I'm looking for a book with the description of basic types of graphs, terminology used in this field of Mathematics and main theorems. All in all, a good book to start with to be able to understand other more complicated works.
Diestel's book is not exactly light reading but it's thorough, current and really good. Also in the GTM series is Bollobas' book which is very good as well, and covers somewhat different ground with a different angle (Diestel emphasizes the forcing relationships between various invariants which is a nice unifying theme).
There are hundreds of other introductory texts, but I would go with one of these two (or both).
1) Harary's book is great - and he's a hoot.
2) Ringel and Hartsfield's Pearl in Graph Theory is great, lovable and has lots of pictures and excellent exercises - ideal for an undergrad class that's not geared towards prepping students towards a grad course.
3) Gross and Yellen's book is probably the best introduction if you're a "mature" math reader and want to really learn stuff - this is what I would buy.
4) Applied Combinatorics by Tucker is phenomenal - but graph theory is only 4 chapters out of 11. Nonetheless, I'd strongly consider this one.
Robin Wilson's Introduction to Graph Theory is very easy to read - I read it over a weekend. I definitely recommend you give this a quick read before plunging into Bondy and Murty, Diestel or West.
The classic Graph Theory with Applications by Bondy and Murty is available online.
There are lots of terrific graph theory books now, most of which have been mentioned by the other posters so far. I would particularly agree with the recommendation of West; one of the most complete and well-written texts there are.
But to me, the most comprehensive and advanced text on graph theory is Graph Theory And Applications by Johnathan Gross and Jay Yellen. Crystal clear, great problems and contains probably the best chapter on topological graph theory there is in any source by 2 experts in the field. It's pricey, but well worth it.
And of course, anything by Bollobas is beautiful. The problem with Bollobas, though, is that it treats graph theory as pure mathematics while the books by Gross/Yellen and West have numerous applications. Like linear algebra, the applications of graph theory are nearly as important as its underlying theory.
I know only one book on graph theory, Wagner, Bodendieck "Graphentheorie". It contains detailed introductions of the basic concepts and theorems and independent chapters on interesting special topics, the 3dr vol. is independent and on games, many exercises.
Who dislikes that may comment, because I use it for tutoring, math-circle-like groups etc.
Different peoples need different introduction. If anyone want a light weight smooth reading I'll recommend Wilson. Although it is easy read, it'll take you even to the matroids.
If anyone want a proof based intro, research paper like, then West is the best choice. Diestel, Harary are to some extent for intermediate/advanced readers.
Some encyclopedic resources are Handbook of Graph Theory, Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics, and are easy read.
By any means bondy-murty ranks first, assumed that readers are not below average.