Questions tagged [ag.algebraic-geometry]

Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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Grothendieck-Teichmüller conjecture

(1) In "Esquisse d'un programme", Grothendieck conjectures Grothendieck-Teichmüller conjecture: the morphism $$ G_{\mathbb{Q}} \longrightarrow Aut(\widehat{T}) $$ is an isomorphism. Here $...
AFK's user avatar
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92 votes
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Hironaka's proof of resolution of singularities in positive characteristics

Recent publication of Hironaka seems to provoke extended discussions, like Atiyah's proof of almost complex structure of $S^6$ earlier... Unlike Atiyah's paper, Hironaka's paper does not have a ...
Henry.L's user avatar
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60 votes
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Why "open immersion" rather than "open embedding"?

When topologists speak of an "immersion", they are quite deliberately describing something that is not necessarily an "embedding." But I cannot think of any use of the word "embedding" in algebraic ...
54 votes
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Uniformization over finite fields?

The following is a question I've been asking people on and off for a few years, mostly out of idle curiosity, though I think it's pretty interesting. Since I've made more or less no progress, I ...
Daniel Litt's user avatar
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Enriched Categories: Ideals/Submodules and algebraic geometry

While working through Atiyah/MacDonald for my final exams I realized the following: The category(poset) of ideals $I(A)$ of a commutative ring A is a closed symmetric monoidal category if endowed ...
Gerrit Begher's user avatar
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Are we better in computing integrals than mathematicians of 19th century?

When I started to learn mathematics, I was fascinating by legendary «Демидович»: problems in mathematical analysis. Fifteen years later, when I open chapters about integrals, I see a long list of ...
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Mikhalkin's tropical schemes versus Durov's tropical schemes

In Mikhalkin's unfinished draft book on tropical geometry, (available here) (page 26) he defines a notion of tropical schemes. It seems to me that this definition is not just a wholesale adaptation of ...
Jeffrey Giansiracusa's user avatar
37 votes
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Computer calculations in A_infinity categories?

Is there a good computer program for doing calculations in A-infinity categories? Explicit calculations in A-infinity categories are an important, useful, yet very tedious task. One has to keep track ...
Heinrich Hartmann's user avatar
35 votes
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Is there a rigid analytic geometry proof of the functional equation for the Riemann zeta function?

The adèles $\mathbb A$ arise naturally when considering the Berkovich space $\mathcal M(\mathbb Z)$ of the integers. Namely, they are the stalk $\mathbb A = (j_\ast j^{-1} \mathcal O_\mathbb Z)_p$ ...
Tim Campion's user avatar
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Grothendieck's "List of classes of structures"

In Lawvere's article Comments on the Development of Topos Theory, the author writes: Similarly, Grothendieck and others unerringly recognized which kinds of mathematical structures are 'preserved ...
Arrow's user avatar
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33 votes
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History of the Proj construction in algebraic geometry

Projective geometry was introduced by fifteenth century Renaissance painters (like Alberti, da Vinci and Dürer) in the guise of perspective theory, although one could argue that Pappus was already ...
Georges Elencwajg's user avatar
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Cubic function $\mathbb{Z}^2 \to \mathbb{Z}$ cannot be injective

It is easy to show, with an explicit construction, that a homogeneous cubic function $f: \mathbb{Z}^2 \to \mathbb{Z}$ is not injective. I am seeking a proof of the same result without the condition ...
Greg Egan's user avatar
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Is there software to compute the cohomology of an affine variety?

I have some affine varieties whose cohomology (topological, with $\mathbb{C}$ coefficients) I would like to know. They are very nice, they are all of the form $\mathbb{A}^n \setminus \{ f=0 \}$ for ...
David E Speyer's user avatar
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Microlocal geometry - A theorem of Verdier

(1) In "Geometrie Microlocale", Verdier states the following theorem. Theorem: Let $E$ be a vector space and $F$ a constructible complex on $E$. Then for $\ell$ a linear form on $E$, we have a ...
AFK's user avatar
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On the definition of regular (non-noetherian, commutative) rings

All rings are commutative with unit. A ring $R$ is called regular if it satisfies (Reg) Every finitely generated ideal of $R$ has finite projective dimension. Clearly this gives the usual ...
Laurent Moret-Bailly's user avatar
29 votes
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871 views

Todd class as an Euler class

Let $X$ be a relatively nice scheme or topological space. In various physics papers I've come accross, the Todd class $\text{Td}(T_X)$ is viewed as the Euler class of the normal bundle to $X\to LX$. ...
Pulcinella's user avatar
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Did Grothendieck overestimate topoi?

I was reading the Russian translation of Recoltes et Semailles and in the footnote where Grothendieck lists his 12 contributions (including schemes) we find the following lines: Из этих тем ...
29 votes
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A modern perspective on the relationship between Drinfeld modules and shtukas

Shtukas were defined by Drinfeld as a generalization of Drinfeld modules. While the relationship between the definitions of Drinfeld modules and shtukas is not obvious, one does have a natural ...
Will Sawin's user avatar
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Why do H_4 and M_4 have the same virtual Euler characteristic?

