I feel like there should either be a straightforward example of such a thing, or a homological reason why it can't exist. The reason why I ask is that if the Hessian matrix of a Lagrangian is nonsingular then its dynamics are well defined, and (locally) you can pass to a Hamiltonian via the Legendre transformation, but it seems possible that two velocities (tangent vectors) could have the same momentum (cotangent vector, associated via the Legendre transform). In this case you'd have to formulate the Hamiltonian version on a cover of the cotangent bundle, instead of the cotangent bundle itself. Does this situation occur?
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closed as too localized by Ryan Budney, Anton Petrunin, Felipe Voloch, Andy Putman, Bill Johnson May 18 '12 at 10:43This question is unlikely to help any future visitors; it is only relevant to a small geographic area, a specific moment in time, or an extraordinarily narrow situation that is not generally applicable to the worldwide audience of the internet. For help making this question more broadly applicable, visit the help center. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question. 


$f(x,y) = (e^x \cos y, e^x \sin y)$? 

