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Let $G = (V, E)$ be a finite, simple, undirected graph with $V \cap E = \emptyset$. The total graph $T(G)$ is defined on the vertex set $V \cup E$ and its edge set is given by $$E(T(G)) = E \cup \big\{\{e, f\}: e, f \in E\text{ and } |e\cap f| = 1\big\}\cup \big\{\{v, e\}: v\in V, e\in E, v\in e\big\}.$$

Question. If there is a Hamiltonian path in $G$, is there a Hamiltonian path in $T(G)$?

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The edges incident to $v \in V$ form a clique in $T(G)$, so the Hamiltonian path $v_1, v_2, v_3, \ldots, v_n$ in $G$ can be lifted into a Hamiltonian path in $T(G)$ as follows:

  1. Insert the edges to get $v_1, \{v_1, v_2\}, v_2, \{v_2, v_3\}, v_3, \ldots, v_n$.
  2. In arbitrary order, insert every edge which is not already included in the path immediately after one of its vertices.
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