Hi, I want to know difference that between 'functional' and 'function'.

Of course, in Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Functional_(mathematics), there is many texts.

But what's the simple answer for this question? ;-)

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    $\begingroup$ This question is a bit too basic to be appropriate here, as this site is intended for "research-level mathematics". Please see the FAQ: mathoverflow.net/faq. You may get better answers and a warmer welcome on math.stackexchange.com or any of the alternatives mentioned in the FAQ. $\endgroup$ May 24, 2011 at 8:49
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    $\begingroup$ when you start working with things like "a function that takes functions and returns functions", you realize immediately that you need some alternate terminology in order to preserve your sanity. That's where terms like operator and functional come from. $\endgroup$ May 24, 2011 at 11:00
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    $\begingroup$ Just imagine you encounter a function defined on a space of functionals. Would you call that a functionalal? $\endgroup$ May 24, 2011 at 11:27
  • $\begingroup$ @Konrad: ha ha, that's exactly what my friend James Dolan would call it (but he is known for being a bit eccentric at times). $\endgroup$
    – Todd Trimble
    May 25, 2011 at 13:47

1 Answer 1


No difference really, just convention.

A functional normally acts on other functions, whereas a function normally acts on some underlying vector space or field. But this is not always true.

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    $\begingroup$ I always thought a functional was a mapping from a vector space to its field of scalars. That's the definition in Rudin's text on functional analysis, anyway. $\endgroup$ May 24, 2011 at 10:40
  • $\begingroup$ I think this definition is also somewhere in Lang's Linear Algebra. $\endgroup$
    – agt
    Jun 24, 2011 at 11:46

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