Coherent states http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coherent_states are vectors in the Hilbert space which in certain sense are strongly localized and "corresponds" to points in classical phase space (see below).

On the other hand vectors in Hilbert space in classical limit corresponds to Lagrangian submanifolds (see below).

How these two ideas correspond to each other ?

Is the following reasonable/known: coherent states corresponds to Lagrangian submanifolds in the COMPLEXIFICATION of the phase space, which intersect with real points of the phase space by the just one point ?

Motivating example(NOT quite correct thanks to "Squark"): consider R^2 and H=p^2+q^2. Consider p^2+q^2=0 - the real slice is just one point. On the other hand the in complexification we have 1-dimensional Lagrangian submanifold. The wave function $\psi$ corresponding to Lagrangian submanifold H=0, is constructed in a simple way $\hat H \psi=0$. $\hat H$ is hamiltonian of the harmonic oscillator and its eigenfuction is well-known to be coherent state.

So in this example idea seems to work.

**Vague attempt for correction**
It seems we need to take into account Sommerfeld's 1/2 correction (it is related to Maslov's index).
I mean we should consider H=r, and choose such "r" which satisfies Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization condition i.e. symplectic form integrated over interior of H=r should be integer +1/2. But we need somehow subtract this 1/2 from quantum eigenvalue to fit
into the desired picture...

## Background.

**Quantization of Lagrangian submanifolds**

Down-to-earth idea of the construction of the vector in Hilbert space from the Lagrangian submanifold.

Consider sumanifold defined by the equations $H_i=0$. Consider "corresponding" quantum hamiltonians $\hat H_i $, consider vector $\psi$ in the Hilber space such that $\hat H_i \psi = 0$. This $\psi$ we are talking about. Why it is important "Lagrangian" ? It is easy. If $A \psi =0$ and $B\psi = 0$ then it is true for commutator $[A,B]\psi = 0$. In classical limit commutator correspond to Poisson bracket so we see that even if we start from $H_i$ which is not close with respect to Poisson bracket we must close it - so we get coisotropic submanifold. Lagrangian - just restiction on the dimension - that it should be of minimal possible dimension - so after quantization we may expect finite dimensional subspace (in the best case 1-dimensional).

There are related by slightly different points of view. Lagrangian Submanifolds in Deformation Quantization

**Coherent states**

Sometimes one can realize Hilbert space corresponding to classical symplectic manifold $M$, as holomorphic functions on $M$. Each point $p\in M$ defines a functional $ev_p: Fun(M) \to C$ just evaluation of the function at point $p$. On the other hand in Hilbert space any functional corresponds to a vector $v$, such that $<v|f>= ev_p(f)$. So $v$ is coherent state corresponding to $p$. This approach is probably due to J. Rawnsley.

See Mauro Spera "On Kahlerian coherent states" http://www.emis.de/proceedings/Varna/vol1/GEOM19.pdf

The idea that complexification of the phase space is important plays a role in "Brane Quantization" approach by Witten and Gukov. See e.g. http://arxiv.org/abs/1011.2218 Quantization via Mirror Symmetry Sergei Gukov

There are actually different generalizations of the coherent states. In particular group theoretical approach was developed by Soviet physicists Askold Perelomov who worked in ITEP:

A. M. Perelomov, Coherent states for arbitrary Lie groups, Commun. Math. Phys. 26 (1972) 222-236; arXiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/math-ph/0203002

A. Perelomov, Generalized coherent states and their applications, Springer, Berlin 1986.

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