# Questions tagged [ag.algebraic-geometry]

for questions on algebraic geometry, including algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

5,318
questions with no upvoted or accepted answers

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### Grothendieck-Teichmuller conjecture

(1) In "Esquisse d'un programme", Grothendieck conjectures
Grothendieck-Teichmuller conjecture: the morphism
$$
G_{\mathbb{Q}} \longrightarrow Aut(\widehat{T})
$$
is an isomorphism.
Here $G_{\...

**76**

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**0**answers

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### Hironaka's proof of resolution of singularities in positive characteristics

Recent publication of Hironaka seems to provoke extended discussions, like Atiyah's proof of almost complex structure of $S^6$ earlier...
Unlike Atiyah's paper, Hironaka's paper does not have a ...

**47**

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**2**answers

5k views

### Why “open immersion” rather than “open embedding”?

When topologists speak of an "immersion", they are quite deliberately describing something that is not necessarily an "embedding." But I cannot think of any use of the word "embedding" in algebraic ...

**46**

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### Uniformization over finite fields?

The following is a question I've been asking people on and off for a few years, mostly out of idle curiosity, though I think it's pretty interesting. Since I've made more or less no progress, I ...

**44**

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### Enriched Categories: Ideals/Submodules and algebraic geometry

While working through Atiyah/MacDonald for my final exams I realized the following:
The category(poset) of ideals $I(A)$ of a commutative ring A is a closed symmetric monoidal category if endowed ...

**36**

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962 views

### Computer calculations in A_infinity categories?

Is there a good computer program for doing calculations in A-infinity categories?
Explicit calculations in A-infinity categories are an important, useful, yet very tedious task. One has to keep track ...

**36**

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### Mikhalkin's tropical schemes versus Durov's tropical schemes

In Mikhalkin's unfinished draft book on tropical geometry, (available here) (page 26) he defines a notion of tropical schemes. It seems to me that this definition is not just a wholesale adaptation of ...

**35**

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### Are we better in computing integrals than mathematicians of 19th century?

When I started to learn mathematics, I was fascinating by legendary «Демидович»: problems in mathematical analysis. Fifteen years later, when I open chapters about integrals, I see a long list of ...

**33**

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### Grothendieck's “List of classes of structures”

In Lawvere's article Comments on the Development of Topos Theory, the author writes:
Similarly, Grothendieck and others unerringly recognized which kinds of mathematical structures are 'preserved ...

**32**

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831 views

### Is there a rigid analytic geometry proof of the functional equation for the Riemann zeta function?

The adèles $\mathbb A$ arise naturally when considering the Berkovich space $\mathcal M(\mathbb Z)$ of the integers. Namely, they are the stalk $\mathbb A = (j_\ast j^{-1} \mathcal O_\mathbb Z)_p$ ...

**32**

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### Microlocal geometry - A theorem of Verdier

(1) In "Geometrie Microlocale", Verdier states the following theorem.
Theorem: Let $E$ be a vector space and $F$ a constructible complex on $E$.
Then for $\ell$ a linear form on $E$, we have a ...

**31**

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### History of the Proj construction in algebraic geometry

Projective geometry was introduced by fifteenth century Renaissance painters (like Alberti, da Vinci and Dürer) in the guise of perspective theory, although one could argue that Pappus was already ...

**29**

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2k views

### Is there software to compute the cohomology of an affine variety?

I have some affine varieties whose cohomology (topological, with $\mathbb{C}$ coefficients) I would like to know. They are very nice, they are all of the form $\mathbb{A}^n \setminus \{ f=0 \}$ for ...

**29**

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654 views

### Why do H_4 and M_4 have the same virtual Euler characteristic?

Here's a funny coincidence:
The virtual (or "orbifold") Euler characteristic of $\mathcal M_g$ is known by the work of Harer and Zagier: one has $\chi(\mathcal M_g) = \zeta(1-2g)/(2-2g)$.
Now ...

**27**

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545 views

### Mathieu group $M_{23}$ as an algebraic group via additive polynomials

An elegant description of the Mathieu group $M_{23}$ is the following: Let $C$ be the multiplicative subgroup of order $23$ in the field $F=\mathbb F_{2^{11}}$ with $2^{11}$ elements. Then $M_{23}$ is ...

**26**

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### derived category of equivariant coherent sheaves and fixed points

The K-group $K^T(X)$ of $T$(torus)-equivariant coherent sheaves on a variety $X$ is isomorphic to $K^T(X^T)$, that of the fixed point locus via the inclusion homomorphism, when we tensor the quotient ...

