# Linked Questions

47 questions linked to/from Proposals for polymath projects

517
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3
answers

52k
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### Polynomial bijection from $\mathbb Q\times\mathbb Q$ to $\mathbb Q$?

Is there any polynomial $f(x,y)\in{\mathbb Q}[x,y]{}$ such that $f\colon\mathbb{Q}\times\mathbb{Q} \rightarrow\mathbb{Q}$ is a bijection?

63
votes

3
answers

4k
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### Are there infinitely many integer-valued polynomials dominated by $1.9^n$ on all of $\mathbb{N}$?

The original post is below. Question 1 was solved in the negative by David Speyer, and the title has now been changed to reflect Question 2, which turned out to be the more difficult one. A bounty of ...

51
votes

6
answers

6k
views

### What is the smallest unsolved Diophantine equation?

If $P=\sum_{\bf i} a_{\bf i}x^{\bf i}\in {\mathbb Z}[x_1,\dots,x_d]$, let $|P|=\sum_{\bf i}|a_{\bf i}|x^{\bf i}$ and $h(P)=|P|(2,\dots,2)$, so that there is only a finite number of $P$ with $h(P)\leq ...

70
votes

2
answers

6k
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### Barrelled, bornological, ultrabornological, semi-reflexive, ... how are these used?

I'm not a functional analyst (though I like to pretend that I am from time to time) but I use it and I think it's a great subject. But whenever I read about locally convex topological vector spaces, ...

37
votes

3
answers

8k
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### The error in Petrovski and Landis' proof of the 16th Hilbert problem

What was the main error in the proof of the second part of the 16th Hilbert problem by Petrovski and Landis?
Please see this related post and also the following post.. For Mathematical ...

21
votes

6
answers

2k
views

### Consistency strength needed for applied mathematics

Given that we can never proof the consistency of a theory for the foundations of mathematics in a weaker system, one could seriously doubt whether any of the commonly used foundational frameworks (ZFC ...

10
votes

5
answers

4k
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### Applications of functional analysis beyond analysis(towards algebra, geometry, number theory...) [closed]

So far, We have seen the applications of functional analysis in PDE, probability and many areas in applied mathematics. On the other hand, methods of algebraic topology are introduced to functional ...

57
votes

1
answer

5k
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### Can you solve the listed smallest open Diophantine equations?

In 2018, Zidane asked What is the smallest unsolved Diophantine equation? The suggested way to measure size is substitute 2 instead of all variables, absolute values instead of all coefficients, and ...

12
votes

2
answers

1k
views

### Questions about categorification (& combinatorial simplification of the Russian approach to Lusztig's conjectures, in zero & positive characteristic) [closed]

This is a question about the proofs of Kazhdan-Lusztig's conjectures for category $\mathcal{O}$ using higher representation theory (avoiding Beilinson-Bernstein's geometric localization theory).
...

18
votes

3
answers

5k
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### Number of unique determinants for an NxN (0,1)-matrix

I'm interested in bounds for the number of unique determinants of NxN (0,1)-matrices. Obviously some of these matrices will be singular and therefore will trivially have zero determinant. While it ...

11
votes

2
answers

1k
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### Elliptic operators corresponds to non vanishing vector fields

Added, June 19, 2019: The main motivation of this post is to associate an index to differential operator associated to a dynamical system such that the index has an interesting ...

17
votes

1
answer

924
views

### Distinct integer roots for a degree 7+ polynomial and its derivative

Question: Is there a polynomial $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ with $\deg(f) \geq 7$ such that
all roots of $f$ are distinct integers; and
all roots of $f'$ are distinct integers?
Background:
I asked a ...

13
votes

2
answers

1k
views

### Average degree of contact graph for balls in a box

Imagine you dump congruent, hard, frictionless balls in a box,
letting gravity compress the balls into a stable configuration
(I believe such configurations are called
jammed.)
Assume the box ...

26
votes

2
answers

2k
views

### Codimension of the range of certain linear operators

Assume that $P(x,y), Q(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials. We define a linear map
$D$ on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$ with $D(U)=PU_{x}+QU_{y}$. In fact $D$ is the differential operator corresponding ...

21
votes

1
answer

515
views

### Existence of a polynomial $Q$ of degree $\geq (p-1)/4$ in $\mathbb F_p[x]$ such that $QQ'$ factorizes into distinct linear factors

For all primes up to $p=89$ there exists a product $Q=\prod_{j=1}^d(x-a_j)$ involving $d\geq (p-1)/4$ distinct linear factors $x-a_j$ in $\mathbb F_p[x]$ such that $Q'$ has all its roots in $\mathbb ...