say over an affine scheme). Define a Weil divisor as a finite integral combination of height 1 points of X, where the height of a point of X is the ...
1k views

If $\Omega_{X/Y}$ is locally free of rank $\mathrm{dim}\left(X\right)-\mathrm{dim}\left(Y\right)$, is $X\rightarrow Y$ smooth?

Suppose I have a morphism $f:X\rightarrow Y$ such that the relative sheaf of differentials $\Omega_{X/Y}$ is locally free. Does it follow that $f$ is smooth? The answer is no, but for a silly reason. ...
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Non-quasi separated morphisms

What are some examples of morphisms of schemes which are not quasi separated?
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Are there any criteria for a presheaf which is an etale sheaf to be a sheaf in the fppf topology?

I am happy to hear answers to variants too. For instance, my situation I actually have a sheaf in the smooth topology.
621 views

Is there an example of an algebraic stack whose closed points have affine stabilizers but whose diagonal is not affine?

Burt Totaro has a result that for a certain class of algebraic stacks, having affine diagonal is equivalent to the stabilizers at closed points begin affine. Is there an example of this equivalence ...