Here's a funny coincidence: The virtual (or "orbifold") Euler characteristic of $\mathcal M_g$ is known by the work of Harer and Zagier: one has $\chi(\mathcal M_g) = \zeta(1-2g)/(2-2g)$. Now ...
Dan Petersen's user avatar
29 votes
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What are the possible singular fibers of an elliptic fibration over a higher dimensional base?

An elliptic fibration is a proper morphism $Y\rightarrow B$ between varieties such that the fiber over a general point of the base $B$ is a smooth curve of genus one. It is often required for the ...
JME's user avatar
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28 votes
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Mathieu group $M_{23}$ as an algebraic group via additive polynomials

An elegant description of the Mathieu group $M_{23}$ is the following: Let $C$ be the multiplicative subgroup of order $23$ in the field $F=\mathbb F_{2^{11}}$ with $2^{11}$ elements. Then $M_{23}$ is ...
Peter Mueller's user avatar
28 votes
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3k views

What's the intuition between formal smoothness, etaleness. and unramifiedness?

Let $f: X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes. Then $f$ is called (EGA IV.17) formally smooth if whenever $T$ is an affine $Y$-scheme and $T'$ a closed subscheme of $T$ defined by a nilpotent ideal (it's ...
Akhil Mathew's user avatar
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27 votes
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Nearby cycles without a function

Suppose that: $X$ is a smooth complex algebraic variety, $f : X \to D$ is a proper map to a small disc, smooth away from 0, $Z_\epsilon = f^{-1}(\epsilon)$, and $Z = Z_0$. Then there is a procedure (...
Geordie Williamson's user avatar
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1k views

Spectral sequences as deformation theory

I believe that running the spectral sequence of a filtered complex / spectrum $ \cdots \to F_n \to F_{n+1} \to \cdots$ can be viewed as doing deformation theory in some very primitive "derived ...
Tim Campion's user avatar
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26 votes
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derived category of equivariant coherent sheaves and fixed points

The K-group $K^T(X)$ of $T$(torus)-equivariant coherent sheaves on a variety $X$ is isomorphic to $K^T(X^T)$, that of the fixed point locus via the inclusion homomorphism, when we tensor the quotient ...
Hiraku Nakajima's user avatar
25 votes
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Caramello's theory: applications

In this text, the author says (well, he says it in French, but I am too lazy to fix all the accents, so here is a Google translation): In any case, contemporary mathematics provides an example of ...
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25 votes
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731 views

What is a Green's function in the language of $\mathcal{D}$-modules?

Let $P$ be an analytic linear differential operator defined on some open interval $X=(a,b)$ and $\mathcal{M}=\mathcal{D}_X / \mathcal{D}_X \bullet P$ the corresponding $\mathcal{D}$-module. I'm trying ...
Saal Hardali's user avatar
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25 votes
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953 views

Is every $p$-group the $\mathbb{F}_p$-points of a unipotent group

Let $\Gamma$ be a finite group of order $p^n$. Is there necessarily a unipotent algebraic group $G$ of dimension $n$, defined over $\mathbb{F}_p$, with $\Gamma \cong G(\mathbb{F}_p)$? I have no real ...
David E Speyer's user avatar
25 votes
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The most important facts, modern surveys, and readable introductions to p-adic cohomology theories (crystalline cohomology and the mysterious functor)

I would like to organize a seminar on crystalline cohomology; I dream of understanding the Beilinson's recent paper on the mysterious functor (http://www.ams.org/journals/jams/2012-25-03/S0894-0347-...
Mikhail Bondarko's user avatar
25 votes
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1k views

Status of the Euler characteristic in characteristic p

In the introduction to the Asterisque 82-83 volume on `Caractérisque d'Euler-Poincaré, Verdier writes: Enfin signalons que la situation en caractéristique positive est loin d'être aussi ...
Vivek Shende's user avatar
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24 votes
0 answers
693 views

What is the status of a result of Kontsevich and Rosenberg?

In their influential paper Noncommutative Smooth Spaces (https://arxiv.org/abs/math/9812158), Kontsevich and Rosenberg define the notion of a noncommutative projective space. In Section 3.3 they ...
Adam Nyman's user avatar
24 votes
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778 views

Vector bundle $L$ admits connection if and only if degree of every direct summand of $L$ divisible by $\text{char}\,k$, intuition

Consider the following theorem of Atiyah. Let $X$ be a connected smooth projective curve over an algebraically closed field $k$. Then a vector bundle $L$ on $X$ admits a connection if and only if the ...
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23 votes
0 answers
455 views

Topological loops vs. algebro-geometric suspension in Hochschild homology

Let $k$ be a base commutative ring, and let $A$ be a (unital but not necessarily commutative) $k$-algebra. The cone on $A$ is the ring $CA$ of infinite matrices $(a_{ij})_{i,j \geq 1}$ that are ...
Aaron Mazel-Gee's user avatar
23 votes
0 answers
1k views

Is there a functor of points approach to algebraic cycles and intersection theory?