**26**

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### Is there a Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch type of theorem generalizing Grothendieck's Lefschetz trace formula

Grothendieck deduced that the L-function of a (constructible) $\ell$-adic sheaf on a variety over $\mathbf{F}_p$ is rational from the generalized trace formula.
My first question is based on the ...

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### What are the possible singular fibers of an elliptic fibration over a higher dimensional base?

An elliptic fibration is a proper morphism $Y\rightarrow B$ between varieties such that the fiber over a general point of the base $B$ is a smooth curve of genus one.
It is often required for the ...

**25**

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### Did Grothendieck overestimate topoi?

I was reading the Russian translation of Recoltes et Semailles and in the footnote where Grothendieck lists his 12 contributions (including schemes) we find the following lines:
Из этих тем ...

**25**

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472 views

### On the definition of regular (non-noetherian, commutative) rings

All rings are commutative with unit. A ring $R$ is called regular if it satisfies
(Reg) Every finitely generated ideal of $R$ has finite projective dimension.
Clearly this gives the usual ...

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895 views

### A modern perspective on the relationship between Drinfeld modules and shtukas

Shtukas were defined by Drinfeld as a generalization of Drinfeld modules. While the relationship between the definitions of Drinfeld modules and shtukas is not obvious, one does have a natural ...

**25**

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### The most important facts, modern surveys, and readable introductions to p-adic cohomology theories (crystalline cohomology and the mysterious functor)

I would like to organize a seminar on crystalline cohomology; I dream of understanding the Beilinson's recent paper on the mysterious functor (http://www.ams.org/journals/jams/2012-25-03/S0894-0347-...

**25**

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### Status of the Euler characteristic in characteristic p

In the introduction to the Asterisque 82-83 volume on `Caractérisque d'Euler-Poincaré, Verdier writes:
Enfin signalons que la situation en caractéristique positive est loin
d'être aussi ...

**24**

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800 views

### Is every $p$-group the $\mathbb{F}_p$-points of a unipotent group

Let $\Gamma$ be a finite group of order $p^n$. Is there necessarily a unipotent algebraic group $G$ of dimension $n$, defined over $\mathbb{F}_p$, with $\Gamma \cong G(\mathbb{F}_p)$?
I have no real ...

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### What's the intuition between formal smoothness, etaleness. and unramifiedness?

Let $f: X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes. Then $f$ is called (EGA IV.17) formally smooth if whenever $T$ is an affine $Y$-scheme and $T'$ a closed subscheme of $T$ defined by a nilpotent ideal (it's ...

**23**

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396 views

### Topological loops vs. algebro-geometric suspension in Hochschild homology

Let $k$ be a base commutative ring, and let $A$ be a (unital but not necessarily commutative) $k$-algebra. The cone on $A$ is the ring $CA$ of infinite matrices $(a_{ij})_{i,j \geq 1}$ that are ...

**22**

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692 views

### bound on the genus of a fiber of the Albanese map of a surface with $h^1({\mathcal O})=1$?

This is maybe more an open problem than a question, since I have seriously thought about it and asked several people working on algebraic surfaces with no success. I hope somebody here can ...

**21**

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555 views

### What is a Green's function in the language of $\mathcal{D}$-modules?

Let $P$ be an analytic linear differential operator defined on some open interval $X=(a,b)$ and $\mathcal{M}=\mathcal{D}_X / \mathcal{D}_X \bullet P$ the corresponding $\mathcal{D}$-module. I'm trying ...

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571 views

### Nonabelian topological fundamental group of a conjugate variety

Let $X$ be a pointed algebraic variety over the field of complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$.
Let $\pi_1^{\rm top}(X)$ and $\pi_1^{\mathrm{\acute{e}t}}(X)$ denote the topological and the étale fundamental ...

**21**

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530 views

### Bounding failures of the integral Hodge and Tate conjectures

It is well know that the integral versions of the Hodge and Tate conjectures can fail. I once heard an off hand comment however that they should only fail by a "bounded amount". My question is what ...

**21**

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834 views

### What is classified by the (big) crystalline topos?

In his paper "Generic Galois Theory of Local Rings", G.C. Wraith states on p. 743 that the (big) crystalline topos "can be conveniently described in terms of the theory it describes". What exactly is ...

**20**

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726 views

### Caramello's theory: applications

In this text, the author says (well, he says it in French, but I am too lazy to fix all the accents, so here is a Google translation):
In any case, contemporary mathematics provides an example of ...

**20**

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386 views

### Is there a useful theory of D-modules on smooth (non-analytic) manifolds?

D-modules are related to flat connections on vector bundles, end hence local systems. The theory of D-modules (and related notions such as crystals etc.) seems to be very popular in complex analytic ...

