Linked Questions

151
votes
29answers
28k views

Proposals for polymath projects

Background Polymath projects are a form of open Internet collaboration aimed towards a major mathematical goal, usually to settle a major mathematical problem. This is a concept introduced in 2009 by ...
41
votes
5answers
4k views

Finding a 1-form adapted to a smooth flow

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold, and let $X$ be a smooth vector field of $M$ that is nowhere vanishing, thus one can think of the pair $(M,X)$ as a smooth flow with no fixed points. Let us say ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Elliptic operators corresponds to non vanishing vector fields

Added, June 19, 2019: The main motivation of this post is to associate an index to differential operator associated to a dynamical system such that the index has an interesting ...
9
votes
1answer
439 views

Conformal changes of metric and geodesics

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold. Let us assume that $X$ denotes a vector field in this manifold and consider the integral curves of this vector field. Does there exist a conformal factor $c$ ...
3
votes
1answer
258 views

A cubic system with two nested limit cycles with opposite orientations

What is an example of polynomial vector field $$\begin{cases} x'=P(x,y)\\ y'=Q(x,y) \end{cases}$$ such that two closed orbits $C_1,C_2$ of the system surrounds an annular region $R$ such that $...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

A non vanishing vector field compatible to a Riemannian metric

Assume that $(M, g)$ is a connected Riemannian manifold which is either open or is compact with zero Euler characteristic. Is there a non vanishing vector field $X$ on $M$ such ...
6
votes
0answers
512 views

Counting limit cycles via curvature in Riemannian geometry

In this post we would like to give a possible new approach to the second part of the Hilbert 16th problem First we give a short introduction: A quadratic system is a polynomial vector field on ...
7
votes
0answers
477 views

Limit cycles as closed geodesics(2)

Hilbert 16th problem asks for a uniform upper bound $H(n)$ for the number of limit cycles of a polynomial vector field of degree $n$ on the plane. Here is an updated proof of the ...
4
votes
0answers
389 views

Limit cycles of quadratic systems and closed geodesics(Finitness of $H(2)$)

This question is inspired by this answer to the question Finding a 1-form adapted to a smooth flow. Assume that $V$ is a polynomial vector field of degree $2$ as follows:$$\begin{cases} x'=P(...
3
votes
0answers
337 views

(Some possible obstructions to ) Limit cycles as closed geodesics(3)

First we explain our Motivation: Motivation: First note that there is no a Riemannian metric on an open set of the plane which possess two nested closed geodesics $\gamma_1, \gamma_2$ ...
6
votes
0answers
241 views

A concept weaker than geodesibility of flows which is possibly useful in limit cycle theory

The main objective of this post is to apply the Gauss Bonnet Theorem to count the number of limit cycles of a polynomial vector field as described in this MO post and its linked MO posts But in this ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Ergodicity of geodesic flow in negative curvatutre as a possible obstruction for consideration of limit cycles as closed geodesics(4)

Does the ergodicity of geodesic flow of compact surfaces with negative curvature stile hold for non compact case? Is not the ergocity theorems of geodesic flow an obstruction to have a ...
5
votes
0answers
161 views

Unit eigenvalue of the linearized Poincare return map

Consider a surface $S$ and a vector field on the surface which has a closed orbit. The vector field on both sides of the closed orbit spirals towards it, which gives us that the linearized Poincare ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Obstructions for a foliation to be transformed to a Frenet foliation

Assume that we have a $1$ dimensional foliation of $\mathbb{R}^2$. Is there a global diffeomorphism of the plane which maps all leaves of the foliation to curves with non zero curvature? One can ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

Flat Riemannian metrics adapted to quadratic vector fields with center

Assume that $P(x,y),Q(x,y)\in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials of degree $2$ with $P(0,0)=Q(0,0)=0.$ Suppose that the vector field $$\begin{cases} x'=P(x,y)\\ y'=Q(x,y) \end{cases}$$ has a center ...

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