Motivation Most of the algebraic geometry I have done so far was concerned with group schemes (e.g., abelian schemes, tori, unipotent groups). In that part of the field the "functor of points POV" is ...
jmc's user avatar
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22 votes
0 answers
681 views

Knots realized as algebraic curves

Two questions: Q1. Have researchers worked out minimum-degree real algebraic curves in $\mathbb{R}^3$ realizing specific knots? Some work on the trefoil is reported in this MSE question.   &...
Joseph O'Rourke's user avatar
22 votes
0 answers
752 views

bound on the genus of a fiber of the Albanese map of a surface with $h^1({\mathcal O})=1$?

This is maybe more an open problem than a question, since I have seriously thought about it and asked several people working on algebraic surfaces with no success. I hope somebody here can ...
rita's user avatar
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21 votes
0 answers
553 views

Is there a useful theory of D-modules on smooth (non-analytic) manifolds?

D-modules are related to flat connections on vector bundles, end hence local systems. The theory of D-modules (and related notions such as crystals etc.) seems to be very popular in complex analytic ...
ಠ_ಠ's user avatar
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21 votes
0 answers
597 views

Bounding failures of the integral Hodge and Tate conjectures

It is well know that the integral versions of the Hodge and Tate conjectures can fail. I once heard an off hand comment however that they should only fail by a "bounded amount". My question is what ...
Daniel Loughran's user avatar
21 votes
0 answers
1k views

Schemification (schematization?) of locally ringed spaces

Motivation: Say $F: D \to Sch$ is a diagram in the category of schemes, and we're interested in whether it has a colimit (gluings, pushouts, and "categorical" quotients are all examples of colimits)....
Andrew Critch's user avatar
20 votes
0 answers
1k views

Reference request: deforming a G-local system to a variation of Hodge structure

Let $X$ be a smooth connected quasiprojective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $G$ be a complex reductive group. Let $$\iota: G\to GL_N$$ be a representation and let $$\rho: \pi_1(X(\mathbb{C}))\to G(...
Daniel Litt's user avatar
20 votes
0 answers
944 views

Finiteness of etale cohomology for arithmetic schemes

By an arithmetic scheme I mean a finite type flat regular integral scheme over $\mathrm{Spec} \, \mathbb{Z}$. Let $X$ be an arithmetic scheme. Then is $H_{et}^2(X,\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z})$ finite ...
Daniel Loughran's user avatar
20 votes
0 answers
560 views

Has the following problem posed by Deligne in the official description of the Hodge conjecture been solved?

Towards the end of his official description of the Hodge conjecture, Deligne asked the following question: Let $A$ be an abelian variety over the algebraic closure $\mathbb{F}$ of a finite field $...
user avatar
19 votes
0 answers
1k views

Mumford-Tate conjecture for mixed Tate motives

Let $X$ be a (not necessarily smooth or proper) variety over a number field $k$. Suppose we are given A subquotient $V_{dR}$ of the algebraic de Rham cohomology $H_{dR}^i(X)$ (defined in the non-...
Daniel Litt's user avatar
19 votes
0 answers
615 views

Homotopy type of the affine Grassmannian and of the Beilinson-Drinfeld Grassmannian

The affine Grassmannian of a complex reductive group $G$ (for simplicity one can assume $G=GL_n$) admits the structure of a complex topological space. More precisely, the functor $$X\mapsto |X^{an}|$$ ...
W. Rether's user avatar
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19 votes
0 answers
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Recent developments in the proof of Fermat's last theorem

I posted on Mathematics Stack Exchange, but was encouraged to post on MathOverFlow instead. It has been 20 years since Fermat's last theorem was proved by Andrew Wiles. Has there been any ...
user779120's user avatar
19 votes
0 answers
2k views

Etale fundamental group of a curve in characteristic $p$

Let $C$ be a connected, smooth, proper curve of genus $g$ over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. Let $\pi_1(C)$ be the etale fundamental group of $C$ - I only care about ...
jacob's user avatar
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19 votes
0 answers
602 views

Coarse moduli spaces of stacks for which every atlas is a scheme

Let $X = [P/G]$ be a smooth finite type separated DM-stack over $\mathbb C$ given as the quotient of a smooth quasi-projective scheme $P$ by the action of a smooth (finite type separated) reductive ...
Ariyan Javanpeykar's user avatar
18 votes
0 answers
2k views

Cycles in algebraic de Rham cohomology

Let $F$ be a number field, $S$ a finite set of places, and $X$ a smooth projective $\mathscr{O}_{F,S}$-scheme with geometrically connected fibers. For each point $t\in \text{Spec}(\mathscr{O}_{F,S})$, ...
Daniel Litt's user avatar
18 votes
0 answers
613 views

Do $\infty$-categories make Grothendieck duality simpler?

I've heard multiple times that the main difficulty of Grothendieck duality is that triangulated categories don't 'glue well'. In my view, there are 3 parts in understanding Grothendieck duality: We ...
Gabriel's user avatar
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18 votes
0 answers
899 views

What is the relationship between Artin and Lurie representability?

Artin's representability theorem gives conditions for a functor from commutative rings to sets (or groupoids) to be representable by an algebraic space (stack). The conditions are largely expressed ...
Vivek Shende's user avatar
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