**20**

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548 views

### Has the following problem posed by Deligne in the official description of the Hodge conjecture been solved?

Towards the end of his official description of the Hodge conjecture, Deligne asked the following question:
Let $A$ be an abelian variety over the algebraic closure $\mathbb{F}$
of a finite field $...

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904 views

### Is there a functor of points approach to algebraic cycles and intersection theory?

Motivation
Most of the algebraic geometry I have done so far was concerned with group schemes (e.g., abelian schemes, tori, unipotent groups). In that part of the field the "functor of points POV" is ...

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### Schemification (schematization?) of locally ringed spaces

Motivation:
Say $F: D \to Sch$ is a diagram in the category of schemes, and we're interested in whether it has a colimit (gluings, pushouts, and "categorical" quotients are all examples of colimits)....

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775 views

### Finiteness of etale cohomology for arithmetic schemes

By an arithmetic scheme I mean a finite type flat regular integral scheme over $\mathrm{Spec} \, \mathbb{Z}$.
Let $X$ be an arithmetic scheme. Then is $H_{et}^2(X,\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z})$ finite ...

**18**

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### Is every minimal hypersurface in $S^n$ algebraic?

Let $S^n$ be the round n-sphere. Wu-yi Hsiang asked in his paper “Remarks on closed minimal submanifolds in the standard riemannian m-sphere” (1967) the follow question
Is every minimal ...

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### Does the “holomorphic spheres-to-continuous spheres” forgetful function respect the mixed Hodge structures on homotopy groups?

For each smooth, projective, complex variety $X$ that is simply connected, John Morgan constructed a natural mixed Hodge structure on the homotopy group $\pi_k(X,x)\otimes \mathbb{Q}$. This was ...

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### History of the functor of points

Until now, I thought the functor of points approach was introduced by Grothendieck at the 1973 Buffalo seminar.
However, in this note by Lawvere the author writes:
"I myself had learned the ...

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558 views

### The Grothendieck Ring of Higher Stacks

The Grothendieck ring of varieties is defined to be the free abelian group spanned by isomorphism classes of varieties modulo the cut & paste (or scissor) relations, which say that $[X] = [U] + [Y]...

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546 views

### Smooth curves on smooth varieties

Let $X$ be a smooth, proper algebraic variety over a field $k$, of positive dimension.
Is it true that $X$ contains a smooth Zariski-closed curve?
If it is projective, this is true by Bertini. But ...

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### Two conjectures by Gabber on Brauer and Picard groups

In a paper I need to make reference to 2 conjectures by Gabber
(see Conjectures 2 and 3, page 1975)
http://www.mfo.de/programme/schedule/2004/32/OWR_2004_37.pdf
1) Let $R$ be a strictly henselian ...

**17**

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427 views

### Donaldson-Thomas Theory and “Quantum Foam” for Mathematicians

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective Calabi-Yau threefold. From an algebro-geometric perspective, the Donaldson-Thomas invariants $\text{DT}_{\beta, n}(X)$ are virtual counts of ideal sheaves on $X$ with ...

**17**

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498 views

### Which rings are cohomology rings?

Which rings can arise as cohomology rings of algebraic varieties?
To be more specific, take a Weil cohomology theory $H^*$ with coefficients in a field $K$ of characteristic 0 defined for smooth ...

**17**

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529 views

### What are hyperkähler metrics used for?

It seems that a lot of effort has been devoted to endow holomorphic-symplectic manifolds with hyperkähler metrics. It started with Calabi [4] with $T^*\mathbb{CP}^n$. Other examples include coadjoint ...

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### Infinite extensions such that every elliptic curve has finite rank

The comments to this answer seem to make the following claim.
Claim. Let $K$ be the maximal abelian extension of $\mathbf Q$ that is unramified away from $p$ (more generally, away from a finite set $S$...

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### Are all formal schemes *really* Ind-schemes?

I'm trying to understand whether there's a fully faithful functor $LRS \supset FormalSch \to IndSch$ and in what sense. Here's my progress so far:
Let $\mathsf{A}$ be the category of adic rings. The ...

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### Hrushovski's Construction

Zilber expressed a conjecture for $\aleph_{1}$- categorical theories (In the 80s).
Zilber's Conjecture: The geometry of any $\aleph_{1}$- categorical structure is one of the following:
(a) Trivial (...

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749 views

### Horrible sets and blowups in Hubbard's Teichmuller theory

Edit: I can rephrase this question this way: When blowing up every point in the $x$-axis in $\mathbb{C}^2$ by means of an inverse limit of finite blowups, how can anything be 'left over'? The horrible ...